Violating `Aqeedah out of ignorance

Question: There has been much controversy among the Islaamic groups in the Arab Republic of Egypt about one of the issues related to Eemaan (Faith), which is the ruling on violating the Islaamic ‘Aqeedah (creed) and abandoning part of the Sharee’ah (Islaamic law) due to ignorance. It has even reached the extent of creating hostility among the brothers; many debates and researches were made by both parties: those who accept excuse by reason of ignorance and those who do not. Some of them say that people can be excused regarding the branches of faith, but not its fundamentals; others say that people can be excused in both the branches and the fundamentals of faith; whereas others say that the evidence is already established. Those who accept excuse by reason of ignorance call the people to Islaam and do not judge them as disbelievers until Da‘wah (Call to Islaam) reaches them. If they refuse this guidance, they are then considered disbelievers. On the other hand, those who do not accept excuse by reason of ignorance judge them as disbelievers for committing acts of Kufr (disbelief), and declare people to be disbelievers, outside Islaam, for committing acts of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and provide evidence for their beliefs.I am confused between both parties, which one should I follow? Each of them accuses the other of Ibtidaa‘ (heresy) and each party thinks they are right and the other is wrong. I have no idea who is right and who is wrong. This problem has spread among the Muslims as a result of disagreement on this issue. Who is right and who is wrong? I want to follow the truth which the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions, may Allaah be pleased with them all) followed.

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Manifestations of Shirk in Muslim communities

Question: What are the aspects of Shirk in words or deeds in Muslim communities?

Answer: Aspects of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) in Muslim Communities are many, for example: 1- Invoking or seeking help from other than Allaah in something no one can do except Allaah. 2- Making vows to other than Allaah… read more here.

Invoking Allaah’s Peace upon the Messenger while facing his grave and deeds of major and minor Shirk

Question: I was in Madeenah and went to visit Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah). I stood before the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and greeted him. I, then, invoked peace upon him from the booklet of a person standing there. The book includes no statements entailing Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), but Allaah knows best. We seek refuge in Allaah from this! It includes statements of praise of the Messenger (peace be upon him), his family and Sahaabah (Companions). It is the blue booklet currently circulating in the market. While reading in the book, I began to cry for I was sincerely praising the Prophet (peace be upon him) and invoking peace upon him. I once read in a book, whose name I do not recall, that when visiting the grave of the Messenger (peace be upon him), one should stand before the grave and greet the Messenger (peace be upon him) with reverence and sound faithas if they are standing before him while he was still alive. I also heard a Hadith which means that Allaah returns the soul of His Messenger (peace be upon him) to his body to return the greeting of whoever greets him. I felt nothing strange in what I did. However, a few days after this visit, I attended a religious lecture in Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee in which the lecturing shaykh warned against committing sinful deeds – as is stated in a Math-hab (school of jurisprudence) – when visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee. The shaykh added that visitors have to turn their backs to the grave and direct their faces towards the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer).

The shaykh warned against raising the hands in Du`aa’ (supplication) while standing at the grave and asking for the intermediation of the Messenger (peace be upon him). He even warned against other deeds which entail Al-Shirk Al-Akbar or Al-Shirk Al-Asghar (major or minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah). At this point, I began to recall what I did on that day lest I might have committed something unlawful – may Allaah save us. Since then, Satan has been bewildering me regarding what I did. I only invoked peace upon the Messenger (peace be upon him) and praised him. I was even standing with my left side towards the grave, casting a look at it from time to time. After the invocation of peace, I surprisingly found myself crying. I do not know why, was it because of the Muslims’ status after the Prophet (peace be upon him) or because of my love for him? My mind was wavering with many thoughts and emotions while invoking peace upon him. May Your Eminence answer the following questions:

1- Did any of my actions entail Al-Shirk Al-Akbar or Al-Shirk Al-Asghar – may Allaah save us?

2- What are the deeds entailing Al-Shirk Al-Akbar and Al-Shirk Al-Asghar? May you illustrate with examples of each?

3- Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says in the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): Bismillaah Al-Rahmaan, Al-Raheem (In the Name of Allaah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful) Say: “O ‘Ibaadee (My slaves) who have transgressed against themselves (by committing evil deeds and sins)! Despair not of the Mercy of Allaah: verily, Allaah forgives all sins. Allaah is Most Truthful. Some Mufassiroon (exegesis of the Qur’aan) state that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) forgives all sins, including Shirk. Does the intended Shirk refer to Al-Shirk Al-Asghar or Al-Shirk Al-Akbar or to both of them?

