Permissibility of calling one of the People of the Book a Kaafir

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to describe Christians or Jews as Kuffaar (disbelievers)?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to call and describe Jews and Christiansas Kuffaar. We can do this as Allaah Himself does so, as He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Ruling on describing the Jews and Christians as Kuffaar

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to describe Christians or Jews as Kuffaar (disbelievers)?

Answer: It is permissible for a Muslim to describe the Christians or Jews as Kuffaar based on the description they were given in the Qur’aan. Whoever ponders the related Qur’aanic Aayaat becomes aware of this fact. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Imitating Jews and Christians in their weekends

Question: What is the ruling on a school owner who appoints its weekends on both Saturdays and Sundays, and allows studying on both Thursdays and Fridays? Is it permissible for him to lead Muslims in Salaah (Prayer) or not?

Answer: It is not permissible to allocate either Saturdays or Sundays or both of them as weekends, since this implies imitating the Jews and Christians. For, the Jews have their weekends on Saturdays, whereas Christians have their weekends on Sundays, out of a sense of honoring them (these two days)… read more here.

Taking part in the celebrations of the People of the Book (Jews and Christians)

Question: If you please, our dear Shaykh, I entered into a discussion with my Muslim brothers regarding some matter in the religion of Islaam, namely: Some Muslims in Ghana venerate the holidays of the Jews and the Christians, and leave their holidays to the extent that when the time of a festival of the Jews or the Christians comes, they suspend the Islaamic schools on the occasion of such a festival, and they do not suspend the Islaamic schools during the festivals of Muslims. Their justification for this is: If you follow the Jews and the Christians regarding their holidays, they will enter into the religion of Islaam. Could you please, dear Shaykh, explain to us whether their actions spring from the religion of Islaam or not?

Answer: Firstly, the Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) is to display the rites of Islaam among Muslims. On the other hand, abandoning this contradicts the guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him). It was authentically reported that the Prophet said: You must follow my Sunnah and that of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs. Stick to it and hold fast to it… read more here.

Abstaining from performance of the practical pillars of Islaam

Question: If someone testifies that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is His Messenger, but does not observe the four Pillars of Islaam, i.e. Salaah (Prayer), Zakaah (obligatory charity), Sawm (Fasting), and Hajj, and the other acts prescribed by the Islaamic Sharee`ah, do they deserve the intercession of the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the Day of Resurrection to escape the punishment of Hellfire, even for a limited time?

Answer: Anyone who bears witness that there is no god but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, but abstains from performing Salaah, Zakah, Sawm, and Hajj, denying the obligation of these four Pillars, or any one of them after being told about them, is regarded as a Murtad (apostate) from Islaam… read more here.

Denying authentic Ahaadeeth and interpreting Aayaat about Allaah’s Names and Attributes

Question: Among the Masjids (mosques) built by religious organizations are some belonging to Muslim sects like those who call for the arbitration or exercise of human reason in judging the Prophetic Ahaadeeth and hence deny thousands of authentic Hadeeths. Or sects that divert the Names of Allaah and His Attributes from their original meaning. They circulate the wicked phrase: “The Salaf (Predecessors) are Ahkaam (more precise and nearest to the truth) and the Khalaf (Successors) are more knowledgeable.” They also promulgate among the public a phrase that states, “Allaah is there, everywhere.” Is it permissible to offer Salaah (prayer) in one of these Masjids behind an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) from these sects?

What if the Imaam of one of these Masjids recants this, should I demand from him to declare himself no longer affiliated to such sects or his saying so is deemed sufficient?

Answer: Those who deny the sound Ahaadeeth authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) and reject their meanings, are wrongful sinners; but declaring them to be disbelievers, is a matter of detail… read more here.

A Muslim opposing an established ruling supported with a clear text

Question: In our town, Pattani, which lies in the south of Thailand, big problems have been caused by the issue of the bereaved family making food for the condolers.I hope, Your Eminence, will clarify this issue and the following issues:

The rules of religious obligations are classified into: Waajib (obligatory), Mandoob (commendable), Jaa’iz (permissible), Makrooh (disliked) and Mahdhoor (prohibited).

