Comparison between celebrating the Mawlid and performing Da`wah programs for weeks and the National Day

Question: I am an Imam in one of the Masjids (mosques) in Jeddah. I delivered a Khutbah (sermon) concerning the mission of the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him) and I mentioned that celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). The following week, the Khutbah was about the Masjids (mosques). I talked about maintaining Masjids and carpeting them. I based my argument and viewpoint upon the Qur’an and the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah. After finishing the prayer, one of the worshippers came and said to me: “Shaykh, you said last week that celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is a Bid`ah. Can I ask you a question?”I said: “Yes, you can. I will answer your question to the best of my knowledge.” He said: “What is the legal ruling on celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him), children’ birthdays, Mother’s Day, the Week of the Tree, the Week of the Traffic, the National Day of the Kingdom and the Week of the Masjids? Are all these festivals Bid`ahs? Why do you oppose celebrating the Mawlid of the Prophet (peace be upon him) though he is the best out of all the creatures and he is the worthiest of glorification and veneration, and at the same time permit other celebrations? Moreover, you, Saudis, encourage these festivals.”

I pointed out to him that what is meant by the Week of Masjids is to urge Muslims to maintain and take care of them. He said to me: “Look at the streets, you will find Ayahs of the Qur’an written on paper and clothes torn by wind thrown in streets and in unclean places. Is that permissible, especially in the Week of Masjids?” He gave me a piece of cloth and said: “Look Shaykh at this piece of cloth wherein is the saying of Allaah: The Mosques of Allaah shall be maintained only by those who believe in Allaah and the Last Day This piece of cloth is thrown in the garden and upon which rubbish is thrown. To Allaah we belong and unto Him is our return.” These are the words of this person. I took this piece of cloth and washed it, and then I burnt it.

He added: “Shaykh, I do not want anything, but to make you; Khutabaa (preachers) and those whose words reach people talk. But you Saudi Khutabaa do not talk. If the government says that this is unlawful, you will say that it is unlawful, and if it says that this is lawful, you will say that it is lawful. You are the first one to tell me that this is good and doing so encourages Muslims to do good. I will not accept your saying except with a legal Fatwaa from senior scholars. You should not forget, Shaykh, that he who is silent with regard to spreading the truth is similar to a mute devil.”

Therefore, I would like to have a detailed legal Fatwa with regard to the festivals mentioned above along with mentioning the proof for every subject. May Allaah protect you.

Answer: Firstly, `Eed (festival) means in Arabic gatherings that Ta’ood (comes again) on a habitual manner. It may come again in a year, a month, or a week. Therefore, the word ‘Eed means a day that comes again like `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast) or Friday, the gathering on that day and the acts done as acts of worship or habits on that day… read more here.

Celebrating Mother’s Day

Question: On which day do Muslims celebrate Mother’s Day and is it true that it was a special day for Faatimah Al-Zahraa’, the Prophet’s daughter (may Allaah be pleased with her)?

Answer: It is not permissible to celebrate what is called “Mother’s Day” or any other innovated celebration, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Holding celebrations and reciting the Qur’aan upon one’s reaching maturity

Question: Here in South Africa, when a boy or girl reaches twenty-one years of age, people celebrate, recite Qur’aan and cook various dishes of food. They also gather and give the twenty-one- year old boy or girl a key. Are these acts permissible in Islaam? What is the ruling on such acts in Islaam?

Answer: What you have mentioned including celebrating and reciting Qur’aan upon reaching twenty-one or twenty-two years old has no basis in Sharee`ah, rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) and imitation of the Christians (in your country)… read more here.

Impermissibility of celebrating birthdays

Question: My son is now living with his mother who celebrates his birthday every year. This involves having a party that includes food and lighting a number of candles equal to the age of my son; every candle representing a year of his life. The child has to blow all these candles and then the party starts. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: It is not permissible to have a birthday party for anyone, as it constitutes a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Celebrating children’s birthdays

Question: Some of our Muslim brethren hold birthday parties for themselves and their children, what is the ruling on such festivals?

Answer: The basic principle regarding acts of `Ibaadah (worship) is that they are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion), and accordingly, no one is allowed to worship Allaah in a way other than which He ordained, because the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth… read more here.

Celebrating the Mawlid and the 15th of Sha`baan

Question: Is it permissible to celebrate religious ‘Eeds (festivals), such as the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or the 15th night of Sha‘baan, as the case may be?

Answer: (a) It is not permissible to celebrate innovated ‘Eeds… read more here.

Sahaabah and Salaf never celebrated the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)

Question 3: My question is about celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). In our locality there is a custom that after three days of a person’s death, the family of the deceased holds a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Some people hold it one month or one year after a person’s death. They slaughter a cow or buy meat, prepare food and distribute it to the people of the village; afterwards, they hold a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Is this permissible? Is it recommended to do this? Was it practiced by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) or by anyone from the Salaf (righteous predecessors)? Please explain this issue, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is one of the Bidd`ahs (innovations in religion) introduced into Islaam. There is no difference between celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and other’s birthdays… read more here.

Celebrating the Mawlid in Rabee‘ al-Awwal – I as a tribute to the Prophet

Question 2: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ al-Awwal as a tribute to the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Paying tribute to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and respecting him should be expressed by belief in all that was revealed to him from Allaah; following his Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) in beliefs, words, deeds and manners; and by shunning Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion). Among the newly-invented practices introduced into the religion is celebrating the Mawlid… read more here.