The reality of the Iranian Shee`ah and confuting those who claim there is no true Muslim leader except Ayatollah Khomeini

Question: It is common in Nigeria that Muslim youth express their love of Ayatollah Khomeini and support for the Iranian Islaamic Revolution. These youth think that in today’s Muslim world, there is no state that applies Allaah’s Rulings except Iran and that there is no true Muslim leader except Ayatollah Khomeini. Now these views have started to spread widely in Nigeria. Therefore, we would like you to provide us with a sufficient explanation of the truth of the Iranian Shiites, the leader of their state Ayatollah Khomeini, and what he calls people to?Allaah Willing, we will translate this explanation into Hausa, our mother tongue, and into English so that we may get rid of these views, for every month the Republic of Iran sends many books to the Muslims of Nigeria. We appreciate your advice. May Allaah reward you well and bless you!

Answer: As to the claim that in today’s Muslim world Iran is the only state that abides by Allaah’s rules and that there is no true Muslim leader but Ayatollah Khomeini, it is sheer falsehood and a lie… read more here.

Ruling on the Imaamite Shee`ah sect in Islaam and its origin

Question: Is Imamite Sheeah an Islamic sect? Who is the founder? In fact, the Sheeah claim their sect is traceable back to `Alee. However, if the sect of the Shiites is not Islaamic, in what way will it be non-Islaamic? I hope Your Eminence graciously gives me a detailed account provided with valid evidence of the Shiite sect and their beliefs along with highlighting some innovative Islamic sects.

Answer: The fundamentals and secondary elements of the Imamite Sheeah </span>are Bidahs (innovations in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on the followers of Al-Imaamiyyah

Question: What is the ruling on the followers of Al-Imaamiyyah Al-Ithnaa Ashriyyah (the Twelve Imaamee Shiites), which is one of the Rafidee sects (Shiitic sects which openly reject the legitimacy of the Caliphs before `Alee ibn Aboo Taalib)? Is there a difference between the scholars of any deviant Muslim sect and its mere followers regarding being deemed as Kuffaar (disbelievers) or Faasiqoon (those who openly and flagrantly violate Islaamic law)?

Answer: Any person who follows one of the leaders of Kufr (disbelief) and misguidance and supports their chiefs and masters in oppression and enmity will receive their same ruling, that is, being deemed among the Kuffaar and Faasiqoon… read more here.

Claiming : `Alee is ranked as a prophet and Jibreel made a mistake

Question: What is the ruling on Shiites especially those who say that `Alee is ranked as a prophet and that Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) mistakenly descended to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)?

Answer: Shiites have been divided into many sects. Whoever among them says that `Alee (may Allah be pleased with him) is ranked as a prophet and that Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) mistakenly descended to the Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) counts as Kaafir (disbeliever)… read more here.

Difference between Sunnee (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and Shee`ah

Question: Please clarify the differences between Sunnis and Shee`ah (Shi’ites) Which of them is the closest to the Sunnah?

Answer: The differences between Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and the Shiites are major regarding Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah), Prophecy, Imaamah (leadership or governance) and more… read more here.

Are all the present Shiites Kuffaar, or just their Imaams or leaders?

Question: Are all the present Shiites Kuffaar (disbelievers) or just their Imaams?

Answer: Shiites nowadays have many sects. For more clarification on this issue, refer to the contemporary books written on deviant sects… read more here.

Scholars’ books on Shiite `Aqeedah and their details

Question: What is the Shiite `Aqeedah (creed)? Please clarify as much as possible.

Answer: Shiites have numerous sects, some are extremists and others are not. Hence, we recommend you read books written by scholars about their sects and the `Aqeedah (creed) of each… read more here.

Ruling on marrying from those who invoke Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn and `Alee apart from Allaah

Question: We are from a tribe living on the northern borders (of Saudi Arabia), and we mix with tribes from Iraq . Those people are idolatrous Shiites who worship shrines and call them Al-Hasan, Al-Husayn and Alee. When one of them stands up he says: OAlee, O Husayn. Some people from our tribe have intermarried with them and mix with them in all circumstances. We have tried to teach them but they do not listen. I do not have enough knowledge to teach them but I hate what they do, and I do not mix with them. I have heard that we cannot eat the meat of their sacrificed animals, but some people eat their meat and do not care. Could you please clarify this matter for us?

Answer: If the situation is as you have mentioned, and those people invoke `Alee, Al-Hasan and Al-Husayn, and the like, then they are committing major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), which takes them out of Islaam… read more here.

Studying philosophy and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat

Question: Is it permissible to study philosophy, logic, and theories that mock Allaah’s Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses)? Is it permissible to attend places that offer these studies or is it included in this Aayah: And it has already been revealed to you in the Book (this Qur’aan) that when you hear the Aayaat of Allaah being denied and mocked at, then sit not with them, until they engage in a talk other than that; (but if you stayed with them) certainly in that case you would be like them.

