Not making up for the missed days of fast during the postpartum period out of ignorance

Question: A woman missed out the fast of Ramadaan in two yearsdue to her coincidently being in the postpartum period. This was fifteen years ago, and she did not know that she must make up for them. What should she do now? Kindly, take into consideration that she cannot fast due to an illness.

Answer: If her present illness is curable, then as soon as she recovers from it, she should make up for these two months in which she had broken her fast in their order. Along with this, she must pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast; i.e., she should feed a needy person for each day. If her illness is incurable, she should feed a needy person for each day on which she had broken the fast in replacement of the fast. She should also offer a Kaffaarah for each day of the two months, due to her delay in making up for the fast… read more here.

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Undergoing abortion operation and observing Sawm while bleeding

Question: I was three months pregnant and I had an abortion ten days before Ramadaan. When Ramadaan started, I was still bleeding as a result of the abortion, but I observed Sawm (Fast) on the assumption that the blood was only Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). This is because the third month of pregnancy had not finished. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman’s obligation to make up for missed days of fast and not to feed the needy by Ijmaa`

Question: We read in some Islamic books that when a newly delivered, breastfeeding, or pregnant woman breaks her fast in Ramadaan, she must make up for the days on which she breaks her fast. However, I read in the book entitled, Tuhfah Al-`Aroos that a woman who has just delivered, is breastfeeding, or pregnant does not have to make up for her missed days of fast, and she should only offer Fidyah (ransom).

This view is reinforced by a Hadeeth that reads: When the pregnant and breastfeeding women break their fast, they have to offer Fidyah and do not have to make up for the days in which they broke fast . (Reported by Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbaas) The author of Tuhfah Al-`Aroos is Mahmood Mahdee Al-Istanbullee, and the above quote is mentioned in page 302.

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

Fasting for fifteen days, then discovering bleeding which is not of the monthly period

Question: My wife was two months pregnant when Ramadaan started, and she fasted for fifteen days, then she had non-menstrual bleeding for seven days, but she continued to fast and pray. Afterwards, she had miscarriage and did not fast for the rest of the month, Is her fasting before the miscarriage valid despite the bleeding? Or, does she have to compensate for it? Please inform us with the right legal opinion, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman making up for the missed days of fast

Question: My wife broke her fast in some days during Ramadan due to her childbirth. I keep advising her to make up for these days, and she usually expresses her willingness to do so. However, she does not fulfil her promise; she would observe the fast for a couple of days and then abandon it. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, your wife is obligated to make up for the days on which she broke her fast in Ramadaan due to her delivery. It is not permissible for her to delay making up for them until the next Ramadaan. If she does so with no excuse, she would be sinful and must repent to Allaah. Accordingly, she should start making up for them immediately and offer Kaffaarah (expiation) to compensate for her negligence, i.e., she should feed a needy person about one and half a kilo of rice or any other staple food of the country for each day… read more here.

Making up for the missed days of fast by a newly-delivered, a pregnant, or a breastfeeding woman

Question: My paternal grandmother asked me to send this question to you, in which she says:

Forty years ago, I gave birth to a baby girl during the blessed month of Ramadaan, and I have not made up for the days on which I broke my fast until now, due to my being preoccupied with worldly affairs and my ignorance of religious matters. When I came to know about religious matters and obligations, I realized my shortcoming for not making up for the days on which I broke my fast. Now I am about eighty years old and I enjoy good health.

My question is: Is it permissible for me to make up for the fast of that month after such long period or not? If yes, should I only fast or combine the fast with feeding? And in case I should do both, should the feeding be at the end of every day I fast or to be done collectively at the end of the month?

Answer: Your grandmother should make up for the days on which she broke her fast during Ramadaan, and seek Forgiveness of Allaah (Exalted be He). She should also feed a poor person in compensation for every day she misses fasting, by giving out about half Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, due to her negligence of making up for the fast. It is permissible for her to feed the needy before or after fasting, jointly or separately, even if it is all given to one poor person… read more here.

A newly-delivered, a pregnant, or a breastfeeding woman making up for the missed days of fast

Question: My wife gave birth to a baby during the last ten days of Ramadaan, and so she broke her fast on some of these days. But she did not make up for these days, out of negligence and ignorance, until the next Ramadaan. Kindly guide us, what should she do now? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Your wife should make up for the days on which she broke her fast in Ramadaan, and should also pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast. She must pay half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx) of wheat, date, rice, or similar staple food of the country… read more here.

