Using jinn and conjuring them by means of supplications and charms

Question 96: What is the phenomenon of conjuration, which is belief in the possibility of conjuring the spirit of a dead person through a medium? What is the attitude of Islam toward this phenomenon? Is it a true phenomenon? Please support your answer with Aayahs, Hadeeths or authentic narrations.

Answer: This phenomenon is the known practice of using a Jinn (creature created from fire) and conjuring it by means of invocations and charms practiced by a conjurer. It is a kind of charlatanry and witchcraft, which is Islaamically forbidden because it often involves Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), lying, pretension of knowing the Ghayb (the Unseen) and other evils. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression. He (Glorified be He) also says: O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Awliyaa’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allaah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” And thus We do make the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrongdoerss) Awliyaa’ (supporters and helpers) of one another (in committing crimes), because of that which they used to earn. Al-Bukhaaree related in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When Allaah decrees a matter in the heaven, the angels beat their wings in complete submission to His Words, making a sound like chains being dragged on a smooth rock; it (the order) includes them all: So much so that when fear is banished from their (angels’) hearts, they (angels) say: “What is it that your Lord has said?” They say: “The truth. And He is the Most High, the Most Great.” Then the stealthy listeners (devils) hear this, and these stealthy listeners are like this, one above the other (Soofyaan – a sub-narrator – demonstrated with his hand, holding it vertically with the fingers outspread). A stealthy listener hears a word which he conveys to that which is below him and the second conveys it to that which is below him, and so on until it is cast on the tongue of a wizard or foreteller. Sometimes a burning flame may strike him before he can convey it, and sometimes he may convey it before the flame strikes him. Then he (the wizard or foreteller) adds to that word a hundred lies. The people then say, ‘Did he (the wizard or foreteller) not tell that on such and such a day, such and such would happen?’ Thus, he is believed because of that word which was overheard from the heaven.... read more here.

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Sufi Tariqahs and Charlatanism (piercing the body with skewers, eating glass, and stabbing with daggers)

Question 95: There are many followers of Sufi Tariqahs (orders) these days who perform questionable acts, such as hitting the sick with Al-Shish (a thin iron stick) to cure them, eating glass, and piercing themselves with daggers. What is the legal ruling on these acts, bearing in mind that they claim to be Allaah’s Awliyaa’ (pious people) and consider such acts as Karaamahs (extraordinary events performed by a pious people)?

Answer: These acts are charlatanry or magic, and are used as means to deceive people; they are therefore Haraam (prohibited). It is obligatory for those in authority, whether they are scholars or rulers, to renounce and put an end to these things. These odd activities are not Karaamahs produced by Allaah (Exalted be He) through his believing Awliyaa’ to honor them, nor are they indications of the righteousness of those who produce them. This is because the Awliyaa’ of Allaah are those who have Eemaan (Faith) and Taqwaa (fear of Allaah as He should be feared) and are known for their obedience to Allaah and His Messenger. As Allaah (Glorified be He) says: No doubt! Verily, the Awliyaa’ of Allaah [i.e. those who believe in the Oneness of Allaah and fear Allaah much (abstain from all kinds of sins and evil deeds which he has forbidden), and love Allaah much (perform all kinds of good deeds which He has ordained)], no fear shall come upon them nor shall they grieve. Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islaamic Monotheism), and used to fear Allaah much (by abstaining from evil deeds and sins and by doing righteous deeds).... read more here.

Visiting those who claim to know the (ghayb) Unseen knowledge

Question 94: What is the ruling on sending a piece of clothing or a shirt to those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen) to use for determining an ailment and prescribing suitable treatment?

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to consult those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb. It is not permissible to send to them a piece of clothing, a shirt, or anything else. It is also Haraam to believe what they say, according to the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that have been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard... read more here.

Visiting the soothsayer for the sake of treatment

Question 93: What is the ruling on visiting the soothsayer for the sake of treatment?

Answer: It is prohibited to go to soothsayers for the sake of treatment and the like even if someone believes that the cure is from Allaah Alone and visiting soothsayers is only a means. This is proved by explicit and authentic evidence reported in this regard... read more here.

Visiting the one who sometimes tells about the place of stolen objects

Question 92: Sometimes we lose a sum of money or gold in the house and we think it has been stolen. We go to someone called “Al-Mukhbir” (one who gives the news of things) i.e. the soothsayer, and explain to him what has happened. He gives us glad tidings. Sometimes, what we lost is returned and sometimes it is not. What is the ruling on going to such people?

Answer: It is not permissible to go to him because he is a soothsayer. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited going to soothsayers and their like to ask them anything or believe in them... read more here.

