Having sexual intercourse without ejaculation in the daytime in Ramadaan entails Kaffaarah

Question: I got married when I was about sixteen and now I am eighty years old. I have approached my wife in the daytime in Ramadaan while I was fasting. I have had sex her without ejaculation and I do not know how many times I moved in her. I would like to ask you whether I have to make up for such days. May Allaah keep you benefiting Muslims. I hope you will answer me in order not be charged with that in the Hereafter.

Answer: You and your wife, if she did so willingly, are asked for expiation. It is to emancipate a believing slave. If you could not do that, you have to fast two successive months. If this is even impractical for you, each of you have to feed sixty poor persons… read more here.

While traveling, a person broke his Sawm and then had sexual intercourse with his wife

Question: I was on a journey in Ramadaan and I broke my fast while traveling. Then, I returned from traveling and went home. I saw my wife and had sexual intercourse with her in the daytime of Ramadaan while she was fasting. She was not unwilling but she was ignorant because she is illiterate. She thought that fasting a day in place of the missed day is enough. This happened a short time ago. She decided to fast two successive months without asking anyone but she could only fast 15 days. Please explain what we should do. May Allaah guide you to what is right!

Answer: You have to pay Kaffaarah (expiation) according to your capacity. It is to emancipate a believing slave; and if you cannot, you should fast two successive months. If this is not possible, you should offer food to sixty poor persons: for each one half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice or other such local staple food… read more here.

Breaking Sawm deliberately during Ramadaan and then having sexual intercourse

Question: I got married at an early age in 1369 A.H. And lived in a desert area where there was almost no water. In the same year, the month of Ramadaan came, and we fasted the first two or three days, and on the fourth or the fifth day my wife and I decided to break our fast. We actually did so and I had sexual intercourse with her. We were ignorant and knew no Hadeeths except that we heard from some people that making up for a missed day (of Ramadaan) can be done by fasting a day. We broke our fast on this day and made up for it afterwards. Could you please inform us about the expiation of this day? May Allaah protect you.

Answer: You and your wife have to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) immediately because breaking fast in Ramadaan without a legal excuse is a major sin. It is obligatory on each of you to perform the expiation,which is to emancipate a believing slave… read more here.

Offering Kaffaarah for breaking Sawm and falling ill during it

Question: If someone is required to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) for breaking their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadan, but when they were offering the Kaffaarah, they fell seriously ill and had to take medicine. Should they start their Sawm a fresh or resume it after recovery?

Answer: Anyone who interrupted offering a Kaffaarah for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan due to illness has to resume their Sawm and not to start afresh. This is because they are excused… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife during Ramadaan assuming that dawn has not broken yet

Question: Three years ago, I had sexual intercourse with my wife during one Ramadaan night. On finishing, it turned out that dawn had broken and thatthe time to start Sawm (Fast) had passed half an hour before. I then proceeded to ask one Shaykh who advised me to feed 60 poor people. Therefore, I prepared a charity food for this purpose but could not feed the complete number of sixty poor people. Should my wife and I feed sixty poor people collectively or individually? If it is unfeasible to feed 60 poor people in total, how much should we pay approximately, instead and how and where should we pay it?

Please, bear in mind that I have been feeling guilty about having done so ever since, especially during the blessed month of Ramadaan.

Answer: It is obligatory on the one who had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime of Ramadaan to repent, ask Allaah for forgiveness, and pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in addition to making up for the day on which sexual intercourse took place… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse without ejaculation in the daytime in Ramadaan entails Kaffaarah

Question: I am a young man that married just before Ramadaan. At the beginning of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife out of mutual desire during the daytime. However, I did not ejaculate thinking that we would be liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) if I ejaculate. The following Ramadaan, we did the same although my wife was not willing to do so as she doubted that we were liable for Kaffaarah for doing so.

However, I ejaculated that time. In fact, I do not know whether Kaffaarah is necessary for the former or the latter Ramadaan. Note that I am now about to feed sixty poor persons: How much money should my wife and I pay for feeding sixty poor persons for the two months? It would be better if you give us an address (of a charitable organization) to which we can send the money of the Kaffaarah. Please give us a Fatwaa on this regard. May Allaah reward you with the best and grant you success!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, you are both liable for Kaffaarah in addition to making up for the first day on which you broke your fast, as well as repentance and asking Allaah (Exalted be He) to forgive the sin you committed… read more here.

Breaking fast one day deliberately in Ramadaan

Question: I deliberately broke my fast one day in Ramadaan and thus, I want to feed sixty poor persons.

