Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: My wife broke her fast on two consecutive months of Ramadaan due to a gynecological illness and childbirth. Moreover, she vowed to fast for a month if one of her children, who was suffering from meningitis, recovered. However, she has not been able to fulfill her vow, because she is ill and busy raising seven children. For this reason, I hope Your Eminence will tell me whether she must feed the poor instead of fasting due to her poor health and raising up her children?

Answer: Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan and feeding the poor instead. She is to delay making up for her missed fast days until she can perform them… read more here.

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A woman’s father prevented her from fasting in Ramadaan saying that she was still young but she was pubescent

Question: Is it obligatory on me to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan, especially as I did not know that it is obligatory to make up for them? This occurred at a time when I was helping my family with many chores outside the house. For this reason, my father used to tell me not to fast because I was young. Now I doubt that there are some days of fasting which I missed. Must I make up for them consecutively? Must I give food to the poor in compensation? How can I do this, and from what kind of food?

Answer: Whoever is alive during Ramadaan and is eligible to fast must fast except if he has a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, such as traveling or illness during which it is difficult to fast. If the case is as you mentioned that you were eligible to fast, then it is obligatory for you to make up for the days you did not fast and make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah)… read more here.

A woman fell ill and her father gave Sadaqah for the days she did not fast. During her making up for the missed days of fast, another woman had Suhoor after Dawn

Question: It was the ninth month, which coincided with the month of Ramadaan and I was ill and could not fast. So, I only fasted twelve days from the entire month. My father gave out Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for the days I did not fast.

My question is: Was it permissible for my father to give out Sadaqah for the days I did not fast or must I make up for these days?

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person has to make up for a missed Ramadaan due to participating in the Palestine War but doubts making up for it

Question: I was in the army that participated in the Palestine War in 1368 A.H. I spent a long time in Palestine including the blessed month of Ramadaan. Currently, I do not remember whether I fasted, made up the days, or broke the fast during that month. After a long time, I met one of the people who had been with me in Palestine during the war and he told me that we did not fast that month. I found out that he made up for the missed days of fast in that month. As I previously mentioned, I do not remember whether I fasted that month or made up for the missed days of fasting of the month.

My question is: What am I to do concerning the fast of this month and how can I make up for the missed days? I am now a diabetic old man and can not make up for the missed days of fast. I repeat that I do not know whether I made up for these missed days of fast or not. I ask Your Eminence to tell me the ruling on this and what I must do.

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

A woman fell ill and did not make up for the missed days of fast till she died but she give out money in charity

Question: An old woman broke her fast during the daytime in Ramadaan four years prior to her death due to an illness. She had intended to make up for the missed days of fast for this period by giving woolen rugs worth 3000 dirhams to the Masjid (mosque). She has also given out in charity some 4000 dirhams but we do not know her intention toward the Masjid concerning that sum. She passed away in 1993 (may Allaah have mercy on her). Is this sum sufficient to compensate for the missed days of fast or must we, i.e. her relatives, do this on her behalf? We need a detailed answer.

Answer: If this woman broke her fast due to an illness that continued until she passed away or recovered but could not make up the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, then there is nothing due upon her or upon her heirs, whether making up for the missed days of fast or giving out food. This is because fast was not obligatory on her. Therefore, she is absolved of any fast or compensation… read more here.

Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and made up for it on a Friday

Question: Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and then made up for it on 20th of Shawwaal. However, this day coincided with a Friday. Many people said that it is impermissible to devote Friday to fasting. Do I have to repeat this fast?

Answer: It is established in the Prophetic Sunnah (acts, sayings, or approvals of the Prophet) that it is prohibited to single out Friday for a voluntary fast unless one fasts a day before or after it or if it coincides with a day that someone usually fasts. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

Breaking fast on 75 days in Ramadaan

Question: My 75 year-old mother broke her fast and has 75 missed days of fast. Please advise us about what she should do. Is it sufficient for her to make up for these missed days, feed the poor, or do both?

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fast if she is able to do. She must give 1.5 kg of food to a poor person for each day she missed, because she delayed making up for her missed days of fast. If she cannot make up for the missed days of fast because of old age or an incurable illness, then it is sufficient for her to feed a poor person as mentioned above… read more here.

