Observing I’tikaaf only during night

Question: We work at a shop that sells clothes. On the last ten days of Ramadaan we cannot observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) during the day because of work conditions. Is it valid to observe I`tikaaf only at night and work during the day at the shop?

Answer: It is permissible to observe I`tikaaf even for an hour at a Masjid (mosque) where congregational Salaah (Prayer) is offered. It is valid to observe I`tikaaf without observing Sawm (Fast) during the time of I`tikaaf according to the most correct opinion maintained by scholars… read more here.

If the one observing I`tikaaf leaves the Masjid for a certain reason

Question: If the one observing I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) leaves the Masjid (mosque) for a certain reason, such as going home to wake his family up for Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast) because there is no one at home to do so, does this violate the conditions of I`tikaaf ?

Answer: Whoever enters I`tikaaf should not go out unless there is a need to conduct his necessary requirements such as fetching food and drink if there is no one to do so, or to relieve oneself if there is no toilet annexed to the Masjid. He may leave the Masjid during the time of Suhoor to wake up his family to prepare Suhoor meal and to be ready for Fajr (Dawn) Prayer if they cannot wake up on their own or if there is no one else to do so… read more here.

I’tikaaf is not limited to the three Masjids (Al-Masjid Al-Haram), (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and (the Aqsaa Mosque in Jerusalem)

Question: We often hear people say that it is impermissible to observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) in any Masjid (mosque) other than the three Masjids: Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madinah), and Al-Masjid Al-Aqsa (the Aqsaa Mosque in Jerusalem). They support their opinion with the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: “No I`tikaaf (should be observed) except in the three Masjids.” They say that the Hadeeth is specific whereas the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) is general and that the specific should have precedence over the general. However, I heard that our honored Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn Baaz had a different opinion. I would like you to inform me of his evidence hoping that Allaah will open our hearts to accept the truth. May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: I`tikaf is not limited to the three Masjids. Rather, the Jumhoor (dominant majority of scholars) is of the opinion that it is Mashroo` (Islaamically permissible) to observe I`tikaaf at any Masjid, preferably Al-Masjid Al-Jaami` (the large mosque where Jumu`ah [Friday] Prayers are held)… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to begin I`tikaaf at any time?

Question: Is it permissible for a person to begin I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) at any time other than the last ten days of Ramadaan?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to begin I`tikaaf at any time, but the best time is the last ten days of Ramadaan in keeping with the tradition of Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) and his Companions (may Allaah be pleased with them). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) began I`tikaaf during the month of Shawwaal in some years… read more here.

Specifying a day to observe I`tikaaf

Question: Is it permissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)?

Answer: It is impermissible to single out a certain day for observing I`tikaaf. However, one should be keen to observe it during the last ten days of Ramadaan following the example of the Prophet (peace be upon him)… read more here.

I broke my fast because I thought that day was the first of Shawwaal when one is not permitted to fast

Question: I am a resident of Kuwait and was observing I`tikaf (seclusion in the mosque for worship) during the last ten days of Ramadaan. When I heard that the sighting of the new moon (of Shawwaal) in Saudi Arabia and other countries had been confirmed, I ended my I`tikaaf. I went home, had sexual intercourse with my wife and broke my fast because I thought that day was the first of Shawwaal when one is not permitted to fast. What is the legal ruling in this case? What compensation should I and my wife pay? Would you kindly advise and cite the proofs? May Allaah reward you!

Answer: You did the right thing when you broke your Sawm (fast) on Friday and ending your I`tikaaf because it is the day of `Eed-ul-Fitr. The sighting of the crescent of Shawwaal was confirmed on the night of Friday. It is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) that he stated… read more here.

Hadeeth: “Whoever does I’tikaaf of one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will keep him away from Hell-fire at a distance of three trenches…”

Question: Who narrated the following Hadeeth Whoever practices I’tikaaf of only one day for the sake of Allaah, Allaah will keep him away from Hell-fire at a distance of three trenches, the distance of each trench is like the distance between the East and the West’. And what is the degree of the Hadeeth in terms of authenticity? If a person wants to observe I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a mosque during Ramadaan) for one day, when should he begin I`tikaaf and when should he end it? Similarly, if he wants to observe I`tikaaf for two days, when should he begin I`tikaaf and when should he end it?

Answer: The Hadeeth is Da’eef. I`tikaaf begins after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and ends at sunset whether a day or two… read more here.

Observing I`tikaaf inside the rooms of Masjid

Question: Is it permissible to begin I`tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) in the security office or in the Zakaah Committee room which are both in the Masjid (mosque)? It should be noted that the doors of these rooms are inside the Masjid.

Answer: The rooms whose doors lead to the Masjid take on the same ruling as the Masjid. If the rooms were outside the Masjid, then they would not be considered a part of the Masjid even if their doors lead to the Masjid… read more here.

What is the time of beginning I‘tikaaf in the Masjid and the time of ending it?

Question: When someone wants to observe I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid) during the last ten days of Ramadaan, what is the time of beginning I‘tikaaf in the Masjid (mosque) and the time of ending it?

Answer: Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim (may Allaah be merciful to them) narrated on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that when the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) wanted to observe I‘tikaaf, he would offer the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer then go to his place of I‘tikaaf. The period of I‘tikaaf during the last ten days of Ramadaan ends with the setting of the sun of the last day of the month… read more here.

What are the conditions of observing the I‘tikaaf ?

Question: What are the conditions of I‘tikaaf (seclusion for worship in a Masjid)? Is Sawm (Fast) a condition of I‘tikaaf? Is it permissible for a Mu‘takif (one who observes I‘tikaaf) to visit a sick person, accept an invitation, tend to his family’s needs, attend a funeral, or go to work?

Answer: It is legislated to observe I‘tikaaf in a Masjid (mosque) in which congregational Salaahs are held. If the Mu‘takif is one of those for whom Jumu‘ah (Friday) Prayer is obligatory and the period of I‘tikaaf will include a Friday, it is better for him to stay in a Masjid where Jumu‘ah Prayer is observed. It is not a condition for the Mu‘takif to be fasting… read more here.