Hearing Athaan of another city and breaking Fast

Question: One night during Ramadaan, I was sleeping at my cousin’s home, who is my brother-in-law as well. We were in the desert where there were no mosques nearby, and the village is far away from us. I slept after having my Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast), and woke up suddenly, asking my wife: “What is the time right now?”

She replied: “It is 4 o’clock.”

However, the Fast starts at a quarter to five. In other words, only a short time was left; so, I slept again and when I woke up, I thought I did not sleep for a long time. In addition, my wife put a glass of water near me while I was asleep, so that I could drink before the time of Imsaak (time of day that marks the beginning of the Fast).

I said to myself: “There is enough time left,” and then I drank. After going out of the tent, I found the dawn had broken but the sun had not risen yet, as it was approximately a quarter past five because I did not have a watch at the time. What is the ruling?

Answer: It is obligatory on you to make up for the day on which you drank after daybreak. In other words, your Fast was invalidated... read more here.

What is the meaning of Imsaak ?

Question: I would like Your Eminence to clarify the meaning of Imsaak. Is it only an act of Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet), or are all Muslims required to abide by it? Is it true that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) specified the time of Imsaak as being equal to the recitation of 50 Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? Scholars estimated it to be half an hour. What is the ruling on whoever eats or drinks while the Athaan (call to Prayer) for Fajr is being announced? Does Sawm (Fast) start upon hearing the Athaan for Fajr Prayer or half an hour before or after the Athaan is announced?

Answer: Imsaak means abstention from food, drink, and all that invalidates Sawm from the beginning of the appointed time of Sawm. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) clarifies in the Glorious Qur’aan the starting time of Sawm, which is the break of dawn, saying: …and eat and drink until the white thread (light) of dawn appears to you distinct from the black thread (darkness of night), then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall. The Athaan for Fajr Prayer is a proclamation of the break of dawn. Therefore, you have to stop eating and drinking when you hear it… read more here.