Abstaining from performance of the practical pillars of Islaam

Question: If someone testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, but does not observe the four Pillars of Islaam, i.e. Salaah (Prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, and the other acts prescribed by the Islaamic Sharee`ah, do they deserve the intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the Day of Resurrection to escape the punishment of Hellfire, even for a limited time?

Answer: Anyone who bears witness that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but abstains from performing Salaah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, denying the obligation of these four Pillars, or any one of them after being told about them, is regarded as a Murtad (apostate) from Islaam… read more here.

Denying authentic Ahaadeeth and interpreting Aayaat about Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Ahaadeeth and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadeeths. Or sects that divert the Names of Allaah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase: “The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkaam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.” They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, “Allaah is there, everywhere.” Is it permissible to offer Salaah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects?

What if the Imaam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

Answer: Those who deny the sound Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail… read more here.

A Muslim opposing an established ruling supported with a clear text

Question: In our town, Pattani, which lies in the south of Thailand, big problems have been caused by the issue of the bereaved family making food for the condolers.I hope, Your Eminence, will clarify this issue and the following issues:

The rules of religious obligations are classified into: Waajib (obligatory), Mandoob (commendable), Jaa’iz (permissible), Makrooh (disliked) and Mahdhoor (prohibited).

What is the ruling on a person who denies one of the mentioned rules by saying instead that:
1- The obligatory is rather commendable, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
2- The commendable is rather obligatory, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
3- The permissible is rather obligatory, commendable, reprehensible or prohibited;
4- The reprehensible is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or prohibited;
5- The prohibited is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or reprehensible.

For instance, the knowledgeable scholars said, “It is Makrooh that people should be entertained with food served by the family of the deceased, because this is legitimate only in the time of happiness, not sorrow; it is a loathsome Bid‘ah (innovation in religion).”They also said, “It is Makrooh to serve food on the first, second and third days, until a week passes.” They also said, “The four Imaams (Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi‘ee, and Ahmad) are agreed that it is Makrooh that the family of the deceased should make food for the people to gather and eat,” and similar scholarly opinions.

However, in our town, Pattani, most of the scholars stated the opposite of the previously mentioned; some of them said it is Sunnah; others said it is permissible; and a few of them said it is obligatory. Hajj ‘Abdullaah Al-Haj Muhammad Saalih, `Abdul-Rahmaan Jafakiya and I hold the same opinion of the former knowledgeable scholars.

Thus, because of this issue they accuse one another of Kufr (disbelief), they do not eat from one another’s sacrificed animals; nor do they marry from one another’s families. I wish Your Eminence would send us a written Fatwaa so that we can print and distribute it freely among all the people, In sha’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Answer: First: the authentic Sunnah indicates that the family of the deceased are not the ones who should make food, but it is their Muslim brothers who should make food for them as a form of support and showing condolences, as they might be too grieved to think of food… read more here.

Judging the People of the Book who do not believe in the mission of Muhammad to be Kuffaar

Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”

In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.

Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Prostrating before other than Allaah and slaughtering animals for them

Question: Is it true that a person who testifies that Allaah is the Creator and Provider,and that Muhammad (peace be upon him) is Allaah’s Messenger, and performs Salaah (Prayer) is a Muslim even if they make Sujood (Prostration) to their shaykh and offer sacrifices for people other than Allaah?

Answer: Making Sujood and sacrificing for anyone other than Allaah is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Ruling on a person who dies as Kaafir

Question: What do you think of the claim of some People that whoever commit themselves to the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) in Salaah (Prayer) is a Muslim and even if they make Sujood (Prostration) to their shaykhs, they will not be considered Kaafirs (disbelievers) or be called Mushriks (people who associate others in worship with Allaah). These people even claim that Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab was wrong when he stated that those who commit polytheistic acts will be consigned to eternal punishment unless they repent. They maintain that the Mushriks among Muslims will be tortured (for a while) then will enter Jannah (Paradise). None of the followers of Muhammad (i.e.) Muslims will remain eternally in Hell.”

Answer: Those who believe in the message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) and in the ordinances of sharee`ah (Islaamic law), and make Sujood to anyone other than Allaah e.g. a Walee (pious man), a dead person, or a shaykh are considered apostates and Mushriks even if they utter the two testimonies of faith in their Sujood because they act contradictory to their utterances… read more here.

Allaah creating seven earths and seven heavens

Question: Is there an Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) or Hadeeth which states that there are seven earths? It is a controversial issue among us. If so, in which Soorah of the Qur’aan or in which Hadeeth is this stated? May Allaah reward you the best.

Answer: It is authentically established in the Glorious Qur’aan that Allaah the Exalted created seven earths, just like He created seven heavens, as Allaah the Exalted says (what means): It is Allaah Who has created seven heavens and of the earth the like thereof (i.e. seven). His Command descends between them (heavens and earth), that you may know that Allaah has power over all things, and that Allaah surrounds all things in (His) Knowledge. (Al-Talaaq, 65:12)… read more here.

The claim that the rock of Baytul-Maqdis is floating into space

Question: Some people say that the Rock near Al-Masjid Al-Aqsaa (the Mosque in Jerusalem), where the Prophet (peace be upon him) started his Mi`raaj (Ascension to heaven), is suspended in the air by the Power of Allaah. Guide us, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: Everything is firmly settled in its normal location by permission of Allaah whether it is in the heavens or on earth, including the Rock mentioned in this question… read more here.

Limits of thinking about Allaah’s Creation

Question: The question states: “We have children whom we want to encourage to reflect upon Allah’s Creation. What holds the land that exists on the surface of water, and prevents it from falling into the water? They said that ‘The earth consists of seven layers and there are inhabitants in each one of them’. Among the claims they presume is that: ‘One of the earth’s layers is hotter than Hellfire. It is where Allaah places the souls of sinners and disbelievers.’

They also claim that the two angels Haaroot and Maaroot are being punished under the earth. Please, tell us about their punishment! May Allaah reward you with the best”.

Answer: Firstly, There is no land on top of the waters surface for you to ask about what is preventing it from falling. Only the air and the sky are above the water. All universal elements are held by Allaah’s Omnipotence. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

A person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe

Question: Is a person who believes that someone other than Allaah is managing the universe considered a Kaafir (disbeliever)?

Answer: Whoever believes this is considered a Kaafir, because he has associated partners with Allaah in His Lordship. He is even worse in disbelief than many of the Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) who set up partners with Allaah in His Divinity… read more here.