The months during which we may make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: Please tell me which months we may fast to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan. What are the pillars of faith? How can a Muslim be sinless? I have a brother who did not fast the last few days of Ramadaan (namely 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30). He wanted to make up for them in the month of Rajab. What is your opinion about this?

Answer: Your brother must make up for the days in which he broke his fast during Ramadaan. It is a priority that he starts to make up for them after the end of Ramadaan unless there is a valid excuse. It is permissible for your brother to make up for his missed days of fast during the month of Rajab… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter when daytime is short as you know?

Answer: It is obligatory on whoever missed some days of Ramadaan fasts to make up for them before the subsequent Ramadaan whether in winter or otherwise. In this regard, Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Should the woman who made up for missed days of Sawm intermittently re-observe Sawm consecutively?

Question: When I first began menstruating, I did not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan because I was so young. However, I made up for the missed Ramadaan fasts intermittently in order not to be noticed by anyone. Is it permissible for me to re-observe Sawm consecutively? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)? If yes, what is the amount to be paid as Kaffaarah? al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you), may Allaah preserve you.

Answer: It is sufficient for you to make up for the days of fasting you missed when you were young, even if intermittently. However, you are liable for Kaffaarah if you delayed making them up till a subsequent Ramadaan. In this case, you should feed a poor person for each day you delayed making up an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple foodstuff… read more here.

Giving the due total amount of food for delaying making up for missed fasts all at once to the poor

Question: A woman made up for previous missed Ramadaan fasts. However, instead of paying the Kaffaarah (expiation) individually per each day, she paid its total amount at once after finishing making up for all missed days. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with calculating the due total amount of food when making up for the missed fasts was delayed without excuse, and giving it to the poor all at once… read more here.

Postponing missed fasts of Ramadaan due to giving birth till becoming unable to fast

Question: A woman missed the fasts of three months of Ramadaan during which she gave birth to children. However, she has not made up for them yet in spite of the passage of 19 or 20 years. Nevertheless, she still remembers her obligation and is willing to discharge it but cannot do so, because she is ill. Bearing in mind that she is unable to fast, what should she do?

Answer: If this woman’s illness is contingently curable, she should wait until she is cured and then make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts. If she delayed making up for fast until a subsequent Ramadaan came, without a valid excuse, she should feed a poor person for each day she missed 1.5 kg of wheat, rice, or the like, in addition to making up for the missed days… read more here.

Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of the missed Ramadaan fasts

Question: It is claimed, and only Allaah knows the truth, that if a woman is duty-bound to make up for a number of Ramadaan missed fasts, it is permissible for her, while embarking upon the recommended fast of the six days of Shawwaal, to say: “O Allaah, I intend both obligatory and supererogatory fasts”. What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of missed Ramadaan fasts; thus, it is impermissible to combine another kind of fast with it through one intention. However, it is Mustahab (highly encouraged) and an abundantly deserving reward to fast the supererogatory six days of Shawwaal after making up for the missed fasts of Ramadaan. Anyway, the above-quoted saying has no basis in Sharee`ah… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Intentionally breaking compensatory Sawm and ruling on having sexual intercourse during this day

Question: Is it permissible for a person to intentionally break their Sawm (Fast) which is in compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan? And should a person offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) if he intentionally breaks his Sawm by having intercourse with his wife?

Answer: It is forbidden to break the obligatory Sawm which is in compensation for missed Sawm, for vowing, or as Kaffaarah without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and render not vain your deeds. From this verse, scholars deduced the rule that reads: “Whoever engages himself in a Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text) act is not allowed to break it”. Therefore, if a person’s Sawm is broken by sexual intercourse, they will be sinful but no Kaffaarah is due on them, for Kaffaarah belongs to having sexual intercourse only during the daytime of Ramadaan… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan due to menstruation and not knowing their number

Question: A woman says that she fasted the month of Ramadaan since it has been due on her, but she has not made up for the days she did not fast in her monthly periods. Now she does not know the number of days she missed and asks what she should do.

Answer: This woman must make up for the days she did not fast from the previous months of Ramadaan and feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country for each fasting day she missed as expiation for delaying the making up of these days until another Ramadan came… read more here.