Delaying making up for the missed days of Sawm due to being in post-partum period

Question: I am a woman who believes in Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He), and all praise is due to Allaah for this. I observe Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan, and I may not fast some days because of an Islaamically lawful excuse that Allaah (Exalted be He) permits for women, and I make up for these days after Ramadaan. But one year, Ramadaan coincided with my being in a post-partum period, and I intended to make up for the days that I missed after that period ended; that is, when the time of ritual purification comes; but I could not fast because I was breastfeeding my baby. Also, I live in a very hot region, and there are many domestic duties that I have to do. As for breastfeeding, however, there are many alternatives which help me feed the baby.

The Second Issue: After four months from the end of the post-partum period, Allaah (Exalted be He) granted me a baby as I became pregnant, so my fear of observing Sawm increased. Do I have to feed the poor or should I compensate in this case? And, if I have to feed the poor, please inform me how this should be done?

Answer: This woman must make up for the days that she did not observe Sawm in Ramadaan during her post-partum period, and she also has to feed one Miskeen (needy) for delaying the compensation till the following Ramadaan. The amount that should be given to each Miskeen is one and a half kilos of rice or wheat, and so on, of the country’s staple food. She must also seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for her excessive delaying of Sawm, and there is nothing wrong with bringing out the food all at once before, after, or during compensation… read more here.

A woman did not make up for the days of Ramadaan she failed to fast due to her being in her post-partum period

Question: Twenty-seven years ago, my mother gave birth to a baby in Ramadaan and she could not fast the days of this month. When she wanted to make up for the days she had missed, my father told her that she is not obligated to do so. However, we heard that she must make up for the missed days of fasting, and now we would like to know your opinion on what should my mother and my father do in this case?

Answer: Your mother must make up for the days of fasting she had missed due to her childbirth. Besides, she also must feed a needy person for everyday she missed as Kaffaarah (expiation) for delaying her making up for the fasting. Your father should seek Allaah’s Forgiveness for what he mistakenly said to her without having sound knowledge, and he should not repeat such an action. And Allaah knows best… read more here.

A mother delaying making up for missed days of Sawm due to breastfeeding

Question: Last Ramadaan, my mother was in her postpartum period, and after Ramadaan she was breastfeeding. She wanted to make up for the missed Sawm (Fast), but she feared for her baby. She could not offer Kaffaarah (expiation), until this Ramadaan came. Please guide us. What should she do concerning the last Ramadaan, bearing in mind that she is fasting this Ramadaan. Is it permissible for her sons to fast on her behalf or should she offer Kaffaarah, and if so, how? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother has to make up for the days on which she broke her Sawm during the past Ramadaan, even if this is after the next Ramadaan. There is no Kaffaarah due on her, because she did not overlook making up her Sawm, and she just delayed this due to breastfeeding her baby… read more here.

A pregnant woman fasting in spite of her bleeding

Question: A woman’s fetus remained in her uterus for six months. On the eighth day of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she bled but the blood was no more than the amount of a cup of tea discharged from her. This bleeding continued day after day. On the twenty-eighth day of Ramadaan, the fetus was taken out from her uterus (by a medical operation).

The question is: Should this woman make up for the days on which bleeding occurred? Bear in mind that she fasted the days before the miscarriage and did not break her fast till the fetus was taken from her uterus. Please advise us, may Allaah safeguard you.

Answer: The woman in question does not have to make up for fast. This is because the bleeding was not menstruation or postpartum blood. However, if the bleeding occurred one, two, or three days before the miscarriage, and there were signs of labor, then it is considered postpartum blood and fast is invalid in such case… read more here.

Does the discharge of a drop of blood while taking pills affect the validity of Sawm and `Umrah?

Question: Because I was planning to go to Makkah, I took contraceptive pills in order to delay the coming of my regular menstrual period. Since my period was due on 22/9/1420 A.H., I took the pills two weeks before that date. On 20/9/1420 A.H, I noticed a small brownish blood drop, which thence continued to fall once every day until I stopped taking the pills on the second day of `Eed-ul-Fitr (the Feast of Breaking the Fast), yet I continued to observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan. Two days later, I had my actual menstrual period.

