Shaving the beard and letting clothes trail

Question: An Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) delivered Jumu’ah (Friday) speech on 10/6/1408 A.H. He admonished people and reminded them of Jannah (Paradise) and the blessings Allaah (Exalted be He) prepared therein. At the end of his speech, he swore that whoever shaves his beard or lets his garment down will not enter Jannah. We would like you to guide us to the truth in this regard. Is this true or false?

Answer: Shaving the beard and letting clothes down are prohibited acts. Whoever does so is disobedient to Allaah. If such a person dies as persisting in doing so without making Tawbah (repentance to Allaah), his case will be up to Allaah… read more here.

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Working in Ribaa-based banks and illness as a remover of sins

Question: Is it true that my father’s illness is a sign of Allaah’s love for him, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: When Allaah loves a servant, He tries him (by affliction). However, my father did not use to offer Salaah (prayer) before his illness and it is known that sickness expiates sins. Is it true that working in banks is unlawful? What is the legal decision when a person is compelled to do so, because there is no other work available?

Answer: First, We have already issued Fatwaa no. 4961 regarding working in a bank that deals in Ribaa (usury or interest). It states that if the bank does not deal in interest bearing transactions, the salary or the bonus an employee receives for work is Halaal (lawful), for earning it through lawful work… read more here.

Authenticity of the Hadeeth: “Whoever says: ‘I am a believer’ is in fact a Kaafir”

Question: A Hadith was mentioned in the book entitled “Al-Kabaa’ir” (Major Sins) by Shaykh Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab which reads: “Whoever says, ‘I am a believer’ is in fact a Kaafir (disbeliever). Whoever says, ‘I will be in Paradise’ will be in Hellfire” or something to that meaning, without Takhreej (referencing) or Ta‘leel (logical and methodical reasoning). Please advise regarding the authenticity and explanation of this Hadeeth.

Answer: This was not authentically confirmed to be a Hadeeth of the Prophet (peace be upon him), but was narrated as an Athar (narration from the Companions) attributed to `Umar ibn Al-Khattaab (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.

Committing a major sin while living in a country that does not enforce Sharee`ah

Question: What is the ruling on those who commit major sins, such as murder, theft, Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), and the like, while living in a country that enforces laws other than the Islaamic Sharee`ah? Please provide us with authentic evidence.

Answer: Those people who are Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) and are committing major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) when they die, will abide in the Fire eternally… read more here.

Aadam descending to the earth after disobeying Allaah and being forgiven

Question: Was Adam (peace be upon him) driven out of the Garden, and is his progeny to bear the burden of his sin?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) informed us that He caused Aadam (peace be upon him) to descend from the Garden after he disobeyed, and then Allaah forgave him. He also informed us that He would send the scriptures, prophets, and messengers… read more here.

Ruling on abandoning Salaah even if without denying its obligation

Question: What is the ruling on a person who does not perform any obligatory acts of `Ibaadah (worship) like Salaah (Prayer) even though he is well? He used to do good deeds and avoid evil ones. He says: “Allaah is Forgiving and Merciful. I do no evil deeds and I love doing good.” However, some people also perform Salah and do righteous deeds, but commit sins such as Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), Ribaa (usury) and drinking Khamr (alcohol or any other intoxicant). What is the ruling on doing so?

Answer: Firstly: Abandoning Salaah is an act of Al-Kufr Al-Akbar (major form of disbelief) even if one does not deny its obligation. This is the most proper viewpoint of scholars. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: That which differentiates us from the Kuffaar (disbelievers) and hypocrites is our performance of Salaah. He who abandons it, becomes a Kaafir (disbeliever).There are other Ahaadeeth of the same meaning… read more here.

State of a Muslim dying after deliberately killing a person

Question: Some of my father’s acquaintances told me that he killed some people at a time when stealing and corruption prevailed. My father died while I was young. Since knowing this, I am confused regarding what I should do to make up for what my father did. He died without performing Hajj but I offered it on his behalf. It is worth mentioning that he did not have any children other than me.

What shall I do? Shall I feed a needy person for every victim my father killed? I swear by Allaah that freeing a slave is beyond my means. What shall I do regarding Sawm (fast), which he never observed? May you guide me! May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If a Muslim dies after deliberately killing a person or persons, then he has committed a major sin other than Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). He is left to the Will of Allaah Who forgives or tortures him according to His Will… read more here.

State of a Muslim who dies persisting in a major sin

Question: What is the ruling on a habitual drinker who died not having performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for their sin after being advised and warned about it? Is it obligatory for us to bury them in a Muslim graveyard? Also, what is the ruling on someone who deliberately kills themselves?

