Smelling the smoke of fire of the burning wood during the daytime of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on the smoke of the fire when wood or similar materials get burned during a day of Ramadaan? Does this smoke break the Sawm (Fast) of the fasting person if he smells it or not?

Answer: If the smoke goes into his throat unwillingly, then it does not affect his Sawm... read more here.

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Smelling tobacco during Sawm

Question: Some of my co-workers smoke while I am observing Sawm (Fast) the six days of Shawwaal; does the smell of smoking invalidate Sawm? Please note that I do not smoke, all praise be to Allaah.

Answer: Someone’s Sawm is not invalidated if dust or smoke gets into their throat, for this is beyond their control. However, you should advise the people who smoke to give up and repent from smoking, because it is Haraam (prohibited) and a sin... read more here.

Breaking Sawm purposefully on a day of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan whether with or without a legal excuse?

Answer: Anyone who breaks Sawm in Ramadaan without a valid excuse is to be considered a sinner, and has to make up for it. However, if a person breaks his Sawm by having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, he should pay the Kaffaarah (expiation) which is to emancipate a believing slave... read more here.

Breaking Sawm before sunset

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) a short time ahead of sunset? Will this Sawm be counted?

Answer: The time of Sawm begins at the break of the second dawn and lasts until sunset. If someone observing Sawm eats before sunset, their Sawm is invalidated and they should make up for it if the Sawm is Waajib (obligatory), but if the Sawm is Nafilah (supererogatory), there is no blame on them for what they did, and they do not have to make up for it... read more here.

Breaking Sawm when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan of the Maghrib Salaah

Question: Some fasting people break their Sawm (Fast) when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: Iftar (breaking the Fast) is only permitted after making sure that the sun has set. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall There are many Hadeeths reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard, such as his saying... read more here.

Breaking fast and negligence in determining its right time

Question: The mu’ath-thin pronounced Athaan (call to Salaah) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer at 5:37 P.M. And Madfa` Al-Iftaar (the canon signaling breaking the fast time) was heard at the same time, followed by other mu’ath-thins pronouncing Athaan. The people started breaking their fast. Those mu’ath-thins thought that the time of Maghrib had already started and the sun had set, because it was cloudy, although the official time of Maghrib as set in the calendar and determined by the Department of Astronomy in the University of King Su`ood was at 5:45 P.M. Then Madfa` Al-Iftaar was heard again at this time, and other mu’ath-thins pronounced Athaan, and some people started breaking their fast at that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, people are confused; some of them believe fast of that day was nullified and must be made up for due to such negligence of determining the right time, since the clock was available and they could know the exact time. Others said that we do not have to make up for this day, and the one who carries this sin and should make up for the day is the one who caused this problem. Therefore, we request Your Eminence to quickly resolve this issue, so that this problem will be settled. May Allaah grant you success and guide your steps on the Straight Path.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, then they should make up for that day, because they broke their fast before the due time of breaking fast and due to their negligence in determining the right time... read more here.

Hearing Athaan being proclaimed before its due time and beginning to have Iftaar

Question: A person heard the Athaan (call to Prayer) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer according to local time in Cairo, thinking the Athaan was according to the local time in Alexandria, then he had Iftaar (breaking the Fast). What is the ruling on this? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Hearing Athaan being proclaimed before its due time and beginning to have Iftaar... read more here.

Beginning Iftaar by eating meat if there is no date

Question: Is it permissible for a fasting person to begin Iftaar (breaking the Fast) by eating meat if they do not find date?

Answer: It is permissible to break Sawm (Fast) with dates, any type of food, or meat. However, it is better to break Sawm with ripe dates. If one does not find ripe dates, one may eat dried dates. If there are no dried dates, they can break Sawm with water. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to do so..read more here.

The night spent in seeking Allaah’s Pleasure by performing Taraaaweeeh along with drinking lawful & unlawful drinks

Question: During Ramadaan some people are in the habit of gathering together from the time of Iftaar (breaking the Fast) until the time of Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast). They hire someone to recite the Noble Qur’aan for them and lead them in the `Ishaa (Night) Prayer and Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan). During the break, they have some drinks like tea and smoke the water pipe. Even the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) smokes cigarettes and makes amulets, which people believe to cure diseases. Moreover, they make Khatmah (one complete reading of the entire Noble Qur’aan) in Ramadaan and dedicate its reward to the dead. They describe this as a night spent in seeking the Pleasure of Allaah (Exalted be He). Furthermore, when a person dies, they hold a large marquee where people gather to listen to Noble Qur’an recitation and smoke cigarettes. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: It is obligatory to observe fasting during the blessed month of Ramadaan. It is also desirable to offer Taraaaweeeh Prayer at night. This was the regular practice of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah (Companions). One must not follow acts of Bid`ahs (innovations in religion) which came to be practiced to Islaam after the demise of the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) and his Sahaabah… read more here.

Opening a restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to serve meals to non-Muslims

Question: First, the Company where we work opens its restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to serve meals to non-Muslim employees. The evil consequences of such violation led some weak Muslims to break their Sawm (Fast) and share food with the non-Muslim. This happened last year, and the Committee for the Propagation of Virtue and the Prevention of Vice (CPVPV) has been notified about a case that was filed against a Muslim who deliberately broke his fast in the above-mentioned restaurant during Ramadaan without a valid excuse.

Second: The workers at the restaurant are not permitted to offer the Thuhr (Noon) Prayer in congregation at the nearby Masjid (mosque) because they have to serve lunch for non-Muslims at that time. Therefore, they become busy preparing food in the restaurant for non-Muslims.