Seeking help of the Jinn to harm other people or asking for their protection against the evil of other people

Question 91: What is the ruling on Tandheer (Invoking Jinn and devils against someone to do him harm) like saying, “Take so-and-so” or “Harm them”? What is the ruling on someone who does that? I heard someone say that whoever seeks the help of the Jinn, their Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) will not be accepted. In addition, when they die, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

Answer: Seeking the help of the Jinn and turning to them to fulfill someone’s needs, such as asking them to harm or benefit a person, is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). It is a kind of mutual benefiting between Jinn and mankind; the Jinn fulfill the human’s needs and in return they get the human’s veneration, trust, and reliance. Allaah (Exalted be He) says, And on the Day when He will gather them (all) together (and say): “O you assembly of jinn! Many did you mislead of men,” and their Awliyaa’ (friends and helpers) amongst men will say: “Our Lord! We benefited one from the other, but now we have reached our appointed term which You did appoint for us.” He will say: “The Fire be your dwelling-place, you will dwell therein forever, except as Allaah may will. Certainly your Lord is All-Wise, All-Knowing.” And thus We do make the Zaalimoon (polytheists and wrong-doers) Awliyaa’ (supporters and helpers) of one another (in committing crimes), because of that which they used to earn. Allaah (Exalted be He) also says, ‘And verily, there were men among mankind who took shelter with the males among the jinn, but they (jinn) increased them (mankind) in sin and transgression. Therefore, seeking the help of the Jinn to harm others or asking for their protection against others’ evil is an act of Shirk. Whoever does so, their Salaah and Sawm will be nullified; for Allaah (Exalted be He) says, If you join others in worship with Allaah, (then) surely (all) your deeds will be in vain, and you will certainly be among the losers. Anyone who is known for doing so, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards... read more here.

If a soothsayer or a diviner dies while known to be in that state of claiming to know the Unseen

Question 90: When a baby is born, the father calls one of the shaykhs to foretell the newborn’s future through signs of zodiac and consult on its name. If a suggested name suits the baby’s future, the shaykh will be silent, otherwise he will ask for it to be changed, and it often happens that people here end up with multiple names. It is authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered some offensive names to be changed; if a name is not offensive, is it permissible to change it?

Answer: Firstly: It is not permissible to foretell the future; it is regarded a type of soothsaying. It is also not permissible to change a name if it does not suit predictions, as this involves believing in soothsaying and what soothsayers do.

Secondly: It is permissible to change offensive names, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him). There is also no harm in changing them even if they are not offensive, if it is not connected with its suitability for a child’s future or any other similar reason, provided that it does not lead to the loss of anyone’s rights... read more here.

Predicting future through zodiac signs

Question 89: When a baby is born, the father calls one of the shaykhs to foretell the newborn’s future through signs of zodiac and consult on its name. If a suggested name suits the baby’s future, the shaykh will be silent, otherwise he will ask for it to be changed, and it often happens that people here end up with multiple names. It is authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered some offensive names to be changed; if a name is not offensive, is it permissible to change it?

Answer: Firstly: It is not permissible to foretell the future; it is regarded a type of soothsaying. It is also not permissible to change a name if it does not suit predictions, as this involves believing in soothsaying and what soothsayers do.

Secondly: It is permissible to change offensive names, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him). There is also no harm in changing them even if they are not offensive, if it is not connected with its suitability for a child’s future or any other similar reason, provided that it does not lead to the loss of anyone’s rights... read more here.

Changing the offensive names

Question 88: When a baby is born, the father calls one of the shaykhs to foretell the newborn’s future through signs of zodiac and consult on its name. If a suggested name suits the baby’s future, the shaykh will be silent, otherwise he will ask for it to be changed, and it often happens that people here end up with multiple names. It is authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered some offensive names to be changed; if a name is not offensive, is it permissible to change it?

Answer: Firstly: It is not permissible to foretell the future; it is regarded a type of soothsaying. It is also not permissible to change a name if it does not suit predictions, as this involves believing in soothsaying and what soothsayers do.

Secondly: It is permissible to change offensive names, following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him). There is also no harm in changing them even if they are not offensive, if it is not connected with its suitability for a child’s future or any other similar reason, provided that it does not lead to the loss of anyone’s rights... read more here.

He who claims that he knows the ghayb (unseen knowledge) be it by sand reading, reading in a certain book, astrology, or seeking the help of the Jinn

Question 87:  If a person is afflicted by Sihr (witchcraft), is it permissible for them to go to a sorcerer to remove it?

Answer:  This is not permissible, and the basic ruling on it finds its origin in the Hadeeth reported by Imaam Ahmad and Aboo Daawood on the authority of Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with them) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was asked about Nushrah (undoing a spell by means of another spell). He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘It is from the work of Satan.’ Natural and medicinal remedies and the supplications prescribed in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) are sufficient. There is no disease for which Allaah has not also sent down the cure; some people know the cure while others do not. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) ordered us to seek treatment, but he (peace be upon him) prohibited being treated with unlawful things. He (peace be upon him) said: Seek treatment, but use nothing unlawful. It was also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Verily, Allaah does not make your cure in what He has prohibited to you.... read more here.

Consulting a saahir (sorcerer, magician) to cure sihr (magic, witchcraft or sorcery)

Question 86:  If a person is afflicted by Sihr (witchcraft), is it permissible for them to go to a sorcerer to remove it?

Answer:  This is not permissible, and the basic ruling on it finds its origin in the Hadeeth reported by Imaam Ahmad and Aboo Daawood on the authority of Jaabir (may Allaah be pleased with them) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was asked about Nushrah (undoing a spell by means of another spell). He (peace be upon him) replied, ‘It is from the work of Satan.’ Natural and medicinal remedies and the supplications prescribed in Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) are sufficient. There is no disease for which Allaah has not also sent down the cure; some people know the cure while others do not. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) ordered us to seek treatment, but he (peace be upon him) prohibited being treated with unlawful things. He (peace be upon him) said: Seek treatment, but use nothing unlawful. It was also narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Verily, Allaah does not make your cure in what He has prohibited to you.... read more here.