Fasting while menstruating or during postpartum period

Question: I am an elderly uneducated woman, and in the past before getting acquainted with the opinions of Muslim jurists and the media, such as Radio, whenever I had my monthly period or post-partum bleeding during the daytime of Ramadaan, I would continue fasting and would not make up for these days. I thought that it was not obligatory on me to make up for the fast when I have my menses or during post-partum bleeding, in the same way I do not have to make up for Prayer. I continued doing this for many years, but now I am aware that I am obligated to make up for the missed days of fast which I missed. However, I cannot do this for several reasons:

Firstly: I do not know the number of days of fast which I had missed.

Secondly: I cannot do fast due to my old age and my physical inability.

I, like many other Muslim women, am in this situation due to our ignorance. We ask Allaah, the Most Merciful, to pardon us.

Answer: Firstly: You are obligated to make up for all the days of fast, during which you were menstruating and were having post-partum bleeding. Fasting while menstruating or during post-partum bleeding was invalid… read more here.

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Not observing Sawm due to the lack of food

Question: Some years ago, we were going through a time of severe deprivation to the point that I could not fast. I had nothing to live on except for water. What am I required to do?

Answer: You have to make up for the days of fasting which you had missed during Ramadaan. In addition, you have to feed a Miskeen (needy) person for each day you missed. You have to give him half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food in your country. However, it is enough to observe Sawm if you are incapable of feeding him… read more here.

Not making up for the days of fasting missed by a menstruating woman

Question: A woman used to break her fast during her monthly period in Ramadaan, but she would neither make up for the missed days of fasting nor for the missed Prayers. However, she was ignorant of the legal ruling in this regard. What should she do now, taking into consideration that she was doing this out of ignorance? Please provide us with a legal Fatwaa’ on this matter, may Allaah reward you greatly!

Answer: She is obligated to make up for the number of the days of fasting she had missed in Ramadaan due to menstruation, whether this happened in one year or a number of years. In addition, she must feed a needy person as an expiation along with making up of the days of fasting she had missed. The expiation is giving this person half of a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 KG Approx) from the staple food of the country, if she can afford it. However, if she cannot afford it, then fasting alone will be sufficient… read more here.

Menstruating or newly delivered women delaying making up for the missed days of Ramadaan

Question: Some women do not make up for the days of fasting they have missed in the month of Ramadaan until some years later. For instance, a woman may happen not to fast the month of Ramadaan of 1410 A.H due to illness or being in post-partum period. She postpones making up for this Ramadaan until after Ramadaan of 1411 AH. Other women do not make up for the days they missed at all. They give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) instead of fasting. I hope Your Eminence will guide us towards the right view in this regard. May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you.

Answer: Firstly, If a woman breaks her fasting during Ramadaan on account of menstruating, being in post-partum period, or falling ill, she will be required to make up for the days of fasting she had missed after Ramadaan is over. This is provided that her condition has changed and the legal excuse for which she broke the fast is cleared… read more here.

Is the Sawm valid if menstruating after Iftaar?

Question: If a woman became menstruating in Ramadaan after Iftaar (breaking Fast) and before the `Ishaa’ (Night) Salaah. Is she obligated to make up for this day, or is her Fast valid?

Answer: The Fast of a woman who became menstruating after sunset and before `Ishaa’ Prayer is valid for that day, which she has already fasted. She is not obligated to make up for it later… read more here.

Yellowish discharge after purification from menstruation

Question: A lady started her menstruation period but the discharge stopped after six days so she performed Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity), and resumed Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast). Two days passed before she started to bleed again but only for one day.

Again the lady performed Ghusl then resumed Salaah and Sawm. Nevertheless, she bled another time for one day. What should she do?

Were the Salaah and Sawm that she performed after the first six days i.e. the period of her menstruation valid?

Does she have to perform Salaah and Sawm during these extra days of bleeding or should she make up for Salaah and Sawm when the blood ceases?

Is it obligatory on her to perform Ghusl after the termination of this blood just as is done after menstruation or not?

What is the ruling in the case that her menstruation period continues for five days but she waits until the sixth lest the bleeding should start again, then she makes Ghusl when she is sure that no blood can be seen?

Is it obligatory for her, after performing Ghusl by the end of the sixth day, to make up all the obligatory Salaahs (Prayers) she missed on that day? Please provide me with your beneficial answer!

Answer: A lady should stop performing Salah and Sawm during the days of her menstruation. Once she is pure, she should perform Ghusl and make up for the days of Sawm but not the Salaahs she missed. In case that she sees Sufrah (Yellowness) and Kudrah (swarthiness) after the start of Tuhr (purification), she should perform Salaah and Sawm and not be affected by such discharges. However, she should perform Wudoo’ (ablution) when the due time of each Salaah starts for Umm `Atiyyah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said: We used to disregard dark and yellow discharges after the start of Tuhr.read more here.

Foreplaying with one’s wife in her postpartum period before her completing forty days

Question 154Is it permissible for a husband to be intimate with his wife, without having vaginal intercourse with her, during the postpartum period before the passage of forty days, even if she is still bleeding?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. Yes! It is permissible to do so. But the Sunnah in this regard is to ask her to tie a waist-wrapper, for it was reported that `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) said: “During my menses, the Messenger (peace be upon him) used to ask me to wear an Izaar (garment worn below the waist), and then he would fondle me.”… read more here.

