Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes in the fundamental articles of faith – meaning that his creed is completely conforming with the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace be upon him), yet he thinks that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) hears his voice when he invokes Allaah’s peace and blessings upon him at his grave? Is he regarded, while holding such a belief, a Muslim who follows the way of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) or is he an innovator in religion from among those people who follow their own whims and fancies?

Answer: First, It is not legislated in Islaam that whenever a Muslim enters Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque) to visit the Prophet’s grave and make Du‘aa’ (supplication to Allaah) near it, nor to make it an often-visited place, to which he comes repeatedly… read more here.

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The dead hearing the Prophet’s call

Question: Was the Prophet (peace be upon him) able to make the dead hear?

Answer: Hearing sounds is a faculty of the living. When a person dies, he can neither hear nor grasp the speech of the living. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. read more here.

Allaah revealed to the Prophet what He revealed to no other person

Question: Does our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) see anything from behind a screen?

Answer: Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was a human being, just like all other humans… read more here.

Were the heavens and the earth created for the sake of Muhammad?

Question: Is it true that the heavens and the earth were created only for the sake of Muhammad (peace be upon him)?

Answer: This is not true because Allaah (Exalted be He) created the jinn (creatures created from fire) and mankind for the sole purpose of worshipping Him alone, without associating any partners with Him. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Where is Allaah?

Question: How do I answer someone who asks where Allaah is?

Answer: You should say that He is over His Throne, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The formula of sending blessings on the Messenger when visiting his grave

Question: Among the common formulae of greeting the Prophet when visiting his grave are the following, “Al-Salaatu wa Al-Salaamu `alayka yaa rasool Allaah, i.e. Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah” and “Allaahumma salli `Alaa Muhammad wa `alaa aali Muhammad, i.e. O Allaah, invoke blessings upon Muhammad and his family,” which of them is better?

Also, does the Prophet (peace be upon him) look at a person who greets him at his grave? Is it true that the Prophet (peace be upon him) waved a hand out of his grave to greet one of his honorable Sahaabah (Companions) or the pious people in return for their greetings?

Answer: (A) To the best of my knowledge, no certain formula of greeting the Prophet has been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, both the formulae mentioned above are true… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seek his help in removing distress

Question: Is it an act of Shirk (Associating others in worship with Allaah) if someone calls and makes Du`aa’ (supplication) to the Prophet (peace be upon him) near his grave or far from it to fulfill their needs or seek his help when calamities and misfortunes afflict them?

Answer: If someone makes Du`aa’ to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death to fulfill their needs or seeks his help to remove distress, they are committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) which will take them outside the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Do the dead people hear the calls or supplications of living people?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) hear every call and supplication made at his grave? Does he hear us when we invoke blessings on him there, as it is narrated in the Hadeeth, “Whoever invokes Allaah’s blessings on me at my grave, I hear him…”? Is this Saheeh (authentic), Da‘eef (weak) or Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth?

Answer: Basically, the dead do not hear the calls or supplications of the living people, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. Nothing in the Qur’aan… read more here.

Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: Regarding the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), is he (peace be upon him) alive in his grave, in the worldly sense, with the return of his soul to his body, or is he alive in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) with no legal liabilities or obligations? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, during his final illness, “O Allaah! With the highest companions (i.e. The prophets in the highest part of Paradise).” Is his body as it was when it was placed in the grave, without a soul, and his soul is in the highest part of `Illiyyoon (a register inscribed, to which the angels bear witness) and it will join his body on the Day of Resurrection? Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And when the souls are joined with their bodies, (the good with the good and the bad with the bad).

Answer: Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is living in his grave the life of Al-Barzakh, so he is enjoying the blessings that Allaah has prepared for him as a reward for the wonderful deeds he performed in this world. But his soul has not joined his body to be alive in the grave as it was in this world, because life in the grave is not like the life of this world, or the life in the Hereafter; it is the life of Al-Barzakh, which comes between life in this world and life in the Hereafter… read more here.

Were the heavens and earth created for the Prophet’s sake?

Question: Can we say that Allaah created the heavens and the earth only to create the Prophet (peace be upon him)? What is the meaning of “If not for you, if not for you, He wouldn’t have created the orbits”? Is this saying a Hadeeth? If it is, is it authentic or not? Please tell us!

Answer: The heavens and the earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet (peace be upon him) but were created for the reasons which Allaah mentioned in the following Aayah… read more here.

The claim that the Prophet is created from the Noor of Allaah

Question: I heard a professor saying that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was created from the Noor of Allaah, is this true?

Answer: This statement is not correct, for it opposes both Nusoos (legal texts) and reality. Proof, senses, and logic indicate that he was born to a father i.e. `Abd Allaah ibn `Abd Al-Muttalib and a mother i.e. Aaminah bint Wahb and his lineage is well known… read more here.

Hadeeth: ” Had it not been for you, the orbit of celestial bodies would not have been created”

Question: “Had it not been for you, orbits of celestial bodies would not have been created.” Is this Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) or Da‘eef (weak) Hadeeth?