Failing to fast four Ramadaans during war and becoming too old to make up for them

Question: My grandfather is 88 years old; he was born in 1907. He witnessed the war waged by the Algerians in 1954 to gain liberation from the French colonization. At that time, he was a soldier in the ranks of the National Liberation Army. Due to war, the soldiers had to abstain from Fast during four months of Ramadaan when they were in a state of war. My grandfather was not the only one who did so, but rather all the soldiers did. Now he is 88 years old as mentioned above, and he did not make up for any of the days of these four months of Ramadan. The questions are:

1. Can my grandfather pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in compensation as he is aged and cannot endure Fast?
2. If your answer is in the affirmative, how much should he pay in Algerian dinars as compensation for these months, and to whom should he pay?
3. Can he pay the Kaffaarah for the month of Ramadaan in this year?

Answer: If your grandfather is actually unable to make up the four months of Ramadaan he did not fast, then he has to feed a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the country’s staple food for each day he failed to fast. Giving money does not serve as a substitute for providing food. The Kaffaarah for the four months can be given at once to some poor families. He should repent for this delay in making up for the missed days of Fast… read more here.

Having sex with an animal during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: A weak man is now 60 years old, and he remembers that he committed a major sin when he was less than 20 years of age. He had sex with a she-donkey during the daytime in Ramadaan 36 years ago. He asked for a private Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) about his act. We cannot give him the answeror give him Fatwaa. We hope that Allaah (Exalted be He) will help you give us Fatwaa in this regard. We also ask you to reply to us in a written letter. We supplicate to Allaah, the All-High and Omnipotent to multiply your reward and to accept our repentance and that of all Muslims, for He is the Best Guardian and the Supporter.

Answer: This man is required to make up for the day in which he did it, feed a poor person for delaying making up for that day, and repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) for what he did… read more here.

Hearing the Athaan being proclaimed after having sexual intercourse

Question: At dawn on Sunday (29/9/1416 A.H.) in the blessed month of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife in a closed room at 5:17 am and we finished shortly at 5:22 am. The time of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer of Makkah was 5:31 am while the time of Fajr Prayer of Qunfudhah city was about 5:26 am on Sunday. When I finished and went out to take Ghusl (full ritual bath) I heard the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr Prayer. Then, after about two minutes, the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) of the nearby mosque announced the Athaan. Am I sinful for having sexual intercourse with my wife at that time? It is noted that I did so another time in 1413 A.H. Really, I am greatly perplexed, especially as my wife refused and she did so unwillingly. She suffers from a simple disease in her body.

I hope you will give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued a qualified Muslim scholar) for, as you know, this is a blessed month and we want to perfect our Sawm (Fast). It should be taken into consideration that my wife and I completed our Sawm and did not break it until that Sunday. May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: If the reality is what is mentioned, that after you finished sexual intercourse when you heard the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) and you became sure that some minutes remained between the occurrence of Fajr Prayer and sexual intercourse, then there is no blame on you, because sexual intercourse took place outside the time of Sawm. There is no blame on you for performing Ghusl after the beginning of the time of Fajr… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse during Athaan

Question: About 25 years ago, I had sexual intercourse with my husband in the daytime in Ramadaan while the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer was about to finish. My husband is a wise and old person and I do not know if he was aware of the ruling at that time or not. However, I did not know that doing so is impermissible because I was about 20 years old at the time, but I recently knew it through listening to the radio and because knowledge is now widespread.

I hope you will give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) in this regard, because I deeply regret it. May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: If the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) was pronouncing the Athaan upon the break of dawn, it means that you had sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan, and each of you has to make up for this day and to pay the Kaffaarah (expiation), which is to emancipate a Muslim slave… read more here.

Ruling on a person who committed premarital intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on Zinaa (sexual intercourse outside marriage) in Ramadaan? A man committed this sin when he was ignorant and he asks Allaah (Exalted be He) for forgiveness. It is noted that he is now married and has children. He asked about that and he was told that he has to fast two successive months. But, if he does so, his wife and family will ask why, which will surely cause damage to his character in front of his family, and Allaah (Exalted be He) has veiled him. Thus, is it permissible for him to feed the poor or to free a Muslim slave in order to preserve his dignity and protect his family, which may be disunited because of the mistake he committed before marriage?

