The Sunnah of placing the deceased in the grave

Question: In our country, when a Muslim dies, people supplicate to Allaah to have mercy upon that dead Muslim on the same day of death, then after seven days, and then after forty days, repeating it thrice. Some scholars have said that in their country when a Muslim dies and is placed into the grave, people just say, “May peace and blessings be upon the noble Prophet,” and then they return home, without any Du‘aa’ (supplication). They just supplicate to Allaah for the dead while offering Funeral Prayer. We want to know what invocatory practices of Sunnah we should follow for the dead Muslims.

Answer: First, dedicating the first day or the first seven days after death, or the fortieth day to supplicate to Allaah for the dead is an act which has no base in the Qur’aan or the Sunnah. This was not a practice of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) or any of the Salaf (righteous predecessors); it is a Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) stated… read more here.

Celebrating the Prophet’s Birthday (Mawlid)

Question: The people here hold an eleven-day celebration in commemoration of the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) in Rabee‘ Al-Awwal. They gather the Muslims together and do acts that express joy until the day of the event. However, some scholars say that there is no good in this. I would, therefore, like to ask you what the ruling on this is; do you do in your country anything in celebration of his birthday?

Q 2: What is the ruling on rejoicing at the occasion of celebrating the Mawlid in this month?

Answer: Celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is Bid‘ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

The heavens and the earth were created for the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Is it true?

Question: Muslim brothers, I want you to enlighten me and answer a question that worries me greatly about the beloved and chosen Messenger of Allaah, Muhammad, may peace and blessings be upon him, his family and Companions. Muslim brothers, I heard some Shaykhs in the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) ceremonies saying that if it were not for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the heavens and the earth would not have been created, and that Allaah created him (the Prophet) before Adam (peace be upon him) by thousands of years. They also say that Allaah (Exalted and Glorified be He) has created the sun from the light of the Prophet’s forehead, the stars from the light of his teeth, and many other similar things which I cannot recall. I also hear that “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah, Muhammad Rasoolul-Allaah” (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah) is written on the gate of Jannah (Paradise). I have asked some scholars about these sayings, some confirmed them, but others did not. This has put me in confusion; which of the two parties should I believe? I feel afraid and always distracted. I remember when I went this year on the occasion of the Prophet’s birth to Daar Al-Qur’aan in Amman to celebrate this blessed night.

Shaykh Hazim Abu Ghazalah was narrating part of the Prophet’s biography (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), saying that whenever he visits the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) he approaches the iron window surrounding it, pretending to remove dust, but he in fact distracts the attention of guards to seek blessings. He added that one of his friends once brought him some dust from the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and that the smell of this dust is more fragrant than perfume.

As I heard this story, I remembered an incident that happened to me ten years ago when I went with some friends to visit the Church of the Resurrection. The purpose of the visit was to have fun and flirt with foreign Christian women there, may Allaah forgive us all. There, in that church, we met one of the monks who offered us some perfume and told us it was the water with which Al-Maseeh (Jesus, peace be upon him) was baptized. I do not know what made me link between these two incidents in my mind, but I really suffered.

Back to the Shaykh, he then started celebrating with the attendees by standing, jumping, and bending in irregular movements to the extent that Allaah’s Words, which they were reciting, were hardly heard from them. I did not like this scene, so I left. But doubts started to afflict me whether I did right or wrong. The same incident was repeated on Laylatul-Qadr (the Night of Decree) and all other religious ceremonies.

I beseech you by Allaah to guide me as I am suffering greatly. I would also like to ask Your Eminence: Am I or any Muslim permitted to see the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) from the window? I was lucky enough to visit it and stand by the window. I wished I were a butterfly to be able to draw closer to his grave, not for any other reason but to be close to him (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). I believe that the grave is made of dust and that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and his Messenger are in the heart of every believer. I wish I can visit the sacred places just to watch the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), the Sacred Rawdah (the area between the Prophet’s pulpit and grave)and the Sacred Ka‘bah, but I cannot afford the journey, and Allaah burdens not a person beyond their capability.

Answer: Firstly, Celebrating the birth of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is an act of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) that was not observed by him (peace be upon him), any of the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, or his Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Innovations during the 17th night of Ramadaan

Question: Some People recite the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and Soorah Yaaseen and Soorah Al-Faatihah, dedicating them to those who were martyred in the Battle of Badr on the 17th day of Ramadaan. They gather in the Hanafee Masjid and supplicate to Allaah for their sake. They also recite the birth story of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), Soorah Yaaseen and Soorah Al-Faatihah then make supplication. Is doing so sanctioned by Sharee‘ah (Islaamic law) or not? Please, show us the truth about this matter with citing evidence! May Allaah reward you!