My question is: Is it obligatory to feed them all at once? Or, may I feed three or four poor persons, for example, per day? Is it permissible to feed my poor family members such as my father, mother or brothers?

Answer: If you broke your fast during Ramadaan through anything other than having sexual intercourse, you will not be liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) according to the correct scholarly opinion. In such a case, you just have to repent and make up for that day on whichyou broke your fast… read more here.

Feeding the poor as a Kaffaarah should extend for sixty days

Question: Is the obligation of feeding sixty poor people discharged when the total amount – enough for sixty people – is given in one container to one family provider?

Answer: Feeding poor people can take the form of giving each poor person half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.), which equals approximately 1.5 kg, of a staple foodstuff. However, it will discharge the obligation to gather the aggregate number of poor people and offer them lunch or dinner according to the correct opinion maintained by scholars… read more here.

A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan being ignorant of the ruling and the Kaffaarah

Question: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan being ignorant of the ruling and the Kaffaarah (expiation). However, later he came to know about his mistake. What should he do?

Answer: Anyone who has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan is liable for Kaffaarah, which is emancipating a believing slave, fasting for two successive months if the previous option is unavailable, or feeding sixty poor people if the two previous options are not available in addition to repentance and making up for that day… read more here.

Does feeding children to pay Kaffaarah suffice?

Question: Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: And for him who is unable to do so, he should feed sixty of Miskeen (poor). Are children considered among the category of Miskeens? What kind of food should I give to them? Is there a certain kind of food? Is it permissible to clothe them instead of feeding them?

Answer: First, if those who look after children do not have money to spend on them because they are poor, they are considered among the category of the Miskeens regarding offering Kaffaarah (expiation)… read more here.

Should the Kaffaarah for the missed day of Sawm be feeding a Miskeen for an entire day or just one meal?

Question: How should I feed? Should I feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for an entire day, that is, from the morning to the evening, or just one meal?

Answer: It suffices to give every one of the sixty Miskeens 1/2 Saa`, (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food eaten by your family… read more here.

A person broke his Sawm during Ramadaan deliberately

Question: Three men broke their Sawm (Fast) intentionally in Ramadaan: one once, the second three days, and the third observed Sawm only one day. What is the ruling regarding each one of them?

Answer: It is obligatory on those who break their Sawm because of having sexual intercourse to make up for the missed days and offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for each day, that is, emancipating a believing bondsman, but if they do not find one, they must observe Sawm for two successive months… read more here.

Breaking one’s fast deliberately during Ramadaan

Question: What is the evidence that the person who breaks their fast during the daytime in Ramadaan should offer Kaffaarah (expiation) by fasting for sixty consecutive days?

Answer: According to the correct scholarly opinion, anyone who breaks their fast intentionally on a day in Ramadaan without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse should repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) and make up for this day. Fasting for sixty days is concerned with the Kaffaarah for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, particularly that there is a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth reported in this regard... read more here.

A woman putting her hand into her vagina for cleansing

Question:  I am a woman who was ignorant that when a woman puts her hand into her vagina for cleansing, this renders Sawm (Fast) invalid. I continued to do so for many years. Now I am making up for the missed days of Ramadaan. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on me to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) by feeding the needy? What is the amount of such a Kaffaarah? It is worth mentioning that I did so out of ignorance and I cannot observe Sawm except in winter.

Answer: The act of putting the hand into the vagina does not render Sawm invalid unless it results in sexual discharge out of sexual desire. When it results in sexual discharge, it renders Sawm invalid, and it is Waajib on a woman to make up for it only... read more here.

Masturbating during the day in Ramadaan while being unable to offer Kaffaarah

Question: A person performed the act of masturbation during the day in Ramadaan and he could not emancipate a slave, observe Sawm (Fast) for two successive months, or feed sixty needy persons as a Kaffaarah (expiation). It is worth mentioning that this person performed this act more than once during the day in Ramadaan. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: Whoever performs the act of masturbation while observing Sawm during Ramadaan commits a forbidden sin which renders Sawm invalid. Therefore, this person has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for and make up for that day, but he does not have to offer any Kaffaarah (expiation) as the Kaffaarah is prescribed in Islaam for the act of sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadan. The act of masturbation is not deemed as an act of sexual intercourse... read more here.

A woman did not make up for the days of Ramadaan she failed to fast due to her being in her post-partum period

Question: Twenty-seven years ago, my mother gave birth to a baby in Ramadaan and she could not fast the days of this month. When she wanted to make up for the days she had missed, my father told her that she is not obligated to do so. However, we heard that she must make up for the missed days of fasting, and now we would like to know your opinion on what should my mother and my father do in this case?

