Allaah’s creation of people with different minds and knowledge

Question: I read the book entitled “Al-Mughnee” by Ibn Qudaamah, but I was surprised to see in it such differences of opinion over a trivial issue, although the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) instructed us to avoid this when he said, Those before you were destroyed by their asking excessive questions.

It is true that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said, “Difference of opinion among my Ummah (nation) is mercy”, but not the way we see nowadays in the books of Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence). Please read page 7 of book “Al-Mughnee”, under the title “Some of his Karaamaat (extraordinary events caused by Allaah for or through a pious person),”

I feel that I am reading a mythical Indian tale, or the legend of Aladdin in “A Thousand and One Nights”. This shaykh even performed acts which the great Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) never did, which is walking on water. These are fairy tales. How can this book be allowed to circulate under the supervision of the Presidency of the Departments of Scholarly Research, Iftaa’, Da‘wah and Guidance? Such anecdotes might lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Please delete this paragraph from that book.

Answer: First, what you have mentioned in your question about controversy over the issues of Fiqh is not something unusual, as the Way of Allaah is that He has created people different from each other in their intellectual capacities, their mentalities, their cognition of auditory evidence, and their perception of the secrets of the universe and the Laws of Allaah in it. It is not surprising to see disagreements on issues related to Universe and Sharee‘ah sciences; this is what wisdom entails – diversity of creation and talents… read more here.

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Who are true Awliyaa’ of Allaah?

Question: Is it true what some Muslims claim that the Muslim rulers are Awliyaa’ (pious servants) of Allaah, even if they are the most wicked of the wicked?

Answer: This claim is not true, but evil is evil, whether one is from the first or later generations (who embraced Islaam), a ruler or otherwise. And good is good, whether one is from the first or later generations… read more here.

The truth of Karaamaat of the Awliyaa’ (the righteous people)

Question: Do the Awliyaa’ (pious people) perform Karaamaat (extraordinary events caused by Allaah for or through a pious person)? Can they change anything in the heavens or on earth? Do they intercede with Allaah for others while they are in Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) or not?

Answer: Karaamah is an extraordinary event which Allaah (Exalted be He) bestows on a pious person as an honor to protect him against harm, benefit him, or help him defend people’s rights… read more here.