Answer: Texts of Sharee‘ah denote the sublimity of the status of our Prophet Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and his lofty position. He is the Khaleel (close friend) of Allaah and His most beloved one. He is the last of Allaah’s Messengers and the best of all His creatures. They also indicate that none will truly believe until his love for Muhammad (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is superior to his love for himself, parents, children and all mankind. There is no other Shar‘ (law) except that with which he was sent and he conveyed to his Ummah (nation). Allaah did not take his soul except after religion was completed and the grace of Allaah upon His servants was perfected… read more here.

Reciting selected lines of poetry after Friday Salaah

Question: After every Friday Prayer, people in our country recite the following lines of poetry. Is this permissible?

These lines read:
O Lord, I deserve not in Paradise to dwell
Nor can I endure the fire of Hell
So may you my repentance accept and my sins obliterate
For indeed You forgive sins, no matter how great.

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to make Du`aa’ (supplication) and to beseech Allaah humbly at any time and in all circumstances. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Al-Faatihah for the dead and otherwise

Question: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them)… read more here.

Desirability of observing the Sharee`ah way of Thikr

Question: What is the ruling on saying any formula of Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) in a specific number of times? How can it be impermissible while there are the two following Hadeeth: If anyone invokes blessings on me once on Friday, Allaah will bless them ten times, and whoever invokes blessings on me ten times, Allaah will bless them one hundred times and Whoever says: ‘There is none worthy of worship (in truth) but Allaah. He is alone, Who has no partner. To Him belongs the sovereignty and to Him praise is due. He gives life and causes death and He is Potent over everything,’ a hundred times every day, they will get the reward of emancipating one thousand persons from the progeny of Ismaa`eel (Ishmael) ?

Answer: It is desirable to say the formulae of Thikr for a specific number of times, if this is stated in the Share`ah (Islaamic law). Regarding the formulae of Thikr for which there is no mention of a specific number of times, it is permissible to say them without being bound by a specific number. Accordingly, this permissibility does not contradict the authenticity of the Ahaadeeth mentioned above… read more here.

Repetition of the phrase: “Yaa Lateef”

Question: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Yaa Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is impermissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth… read more here.

Swaying while saying Dhikr

Question: Some people in Egypt and its rural areas say Thikr (remembrance of Allaah) collectively while swaying. Does this act have an origin in Islaam?

Answer: This act has no origin in Islaam. Rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion), which contradicts the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law)… read more here.

Making Thikr collectively and reciting the entire Qur’aan together in one voice

Question: What is the ruling on making Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) collectively in one voice as done by the followers of Sufi orders in Al-Hadrah (A Sufi session of Thikr) or as called in Morocco, Al-`Imaarah, and the collective recitation of the Qur’aan in one voice in Masaajid (mosques), houses and celebrations.

Answer: Making collective Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah), reciting the entire Qur’aan together in Al-Hadrah (Sufi session of Thikr) and reciting the entire Qur’aan in one voice in the Masaajid (mosques), houses, celebrations, and funerals, all have no origin in the Sharee`ah… read more here.

Assigning someone to recite the daily Wird of the morning and the evening

Question: When some Muslim brothers set out on a journey or to perform `Umrah, they ask one of them to recite the Wird (portion recited with consistency) of the morning and the evening reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), while the rest of the group listen to him. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to say certain forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and Du`aa’ (supplication) through which he supplicated to Allaah every night and day in private… read more here.

Changing one’s name after performing Hajj

Question: What is the ruling on changing one’s name like most of the Indonesian pilgrims do? Indonesians usually change their names when they go to Makkah Al-Mukarramah or Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah. Is this Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet) or not?

Answer: The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to change bad names to good ones. If the Indonesian pilgrims are changing their names for this purpose, and not for finishing the rituals of Hajj or their visiting Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah) and offering Salaah therein, then this is permissible… read more here.

Setting aside a certain bed or a Sofa until a pilgrim comes back to use it

Question: In our country, the family of a pilgrim sets aside for him a bed or a sofa. They cover it with clean and perfumed coverlets and place money and bottles of perfume around it. They prevent people from using it telling them that they cannot sit on it until the pilgrim returns from Hajj and use it first. After the pilgrim uses it, others may then sit on it. I hope that you can inform us about this practice. Many thanks to you, may Allaah benefit Muslims with your knowledge!

Answer: The actions mentioned above done by the family of a person intending to perform Hajj is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Setting aside a bed, washing it, covering and perfuming it and preventing people from sitting on it till the pilgrim returns from Hajj to be the first to sit on it, are acts of Bid`ah and instituting in religion that which Allaah has not ordained… read more here.

Fasting (Sawm) during Rajab and Sha‘ban

Question: I know people who always perform Sawm (Fast) for the whole months of Rajab and Sha‘baan until Ramadaan without break. Is there any Hadeeth regarding this practice? If there is any, kindly provide the text?

Answer: It is not authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet, may Allaah be pleased with them) used to fast the entire month of Rajab or Sha‘baan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on certain days in Rajab

Question: There are days on which we voluntarily observe Sawm (Fast) during Rajab. Should these days be in the beginning, middle, or end of the month?