Answer: If a person is knowledgeable enough and confident in themselves to the extent that they are not afraid that reading these subjects or sitting with their adherents will cause a Fitnah (trial) to their religion… read more here.

Wrong ijtihaad and its limits

Question: Some contemporary religious youths say that most or all those who fall into Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) in the Muslim world today are not Mushrikeen (one who associates others with Allaah in worship). They defend them saying that they are either noble scholars who, through Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings), come up with views like the permissibility of Istighaathah (beseeching help) from other than Allaah, as did Al-Suyootee, Al-Nabahaanee, and others. Those great scholars will get a double reward if their view is correct and a single reward if their view is wrong. As for ordinary imitating people, they have done the best they can.

Answer: The people who are excused in the case of mistaken inference, are the Mujtahideen (scholars qualified to exercise juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in speculative discretionary issues only, and not people who reach erroneous views on issues authentically established by clear scriptural texts, or well known basic principles of the religion… read more here.

Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Question: Does coercion by threat or use of force justify one to profess Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer: It is permissible to profess Kufr if actually forced into it, while the heart of the coerced Muslim rests secure with firm faith… read more here.

Someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on offering Salaah (prayer) behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who denies some of the Prophet’s Hadeeth such as the Hadeeth stating that magic was cast on the Prophet (peace be upon him) or the one prophesying the descent of Jesus Christ (peace be upon him) near the end of time?

Answer: The one who denies the Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), such as the two Ahaadeeth referred to above, is a liar and may be judged either to be a Faasiq (someone openly and flagrantly violating Islaamic law) or a Kaafir (disbeliever), according to that person’s state… read more here.

Can a person who says “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah” be a disbeliever?

Question: Can a person be a disbeliever in spite of verbally saying: “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah” (There is no god in truth but Allaah)?

Answer: A person can be a disbeliever in the Sight of Allaah in spite of saying, “There is no god  in truth but Allaah”, as the hypocrites who say it only by tongue, but their hearts have not believed in it, such as ‘Abdullaah ibn Ubay ibn Salool and suchlike… read more here.

Dealing with someone who denies some Ahaadeeth

Question: What is the ruling on those who refute some of the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth related in the Two Saheeh Books of Hadeeth (Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim), such as the Hadeeth about the punishment and bliss in the grave, the Mi`raj (Ascension to Heaven), Sihr (sorcery), Shafaa`ah (intercession), and getting out of the Fire? What is the ruling on performing Salaah (Prayer) behind them and exchanging greetings with them or is it better to disassociate from them?

Answer: The scholars of Hadeeth should discuss the Riwaayah (the study of the text of a Hadith and how to apply it) and Diraayah (the study of the principles set to verify whether a Hadeeth is acceptable or not in terms of text and chain of narrators) of these Hadeeth with them to explain their authenticity and meanings… read more here.

Offering Salaah behind a beardless Imaam

Question: What is the ruling on offering Salaah (prayer) behind a clean-shaven Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) who also mocks bearded men and orders them to shave their beard off?

Answer: It is not permissible to mock a bearded man as he grows his beard in compliance with the command of the Prophet (peace be upon him) thereof. Moreover, the mocker should be advised and instructed… read more here.

Calling people to regularly observe Salaah

Question: Many of our colleagues do not offer Salaah (Prayer).Perhaps they used to offer Salaah regularly before leaving their homeland, but as soon as they indulged in the American life style, they abandoned Salaah and Sawm (Fast) and forgot Islaam. Some other colleagues and I advised them and called them to pray, but they did not respond. Are we absolved of liability before Allaah, especially that we live with them in the same accommodation?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, you are free from liability and there is nothing wrong with living with them in case of necessity. You should keep advising them and call them to adhere to the Islaamic obligations with wisdom and good instruction, and debate with them in the best and most constructive way… read more here.

Some acts of Kufr take a person out of Islaam

Question: Some scholars consider a person who abandons Salaah (Prayer) as committing Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions), and Kufr ‘Amalee does not put one beyond the pale of Islam except in exceptional cases like cursing Allaah (Exalted be He) and similar acts. Is a person abandoning Salaah considered an exception? If so, why is he considered an exception?

Answer: Not all the types of Kufr ‘Amalee (disbelief in actions) do not put one beyond the pale of Islaam… read more here.

Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam

Question: They interpret Kufr (disbelief) that takes a person out of Islaam as denial only, whereas a person who abandons Salaah (prayer) out of negligence is not a denier of its obligation. Or is there another type of Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam without involving denial?

Answer: Confining the Kufr that takes a person out of Islaam to denial only is incorrect… read more here.

Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam?

