Anyone who believes that someone besides (or with) Allaah is managing the Universe

Question 1: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship (al-Ruboobiyyah). He is even worse in disbelief (Kufr) than … read more here.