Answer: No specific Ahaadeeth were authentically reported about the merit of Sawm in Rajab, except that which was related by Al-Nasaa’ee and Aboo Daawood, and ranked as Saheeh (authentic) by Ibn Khuzaymah, on the authority of Usaamah who said… read more here.

Ruling on performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times after completion of its building

Question: When people in the north of our country build a Masjid (mosque), they perform Tawaaf (circumambulation) seven times around it on the day they inaugurate it. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion) or not? What is the evidence?

Answer: Performing Tawaaf around a Masjid seven times is an abominable act of Bid`ah, whether this is done on the opening day or any other day. Tawaaf is only lawful when performed around the Ka`bah (in Makkah) and nowhere else… read more here.

Ruling on rubbing oneself against the walls of Mosques at Al-Rahmah Mountain in `Arafah

Question: In the area of Al-Rahmah Mount in `Arafah there are three adjacent Masjids (mosques) with their Mihrabs without ceilings. The pilgrims go to these Masjids to rub themselves against their walls and Mihrabs. Sometimes, they put money at the Mihrabs. They offer two Rak`ahs at each one of these Masjids. Sometimes they perform Salaah at these Masjids at times when prayer is prohibited. Also men and women mingle in crowds there. The pilgrims do all these acts during the days immediately preceding the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah. We hope that Your Eminence will inform us of the legal ruling on these acts, may Allaah reward you with best reward!

Answer: First, `Arafah is a place where one of the rituals of Hajj is to be performed according to Allaah’s orders. This ritual is staying at `Arafah on the ninth day of Thul-Hijjah and the night of `Eed-ul-Adha (the Festival of the Sacrifice)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan before the arrival of the Imaam on Friday

Question: Is it permissible for a person to recite Qur’aan in the Masjid (mosque) on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam (the person who leads congregational Salaah)? Is this one of the polite manners of Jumu’ah (Friday) Prayer, or a denounced Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: There is no evidence on the legitimacy of a person reciting Qur’aan on Friday before the arrival of the Imaam while people listen to him, and when the Imaam arrives, that person stops recitation… read more here.

Ruling on Bid`ah in “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab”

Question: Is the book “Al-Du`aa’ Al-Mustajab (Answered Supplication)” by Ahmad `Abdul-Jawwad a reliable reference? I read in it, “There are twelve Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during the day or night and the Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) should be performed between each pair. While sitting for the final Tashahhud, praise Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and invoke Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet (peace be upon him). While in Sujud (prostration), Soorah Al-Faatihah should be recited seven times, Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’anic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) seven times, and the phrase: “Laa ilaaha illa Allaah wahdahoo la shareeka lahoo… (There is no god but Allaah Alone and He has no partner…)” should be recited ten times. This Du`aa’ (supplication) should then be recited: “O Allaah! I ask you by the glory of Your Throne, by the utmost mercy of Your Book, and by Your Greatest Name, Your Highest Glory, and Your Perfect Words,” and then ask Allaah for whatever you need. After this, raise your head and say the Taslim (salutation of peace ending the Prayer).” (Related by Al-Haakim on the authority of Ibn Mas`ood [may Allaah be pleased with him]). Is this a Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth? There is a Hadeeth that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) forbade `Alee from reciting the Qur’aan during a Rak`ah (bowing) or Sujood.

Answer: Do not depend on this book, as it contains many Da`eef (weak) and Mawdoo` (fabricated) Hadeeth, one of them being the one you mentioned in your question that you read about the twelve Rak`ah in Salah (Prayer) in the manner mentioned… read more here.

Ruling on Nafilah prayer offered on the last Wednesday of Safar

Question: Some of the scholars in our country claim that in Islaam there is a Nafilah (supererogatory Prayer) offered on the last Wednesday of Safar, at the time of Salaat-ul-Duha (supererogatory Prayer before noon). This Salaah consists of four Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) with one Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer). In each Rak‘ah a person should recite Soorah Al-Faatihah and Soorah Al-Kawthar seventeen times, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas fifty times and Al-Mu‘awwidhatayn (Suwar Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) one time each. This is done in each Rak‘ah, then one says Tasleem after which it is prescribed to recite: And Allaah has full power and control over His Affairs, but most of men know not. 360 times, and Jawharat-ul-Kamal (a special Sufi formula) three times, and to conclude by saying: “Glorified be your Lord, the Lord of Honor and Power. Exalted is He from all that they ascribe to Him. And peace be on the Messengers. And all the praises and thanks be to Allaah, Lord of the worlds.” They should also give some bread to the poor as a charity. They say that this Aayah is especially recited for warding off the calamities that are send down on the last Wednesday of Safar. They say that every year 320,000 calamities come down, and all of them come down on the last Wednesday of Safar. Therefore, that day is regarded as the most difficult day throughout the year. But whoever offers this Salaah in the above mentioned manner, Allaah will protect them by His Bounty from all the calamities that come down on that day. They, as well as those who could not offer it, such as children, will benefit from this Salaah. Is this permissible or not?

