Ruling on following Sufi Tariqahs spreading in our times

Question: What is the opinion of your Eminence on the current widespread Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Naqshabandiyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah. In our land in the Far Maghrib, Sufi orders like Al-Jilaniyyah Al-Tijaniyyah, Al-Harqawiyyah, Al-Wazzaniyyah, Al-Dilaaniyyah, Al-Nasiriyyah, Al-`Alawiyyah, Al-Kattaniyyah, and many others exist. They recite almost the same Wird (practice of repeating the Name of Allaah, and a set of invocations assigned to the Mureed by his shaykh or deputy as a liturgy of communion).

In the morning and evening Wird, they recite prayers of forgiveness a hundred times and invoke Allah’s peace and blessings upon the Prophet a hundred times using any formula of Thikr. They also recite ‘laa Ilaaha Illaa Alalah’ (there is no god in truth but Allaah) a hundred times. They perform Salaah (Prayer) on time as it is an essential requirement for reception of Wird. Some Scholars of Al-Ikhwaan Al-Muslimoon (the Muslim Brotherhood) say: “Any one who follows any of the Sufi orders is a Mubtadi’ (one who introduces a rejected innovation in religion) and a Mushrik (polytheist) as no Sufi orders existed during the time of the Prophet and his Sahaabah (Companions).

Please, give an elaborate answer on this issue, for ascribing people to polytheism is seriously dangerous; polytheists are denied Paradise and consigned to hell-fire.

Answer: The Shuyookh of Sufi Tareeqahs (orders) are well-known for their ascetic practices and devoutness. However, superstitions and Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) creep into their rituals and ceremonial practices like the Bid`ah of repeated mentioning of the proper Name of Allaah and His Attributes saying… read more here.

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Islaam does not tolerate Sufi Tariqahs

Question: What is the Islaamic viewpoint on the existence of Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) like Al-Shaadhooliyyah and Al-Khalwatiyyah, etc.? If they are tolerated, what is the evidence in support of them? What is the meaning of Allaah’s saying: “And verily, this (i.e. Allaah’s Commandments mentioned in the above two Verses 151 and 152) is My Straight Path, so follow it, and follow not (other) paths, for they will separate you away from His Path. This He has ordained for you that you may become Al-Muttaqoon (the pious – see V.2:2).” ?

Also, what is the interpretation of His Saying: And upon Allaah is the responsibility to explain the Straight Path. But there are ways that turn aside (such as Paganism, Judaism and Christianity). And had He willed, He would have guided you all (mankind). What are the ways that turn aside?

What is the Straight Path of Allaah? What is the interpretation of the Saying of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in the Hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas`ood: He (peace be upon him) drew a line and said: This is the way of guidance. Then, he (peace be upon him) drew other lines; on the right and the left and said: These are ways on each one of them there is a devil who calls to it. ?

Answer: The Tareeqah (Sufi orders) you mentioned are not recognized in Islaam nor are the likes of it. The only recognized way in Islaam is that mentioned in the two Aayaat (Qur’aanic Verses) and in the Hadeeth you mentioned. These orders find some repulsive implication in the Saying of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.