After her delivery, she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her to perform Salaah etc?

Question 153If after a pregnant woman gives birth to her baby she does not experience postpartum bleeding, is it permissible for her husband to have sexual intercourse with her? Can she offer Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fasting) or not?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a pregnant woman gives birth without postpartum bleeding, she should perform Ghusl (ritual bath), offer Salaah and observe Sawm. Her husband can have sexual intercourse with her but after she takes Ghusl (ritual bath), because in most cases there is usually some blood, even if it is little, which is discharged while or after giving birth to a baby… read more here.

If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is it permissible for a woman to perform Salaah and observe Sawm?

Question 152If postpartum bleeding stops before the completion of forty days, is a woman permitted to perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and offer Salaah (Prayer) even if this bleeding returns before the forty days are over?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. If a woman in the postpartum period sees that she has become pure before the forty days are over, she should take Ghusl and then observe Salah and Sawm (Fasting), and her husband may have sexual intercourse with her. If the bleeding continues after the fortieth day, she should consider herself as having the same ruling as Taahir (ritually pure) women, because forty days is the maximum postpartum period length according to the more correct of the two scholarly views… read more here.

Sexual intercourse with a woman who is in her postpartum period if blood ceases before completing forty days

Question 151After twenty-two days of postpartum hemorrhage, he had sexual intercourse with his wife. Later, he heard some shaykhs of Masjids (mosques) saying that a woman who has not completed the period of postnatal bleeding but the bleeding has stopped, may perform Ghusl (ritual bath) and observe Salaah (prayer). He is asking about the ruling on having sexual intercourse with the wife before the end of her postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The majority of scholars are of the opinion that the longest postpartum period is forty days and their nights, based on the report of ‘Aboo Daawood and Al-Tirmidee on the authority of Umm Salamah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that she said… read more here.

Is taking Janaabah Ghusl compensatory for Ghusl for Jumu’ah or after-menstruation or after-postpartum bleeding Ghusl?

Question 129Is taking Ghusl (ritual bath) following major ritual impurity compensatory for Ghusl on Friday or after menstruation or postpartum period?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. In case it is obligatory for a person to have more than one Ghusl, only one Ghusl is sufficient for all states if they intend to eliminate the reasons necessitating Ghusl and thus be able to perform Salaah (prayer) and other acts of worship necessitating Tahaarah (ritual purification), such as Tawaaf (circumambulation around the Ka‘bah). This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

After waking up, one doubts having a wet dream

Question 110: What is the ruling on a person who wakes up and then doubts that he had a wet dream but when he examines his underwear, he does not find Maniy (spermatic fluid)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. The basic rule is that no Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) is required of him (unless there is a clear evidence to prove that it is required), because what is certain cannot be overruled by what is doubtful... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (4)

Question 109What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (3)

Question 108What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (2)

Question 107What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

The causes necessitating Ghusl (1)

Question 106What makes Ghusl (ritual bath) obligatory for a Muslim? How is Ghusl performed? Is it a must that no waste water from Ghusl should touch the clean water which is being used for Ghusl? What is the ruling if they touch each other; can a person proceed with Ghusl?

Answer: Amongst things which make it obligatory for a Muslim to make Ghusl is the emission of Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions) during sleep; penetration of the glans penis into the vulva, even without ejaculating; and ejaculating Maniy in wakefulness accompanied by a feeling of pleasure, even without having sexual intercourse. Menstruation and postpartum period also make it obligatory on women to perform Ghusl once the bleeding stops. Besides, in case a spray of waste water from the Ghusl mixes with clean water which is being used for Ghusl; a person may proceed making Ghusl from it... read more here.

Start of menstruation shortly before sunset

Question: What is the ruling on a fasting woman whose period starts just few minutes before sunset? Does this invalidate her Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: If her period starts before sunset, her Sawm is invalid and she has to make up for it later. However, if her period starts after sunset, her Sawm is valid and she does not have to make up for it… read more here.

Menstruation-prevention pills during Ramadaan

Question: Is it permissible for a woman to take pills to prevent her menstruation during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is permissible for a woman to take pills to stop menstruation during Ramadaan if experienced trustworthy doctors and similar specialists decide that taking these pills will have no harmful effects or adversely affect her reproductive system. However, it is better not to take them, for Allaah (Exalted be He) has granted her the Rukhsah (concession) allowing her not to observe Sawm during Ramadaan on the days of her period and that she later makes up for the days she misses, and has chosen this for her as the way to discharge this religious obligation… read more here.

A woman taking pills to stop menstruation during Ramadaan so that she can fast

Question 6: Is it permissible for a woman to take a medicine to prevent menstruation during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is permissible for women to use medication to prevent menstruation during Ramadaan in the case that trustworthy, expert doctors and the like ascertain that doing so neither harms women’s health nor has a bad effect on pregnancy organs. However, it is better that women do not use such medications. Allaah has given women a Rukhsah (concession) not to observe Sawm (Fast) when they have their menstrual period in Ramadaan… read more here.