Answer: There is no evidence from the Qur’aan or Sunnah that supports the validity of the Nafilah mentioned in the question. We have no proof that anyone among the Salaf (righteous predecessors) of this Ummah (nation based on one creed) or the righteous people of the later generations performed this Nafilah… read more here.

Ruling on reciting Qur’aan through microphones and the Ibtihalat

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on reciting Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer using microphones? When a person objects to this act as not related in the Sunnah, they accuse him of preventing the recitation of the Qur’aan. What about the Ibtihalat (religious hymns) heard on microphones shortly before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? When objecting to this baseless act, it is said that it is a good deed aiming at awakening the people for the Fajr Prayer.

Answer: There is no evidence supporting that such acts were committed during the lifetime of the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions). The same goes for the Ibtihalat heard before the Fajr Prayer through microphones… read more here.

Ruling on the way of starting Taraaweeh

Question: What is the ruling of Islaam on Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? How should it be offered? There is much controversy about this issue; some A’immah (those who lead congregational Prayer) start it by saying “Rise for Qiyaam (stand for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”, and then offer two Rak’ahs (units of Prayer), after which they say, “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice. When the Imaam says this, all the Ma’mooms (persons being led by an Imaam in Prayer) repeat it after him. In the second two Rak’ahs, he reads Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu`awwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas) in a loud voice, and the Ma’moom also repeat it after him. On finishing Taraaweeh, he does the same thing three times. If a person tells them that this act was not reported, they reply that it is a good deed and a good Bid`ah (innovation in religion).

Is there anything called a good Bid`ah in Islaam? What is your view on this? How should this Salaah be offered? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Saying: “Rise for Qiyaam (standing for optional Prayer at night), may Allaah reward you!”; the saying of the Imaam: “O, Allaah! Send Your peace and blessings upon Prophet Muhammad” in a loud voice; repeating this by the Ma’mooms; and reciting Suwar Al-Ikhlaas and Al-Mu’awwidhatayn in a loud voice after offering two Rak’ahs, are all Bid`ah… read more here.

Putting the hand on the head after Salaah

Question: Some people put their hands on their heads after Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), claiming it to be an act of Sunnah (action following the teachings of the Prophet).

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to put the hand on head after Tasleem. In fact, this is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imaam enters

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison on Friday before the Imam enters the masjid?

Answer: This is impermissible, and confining this to Friday before the Imaam’s entry is introducing a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Ruling on reciting the Qur’aan collectively and in unison after the prayer

Question: Some Moroccans are accustomed to reciting the Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. Is this an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Indeed, the regular custom of reciting Qur’aan collectively after Fajr (Dawn) Prayer and Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or after any other prayer is an act of Bid`ah… read more here.

Gathering for reciting the Qur’aan

Question: What is your opinion (may Allaah safeguard you) of a man who gathers a number of people in his house to recite some verses of the Qur’aan, supplicate Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all Muslims, eat food that he prepared beforehand then depart?

At the same time, the person who invites, distributes separate parts of the Qur’aan to his guests so that once each person finishes his part, having thus finished the whole Qur’aan, one of them supplicates Allaah (Exalted be He) for themselves and for all the Muslims. By doing so, they consider that they have recited the whole Qur’aan seeking the blessing thereof.

Answer: First, gathering to recite and learn the Qur’aan by having someone to recite while others listen to it, mutually studying and trying to understand the meanings of it, is permissible… read more here.

Two Ahaadeeth: “Whoever innovates anything in this matter” and “Whoever introduces some good practice”

Question: I would like Your Eminence to explain the two Ahaadeeth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), in detail: Whoever innovates anything in this matter of ours (Islaam) which is not a part of it will have it rejected and Whoever introduces some good practice in Islaam which is followed after him (by people) will be assured of reward like one who follows it (until the Day of the Resurrection)…”

 

Answer: The first Hadeeth means that when someone introduces a Bid`ah (innovation in religion) to be counterpart to what Allaah has legislated, it will not be accepted and he will be a sinner.… read more here.

Ruling on making Thikr and reciting Aayatul-Kursee loudly after Salaah

Question: In Damascus, at one of its Masaajid (mosques), after every obligatory Salaah, a person is entrusted with reciting Aayat-ul-Kursee (the Qur’aanic Verse of the Throne, Soorah Al-Baqarah, 2:255) loudly, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas (112) and Muawwidhatayn (Soorah Al-Falaq and Al-Naas). Once this person finishes the recitation, every one who offered Salaah re-recites Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Muawwidhatayn altogether.

Is the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) reported to have done so, or is it a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

Knowing that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is authentically reported to have recited Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn after Salaah, should I do as they do and do this regularly?

Is it permissible for a person who is offering obligatory Salaah to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee or other verses loudly with the intention of teaching those who do not know how to recite Aayat-ul-Kursee and the Mu`awwidhatayn?