Answer: This Hadeeth was cited by Al-‘Ajloonee in his book entitled (Kashf Al-Khafa wa Muzil Al-Ilbaas ‘Amma Ishtahar Min Al-Ahadeeth ‘Ala Alsinat Al-Naas), in which he reported that Al-Saghaanee said: “This Hadeeth is a Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth”… read more here.

Is the Prophet a human being?

Question: In Pakistan, scholars of the Bareilwi Sufi order believe that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not have a shadow like ordinary human beings, which indicates that he was not of human form. Is there any Saheeh Hadeeth (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) to the effect that the Prophet did not have a shadow?

Answer: This is a false belief which is incongruous with the explicit texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) which affirm the human nature of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who shared the same human characteristics as the rest of mankind… read more here.

The Prophet’s body is not made of Noor, nor is it part of Allaah’s Noor

Question: Is the Prophet (peace be upon him) part of Allaah’s Light as some people claim? Also, does he form the light of the `Arsh (Throne) of Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)?

Answer: The Prophet (peace be upon him) is a light that provides the right guidance as Allaah says… read more here.

Was the Prophet Muhammad created before Aadam?

Question: Is our master, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), the first human being created by Allaah or is it Aadam?

Answer: According to the Ijmaa` (consensus) of Muslims and the explicit Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), the first human being created by Allaah was Aadam (peace be upon him). Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is a human being and a descendant of Aadam.. read more here.

The one meant by in the Aayah: “Then he (?) approached and came closer”

Question: He says: “The reality in the saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): Then he [Jibreel (Gabriel)] approached and came closer, is that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) is not different from Allaah (Exalted be He). Therefore, you should not allege that there were two entities. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not see but himself.” Please guide us to the truth!

Answer: The truth is that the one who approached and came closer is Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) until the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw him. This is reported authentically from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Whoever alleges that the one who approached and came closer is Allaah commits a grievous mistake… read more here.

Claiming that the Prophet is unified with Allaah

Question: He says: “Possibility has two ends; the beginning and the end. But these two ends were abolished with regard to the Prophet (peace be upon him). The former intermingled with the latter until there is no difference between them. Israa’ (Night Journey) was from himself to himself.” Please guide us to the truth!

Answer: Possibility is one of three branches of `Aqlee (reasonable) ruling. It means a collective mental matter. The possibility of any thing means that it can or cannot equally exist with regard to the Might of Allaah (Exalted be He). There is no difference between the messengers of Allaah (peace be upon them) and the rest of creatures in this point. Therefore, there are not two ends; a beginning point and an end point for what is possible. This is agreed upon among wise people… read more here.

Allaah showing in the Qur’aan that the Prophet is a human being

Question: There is a person who says, “We cannot call Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) a god. Yet, we cannot claim otherwise. Thus, we should leave it up to Allaah (Exalted be He) as He best knows the truth concerning him”. Please, enlighten us on this!

Answer: He is correct in saying that we cannot call Muhammad (peace be upon him) a god, but he quickly contradicted his own words when he said that we cannot claim otherwise. Allaah (Exalted be He) is the absolute One God based on the evidence of ‘Aql (reason) and Naql (holy transmitted texts: Qur’aan and Sunnah) by unanimous scholarly consensus (Ijmaa‘)… read more here.

Allaah is the only Self-Existing Being

Question: A man says that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a channel between the oceans of possible and necessary existence, thus he is superior to the possible beings and inferior to the Necessary Being. Appreciate your guidance.

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only Necessary Being. No other being has brought Him into existence. Other beings are brought into existence by Him (Exalted be He), and their existence depends on His Will and Power. It is up to the Will of Allaah (Glorified be He) to sustain the creations or cause them to perish… read more here.

Claiming the Messenger is not human like us and that he knows the Ghayb and is perfect in power

Question: First issue: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was not a human being like us.

Answer: This is a too brief statement that bears truth and falsehood. If what is meant is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was a human, but not similar to humans in all aspects; for he shared with them their common characteristics of eating, drinking, health, sickness, remembrance, forgetfulness, living, dying, marriage and so on, but he had characteristics particular to him, especially bestowed upon him by Allaah such as receiving Divine Revelation and being sent to mankind as a bearer of glad tidings, a warner, a caller to Allaah (by His leave), and a lamp spreading light – then this is true, and confirmed by reality and informed of by the Qur’aan. Allaah the Exalted says (what means)… read more here.

Does the Prophet come to visit a dying person himself, or is it only his image?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) come to visit a dying person himself or is it only his image?

Answer: The Presence of the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any other person who died is one of the unknown and unseen things that cannot be established except with a Shar`ee (Islaamic legal) text… read more here.

The Prophet is a light (Noor) in terms of his message and guidance

Question: Did the light that used to radiate from Prophet Muhammad’s body originate from the light of Allaah?

Answer: Allaah bestowed the light of the Message of Islaam and the true guidance on the Prophet (peace be upon him), wherewith Allaah guides the hearts of those whom He wills of His servants. Thus, undoubtedly Allaah is the source of the Message of Islaam and the One Who made the Prophet a source of guidance to others… read more here.