Condemnation of celebrating the Mawlid (Prophet’s birthday)

Ruling on celebrating the Mawlid:

Scholars classified the gatherings held during the month of Rabee` Al-Awwal, which are called Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), into two types:

First: Gatherings free of prohibited actions, which are considered Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and fall under the same ruling as other newly-invented practices in Islaam. the Shaykh of Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah said in his compilation entitled “Al-Fataawaa’ Al-Kubraa”: “As for specifying a celebration other than the Islaamic celebrations such as certain nights during the month of Rabee` Al-Awwal, referred to as the night of Mawlid, or some nights in the month of Rajab… read more here.

Ruling on poems that excessively praise the Prophet during Mawlid celebrations

Question 12: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) every Friday night? There is a book titled “Al-Mawlid Al-Rabi`ee” which contains many poems praising the Messenger (peace be upon him), many invocations of blessings and peace on the Prophet and praises him a lot. It also narrates the Seerah (the Prophet’s biography) from birth to death. Please explain this issue and present your evidence!

Answer: Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him), or that of any other person, is baseless in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) and has no supporting evidence. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not do this during his life, nor did his Rightly-Guided Caliphs who were the most knowledgeable of the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and the most beloved to him. the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) after his death did not celebrate his birthday, nor did the Taabi`oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) during all early centuries of Islaam, renowned as the best… read more here.

Eating meat slaughtered on the occasion of the Mawlid or other birthdays

Question 6: Is it permissible to eat from the meat slaughtered in commemoration of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) or any other birth anniversary?

Answer: Sacrificing animals on the occasion of commemorating the birth of a prophet or a Waliy (pious person) to glorify them is judged as sacrificing an animal to other than Allaah, and that is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Therefore, it is not permissible to eat from these animals. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Allaah has cursed the one who slaughters (a sacrifice) to other than more here.

Attending the celebration of the Mawlid although convinced of its impermissibility

Question 5: Is it permissible to attend celebrations that involve Bidd‘ahs (innovations in religion) like celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday), the night of Mi‘raaj (Ascension to Heaven), and the 15th night of Sha‘baan, especially if the person believes that they are not permissible and intends to explain the truth for people?

Answer: First: Celebrating these days is not permissible. In fact, it is a condemned Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

The exact date of the Prophet’s birth, holding competitions, sacrificing sheep and delivering lessons on that occasion

Question 4: We would like to know the exact birth date of the Prophet (peace be upon him). We plan to hold a Qur’aan-competition, to sacrifice a sheep and to deliver lessons about the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) for this occasion. We would like to know if this program is Islaamically permissible or not?

Answer: Firstly, the Prophet (peace be upon him) was born on Rabee‘ Al-Awwal, in the year of the Elephant (571 A.D.) as was recorded by Muhammad ibn Is-haaq and other biographers in the books of Seerah (the Prophet’s biography)… read more here.

Sahaabah and Salaf never celebrated the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)

Question 3: My question is about celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday). In our locality there is a custom that after three days of a person’s death, the family of the deceased holds a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Some people hold it one month or one year after a person’s death. They slaughter a cow or buy meat, prepare food and distribute it to the people of the village; afterwards, they hold a celebration of the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Is this permissible? Is it recommended to do this? Was it practiced by the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet Muhammad) or by anyone from the Salaf (righteous predecessors)? Please explain this issue, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is one of the Bidd`ahs (innovations in religion) introduced into Islaam. There is no difference between celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and other’s birthdays… read more here.

Celebrating the Mawlid in Rabee‘ al-Awwal – I as a tribute to the Prophet

Question 2: What is the ruling on celebrating the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ al-Awwal as a tribute to the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

Answer: Paying tribute to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and respecting him should be expressed by belief in all that was revealed to him from Allaah; following his Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) in beliefs, words, deeds and manners; and by shunning Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion). Among the newly-invented practices introduced into the religion is celebrating the Mawlid… read more here.

Congratulations on the New year (Muharram) Or the occasion of Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)

Question 1: Is it permissible to congratulate non-Muslims on the occasion of the new Gregorian year, the new Hijree (lunar) year, and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday)?

Answer: It is not permissible to offer congratulations on such occasions; for it is not Mashroo‘ (Islaamically permissible) to celebrate them… read more here.

Reciting Soorah Yaaa-Seeen and Mawlid poems on the Mid-Sha`baan night

Question 212: In some Masjids (mosques), people gather on the eve of the 15th of Sha‘baan to recite Surah Yaaa-Seeen three times and the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birth) poems.

Answer: This is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion). It was authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who introduces anything into this matter of ours (our religion) that is not part of it will have it rejected. He (peace be upon him) said in another Hadeeth: Beware of newly-introduced matters (in religion); for every newly-introduced matter is a Bidd‘ah (innovation in religion), and every Bidd‘ah is a Dalaalah (deviation from the right).

All acts of ‘Ibaadah (worship) are based on commands, prohibitions and pursuance of the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him). This act was not commanded to be done or actually done by the Prophet (peace be upon him). It was also not done by the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet), or the Taabi‘oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet)... read more here.