Answer: It is impermissible for a certain person who is offering Salaah or for all of those offering Salaah to recite the above-mentioned verses after the Salaah loudly; not even with the intention of teaching.… read more here.

Good and evil Bid`ah

Question: Some of my colleagues said: “Bidah (innovation in religion) falls into two categories. The first is a good one and a person can work accordingly. The second is the evil one." I believe that this division is invalid relying on the Hadeeth that says: <img src="http://www.alifta.net/_layouts/images/UserControl-Images/MEDIA-H2.GIF" align="middle" border="0" /><a name="Themostevilofaffairsarenovelties;"></a><span id="ContentParagraph" class="HarfBody">The most evil of affairs are novelties; every novelty is a Bidah (innovation in religion); every Bid`ah is misguidance; and every misguidance is in Hellfire. What is the viewpoint of jurists and Imams of Islaam concerning this point in light of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah?

Answer: This explanation is not valid because of the general meaning of the saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): The most evil affairs are their novelties; and every innovation is an error. This Hadeeth was reported by Muslim in his Saheh. There are many Ahaadeeth in this topic that denote the same meaning.… read more here.

Is Dammah, Fathah and Kasrah considered to be Bid`ah in the Qur’aan?

Question: How many types of Bid‘ah (innovation in religion) are there? Is every Bid‘ah misguidance? If yes, are the diacritical marks used in the writing of the Qur’aan, such as Dammah (a small curl-like diacritic standing for the short vowel /u/), Fathah (a small diagonal line placed above a letter to stand for the short vowel /a/), Kasrah (a small diagonal line placed below a letter to stand for the short vowel /i/), Sukoon (a circle-shaped diacritic placed above a letter with no vowel), Nuqtah (dots and diereses placed above and below Arabic letters to distinguish between them) or Nabrah (a carrier on which the letter Hamzah is placed in cases of Kasr) an act of Bid‘ah, as the Qur’aan was written during the lifetime of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) without any diacritical marks? Is the writing of these marks an act of Bid‘ah? Is this Bid‘ah a deviation from what is right?

Answer: Bid‘ah (i.e. An invented or newly introduced thing) is divided into Bid‘ah in religion and ordinary Bid‘ah. The ordinary Bid‘ah includes all newly manufactured products and inventions… read more here.

Rejected and accepted Bid`ah

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: Whoever introduces in our matter i.e. religion, things extraneous to it, will be rejected. Does Allaah reject all acts of a Mubtadi(one who introduces rejected innovations in religion) or only the acts of the Bidah (innovation in religion)?

Answer: Some Bidahs are incongruous with the fundamental articles of Islaam. Others are related to the descriptive manner of acts of worship. A third type of Bidah involves the introduction of unsanctioned practices… read more here.

Meaning and types of Bid`ah

Question: We would like you to explain the meaning and types of Bid’ah (innovation in religion) in detail for us.

Answer: Bid’ah is an act of worship that was not legislated by Allaah such as celebrating the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), Israa’ (Night Journey), and Mi’raaj (Ascension to Heaven) and the raising of the Mu’ath-thiin’s (caller to Prayer) voice in offering peace and blessings upon the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) after pronouncing Athaan (call to prayer) and the like… read more here.

Someone who recites the Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, and does Talqeen to dead

Question: What is the ruling on a person who persists in committing Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) like reciting Qur’aan over the dead before and after burial, slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral, reciting the supplication of Al-Qadiriyyah Order “O Allaah, for the sake of Ahmad’s honor, facilitate our mission!”, burning incense in their gatherings, reciting Tahleel (saying: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah [There is no god except Allaah]”) while walking in the funeral procession. They also practice Talqeen to the dead (standing by their grave in an attempt to remind them to say: “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah”)? Consequently, Fitnah (hostile divisions) arises due to people’s rejection of the acts of Sunnah which contradict their desires.

Some scholars say that people who commit these Bidahs are disbelievers, as they do not abide by the Prophet's warning against Bidahs. Other scholars view that those people are sinners, but are not taken out of Islaam.

Answer: Bidahs are not all equal in evil. Some Bidahs represent sins that are lesser than Kufr (disbelief). For example reciting the Qur’aan over the dead before or after their burial and slaughtering a sheep to prepare food for the attendees of the funeral are Bidahs. Reciting Tahleel while walking in the funeral procession and Talqeen to the dead person at the grave are Bidahs… read more here.

Ruling on reading the virtues of Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir

Question: What is the ruling concerning gathering one’s neighbours to read the virtues of Shaykh Abdul-Qaadir, believing that this leads to the love of Awliyaa (pious people), then offering a feast honoring the guests acting upon the Hadeeth which reads: “He who believes in Allaah and the Last Day should show hospitality to his guest.” What is the ruling on that? Is it Haraam (prohibited) or Makrooh (disliked) or Sunnah (a commendable act as done by the Prophet)?