Answer: It is obligatory on the man in question to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) and observe the Kaffarah (expiation) which is to free a Muslim slave; and if this is not possible, then he should fast two consecutive months. If he cannot do that, he should feed sixty poor people… read more here.

Committing premarital intercourse during Ramadaan

Question: A questioner says: What is the ruling on a person who committed premarital intercourse during the day of Ramadaan and continued committing this sin for three days? What should he do, especially that he turned to Allaah in repentance and regretted the past? Kindly, support your answer with evidence and the opinion of scholars.

Answer: The man and the woman should offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) for each of the three days. A Kaffaarah is to emancipate a believing slave; and if they do not find, they have to fast two consecutive months… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s wife during the daytime in Ramadaan and delaying the Kaffaarah

Question: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime in Ramadaan. He knew the Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) about this from the people of knowledge but he could not find a Muslim slave to free and he could not fast. The only option he has now is to feed the needy. This took place three years ago. Is he sinful because he delayed making up for this day and is there a required Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife in the daytime in Ramadaan, he is obliged to make up for it and to observe the Kaffaarah, which is to emancipate a Muslim slave. If this is not possible, he is to fast two successive months… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s wife at the time of Fajr Salaah thinking that it was Tahajjud

Question: A man slept beside his wife after eating Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) in Ramadaan and he was confused concerning the loud recitation of the Imaam (leader in congregational Prayer) in the mosque. He thought that it was Tahajjud (optional late night Prayer) and did not try to find out whether it was the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer or the Tahajjud Prayer, and he finally copulated with his wife. Surely, this man was able to turn on the light to know the time but he did not. However, after he had sex, he found out that it was the Fajr Prayer. By doing so, is he regarded as careless with and degrading the prohibitions of Allaah?

Answer: If the reality is as mentioned, that he had sexual intercourse with his wife after the break of Fajr in Ramadaan, thinking that the night did not elapse, he is not sinful because he did not seek to have sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan… read more here.

Entering part of the penis in the wife’s vagina in the daytime in Ramadaan thinking that this is not sexual intercourse

Question: In Ramadaan, I was newly married and I indulged in foreplay with my wife after the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer. I would enter a part of my penis in her vagina with her assent. We did not ejaculate but we were pleased with that. I do not remember how many times this happened; perhaps three or four. What is the ruling on that and what should I do? May Allaah protect you.

Answer: If the reality is as mentioned in the question, it is Waajib (obligatory) on you to pay the Kaffaarah (expiation) of sexual intercourse during the day in Ramadaan. If the sexual intercourse took place on separate days, it is Waajib on you to offer Kaffaarah for the number of days in which you had sex and you have to make up for these days… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife shortly before the Athaan of Fajr Salaah and finishing after hearing the first Athaan

Question: My colleague asked me to ask you the following question: “In Ramadaan 1418 A.H. I had sexual intercourse with my wife shortly before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and I finished after I heard the first Athaan. I heard one Athaan from another mosque and while it was being pronounced, another Athaan started. I became confused and I did not know which was closer to the right time, because they were pronounced at different times. What is the ruling on my case?”

Answer: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife before dawn in Ramadaan and continued until the second Fajr and he is obliged to fast Ramadaan, he has to make up for that day and expiate for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife in one of the days of Ramadaan while fasting

Question: An anonymous person says that 30 years ago, he married a woman and had sexual intercourse with her on one of the days of Ramadaan while he was fasting. He neglected that matter all this time because he was ignorant. However, he admits that he knew that this is impermissible and that he has to fast two months, emancipate a Muslim slave, or feed sixty poor people. He says that he cannot fast two months. In addition, his financial conditions are bad and he cannot free a slave or feed sixty people. Hence, I refer his question to you and hope that you will answer him. May Allaah grant you all success and benefit Islaam and Muslims with you. All praise is due to Allaah.

Answer: If anyone has sexual intercourse with his wife while fasting in the daytime in Ramadaan, he is required to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) for that act. In addition, it is obligatory on him to make up for that day and to observe the Kaffaarah (expiation) for his act. The Kaffaarah is to emancipate a Muslim slave… read more here.

