Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Making up for missed Salaah due to unconsciousness in the hospital

Question 6: My ninety-nine year old father was hit in a car accident. He was taken to a hospital where he remained unconscious for seventeen days during which he did not perform Salaah. When he recovered, he asked about making up for the missed Salaahs. Please advise!

Answer: If he was conscious during the period when he abandoned Salaah, he should make up for the missed Salaahs according to his ability, whether standing, sitting, or lying on his side or back. He should observe them in the same order from the first day missed starting with the first Salaah… read more here.