Answer: Love of the Awliyaa’ of Allaah and honoring a guest are among the most outstanding virtues of Shari`ah and exhorted by the Qur’aan and the Sunnah… read more here.

Excessiveness of the Qaadiriyyah Order

Question: The questioner would like to be given a general idea about the Qaadiriyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). He read one of the Qaadiriyyah books: “Al-Fiyudat Al-Rabbaaniyyah fi Al-Ma’athir wa Al-Awrad Al-Qaadiriyyah”, and saw a poem including some of the claims and feats performed by the shaykh of this Tareeqah. He asks if what is said in this poem is true or untrue.

The questioner sent the poem along with his question to ask for a general Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) on it.

Answer: The poem that was sent by the questioner shows that the one who wrote it was ignorant, as the things that he ascribes to himself are Kufr (disbelief) and misguidance. He claims that all the scholars’ knowledge has been derived from his knowledge and is part of him… read more here.

Ruling on the Wirds of Al-Teejaaniyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah and others

Question: What is the ruling on the Wird (sayings recited with consistency) of the Teejaaniyyah, Qaadiriyyah and other Sufi Tareeqahs (orders)?

Answer: Their Wirds are full of the Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion) and innovated Thikr (Remembrances of Allaah) like other Sufi orders. It is better for Muslims to take Wird for themselves… read more here.

 

Does the Shirk mentioned in the Aayah: “And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat till they believe” include those who follow some Tareeqahs such as Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: Does the Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) mentioned in the Aayah (Qur’anic verse) And do not marry Al-Mushrikaat (idolatresses, etc.) till they believe (worship Allaah Alone). Include those who follow some Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) such as, Al-Tijaniyyah, Al-Qaadiriyyah, those who wear amulets containing Aayaat from the Qur’aan, and Muslims who follow idolatry traditions?

Answer: Shirk mentioned in this Aayah includes those who seek the help of jinn, the dead and the absent instead of Allaah and those who wear amulets containing anything other than the Qur’aan seeking its benefit and recovery from illness… read more here.

 

Ruling on the recitation of Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah and praying behind their followers

Question: What is the ruling on reciting the utterances said on a regular basis by Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah Tareeqahs (Sufi orders)? And what is the ruling on whoever recites them till death? Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) behind such a person and is it permissible to offer the funeral prayer for them after their death? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah guide you.

Answer: The utterances said on a regular basis by Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah is full of superstitions and Bid`ahs (rejected innovation in religion) that lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), such as seeking help from people other than Allaah and the kinds of Thikr that are not derived from the Qur’aan or the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

 

Ruling on the Imamate of a follower of Al-Teejaaniyyah and praying behind them

Question: In our village, there is an Imaam who follows Al-Teejaaniyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order). The followers of this Tareeqah receive the wird (sequence of devotional phrases to be repeated at certain times) from the Muqaddam (representative of the order). It is to be pronounced in a loud voice inside the Masjid (mosque) while sitting in a circle, in the middle of which there is a white cloth.

This wird is called Al-Hilaalah and it is repeated everyday after Fajr (morning) and Asr (afternoon) prayers. There is another wird called Al-Wazhifah, which is to be said afterAsr (afternoon) prayer on Friday. This wird ends by saying Al-hamdu lillah [All praise is due to Allaah] and other forms of Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah).

After preparing for the burial of one of its followers who has died, they put the deceased in the middle of a circle and recite Al-Wazheefah over them. They say while carrying them to the grave, “Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)” in a very loud voice.They place the deceased in the grave while saying Salaat-ul-Faatih (Remembrance from the Teejaaniyyah order). This Imam collects money from the poor and the rich people and gives them to the shaykh at his Zawiyah (Sufi lodge). He praises Shaykh Ahmad Al-Teejaanee with those who praise him by swaying and tottering.

In addition, he goes around the grave of Sidi Al-Hajj in Admasin and supplicates to him to fulfill people’s needs. He also gives Fadwat-ul-Ikhals, a type of redemption which is said to save its giver from sins on the Day of Resurrection. The Imams are entitled to grant it only to the followers of the Tareeqah. It usually costs 800 Algerian Dinar or more to obtain it. Is it permissible for such person to lead the Salaah? Is a congregational Salaah that he leads valid?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah Order is one of the worst sects in terms of deviation and misguidance and propagation of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) which are sanctioned neither by Allaah (Glorified be He) nor by His Messenger. It is not permissible to pray behind an Imam who follows this Tareeqah for Salaah behind him is invalid… read more here.

 

Ruling on abandoning the Masjid controlled by Al-Teejaaniyyah followers

Question: There is a village with a relatively large population. It has a spacious Masjid (mosque) where a group of righteous people offers the five congregational Salaahs, for it is the only Masjid in the village. Despite its being able to accommodate a large number of people, it is always vacant as not all villagers maintain the congregational Salaah there, except for few righteous people.

