Madmadah for the fasting person

Question: I was pregnant and the weather was very hot during Ramadaan. My mouth became extremely dry, so I did Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) with cold water to moisten my mouth and lips but I was keen lest any water should enter my stomach. Am I sinful? Should I offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) for that?

Answer: According to what you have said, there is no sin on you and you do not need to make up for that day in which you did Madmadah with water because this does not invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast)... read more here.

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Overdoing Madmadah due to extreme thirst trying to let some water enter the stomach

Question: A woman was grazing sheep in Ramadaan and she overdid Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) due to extreme thirst, trying to let some water enter her stomach. If she was aware that this action is Makrooh (disliked), what is the ruling? Is it Waajib (obligatory) on her to make up for those days? 

Moreover, one day she performed after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) during Ramadaan and she discharged a drop of blood the next day. This occurred while she was away from home at one occasion, and when bleeding ceased that night, she did not perform Ghusl. Rather, she went back and completed her Sawm. What is the ruling on that? Is it Waajib on her to make up for the remaining days of the month, i.e., the days on which she observed Sawm during her menstruation taking into account that she does not remember the number of those days? We hope you will explain the ruling on that?

Answer: First, if the woman in question overdid Madmadah to the extent that the water entered into her stomach, then it is Waajib on her to make up for that day... read more here.

If there remains a trace of blood in one’s mouth, does this invalidate one’s Sawm?

Question: My mouth bleeds during Sawm (Fast), especially after waking up. At time of Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) during Salaah (Prayer) times, the color of the blood becomes light red, and sometimes turns yellow on rinsing twice or thrice. How can I swallow my saliva, taking into account that bleeding may continue for a while? What is the ruling on swallowing the yellowish liquid that does not taste as blood?I consulted a doctor who prescribed medication for me but it was in vain.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, do your best to get rid of the blood in the saliva through Madmadah. Additionally, be careful not to swallow this blood or the slight yellowish liquid in your saliva, Therefore, there is nothing wrong in that and your Sawm is valid In-shaa’ Allaah (if Allaah wills)... read more here.

Is it permissible for a person whose right arm is amputated to use their left for doing everything?

Question 164A man had his right arm amputated so he uses the left for doing everything, such as Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), Madmadah (rinsing the mouth), and so on. Is doing so permissible? Also, this man cannot wash all the parts of his back when performing Ghusl (full ritual bath). Is it permissible for him to perform Ghusl with the help of his wife?

Answer: The general ruling regarding Istinjaa’ according to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is that people use their left hand. However, Madmadah and Istinshaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it) are to be done with the right hand. This is to honor the right hand and protect it from filth. A proof of this is the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said… read more here.

Washing the Wudoo’ organs in the right order and consecutively

Question 65: What is the ruling on someone who performs Wudoo’ (ablution), but does not mention the Name of Allaah? During Wudoo’ (ablution), should we start by washing the face then perform Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) and Istinshaaq (sniffing water) or the other way round? I am asking as I was told that there has been a discussion regarding this matter, with one saying that washing the face comes first while the other says Madmadah and Istinshaaq come first.

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. It is better, when performing Wudoo’, to start with Madmadah and Istinshaaq before washing the face, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) did so. There is also Ijmaa‘ (consensus) among the scholars that it is Mustahab (desirable) to delay washing the face, until after them; but if one washes the face before them, their Wudoo’ is valid…. read more here.