Can there be more than one right aspect for the same question?

Question 10: Can Ijmaa` (consensus of Scholars) be reached in our present time throughout the Islaamic world? With regard to the Fatwas of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy that are unanimously agreed upon by all members of the Academy, are they considered a consensus? Is it possible that Ijmaa` may be concluded in places other than the Islaamic Fiqh Academy? Please advise, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: First, Most scholars of Usool-ul-Fiqh (principles of Islaamic jurisprudence) agree that Ijmaa` can be reached by people of power and knowledge in Muslim nations concerning a certain issue and the resulting agreed-upon opinion can be known among them, such as permitting the master to have sexual intercourse with his female slave… read more here.

 

How authentic is the following Hadeeth سنن الدارمي المقدمة (157) “The most daring to give Fatwaa is the most daring to enter the fire.”?

Question 8: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.

Is it permissible for any person to give a Fatwaa without the proper knowledge of it?

Question 7: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.