My question is: Is my observance of Sawm during Ramadaan as mentioned above valid? I also fasted six days after `Eed-ul-Fitr; can these days compensate for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan? If those intermittent blood drops I used to notice was not menstrual, is my Sawm in the six days valid for the recommended Sawm during the month of Shawwal?

Note: I was ritually pure when embarking on with the intention of making `Umrah (lesser pilgrimage) at the Meeqaat (one of the specified destinations for entering into the ritual state for making Hajj or `Umrah). In fact, I noticed the brownish blood drop referred to in my question only after finishing all the rites of `Umrah. Is my `Umrah valid in this case, or was it invalidated because of such discharge? Give me a Fatwaa, may Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, your observance of Sawm during Ramadaan is valid and this discharge does not affect the validity of your acts of worship such as Sawm, Salaah (Prayer), and the like. Accordingly, you do not have to make up for the days of Ramadaan… read more here.

Fasting in case of menstrual disorder

Question: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets. To proceed:

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’ has viewed the Fatwa that His Eminence, the Grand Muftee, has received from His Eminence the Chairman of Faifa Organization Center: Muhammad ibn `Alee Al-Faifee, under no. 97, dated 16/6/1419 A.H., that was transferred to the Committee from the Secretariat General of the Council of Senior Scholars, under no. 3825, dated 21/6/1419 A.H. His Eminence required the consideration of the Fatwa request that was presented to him by a questioner, to which was attached his letter that reads as follows: To the respected Chairman of Faifa Organization Center, Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you). I present this letter to you so as to tell you that I have a daughter who is 18 years old, and she has a psychological disease. She did not fast 12 days in Ramadaan, 1418 A.H., and whenever she fasted, she had her menstrual period again. Please send my question to the responsible authorities. May Allaah Grant you success. Al-salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh.

Answer: After studying the Fatwaa request, the Committee replied that this woman must start compensating for the days that she missed last Ramadaan, by assuming that the duration of her menstruation is the same as the duration that she was used to before the disturbance of her menstruation; so she must spend this period without fasting or offering Salaah (Prayer), and without having sexual intercourse with her husband, if she is married… read more here.

Does bleeding outside the monthly period prevent from observing Sawm?

Question: My wife observed Sawm (Fast) during the recommended six days in Shawwaal. During these days, she noticed some vaginal bleeding, but not menstrual blood. This blood she notices resulted from taking contraceptive pills. Is her Sawm permissible in this case? Please advise us on this question.

Answer: If your wife experienced vaginal bleeding on days outside her regular menstrual period, which does not have the characteristics of menstrual blood, then most probably it was irregular bleeding that is caused by taking the contraceptive pills. This blood falls under the same ruling as Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.

Obligation of making up for the missed days of Ramadaan for anyone who did not fast without an excuse

Question: If a woman does not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan due to post-partum period, pregnancy, or breastfeeding and then later she becomes in a good state of health, is it better for her to observe Sawm or to give Sadaqah (voluntary charity) to make up for the days she has missed?

Answer: Any woman who is unable to observe Sawm during Ramadan due to postpartum period must fast to make up for the missed days of Sawm. In the case of a woman who is pregnant however, she should observe Sawm during her pregnancy, except if it is feared that Sawm will cause harm to the mother or to the fetus. In this case, the mother is allowed not to observe Sawm during Ramadan, and she should make up for these missed days of Sawm after giving birth to the child and after the post-partum period..read more here.

A pregnant woman bleeding during Ramadaan

Question: I was pregnant during the blessed month of Ramadaan. I had a vaginal bleeding on Ramadaan 20th, but I neither ate nor drank, i.e., I kept fasting. During my stay in the hospital I broke my Sawm (Fast) for four days. After Ramadaan I made up for the days of Sawm I missed. Should I make up for them again, bearing in mind that I have not given birth yet? Please advise me, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: Your observing Sawm while having vaginal bleeding during pregnancy has no effect on the validity of your Sawm, just like the case of Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). Therefore, your Sawm is valid. Moreover, your making up for the four days you missed during your stay in hospital after Ramadaan discharges the obligation, and you do not have to fast them again..read more here.