Answer: Your mother must make up for the days of fasting she had missed due to her childbirth. Besides, she also must feed a needy person for everyday she missed as Kaffaarah (expiation) for delaying her making up for the fasting. Your father should seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for what he mistakenly said to her without having sound knowledge, and he should not repeat such an action. And Allaah knows best… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah?

Question: Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) caused by intercourse with one’s spouse during the night or anything else?

Answer: The Sawm (Fast) of a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) due to sexual intercourse during the night without taking Ghusl (ritual bath) until after daybreak is valid. Likewise, the Sawm of a Junub due to a wet dream that takes place during the day or the night is valid, even if making Ghusl is delayed until after daybreak. Only sexual intercourse that takes place between daybreak and sunset invalidates Sawm..read more here.

Sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: It occurred that during one of the days of the blessed month of Ramadaan, I was overwhelmed by desire and had sexual intercourse with my wife after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? What is the ruling on this?

Answer: As for the questioner who said that he was so overwhelmed by his desire that he had sexual intercourse with his wife after Fajr Prayer in Ramadaan, he is obliged to emancipate a believing slave, and if that is not possible, he must fast for two consecutive months. Again, if he is not able to fast, then he must feed sixty poor persons each a Mudd (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) of wheat as well as making up for that day. As for the woman, she also has to make a similar Kaffaarah (expiation) if she was a consenting partner in the act of intercourse during the day in Ramadaan. If, however, this took place against her will, she will not be obliged to make up for that day..read more here.

Causes necessitating making up missed days and Kaffaarah

Question: I would like to know the causes necessitating making up missed days in addition to the expiation when breaking fast in Ramadaan? I have studied the matter and found that there are two opinions:

The first: Only sexual intercourse requires the making up for the day violated along with an expiation. The evidence in support of this judgment is known from the Sunnah.

The second: Making up and expiation are required in cases of sexual intercourse and the intentional admittance of any food or drink into the stomach. However, I did not find any evidence in support of this opinion in the Qur’aan or Sunnah.

Thus, please provide a detailed answer supported by evidence of the Qur’aan and Sunnah. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: The Prophet (peace be upon him) judged that a Bedouin who had intercourse with his wife deliberately during the day in Ramadan must offer an expiation. Thus, he (peace be upon him) explained the basis for the judgment and stated the effective cause thereof. Muslim jurists unanimously agree that being a Bedouin has no effect on the legal ruling. Therefore, the same ruling of expiation should be applicable to this act regardless of the doer e.g. Turkish, Persian, etc..read more here.

Patience with the wife and advising her to repent and adopt good morals

Question 48: I have a very good wife who keeps up Salaah (Prayer)and observes Hijaab (veil) in such a perfect manner that she has convinced all the women of our village to observe it. She has many good qualities but she makes some mistakes that I cannot overlook, lest they have a religious ruling. When she is angry, she curses me or my father, or utters things like, “May the Jinn harm you,” “I am not lawful to you”, or “It is not lawful for me to be your wife anymore.” Is it better for me to be patient? Are these words considered a serious violation of our marital duties?

Answer: If your wife is as righteous as you have mentioned, but she is afflicted with a foul mouth, you should tolerate her for the merits she has and advise her to avoid cursing and using foul language. You should urge her to perform Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and to avoid the reasons that cause her to get angry. Moreover, she must offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for taking a false oath deeming her unlawful to you, but this has no effect on your marital relationship... read more here.

Must Kaffaarah be made for an oath sworn while not in complete control of oneself ?

Question 22If one swears to do something while not in complete control of oneself, is he obliged to expiate for that oath? If so, what is the Kaffaarah (expiation) for it?

Answer: If one swears to do something and does not do it, he must expiate for his broken oath. For example, if he says: “By Allaah, I will talk to so and so” or “By Allaah, I will visit him” or “By Allaah, I will pray such and such prayer” and the like of these oaths, but does not implement what he swears to do, he must expiate for this oath, provided that he is sane and realizes what he swears to do..read more here.

Is it permissible to pay the Kaffaarah (expiation) for an oath in money?

Question 1: Kindly instruct us how to feed ten poor people, which is the Kaffaarah (expiation) for an oath. Do three meals have to be served or just one meal for every poor person. What is the monetary value of the meal? Is it permissible to pay money instead of giving food?

Answer: The Kaffaarah for an oath is to feed ten poor people; each poor person is to be given half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.)… read more here.