Where is Allaah?

Question: How do I answer someone who asks where Allaah is?

Answer: You should say that He is over His Throne, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

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The formula of sending blessings on the Messenger when visiting his grave

Question: Among the common formulae of greeting the Prophet when visiting his grave are the following, “Al-Salaatu wa Al-Salaamu `alayka yaa rasool Allaah, i.e. Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah” and “Allaahumma salli `Alaa Muhammad wa `alaa aali Muhammad, i.e. O Allaah, invoke blessings upon Muhammad and his family,” which of them is better?

Also, does the Prophet (peace be upon him) look at a person who greets him at his grave? Is it true that the Prophet (peace be upon him) waved a hand out of his grave to greet one of his honorable Sahaabah (Companions) or the pious people in return for their greetings?

Answer: (A) To the best of my knowledge, no certain formula of greeting the Prophet has been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, both the formulae mentioned above are true… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seek his help in removing distress

Question: Is it an act of Shirk (Associating others in worship with Allaah) if someone calls and makes Du`aa’ (supplication) to the Prophet (peace be upon him) near his grave or far from it to fulfill their needs or seek his help when calamities and misfortunes afflict them?

Answer: If someone makes Du`aa’ to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death to fulfill their needs or seeks his help to remove distress, they are committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) which will take them outside the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Do the dead people hear the calls or supplications of living people?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) hear every call and supplication made at his grave? Does he hear us when we invoke blessings on him there, as it is narrated in the Hadeeth, “Whoever invokes Allaah’s blessings on me at my grave, I hear him…”? Is this Saheeh (authentic), Da‘eef (weak) or Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth?

Answer: Basically, the dead do not hear the calls or supplications of the living people, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. Nothing in the Qur’aan… read more here.

Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: Regarding the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), is he (peace be upon him) alive in his grave, in the worldly sense, with the return of his soul to his body, or is he alive in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) with no legal liabilities or obligations? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, during his final illness, “O Allaah! With the highest companions (i.e. The prophets in the highest part of Paradise).” Is his body as it was when it was placed in the grave, without a soul, and his soul is in the highest part of `Illiyyoon (a register inscribed, to which the angels bear witness) and it will join his body on the Day of Resurrection? Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And when the souls are joined with their bodies, (the good with the good and the bad with the bad).

Answer: Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is living in his grave the life of Al-Barzakh, so he is enjoying the blessings that Allaah has prepared for him as a reward for the wonderful deeds he performed in this world. But his soul has not joined his body to be alive in the grave as it was in this world, because life in the grave is not like the life of this world, or the life in the Hereafter; it is the life of Al-Barzakh, which comes between life in this world and life in the Hereafter… read more here.