Question: What is the opinion of the knowledgeable scholars on a man who contradicts decisive texts from the Qur’aan and authentic Hadeeth? Upon receiving advice and admonition, he says: “There is nothing wrong with what I do.” If he judges among people, he gives false judgments contradicting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth. This ruler rarely performs Salaah (Prayer) or Sawm (Fast). Moreover, he allies himself with disbelievers, wicked people and followers of corrupted creeds. He permits what has been forbidden by Allaah, like vowing to other than Allaah, drinking alcohol, dealing in Ribaa (usury/interest), taking bribes, dishonest and illegal transactions. He also mocks the religiously committed sincere scholars. He says that they are crazy people. Moreover, he seeks to be a ruler by rallying people around him, through lavish spending on them.People are inclined in his favor because he brings them benefits such as acquitting criminals, jailing their opponents and punishing innocent people. After winning, he makes illegal intercession with judges to acquit criminals and punish innocent people. He lavishes his money on evil things. People come to congratulate him, singing and beating drums. Is supporting or allying oneself with such a person permissible or prohibited in the purified Sharee‘ah? Is this man still judged to be a Muslim or outside the pale of Islaam? Guide us to the truth! May Allaah grant you the best reward in the everlasting abode. I am submitting this question to spread your answer on it all over Pakistan. Therefore, we beg for a speedy answer from your eminence.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, then the person in question who has such a character is a Kaafir (disbeliever), whose Kufr (disbelief) has cast him outside the pale of Islaam. It is unlawful to support or ally oneself with him… read more here.

Are Muslims to be excused for ignorantly performing acts of Kufr and Shirk?

Question: Is the person who ignorantly commits any act of Kufr (disbelief) or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)? Can they be excused because of their ignorance? Please, provide us with evidence.

Answer: A Mukallaf (person meeting the conditions to be held legally accountable for their actions) cannot be excused for worshipping other than Allaah, or offering sacrifices as a means of drawing closer to other than Allaah, or making a vow to other than Allaah, and other acts of worship that should be devoted to Allaah alone… read more here.

Abstaining from performance of the practical pillars of Islaam

Question: If someone testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, but does not observe the four Pillars of Islaam, i.e. Salaah (Prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, and the other acts prescribed by the Islaamic Sharee`ah, do they deserve the intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the Day of Resurrection to escape the punishment of Hellfire, even for a limited time?

Answer: Anyone who bears witness that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but abstains from performing Salaah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, denying the obligation of these four Pillars, or any one of them after being told about them, is regarded as a Murtad (apostate) from Islaam… read more here.

Denying authentic Ahaadeeth and interpreting Aayaat about Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Ahaadeeth and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadeeths. Or sects that divert the Names of Allaah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase: “The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkaam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.” They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, “Allaah is there, everywhere.” Is it permissible to offer Salaah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects?

What if the Imaam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

Answer: Those who deny the sound Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail… read more here.

A Muslim opposing an established ruling supported with a clear text

Question: In our town, Pattani, which lies in the south of Thailand, big problems have been caused by the issue of the bereaved family making food for the condolers.I hope, Your Eminence, will clarify this issue and the following issues:

The rules of religious obligations are classified into: Waajib (obligatory), Mandoob (commendable), Jaa’iz (permissible), Makrooh (disliked) and Mahdhoor (prohibited).

What is the ruling on a person who denies one of the mentioned rules by saying instead that:
1- The obligatory is rather commendable, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
2- The commendable is rather obligatory, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
3- The permissible is rather obligatory, commendable, reprehensible or prohibited;
4- The reprehensible is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or prohibited;
5- The prohibited is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or reprehensible.

For instance, the knowledgeable scholars said, “It is Makrooh that people should be entertained with food served by the family of the deceased, because this is legitimate only in the time of happiness, not sorrow; it is a loathsome Bid‘ah (innovation in religion).”They also said, “It is Makrooh to serve food on the first, second and third days, until a week passes.” They also said, “The four Imaams (Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi‘ee, and Ahmad) are agreed that it is Makrooh that the family of the deceased should make food for the people to gather and eat,” and similar scholarly opinions.

However, in our town, Pattani, most of the scholars stated the opposite of the previously mentioned; some of them said it is Sunnah; others said it is permissible; and a few of them said it is obligatory. Hajj ‘Abdullaah Al-Haj Muhammad Saalih, `Abdul-Rahmaan Jafakiya and I hold the same opinion of the former knowledgeable scholars.

Thus, because of this issue they accuse one another of Kufr (disbelief), they do not eat from one another’s sacrificed animals; nor do they marry from one another’s families. I wish Your Eminence would send us a written Fatwaa so that we can print and distribute it freely among all the people, In sha’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Answer: First: the authentic Sunnah indicates that the family of the deceased are not the ones who should make food, but it is their Muslim brothers who should make food for them as a form of support and showing condolences, as they might be too grieved to think of food… read more here.

