Is Istinjaa’ sufficient for fluids discharged with urine?

Question 176When I go to the toilet, may Allaah honor you, I find a drop or two drops of a yellow fluid that comes out with urine. Should I make Ghusl (full ritual bath) whenever these drops come out?

Answer: It is a must to clean oneself from anything that comes out of the front and back passage (urethra and anus), except for gas, by performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)… read more here.

Performing Tayammum instead of Istinjaa’

Question 175When we go for training in the desert, most ofthe soldiers perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth) because of the cold weather, and sometimes due to the difficulty of making Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) as there is no place to screen yourself in such open areas. Since some scholars consider making Istinjaa’ one of the obligatory steps of Wudoo’ (ablution), could you please elaborate on this ruling?

Answer: Performing Istinjaa’ is not necessary for making Wudoo’; rather, it is obligatory after passing urine or stools. Moreover, it is not permissible to perform Tayammum in the presence of water, even if the weather is very cold unless one fears getting severely ill by using water. Also, it is not permissible to resort to Tayammum due to the lack of a covered place, as your colleague can cover you with a piece of cloth or the like when necessity demands it… read more here.

Should a person cleanse their anus after they urinate?

Question 174If a person performs Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and cleanses both the front and back passage (urethra and anus), then some waste matter is released from either, will he be required to wash the front and back private parts again or only the one involved?

Answer: If some waste matter is released from the front passage it must be cleansed, and one need not wash the back passage also, because nothing was discharged from it… read more here.

Having drops of urine discharge after performing Istinjaa’

Question 173My problem is that during the winter, sometimes drops of urine are discharged in my clothes after Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) or Wudoo’ (ablution) because of the cold weather. What is the ruling on this? Is my Salaah (Prayer) valid although my clothes are Najis (ritually impure) because of this urine?

Answer: If you are sure that drops of urine come out after Wudoo’, you should perform Istinjaa’ and then perform Wudoo’ again. The validity of Wudoo’ depends on the cessation of things that invalidate it. You should also wash your clothes and your body if they are affected by urine… read more here.

Confining oneself to Istijmaar

Question 172Is offering Salaah (Prayer) after having performed Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) valid? Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar in the absence of water? If water later becomes available, should I make Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: If Istijmaar is made thrice using a pure solid object, with the exception of bones or dung, it is permissible to perform Salaah, and one need not perform Istinjaa’ even if water becomes available. This was done by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and is according to the Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars) held on this point… read more here.

Hemorrhoid patients who cannot perform Istinjaa’

Question 171A person suffers external hemorrhoids and bleeding and cannot perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), so he only performs Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) with pebbles. Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar with pebbles despite the presence of traces of blood after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), or should he perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth)?

Answer: It is permissible to perform Istijmaar with pure pebbles and the like provided that they are clean and can purify the opening of the anus like dry tissues. This replaces water if the opening of the anus becomes clean after rubbing it thrice or more until it is purified, provided that the pebbles contain no bones or dung… read more here.

Does touching one’s wife invalidate Wudoo’ ?

Question 12: Some of the contemporary scholars argue that touching one’s wife does not nullify Wudoo’ (ablution). Their view rests on the Hadeeth reported by ‘Aboo Daawood on the authority of `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went out to offer Salaah (Prayer) without performing Wudoo’ again. Could this be a supporting evidence to the holders of this view or is this act peculiar to the Prophet (peace be upon him) on account that he did not declare this? `Aa’ishah (may Allah be pleased with her) also narrated: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) used to kiss (his wives) while observing Sawm (Fast); and he had the greatest control over his desire (as compared with you).

As for Wudoo’ being nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus through an opening in the stomach, there is no disagreement regarding this except what was stated by the Shaykh of Islaam and Al-Muwaffaq in “Al-Mughnee” from some of the Maalikee jurists. There is no disagreement that Wudoo’ is nullified by what comes out of the urethra and anus. Ibn Taymiyyah stated: “If a person has a disease that prevents the urine and stool from coming out of the urethra and anus and another opening is made in their body for the discharge of their excretions as is the case with some people, this does not nullify Wudoo’.” Accordingly, is Wudoo’ Mustahab (desirable) or Waajib (obligatory) in this case?


Answer:
 First, according to the most correct opinion maintained by scholars, if a man touches his wife directly, this does not nullify Wudoo’, whether he touches her lustfully or not, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) kissed one of his wives and went for Salaah without performing Wudoo’ again.
.. read more here.

Does passing wind necessitate Istinjaa’?

Question 11: If it happens that I have performed Wudoo’ (ablution) then I pass wind, must I wash the front and back passage (urethra and anus) or is it sufficient to perform Wudoo’ without washing my private parts?

Having slept heavily after being in a state of Wudoo’, is it enough to perform Wudoo’ when I wake up or is it necessary that I wash my private parts before performing Wudoo’?


Answer:
 To ritually purify oneself after passing wind or sleeping, it is sufficient to perform Wudoo’ only and it is not necessary to wash the front and back passage.
.. read more here.

Inserting the finger into the anus to clean fecal matter

Question 170What is the ruling on inserting one’s finger into the anus to clean it when performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: It is not permissible to insert the finger into the anus to clean it. This is a forbidden extreme and one should perform Istinjaa’ cleaning the external private parts only… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Istinjaa’ in front of others?

Question 169Many Muslims in Yemen have basins in front of the Masjids (mosques) where they perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) in front of the people and then resume their Wudoo’ (ablution). Is their Salaah (Prayer) valid? What is the ruling on Istinjaa’ in front of the people?

Answer: A person who wants to perform Istinjaa’ should screen himself and not reveal his `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) in front of the people. It is not permissible to perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ inside these small basins. A person should rather perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ outside them, so as not to cause the water to become Najis (ritually impure) or dirty… read more here.

Is it permissible for a person whose right arm is amputated to use their left for doing everything?

Question 164A man had his right arm amputated so he uses the left for doing everything, such as Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), Madmadah (rinsing the mouth), and so on. Is doing so permissible? Also, this man cannot wash all the parts of his back when performing Ghusl (full ritual bath). Is it permissible for him to perform Ghusl with the help of his wife?

Answer: The general ruling regarding Istinjaa’ according to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is that people use their left hand. However, Madmadah and Istinshaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it) are to be done with the right hand. This is to honor the right hand and protect it from filth. A proof of this is the Hadeeth narrated by `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) who said… read more here.

Does applying ointment or inserting a suppository or the like in woman’s vagina require performing Ghusl ?

Question 121Should a woman perform Ghusl (full ritual bath) if she places her finger into her vagina while making Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), applying ointment,or inserting a pessary; or if a female doctor places her hand or a diagnostic instrument during medical examination? If this happens during the daytime in Ramadaan, should she break her Sawm (Fast) and make up for it later?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions. In any of the above-mentioned cases, the woman does not have to perform Janaabah Ghusl (full ritual bath to cleanse of sexual discharge) nor does it invalidate her Sawm… read more here.

Performing Istinjaa’ due to breaking wind

Question 15: Our teacher told us that performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) after breaking wind is reprehensible. This means that if one breaks wind after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), it will be reprehensible for him to perform Istinjaa’. Is this saying correct?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. It is reprehensible to perform Istinjaa’ because of breaking wind. Doing so is considered to be extreme… read more here.

Performing Wudoo’ before performing Istinjaa’ Or Istijmaar

Question 14: What is the ruling if a person performs Wudoo’ (ablution) before Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. In case of doing exactly as mentioned in the question, this Wudu’ is not valid… read more here.