Answer: If a Muslim dies persisting in a major sin, such as drinking alcohol, Ribaa (usury), Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), stealing, or similar sins, or if they commit suicide, according to Ahl Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream), they are considered to be a believer due to their Eemaan (Faith), but their major sin renders them a Faasiq (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islaamic law)… read more here.

Will a believer remain in the Fire eternally?

Question: Will a believer abide eternally in the Fire? And what happens if they believe in Allaah, His Angels, etc., but do not perform Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: A believer will not remain in the Fire eternally. If someone dies having committed major sins, other than Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), without having performed Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for them, it will be left to the Will of Allaah to decide… read more here.

Prohibition of calling anyone who drinks wine or commits Zinaa a “Kaafir”

Question: Is it lawful to call a person who commits Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage) or drinks intoxicants a “Kaafir (disbeliever)”?

Answer: Whoever drinks intoxicants or commits Zinaa should not be called a “Kaafir” according to Ahl Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). He is as much of a believer as he has of Eemaan (faith) and as much of a lecher as he has committed of sin… read more here.

State of a Muslim who dies insisting on committing a major sin

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says: The fornicatress and the fornicator, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. He (Exalted be He) also says: And those who accuse chaste women, and produce not four witnesses, flog them with eighty stripes He further says: And (as for) the male thief and the female thief, cut off (from the wrist joint) their (right) hands as a recompense for that which they committed, a punishment by way of example from Allaah. And Allaah is All-Powerful, All-Wise.

What is Allaah’s ruling on the Day of Resurrection on those who commit these major sins and die without repenting or being subject to the above-mentioned punishments?

Answer: The `Aqeedah (Creed) of Ahl Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) in this regard is that any Muslim who dies persisting in committing one of the major sins like Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage), Qadhf (falsely accusing a chaste person of illegal sexual intercourse outside marriage) or theft… read more here.

State of a Muslim who dies as a believer

Question: Ibn Hazm said that Mu’minoon (believers) will be given their Record in their right hands, and Kuffaar (disbelievers) will be given their Record in their left hands, and Mu’minoon who committed major sins will be given their Record from behind their back. Kindly give us your Fatwaa in this regard!

Answer: Ahl Al-Sunnah Wa Al-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) are of the opinion that whoever dies as a Mu’min, will be given their Record in their right hands, regardless of committing major sins. And whoever dies as a Kaafir – may Allaah protect us – will be given their Record in their left hand or from behind their back in a way that represents their suffering and reluctance to take what is given to them… read more here.

Is this Hadeeth Saheeh: “My intercession will be for those among my Ummah who have committed major sins”

Question 543: I would like to ask about a Hadeeth which I heard, but I do not know whether it is Saheeh (authentic), Hasan (good), or Mawdoo` (fabricated). The Hadeeth says that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: My Shafaa`ah (intercession) will be for those among my Ummah who have committed major sins. May Allaah reward you with the best for enlightening us. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you).

Answer: The Hadeeth mentioned above concerning the Prophet’s Shafaa`ah (intercession) for the believers who have committed major sins is Saheeh (authentic)... read more here.

General advice on some of the major sins

From `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz to those who see it of my Muslim brothers, may Allaah grant me and them success in fulfilling what pleases Him, and keep us away from disobeying Him, Aaameeen!

al-salaamu `Alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). To proceed:

I advise every Muslim to have Taqwaa (fear or wariness of offending Allaah) in all circumstances and guard his tongue from saying anything other than that which is useful, because Mubaah (permissible) talk may lead to what is Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked), and this is common among people. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Not a word does he (or she) utter but there is a watcher by him ready (to record it). Allaah (Exalted be He) also says: And follow not (O man i.e., say not, or do not or witness not) that of which you have no knowledge. Verily! The hearing, and the sight, and the heart, of each of those one will be questioned (by Allaah). The Prophet (peace be upon him) also said in the Hadeeth agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim and narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): Anyone who believes in Allaah and the Last Day should either utter good words or stay silent.

There are bad things that talking may lead people to commit and should be warned against, for they constitute major sins, which would bring down Allaah’s Anger and His Punishment. These things have become commonly widespread in some communities and they include the following:

1- Backbiting: That is talking about your brother or sister in a way that they would dislike, if they heard about it, whether by talking about their shape, family, character, actions, sayings or about their religion or life, or even talking ill about their clothes,home or car. Aboo Hurayrah (may Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: ‘Do you know what backbiting is?’ His companions replied, ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best.’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘It is to say something about your brother that he would dislike.’ Someone asked, ‘But what if what I say about my brother is true?’ He (peace be upon him) said, ‘If what you say about him is true, then you have backbitten him, but if it is not true, then you have slandered him.’ (Related by Muslim) read more here.