This dedicated group has seceded from the villagers and admonished them about their Bid`ah (innovation in religion), to say nothing of their differences and negligence in performing their religious obligations incompletely and incorrectly. These villagers adhere to the Teejaaniyyah Sufi order.

The small (righteous) group has decided to abandon congregational Salaah behind the Imaam of the village, who is not qualified to lead because he adheres to the villagers’ corrupt Teejaanee creed and encourages their well-known polytheistic gatherings wherein they go beyond the boundaries by deifying the Prophet (peace be upon him).

As a result, the new group decided to build a Masjid that is not far from the first one where they can teach their followers the principles of Tawheed (Oneness of Allaah), sound Aqeedah (creed), and warn them against Bidah and superstitions. Many young men among the Teejaanee have now joined the new group which the villagers accuse of being mavericks.

They claim that the new Masjid is “Masjid Diraar” (established by way of harm), even though the group has a Shaykh who graduated from Al-Zaytunah (University) and specialized in Malikee Fiqh (Malik’s School of Jurisprudence). What is the ruling on this newly established Masjid? Can it be branded as “Masjid Dirar”?

What is the ruling on resisting the Tijanee’s? What degree of Imaan (Faith) do they have? Is it permissible for a student of knowledge to try and rectify this deviant Teejaanee sect from within their Masjid, while keeping away from the other group that follows the Truth to avoid Fitnah (temptation/trial/sedition) resulting from the establishment of the new Masjid? Should a student of knowledge stand with the minority righteous party and leave the others?

Answer: First: If the situation is as mentioned – that is, the only Masjid in the village is controlled by followers of the Teejaaniyyah Sufi order who practice Bid`ah and superstitions, and that the righteous group has resisted their acts, but they have not responded; resulting in the righteous group leaving to establish a Masjid to offer prayers in …Etc. Then, this Masjid is not Diraar… read more here.

 

Ruling on praying behind an Imaam who adheres to Bid`ah and follows Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: Scholars have expressed conflicting views on offering Salaah while being led by imaams who adhere to Bidah (rejected innovations in religion) or who follow Tareeqahs (Sufi orders), especially the followers of Al-Teejaaniyyah order. Perusing the treatise composed by ShaykhAbdul-Rahmaan Ibn Yoosuf Al-Ifriqee (may Allaah show mercy to him), who was later the chairman of Daarul-Hadeeth in Al-Madeenah Al-Munawwarah entitled “Al-Anwarul-Rahmaaniyyah fi Hidaayat Al-Firqah Al-Teejaaniyyah”, I came to know that the followers of this order, may Allah guide them to the right path, hold false beliefs. I also learnt that they are closer to Shirk and error than to faith, belief in the Qur’aan and following the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Consequently, is it permissible to offer Salaah while being led by an Imam who is a follower of Al-Teejaaniyyah order? If your answer is in the negative, is a Muslim permitted to perform Salaah with his family at home when all the imaams of the Masjids (mosques) in his town adhere to Bidah? Furthermore,is it permissible to offer a second congregational Salaah in the same Masjid after the one that is led by the Imam who adheres to Bidah and the followers of Al-Teejaaniyyah order finishes? My concern is that this might lead to confusion and disunity among the Muslims.

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah Order is one of the most disbelieving and erroneous sects. Moreover, they are one of the most straying sects who innovate in religion things for which Allaah (Exalted be He) has given no permission… read more here.

Introducing Ahmad Al-Teejaanee, his Tareeqah, beliefs and the Sharee`ah ruling on his followers

Question: What is your opinion concerning Al-Teejaniyyah Tareeqah (Sufi order) and seeing the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) in wakefulness?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah is one of the most disbelieving, misguided and innovative Tareeqahs. The Permanent committee has been asked before regarding this Tareeqah, and wrote a research paper detailing a lot of their Bid`ahs (rejected innovation in religion) and falsehoods… read more here.

Ruling on reading poems after Khatmah

Question: I hope that your esteemed committee will read the poem submitted to you. This poem is a versified Du‘aa’ (supplication) and is recited after Khatmah (completing of one reading of the whole Qur’aan). I request for a Fatwaa regarding this issue, for I find no one in my country who can give me convincing proof. Would you please give your legal ruling on the permissibility of this Du‘a’?

Answer: First of all, it is not permissible to recite any poem after Khatmah. This applies to the poem in question as well as any other… read more here.

Ruling on saying the Wirds of Al-Qaadyaaniyyah and Al-Teejaaniyyah

Question: What is the ruling on Wirds (portions of Qur’aan recited with consistency) said on a regular basis by Walee’s and the pious such as those adopted by Al-Qaadyaaniyyah, Al-Teejaaniyyah and other Sufi orders? Is it permissible to recite such utterances regularly? What is the ruling on the Sufi Book entitled Dalaa’il Al-Khayraat?