Having menstruation every month is no excuse for not observing expiatory Sawm

Question: I broke my Swam (Fast) in a day in Ramadaan when my husband had sexual intercourse with me with my approval. I made up for this day. Please give me a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), because I am confused. I cannot observe Sawm two successive months and my health is not so good. Moreover, I have menstruation every month. Please answer me. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan invalidates Sawm and requires the expiation in addition to making up for that day. The expiation incumbent upon each of you is to emancipate a Muslim slave… read more here.

Obeying the husband in having sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan due to ignorance of the ruling

Question: I am aware of a few rulings about the Kaffaarah (expiation) of the nullification of Sawm (Fast) and I hope you will give me some information about the Kaffaarah of invalidating Sawm by having sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan. I knew from a Muslim scholar and also read in Al-Muslimoon newspaper that the Kaffaarah is to emancipate a Muslim slave; and if this is impossible, then a person should fast sixty days. If this is impossible, then sixty poor people should be fed.

I would like to ask you about the Kaffaarah of invalidating the Sawm because of having sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan. I do not know the Kaffaarah in detail and I ask you to give me the answer. May Allaah reward you in the best.

Does feeding sixty needy persons apply to the wife just like the husband and therefore the total number becomes 120 needy persons? Also, a husband might be aware that doing this spoils one’s Sawm, but his sexual drive overcame him, whereas the wife was unaware but simply obeyed her husband and so sexual intercourse took place in the daytime in Ramadaan with the approval of both of them.

Answer: If a husband has sexual intercourse with his wife in the daytime in Ramadaan, each of them is required to observe the Kaffaarah unless the wife does so unwillingly. In this case, there is no Kaffaarah incumbent on her… read more here.

He had sexual intercourse with his wife in the daytime in Ramadaan and was given a Fatwaa that if they do not perform Salaah, they need not to make up for the days of fast they missed

Question: I had sexual intercourse with my wife twice in the daytime in Ramadaan and in two different years. I remember that the first time I was returning from a journey but I do not remember the second time. Regardless of the excuse, I regret what I did and I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) to accept my repentance and forgive all my sins, for He is the All-Forgiving. I asked one of the shaykhs by phone while I was offering Hajj in the past year, 1414 AH. In Makkah. He told me that if I and my wife had been observing all the Prayers and had not been neglecting any of them for any reason, so we would have to fast two consecutive months. He added to me that if we offer some Prayers but neglect others, that we would be considered disbelievers. May Allaah protect us from that. Thus, according to him, we have to return to Islaam, regret what we did and not repeat it. We were stunned with this Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), especially because we testify that no one is worthy of worship but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. We believe in Allaah, the Last Day, Angels, the revealed Books, and destiny, its good and bad.

Dear shaykh, please give us your Fatwaa regarding what I and my wife should do. May Allaah reward you with the best. I would like you to note that we cannot fast two successive months, because I donated my kidney to my brother in 1406 A.H. And I should drink water continually in order to preserve the other kidney. In addition, my wife suffers from several diseases. Anyway, we may be able to fast if we divided the two successive months, but is this sufficient? May Allaah reward you with all the good and benefit the Muslim nation with you. He is the All-Hearing, the All-Nearer, and the One Who answers supplications.

Answer: If you and your wife are unable to emancipate a Muslim slave or to fast in order to atone for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, both of you has to observe two expiations by feeding sixty poor persons for each time of expiation; each poor person takes half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) from the staple food of the country. Thus, each of you has to give out sixty Saa`s and distribute them among sixty needy persons, and each takes a Saa`, which is about three kilograms… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife in the daytime in Ramadaan, then performing Hajj this year

Question: A man had sexual intercourse with his wife several times in the daytime in Ramadaan. He was newly married and this happened some years ago. Then, they performed Hajj and `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage). What is incumbent on them?

Answer: It is incumbent on them to make up for the days on which they had sexual intercourse and to feed a poor person for each day because they delayed making up for those days. Furthermore, it is obligatory on them to offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for each day on which they had sexual intercourse… read more here.

Beginning to practice sexual intercourse with the wife before the Athaan for Fajr Salaah and continuing till the Iqaamah

Question: After eating Suhoor (pre-dawn meal) on the 28th of Ramadaan, I had sexual intercourse with my wife and we finished when the Iqaamah (call to start Prayer) was announced. I do not know whetherintercourse took place before or after the time of Fajr (Dawn) Prayer. Please give me your Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) to know whether I have to make up for that day and whether I am charged with the due Kaffaarah (expiation).