What is the ruling on a person who denies one of the mentioned rules by saying instead that:
1- The obligatory is rather commendable, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
2- The commendable is rather obligatory, permissible, reprehensible or prohibited;
3- The permissible is rather obligatory, commendable, reprehensible or prohibited;
4- The reprehensible is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or prohibited;
5- The prohibited is rather obligatory, commendable, permissible or reprehensible.

For instance, the knowledgeable scholars said, “It is Makrooh that people should be entertained with food served by the family of the deceased, because this is legitimate only in the time of happiness, not sorrow; it is a loathsome Bid‘ah (innovation in religion).”They also said, “It is Makrooh to serve food on the first, second and third days, until a week passes.” They also said, “The four Imaams (Aboo Haneefah, Maalik, Al-Shaafi‘ee, and Ahmad) are agreed that it is Makrooh that the family of the deceased should make food for the people to gather and eat,” and similar scholarly opinions.

However, in our town, Pattani, most of the scholars stated the opposite of the previously mentioned; some of them said it is Sunnah; others said it is permissible; and a few of them said it is obligatory. Hajj ‘Abdullaah Al-Haj Muhammad Saalih, `Abdul-Rahmaan Jafakiya and I hold the same opinion of the former knowledgeable scholars.

Thus, because of this issue they accuse one another of Kufr (disbelief), they do not eat from one another’s sacrificed animals; nor do they marry from one another’s families. I wish Your Eminence would send us a written Fatwaa so that we can print and distribute it freely among all the people, In sha’a-Allaah (if Allaah wills).

Answer: First: the authentic Sunnah indicates that the family of the deceased are not the ones who should make food, but it is their Muslim brothers who should make food for them as a form of support and showing condolences, as they might be too grieved to think of food… read more here.

Judging the People of the Book who do not believe in the mission of Muhammad to be Kuffaar

Question: The Glorious Qur’aan explicitly declares the People of the Book to be disbelievers except for those among them who have believed in the Message of Muhammad (peace be upon him) (i.e. the Qur’aan). The Jews claimed that ‘Uzayr (Ezra) is the son of Allaah, whereas the Christians claimed that Jesus Christ is the son of Allaah, on account of which the Qur’aan has explicitly declared them to be disbelievers, stating (what means): Surely, disbelievers are those who said: “Allaah is the third of the three (in a Trinity).”

In spite of the above-mentioned decisive textual evidence, some scholars claim that the People of the Book are not disbelievers and are to be called the “People of the Book” and nothing more. Please, enlighten us on this issue.

Answer: Those who hold such a view are disbelievers, for they deny the explicit texts in the Qur‘aan and Sunnah judging the People of the Book to be disbelievers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Ruling on the pictures of the prophets that were drawn by the Jews and Christians?

Question 385: What is the ruling on showing the pictures of the prophets (peace be upon them) that were drawn by the Jews and Christians?

Answer: Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of creatures that have souls is seriously Haraam (prohibited) and one of the major sins, whose doer is threatened with cursing and the punishment of Hell. The Musawwirs (those who make pictures and statues, or photographs of living beings) will be the people most severely punished on the Day of Resurrection and they are the most wrongful of mankind... read more here.

Drawing imagined pictures of the prophets (peace be upon them)

Question 384: What is the ruling on showing the pictures of the prophets (peace be upon them) that were drawn by the Jews and Christians?

Answer: Tasweer (painting, drawing, sculpture, and photography) of creatures that have souls is seriously Haraam (prohibited) and one of the major sins, whose doer is threatened with cursing and the punishment of Hell. The Musawwirs (those who make pictures and statues, or photographs of living beings) will be the people most severely punished on the Day of Resurrection and they are the most wrongful of mankind... read more here.