Standing for a minute of silence in memory of martyrs

Question 143: Is it permissible to stand for a minute of silence in memory of the martyrs? Whenever specific social events start here, the people stand for a minute of silence to mourn or honor the martyrs.

Answer: First, Some people do stand in silence for a while in memory of the martyrs or dignitaries or as a way of honoring and mourning them. This is considered as Munkar (that which is unacceptable or disapproved of by Islaamic law and Muslims of sound intellect) and Bid`ah (innovation in religion), as it was not done during the lifetime of the Prophet (peace be upon him), his Sahaabah (Companions), or the Salaf (righteous predecessors), nor does this conform to the proprieties of Tawheed (monotheism) and sincere glorification of Allaah Alone. In fact, some Muslims who lack knowledge of their religion imitate the disbelieving originators of this Bid`ah and follow their ugly habits and exaggeration in honoring their rulers and celebrities, whether they are alive or dead. The Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited imitation of the disbelievers... read more here.

Are those drowned considered as Martyrs?

Question 2: Upon falling into a well, my mother died about twenty years ago. The well was not fully filled with water. She was a good woman; is she regarded as a martyr?

Answer: Yes, those who are drowned are considered martyrs. It is authentically reported on the authority of  ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.