Answer: Firstly: It is permissible to invoke peace upon Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) while facing his grave. It is a good sign to cry while doing this only if you were crying due to your love for the Messenger (peace be upon him) and your noble feelings towards him and the wavering thoughts that filled your heart and mind did not entail Shirk… read more here.

Why did Allaah create all creatures?

Question: I teach Arabic in the public high school of Kerala and I try, with the Help of Allah, to be a faithful servant of the true Deen (religion) of Islaam. It is with great sadness and hope that I am informing Your Eminence that there is a dispute among our scholars regarding the meaning of these Words of Allah (Exalted be He): And I (Allaah) created not the jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me (Alone). One group says that Allaah created the Jinn (creatures created from fire) and humans to worship Him Alone and not to worship other than Him. Accordingly, if someone worships other than Allaah, they will be ruined and deserve His Punishment eternally.

The other group says that it means that Allaah created the Jinn and humans to worship Him Alone. Accordingly, if someone does anything other than worshipping Allaah, they will be ruined and deserve His Punishment eternally. Bearing in mind that both of these views have lengthy explanations behind them, please explain to us which view is true and most correct.

Answer: Allaah created all creatures to worship Him Alone, associating nothing in worship with Him. It is therefore only impermissible to worship other than Him or associate others in worship with Him… read more here.

Salaah behind someone who invokes other than Allaah

Question: I had previously asked you about the ruling on the validity of praying behind an Imaam (leader of congregational Prayer) who commits Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) while claiming to be a Muslim, such as those who offer sacrifices to Awliya’ (pious people), invoke them, make vows to them, circumambulate around their graves, set out to visit them and so on.We are frequently asked about this issue during our travels to some Muslim countries, and it was repeatedly posed by Ansaar (Supporters) of Sunnah in Sudan when we went there earlier this year. You recommended that we send you this question in writing, to be viewed by the Iftaa’ Committee and the answer be discussed in detail and then published. Again, I am reminding Your Eminence, and waiting for your written reply in detail. May Allaah reward you the best for your efforts.

Answer: If a person makes vows or offers sacrifices to other than Allaah; or invokes other than Allah for something beyond normal means, such as healing the sick or having progeny; or invokes people who are absent to relieve a distress, or someone dead to repel harm; circumambulates graves; set out on a special journey to them; or seeks the help of idols and similar objects, they are considered Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship), guilty of major Shirk… read more here.

Obeying Allaah in His Legislations

Question: One of the idol worshippers met us and said: “Allaah has sent His Prophet (peace be upon him) to all people as a bringer of good tidings and a warner. Allaah ordered him to prevent idol worshipping. But He left Al-Hajar Al-Aswad (The Black Stone in the southeastern corner of the Ka`bah from which Muslims begin circumambulation) in the corner of Ka`bah to be kissed and visited and that people may perform Du`aa’ (supplication to Allaah) there. Why did He leave Al-Hajar Al-Aswad? He did so because those who offer `Ibaadah (worship) to idols do not intend idols with `Ibadah. But they offer `Ibaadah to idols to be a means between Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and them.” He added: “If this is so, then Al-Hajar Al-Aswad and the idols are similar.” Therefore, I sent you this question in order to know your answer that I may be guided and guide others.

Answer: `Ibaadah is to obey Allaah, carry out His commands, abstain from what He prohibits, obey the commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him), follow his example in the good deeds he did, regard as lawful what He considers to be lawful and to regard as unlawful what He decreed to be unlawful… read more here.

Invoking other than Allaah such as jinn, the dead and absentees and those who follow idolatrous conventions

Question: Is the Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) mentioned in the glorious Aayah include the Muslims who follow some sufi orders such as Al-Teejaaniyyah, and Al-Qaadiriyyah; or those who wear amulets, whether Aayaat of the Qur’aan are inscribed on them or not; or those who embrace Islaam but practice some idolatrous traditions?

Answer: The Shirk mentioned in the Aayah includes whoever seeks the help of anyone other than Allaah e.g. The Jinn (creatures created from fire), the dead, or absent people… read more here.

The meaning of – “And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat”

Question: What is the Tafseer (exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) of the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allaah Alone). ?

Answer: The Tafseer of the Aayah: And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allaah Alone). Is that Allaah (Exalted be He) is forbidding His Believing Servants from marrying women who are Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship), with the exception of the women of the People of the Book; the Jews and Christians… read more here.

Difference between major Shirk and minor Shirk

Question: What is the difference between major Shirk and minor Shirk in terms of their definitions and rulings?

Answer: Major Shirk is: (i) Regarding anything equal to Allaah, in terms of His Names and Attributes, such as by calling them by the Names or the Attributes of Allaah. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them, and leave the company of those who belie or deny (or utter impious speech against) His Names. They will be requited for what they used to do. The forms of heresy in relation to Allaah’s Names include naming others by His Personal Names and Attributes… read more here.