Judging the People of the Book who do not believe in the mission of Muhammad to be Kuffaar

Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”

In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.

Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Types of Kufr

Question: Kindly, cite all the cases whereby a person is judged to be a Kaafir (disbeliever), outside the Deen (religion) of Islaam. What is the ruling on a person judged as such? Please, give a brief account on Riddah (apostasy), the lower degree of Kufr (disbelief) and love and hate of such a person for Allaah’s Sake.

Answer: The Mukaffiraat (Crimes, the perpetration of which make one a disbeliever) that place a person outside Islaam are many, among them are the following… read more here.

Ruling on writing amulets for the treatment of sick people

Question: A man wrote only some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) on a piece of paper for a sick person and told him: “When you return home, hammer a nail into every word of these Aayaat as Alif-Laaam-Meeem. [These letters are one of the miracles of the Qur’aan and none but Allaah (Alone) knows their meanings.] This is the Book (the Qur’aan), whereof there is no doubt He pronounces some words upon the letter “A” (Alif) and then hammers it with a nail and so on. Then, he conceals this paper for ten or fifteen days. Is this a kind of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? Is this considered a kind of amulet? Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this as it is one kind of amulets that the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade… read more here.

Receiving fees for making Amulets

Question: A person wrote amulets to another in return for a fee, but the latter learned afterward that wearing amulets is impermissible in Islaam. Should he pay to the writer of these amulets his fees or not?

Answer: It is prohibited to wear amulets whether it contains Qur’aanic Aayaat (verses) or any other… read more here.

Istighfaar and Du`aa’ for a person who used to invoke the dead

Question: My Qur’aan teacher and my mother’s great-grandfather died. They used to inscribe Aayaat of the Qur’aan on rings and give them to people. Before their death they urged me to continue reciting the Qur’aan. I continued to do so until my Lord made me understand Tawheed (monotheism) which made me realize that they did something wrong. Can I supplicate to Allaah to have mercy upon them and forgive them? Peace, mercy and blessings of Allaah be upon you!

Answer: Writing Aayaat of the Qur’aan to be worn as amulets is impermissible, as is wearing them for protection, healing, or repelling harm, according to the most correct scholarly opinion… read more here.

A person does not charge a Kaafir (disbeliever) with Kufr (disbelief)

Question 132: We would like to know what the ruling is on a person who does not regard someone who is a disbeliever as a Kaafir (disbeliever).

Answer: It is obligatory to believe in the Kufr (disbelief) of anyone who is confirmed to be a Kaafir. The ruler is the one who should apply the Had (the prescribed penalty) for apostasy if they do not perform Tawbah (repentance). Anyone who does not regard someone as a Kaafir whose Kufr has been confirmed, is also deemed as a Kaafir, unless they have grounds for doubting the Kufr, in which case they must reveal this... read more here.

Ruling on accusing a Muslim of Kufr (disbelief)

Question 131: A Muslim man said to his brother in Islaam: “You are a disbeliever,” though the accused person performs the five obligatory prayers and observes Sawm (fast). What is the ruling in this regard? Also, what is the remedy for continuous forgetfulness?

Answer: It is not permissible for a Muslim to accuse his brother in Islaam of disbelief, if he is not so. He should repent to Allaah and seek his forgiveness from this sin. Moreover, he has to ask the accused person to pardon him. The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade this in many authentic Hadeeths. As to the remedy of forgetfulness and the slowness of memorization, you have to fear Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), continue studying and repeating what you memorize and ask Allaah to support you with that. We ask Allaah to grant us all success in achieving what we want…. read more here.

The Tawheed preached by the Prophets versus Kufr and Shirk

Praise be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds, Who promised the righteous people to ultimately prove successful. May peace and blessings be upon the master of the early and late generations, Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and upon all prophets, messengers, and righteous people. It is admittedly true that Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah) and belief in Allaah’s Messengers is the most important and greatest obligation. Similarly, seeking this kind of knowledge is the best and most honorable science.

Moreover, there is a pressing need for explaining it in detail. It is for these reasons that I take upon myself to clarify this issue in brief. Indeed, this great subject deserves to be given greater consideration. So, I pray to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to grant us all success in words and deeds and to protect us all from mistakes and errors… read more here.

Note: A lecture delivered at Daar Al-Hadeeth in Madeenah on 14/4/1394 A.H.

Is seeking help from someone who is absent or dead Kufr (disbelief)?

Question 3: Is seeking help from someone who is absent or dead considered an act of major Kufr (disbelief)?

Answer:  Yes, seeking help from someone who is dead or absent is considered an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allah in His Divinity or worship) and doing so puts the doer outside the fold of Islam, for Allah (Glorified be He) says… read more here.

Anyone who believes that someone besides (or with) Allaah is managing the Universe

Question 1: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship (al-Ruboobiyyah). He is even worse in disbelief (Kufr) than … read more here.