Death and life predestined by Allaah

Question: Some Yemeni tribes believe that if an elderly lady who is stricken in years looks at any young man or woman, or even a male or female child, she will capture their soul, and if she wills, she can bring them back to life. Is this belief based on any evidence from the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of His Messenger (peace be upon him), or any of the Messenger’s Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet)? Moreover, any lady accused of this will be cast out by her children or providers and will be left in the open under the scorching sun. There is a man who is said to find out if an elderly lady is really a “soul taker” or just a normal lady. Kindly answer our question. May Allaah reward you!

Answer: We know no solid proof concerning the two kinds of men and women mentioned above from the sanctified Sharee`ah; it is not permissible even to think of the existence of such things… read more here.

Supplicating to the dead and the absent and seeking their help

Question: These days we see Muslim groups who exceed the limits in loving the dead; they supplicate to them, ask them to meet their needs, and complain to them about their distresses, believing that if they supplicate to them, they will attend their gatherings and relieve their sufferings. One of their prevailing customs is to gather at night in a dark room and supplicate to `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times, believing that he had ordered them to do so and that he will, consequently, come to them and meet their needs. They draw their conclusions from the following verses of poetry, which they read with great submission, Khushoo` (their hearts being attuned to the act of worship), love, and humility. Some of those verses are: 

O axis of the heaven and the earth, who gives them succor,
Who floods my eyes, who gives them existence and succor.
O son of the two highest, who preserves their heritage,
O best of those known as Muhyy Al-Deen.
O great provider of succor of every age and time,
The superior Waliy (pious person) of arbitration and consolidation.
The most in need of the Lord, and poor,
You who are named after the Deen (religion) as Muhyy Al-Deen.
Allah addressed you and you listened:
“O great provider of succor, be near to those gathering,
You are My Shining Successor in the universe;
The one who was given the great name of Muhyy Al-Deen.”

Other verses read: 

Whoever calls my name a thousand times in their seclusion,
with resolve and determination, forsaking their slumber,
I will hasten to answer their call.
So call: “O `Abdul-Qaadir Muhyy Al-Deen,
O great provider of succor, servant of the Swift Provider,
O master, come to me, O Muhyy Al-Deen.”

And yet other verses say: 

O my master, supporter, and provider of succor, O my helper,
Be my defender and reinforcement against my enemies.
Protect my honor and take my extended hand, and help me,
For you Muhyy Al-Deen are Allaah’s Successor,
The cavern of the grieving, shelter for confused hearts,
Refuge for the weak, and guarantor of vows,
The provider of succor for those lost at sea,
O `Abdul-Qaadir, master of the slaves of the Provider.

They read these verses and supplicate to Muhyy Al-Deen `Abdul-Qaadir a thousand times. Here, in the town of Nahur, there is the grave of a Waliy upon whom Muslims call with great Khushoo` and humility in their gatherings, using the following verses: 

O friend of Al-Nahur, support me
In my hearing, limbs, and good vision.
Extend my life, don’t give me few years,
O gather of all the good, `Abdul-Qaadir.
Be my refuge the day the proud are full of pride,
And from the distress of this world on another day.

There are many of these poems, and no house is free from them, even if it does not contain a Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan). People read these poems during every celebration and party, and the religious scholars even take part in these readings, and permit them. Would you please, consider the meanings of these poems and then answer the following questions, supporting the answer with clear evidence from the Qur’aan and the Sunnah? We would like to publish and circulate the answers among the Muslims to establish the truth and destroy falsehoods. May it be a means of guiding the people! 

Q 1: Is it permissible for Muslims to read such poems as acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and believe in their meanings?

Q 2: Is it permissible for Muslims to call upon `Abdul-Qaadir Al-Jeelaanee (may Allaah be pleased with him) a thousand times in a dark room with all Khushoo` and humility, and ask for his presence? 

Q 3: What is the Islaamic ruling on doing such acts? 

Q 4: Is it permissible for a Muslim to offer Salaah (Prayer) behind someone who professes such beliefs and participates in these occasions? What are Muslims obligated to do regarding them?

Answer: Firstly, supplicating to other than Allaah, such as to dead or absent people, and seeking their help to drive away grief, relieve a distress, cure a sick person, or anything similar, is Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.