Eating the meat of the sacrificial animal offered for a Walee

Question: In our country, there are some people who visit the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people) and slaughter sacrificial animals with the intention of vowing for the sake of their dwellers. After that they distribute the meat of these sacrificial animals between the neighbors of the grave or the shrine they have visited.Is it lawful to eat the meat of a sacrificial animal that is slaughtered for the Waliy or does this fall under what is mentioned in the saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): Forbidden to you (for food) are: Al-Maytah (the dead animals- cattle- beast not slaughtered), blood, the flesh of swine, and that on which Allaah’s Name has not been mentioned while slaughtering ?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, then it is not permissible to eat this meat because it is considered slaughtered for other than Allaah and this is an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), for Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Believing in Muhammad, then associating others in worship with Allaah

Question: Some scholars say: “The Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) of this Ummah (nation) should be similar in status to the People of the Book with regard to the permissibility of eating the animals they slaughter and marrying their women. They justify this by saying that the Book of the Jews is the Tawraah (Torah) and their prophet is Moosaa (Moses) even if they are liars.The same applies to the Christians. Their Book is the Injeel (Gospel) and their prophet is ‘Eesaa (Jesus) even if they are liars. These people claim to be the followers of their prophets but they have abandoned their religions. Those resemble the Mushriks (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) of this Ummah. They claim that their Book is the Qur’aan and that their Prophet is Muhammad (peace be upon him). Therefore, it is permissible to marry their women and to eat the animals they slaughter and the same is permissible with regard to the People of the Book.

Answer: Whoever believes in Muhammad (peace be upon him) then associates others in worship with Allaah through making Sujood (Prostration), vowing or slaughtering for anyone other than Allaah is not similar to the People of the Book... read more here.

Slaughtering on the threshold of a new house

Question: In Al-Riyadh newspaper, Issue no. 6411 of 01-05-1406 A.H., we read an article, of which a photocopy is included, under the following title “Slaughtering on the Threshold of the New House”. The editor wonders whether this belief is valid as it is a habit that some people have. The editor proceeded: I do not know where this custom of slaughtering on the threshold of a new house comes from. However, it is customary that slaughtering in this way as well as before entering is believed to be one of the most important means of fending off the evil eye, blessing the house, and avoiding harmful calamities and accidents. We believe that caution does not ward off predestination and thus, we do not know whether this belief is valid or not. Any way, this point is worthy of consideration.

Answer: If this habit is practiced as a means of satisfying Jinn (creatures created from fire) and avoiding calamities and unpleasant incidents, as it appears from what was mentioned that the slaughtering takes place before entering the house and specifically on the threshold, it will be regarded not only as an unlawful habit but also as Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Slaughtering in the Name of Allaah to feed guests or relatives

Question: Slaughtering animals for the sake of anyone other than Allaah is prohibited and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on slaughtering animals for guests or relatives?

Answer: Slaughtering animals to draw closer to the person for whom the animals are slaughtered, or for the sake of bringing benefit or removing harm is Shirk. The Prophet (peace be upon him) cursed the person who slaughters for any one other than Allaah… read more here.

Slaughtering animals for other than Allaah

Question: There are some people who are known as Arab witch doctors. When someone who is sick, including those who are possessed by Jinn, visit those doctors, they advise them to slaughter certain kinds of chickens having specific colors; for example a black or white rooster.The blood of this slaughtered bird, which is probably slaughtered without mentioning the Name of Allaah, is then applied to the body of the sick person. What is the ruling on this practice?

Answer: Slaughtering a sacrifice to other than Allaah (Exalted be He) is major Shirk (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah), as He (Exalted be He) commands saying (what means… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah calling Him by “O Mu‘een, “O Muyassir”, “O Musahhil”

Question: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you said it inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately… read more here.

Allaah has prescribed Du`aa’ and ordered people to observe it

Question: Does Du‘aa’ (supplication) avert Divine Decree?

Answer: Allaah, Exalted be He, has ordained Du‘aa’ and He commands us to call upon Him, saying (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by His Most Beautiful Names

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): And (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them How can Allaah be supplicated to by His Most Beautiful Names; should He be supplicated to by ten of His Names or more, or can it be just by the Name befitting the reason for the Du‘aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is lawful to supplicate to Allaah and seek to draw close to Him by His Most Beautiful Names, as Allah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Slaughtering for other than Allaah and seeking the help of the dead and the absent

Question: There are many shaykhs in my country who do the following things: They play Duffs (tambourine-like instruments without bells) and go to graves where they slaughter sheep, camels, and cows, and they cook food there. Is this Haraam (prohibited) or not? They have also constructed a dome outside the city where they play Duffs and drums, and shout loudly: “Help us, O our Shaykh Jeelaanee!” They also invoke the help of other shaykhs.