Answer: If a man has sexual intercourse with his wife during the daytime or at night and continued till the daytime in Ramadaan, as indicated in the aforementioned question, he is required to make up for that day and to observe the due Kaffaarah, which is to emancipate a believing slave… read more here.

Does relinquishing the Diyah of the father make up for the expiation of having sex in the daytime in Ramadaan?

Question: I married a woman other than my present wife and the marriage took place in the month of Ramadan. I was a teenager at that time. However, I slept with my first wife on two days in the blessed month, repented to Allaah (Exalted be He), and completed my Swam (Fast). This took place ten years ago and I am still concerned about it after I knew that there is a specific expiation for that. Then, three or four years later, my father (may Allaah confer mercy upon him) died in a car accident and I pardoned the one who did it, because he was driving while my father (may Allaah be merciful to him) was walking along the side of the road. Does my pardoning make up for the expiation as I did so for the sake of Allaah or how can I atone for my wrongdoing? May Allaah reward you all the good and support Islaam and Muslims by you.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, it is obligatory on both you and your wife to offer expiation for having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan. It is to emancipate a believing slave. If this is impossible, it is to fast two successive months… read more here.

Kaffaarah should be paid for each missed day of fast

Question: I had sexual intercourse with my wife twice in the blessed month of Ramadaan, 1403 AH. And another time on one day from the blessed month in 1407 A.H. Anyway, I made up for these days after the end of each Ramadaan, but I did not observe the due Kaffaarah for them. Because I worked in a remote area where there was no electricity and roads were rugged, I could not fast two successive months. I hope you will give me a suitable solution to my case.

Moreover, I want to ask whether I should offer Kaffaarah by feeding sixty poor persons for each day or for all the days at once, because they were separated. In addition, what is the quantity of the Kaffarah and is it allowable to spend it in charitable acts, such as building a mosque or a house for some poor people?

I hope you will give me a written answer. May Allaah reward you with all good for Islaam and Muslims. He is the All-Hearing and All-Answering. Thanks very much.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, you are obliged to make up for these three days, repent to Allaah (Exalted be He), and ask Him for forgiveness. In addition, you are charged with three expiations because sexual intercourse took place on separate days… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife in the daytime of Ramadaan due to ignorance

Question: I was young and uneducated when I got married. My husband used to have sex with me in the daytime in Ramadaan and I was agreeable, but I was ignorant of the punishment and so was he. Now, he is dead and I do not know the number of days on which I did so. What should I do?

Answer: You are required to observe the due Kaffaarah (expiation) of each day of Ramadaan where you had sexual intercourse. The Kaffaarah is to emancipate a believing slave. If you cannot do that, you have to fast two successive months (60 days)… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with the wife in the daytime of Ramadaan due to ignorance

Question: I was young and uneducated when I got married. My husband used to have sex with me in the daytime in Ramadaan and I was agreeable, but I was ignorant of the punishment and so was he. Now, he is dead and I do not know the number of days on which I did so. What should I do?

Answer: You are required to observe the due Kaffaarah (expiation) of each day of Ramadaan where you had sexual intercourse. The Kaffaarah is to emancipate a believing slave. If you cannot do that, you have to fast two successive months (60 days)… read more here.

Getting up in a state of Janaabah due to lack of water and breaking fast assuming that it is impermissible to fast in this state

Question: I got married more than 30 years ago. I am Bedouin and illiterate and I have no religious knowledge. Moreover, there are no knowledgeable people around and we are in complete ignorance of the matters of our religion. However, I had sexual intercourse with my wife in Ramadaan after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and she was willing. We broke our fast together that day and it was our first Ramadaan (i.e. in marriage). We were young and we did so thinking that being Junub (person in a state of major ritual impurity) because I slept with her during night and there was no water, it was impermissible to fast without Ghusl (full ritual bath following major ritual impurity). Therefore, I copulated with her after Fajr Prayer and we were ignorant of the related rulings.