Answer: First, The Qur’an and the Sunnah contain the permissible Athkaar (mentioning Allaah). Some scholars collected these Athkaar such as; Al-Nawawee in his book Al-Athkaar, Ibn Al-Sunnee in his book `Amal Al-Yawm Wal Laylah, and Ibn Al-Qayyim in his book Al-Waabil Al-Sayyib. The books of Sunnah contain specific chapters about supplications and you should refer to them… read more here.

Ruling on reading the Wird of Al-Teejaaniyyah and worshipping Allaah through it

Question: Is it permissible to read the Wird (portions of Qur’aan recited with consistency) of Al-Teejaaniyyah order on a regular basis and worshiping Allaah through it or not?

Answer: Al-Teejaaniyyah order is an abominable Bid`ah (innovation in religion) which contradicts the guidance and Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Some of these utterances lead to Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) and takes whoever believes in it out of Islaam, may Allaah protect us… read more here.

Ruling on the Wird of Al-Teejaaniyyah order

Question: What is the difference between the Muslims and Al-Ahmadiyyeen ?

Answer: The Islaamic Shareeah enjoins Muslims to perform Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) and encourages it greatly. The Shareeah explains that Thikr revives souls and relieves hearts. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: O you who believe! Remember Allaah with much remembrance. And glorify His Praises morning and afternoon [the early morning (Fajr) and ‘Asr prayers].Allaah also says: Those who believed (in the Oneness of Allaah – Islaamic Monotheism), and whose hearts find rest in the remembrance of Allaah: verily, in the remembrance of Allaah do hearts find rest.… read more here.

Ruling upon the Barelvi sect in Pakistan, and their false beliefs

Question: In Pakistan, there is an order known as the Barelvis or the order of Nawaree, as named after its current leader Nuwaaree. I ask Your Eminence about the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on this order, its beliefs and the validity of offering Salaah (Prayer) behind one of its members. May your answer relieve many confused hearts that are unaware of the truth! I again remind you of some of their common myths and beliefs, which are:

1- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is alive
2- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knows the Ghayb (unseen) and is present, especially after the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer
3- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has the right of giving intercession in advance
4- Believing in the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and the dead at whose graves they offer Salah and ask for help
5- Building domes and lighting the graves
6- Repeating their famous supplication: O Muhammad, the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
7- Getting angry with anyone who says Ta’meen (saying: “Aameen” after reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) aloud and raise their hands in Salaah and considering them as belonging to the Wahhabee order
8- Finding it extremely strange that people use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) before offering Salaah
9- Kissing the fingers during Wudoo’ (ablution) and Athaan (call to Prayer) as well as after Salaah
10- Their Imaam always recites the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) after Salaah: Allaah sends His Salaah (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). Consequently, the Ma’mums (persons being led by the Imaam in Prayer) invoke Allah to send peace upon the Prophet collectively and loudly.
11- Gathering in circles after the Jumu`ah Prayer and engaging in loud singing and praise
12- Serving many kinds of food, including desserts, inside the Masjid (mosque) after ending the recitation of the whole Glorious Qur’aan during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)
13- Building Masaajid and being too preoccupied with decorating them in addition to writing on the Mihraab: O Muhammad
14- Considering themselves the followers of the Sunnah and true `Aqeedah (creed) and deeming those who do not follow their order as wrong
15- What is the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on offering Salaah behind the members of this order?

It is worth mentioning that I am a medical school student, living in Karachi near a Masjid subject to the supervision of the Barelvi order.

Answer: It is impermissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who adopts such beliefs. If the Ma’moom knows that the Imaam adopts these beliefs, then the Salaah of the former will not be valid. Most of these beliefs entail Kufr (disbelief) and Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion)… read more here.

A Sufi Order called “Al-Ansaar” (Al-Mahdiyyah)

Question:  There is a Sufi Order called “Al-Ansaar” (the followers of Al-Mahdee) which is widespread in Western Sudan. The supporters of this order are millions of common people. Al-Mahdee said in his publications:

“The Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before my army and give me glad tidings of victory.” What is your opinion about these superstitions and deceit?

Answer: Firstly, The claim that this man is Al-Mahdee and that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) used to walk before his army and give him glad tidings of triumph is an open lie and contradiction to the Sharee`ah and the realities agreed upon among Muslims… read more here.

What is the Islaamic ruling regarding Freemasonry?

Question:  

a) What is the ruling on a man who bequeathed to be buried in a coffin?

b) A Muslim who was a Mason died. The Islaamic Funeral Prayer was observed for him followed by the rites of Freemasonry. What is the Islaamic ruling on this dead person and on those who performed these rites or allowed them to be performed?

c) What is Freemasonry? What is the Islaamic ruling regarding it?

Answer: a) Placing the deceased in a coffin was an unknown practice at the time of the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) or the time of the Sahaabah (the Companions of the Prophet – may Allaah be pleased with them). It is better for Muslims to follow the path of the Prophet and his Companions… read more here.

An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.