In addition to this, they walk among the people collecting money from them, and say that it is to visit Shaykh so-and-so and for other matters. If someone falls ill, they take them to these shaykhs who recite Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) over them, and ask them to bring a ram, a bull, a camel, or other animals. People pay them large sums of money over the year and they go to them. Are these practices prohibited according to our Deen (religion)?

Answer: Firstly, it is not permissible to slaughter camels, cows, sheep, or anything else on graves… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: A person testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and offers Salaah (prayer) on time, however, he invokes (calls upon) other than Allaah. When that person dies, is it permissible to attend his funeral or not?

Answer: Asking Du’aa is a form of worship. Thus, directing any of it to anyone or anything other than Allaah is a major form of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes one out of the fold of Islaam. Allaah the Exalted says (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of the Messenger, the Sahaabah, or others

Question: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet).

For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahaabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaaweeeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du`aa’ to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah when stricken by misfortune

Question: What is the ruling on those who call upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and invoke their help when afflicted by some misfortune?

Answer: Anyone who calls upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) after their death or when they are absent is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), who is committing an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or in worship). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

 
And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Performing Salaah behind an Imaam who seeks the help of the dead

Question: An Imam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means.

Answer: If you are sure that the Imaam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salaah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Repentance from Bid`ahs and sins

Question: What is your ruling on an innovator in religion, who invents a Bid`ah Shirkiyyah (rejected innovation in religion which is tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah), in which he seeks help from the dead Awliyaa’ (pious people) and prays in their shrines, hoping that they will give him their blessing. He married a woman, after her last husband divorced her; he used to have sexual intercourse with her secretly time after time, until she got pregnant by him, so he quickly contracted marriage with her after her pregnancy became obvious. This marriage was carried out without Guidance from Allaah. She gave birth to a baby girl, who is two years old now, then he repented to Allaah from such Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) and firmly adhered to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet, peace be upon him) and read, “Fath Al-Majeed Sharh Kitaab Al-Tawheed” and other books by Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream). He has repented for having committed Zinaa (illegal sexual intercourse) and other abominations. His wife is now pregnant and he is asking about what should he do? Is there any expiation for committing Zinaa?

What should he do with his relatives who are still adhering to their Bid`ahs Shirkiyyah (rejected innovations in religion which are tantamount to associating others in worship with Allaah)? Please give me your legal opinion.

Answer: Firstly, Undoubtedly, Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) is the gravest of major sins and Bid`ahs introduced into religion and is one of the most hideous crimes. Zinaa is one of the abominations and among the gravest of major sins; whoever has committed it should rid themselves of it, shun it completely and beg forgiveness from Allaah. They should repent for the crimes in which they indulged; perhaps Allaah may accept their Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Refuting claims about supplicating to the deceased and the diacritical marks and dots of the Qur’aan

Question: Some of the followers of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion), from among those who call upon the dead, wondered: “How can you claim that the dead avail nothing, although Moosaa (Moses, peace be upon him) availed us and he was the reason behind reducing the daily obligatory prayers from fifty to five.” Others also said: “How can you say that every Bid`ah (innovation in religion) is a misguidance! Then what do you say about those who added diacritical marks and dots to the Qur’aan, and it all happened after the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him)?” How can we answer them?

Answer: Firstly, The original ruling is that the dead do not hear the call of people who call upon them and they cannot answer these calls or talk to the living, even if they were prophets… read more here.

Hadeeth of the blind man who sought the help of the Prophet after his death

Question: There is a severe attack against the Salafists (those following the way of the righteous predecessors); they are accused of denying and not loving Awliyaa’ (pious people). A piece of evidence their accusers cite to prove that seeking the help of Allaah through dead people is permissible is the Hadeeth about the blind man who invoked Allaah through the Prophet (Peace be upon him) after his death. I have been informed that this Hadeeth is Saheeh (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish), a fact that confuses some people deeply. I hope you enlighten us on this important issue.

Answer: After studying the question, the Committee’s answer is as follows: The Hadeeth of the blind man’s story is narrated by Imaam Al-Tirmithee with his Sanad (chain of narrators) on the authority of `Uthmaan ibn Hunayf (may Allaah be pleased with him)… read more here.

Seeking the help of the dead or the absent is major Shirk

Question: Is seeking help from someone who is absent or dead considered an act of major Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: Yes, seeking help from someone who is dead or absent is considered an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and doing so puts the doer outside the fold of Islaam, for Allaah (Glorified be He) says (what means)… read more here.