Answer: It is obligatory on you to repent to Allaah (Exalted be He) and not do so again. Then, you have to do the required Kaffaarah (expiation), which is to emancipate a believing slave for each one of you. If this is not possible, each of you has to fast two successive months… read more here.

Returning home from a journey while not fasting, having sexual intercourse, and breaking fast the next day

Question: I traveled to Egypt by bus and it took three days. I broke my fast during those days because I was on a journey and I intended to make up for them later. When I arrived in Egypt and went home in the afternoon I had sexual intercourse with my fasting wife. She disagreed in the beginning but when I told her that we would make up for it, In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills) on another day, she agreed but I was unaware of the Kaffaarah (expiation) when I made her break her fast. I thought that it is like any day as in the case of a traveler or a sick person, and she can make up for it.I would like to know the ruling on this day and whether I have to offer Kaffaarah or only her.

Then, at night when it was 1 am, I slept with her and we went to bed to relax and prepare for Suhur (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) while having the intention to fast the following day. However, we woke up at 11 am in the morning. We had neither made Ghusl (full ritual bath following major ritual impurity) nor eaten Suhoor and I was very tired from traveling. Therefore, we also broke our fast on that day. Do we have to observe expiation for this day?

Moreover, is one Kaffaarah enough for both days altogether or does each day require one? If the Kaffaarah is what I read in the Book of Allaah (Exalted be He) to fast two consecutive months, and we are not able to fast, what is the alternative? May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: Neglecting Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) or Suhoor does not affect one’s fast, and you should have completed your fast which you intended at night. Hence, you made an error and you have to make up for these two days and feed one poor person for each day if you have delayed it until another Ramadaan came… read more here.

Returning home from a journey while not fasting, then having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: A man traveled to Makkah Al-Mukarramah and returned home in the Eastern Region while he had broken his fast. Then, he had sexual intercourse with his wife in the daytime of Ramadaan, taking into account that he was unaware of the ruling. His wife asked him fearing that there is something wrong in that but he said: “In-Shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills), there is nothing wrong in that.” However, he is doubtful about the matter and wants to know the ruling: What should be done if it was forbidden, and what would be the Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: Each of you has to offer Kaffaarah, which is to emancipate a believing slave. If this is not possible, each of you has to fast two successive months. If this is also not possible, then each of you has to feed sixty poor persons… read more here.

Returning home from a journey, breaking one’s fast, and having sexual intercourse

Question: I traveled to a place that was 240 kilometers away and I broke my fast. On the second day, I had sexual intercourse with my wife and stayed with my relatives for three days while I had the intention to travel at anytime during these three days and I broke my fast. I hope you will illustrate the ruling on having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, taking into consideration that my intention was to travel to another place 250 kilometers away -from Saudi Arabia to Syria because I traveled to the Levant (the region covering Syria, Lebanon, Jordan, and Palestine) to receive medication. I returned home with the intention of fasting but I had sexual intercourse and broke my fast on another day. Hence, I have broken my fast for two days. May Allaah protect you.

Answer: No Kaffaarah (expiation) is required for having had sexual intercourse while travelling, since it is permissible for someone on a journey to break his fast by copulation and such permissible things but it is obligatory to make up for the day he broke fast. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …and whoever is ill or on a journey, the same number [of days which one did not observe Saum (fasts) must be made up] from other days. … read more here.

Having sex with the wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration

Question: All praise is due to Allaah, I am a young Muslim man. I got married a week before Ramadaan but I had sex with my wife during the daytime in Ramadaan without complete penetration and we were both fasting. We have deeply regretted doing this and I ask Allaah (Exalted be He) for forgiveness. I know that the Kaffaarah (expiation) of this is to free a Muslim slave or to fast two consecutive months. If I am unable to do that, I have to feed sixty poor persons. The first two are difficult for me because the first is now not available and, for the second, I cannot fast two consecutive months because I am an employee and I have to go to distant places during work and I do not have two months leave available to me. My question: Is feeding sixty needy persons sufficient, and what is the manner of doing so?

Answer: It is forbidden to have sexual intercourse in the daytime in Ramadaan. It invalidates fasting and entails the major expiation mentioned in the question. It is to be observed in the following order: emancipating a believing slave. If this is impossible, it is to fast two successive months… read more here.