Third: We are extremely offended by the smell of food coming from the restaurant as we pray in the adjacent Masjid.

Fourth: All Sabic Companies, except ours, give permission to their non-Muslim employees to go home to have lunch. Our company is the only one that opens its restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan.

Fifth: The behavior of our Company stands as a blatant violation of the directions of our Muslim rulers, may Allaah safeguard them. They expressively warned against this violation through all forms of media.

We ask Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) to help you find a solution to this problem. At least, we wish to help our Muslim brothers who work in this restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to be allowed to offer the Thuhr Prayer at its appointed time. As I have explained above, at the time of Thuhr Prayer, they are obliged to prepare lunch for non-Muslims, and hence can not offer the Prayer. May Allaah guide you to that which is right and most pleasing to Him!

Answer: It is not permissible to open the restaurant during the daytime in Ramadaan to prepare food for non-Muslims. This is because doing so may give rise to indulgence in grave prohibitions, such as assisting them in committing what Allaah (Exalted be He) has prohibited… read more here.

Ruling on holding a collective Iftaar gathering

Question: I heard from some Muslim brothers that the collective Iftaar (breaking the Fast), whether during the Month of Ramadaan or during a voluntary fasting, is an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Is this true?

Answer: There is no harm in having collective Iftaar during Ramadaan or in any other month, as long as such a gathering is not perceived as a form of worship. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: No sin on you whether you eat together or apart. However, if it is feared that the collective Iftaar during voluntary fasting might include showing off and might be seen as an act of distinguishing the fasting people from those who are not fasting, then Iftaar in this way is reprehensible… read more here.

Which categories of fasting persons one gets rewarded for offering them Iftaar

Question: Which categories of fasting persons did the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourage offering them Iftaar (breaking the Fast) meal? Are they the poor, strangers, or guests whom we invite to have Iftaar mealat our home including family members and relatives? Are we rewarded for serving Iftaar to fasting persons to whom we extend a special invitation during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who offers a fasting person something to break their Sawm will earn the same reward as them, without diminishing in the slightest the reward of the one fasting. (Related by Al-Tirmithee)... read more here.

Desirability of breaking fast by eating dates and resuming Iftaar after offering the Maghrib salaah

Question: What are the Islaamic etiquettes one should follow when breaking the Fast? Many people take long time in eating until the time of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is over. They claim that Salaah (Prayer) should be delayed once the food is served. Is this claim true? What should one do when breaking the Fast? Does one have some dates first, then resume the Iftaar (breaking the Fast) after offering Salaah, or should one finish his Iftaar first and then offer Salaah?

Answer: The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is that the fasting person should break their Fast once they are sure that the sun has set. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Question: We cannot hear the Athaan (call to Prayer) because the Masjid (mosque) is far away from the place where we live. Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Answer: When you are most certain that the sun has already set or you think it has most likely set, as you are not positively sure of its setting,due to heavy clouds, then you may break your Sawm even if you are too far away from the Masjid to hear the Athaan. This is based on a Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (fast)?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until a long time after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan; for example, at 9 or 10 PM?

Answer: A fasting person should break Sawm immediately at sunset. This complies with the regular practice and words of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this regard, it is reported on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) In brief, delaying Iftaar (breaking Fast) until a long time after sunset does not conform to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet); rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Making Du`aa’ when breaking fast

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: The Du`aa’ (supplication) of a fasting person at the time of breaking Sawm (Fast) will not be rejected.What is the exact time referred to by the phrase “Du`aa’ at the time of breaking Sawm”? Does it refer to Du`a’ made just few moments before Iftaar (breaking the Fast), or immediately after it?

Answer: This Hadeeth is narrated by Ibn Maajah. The author of Al-Zawaa’id ranked its Isnaad (chain of narrators) as Saheeh (authentic).Focusing on the question, Du`aa’ can be made before or after Iftaar because the preposition “at” refers to both times… read more here.

Iftaar starts at the time of the Athaan of the Maghrib Salaah

Question: Does Iftar (breaking the Fast) during Ramadaan start upon hearing the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or upon seeing the setting of the sun? According to a Hadeeth, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: Once he was on a journey, he said to one of his Companions: “Get up and mix Saweeq (powdered barley) with water for us.” He then bade him mount a camel and watches for the sunset. Once he has seen it, they would immediately break fast.

Answer: The fast is to be ended upon the sunset or when one has been informed by a trustworthy person that the time of Iftaar has become due; alternatively, when they hear the Athaan of the Maghrib Prayer… read more here.

Breaking fast upon verifying that the sun has set and declined below the western horizon

Question: A group of people emerged in our town saying that they are staunch adherents to the Sunnah of Al-Mustafaa (peace be upon him). But it is observed that they break fast in Ramadaan and in other months at twilight (the time the sun is declining). They also say that the Hadeeth which they quote in support of their action is sound and authentic. What is your opinion with regard to this issue, our Shaykh?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated: When night falls from this side and the day disappears from this side and the sun has set, then the fasting person should break fast. (Reported by Al-Bukhaaree) Therefore, it is not allowed to break fast until the sun has completely set and declined below the western horizon, and the night has fallen in the eastern horizon. This can be ascertained either by witnessing the setting of the sun or by hearing the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) making the Athaan (call to Prayer) at the prescribed time… read more here.

Breaking the fast when the sun sets

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall It is established that Shiites quote this verse as evidence that breaking the fast should not take place except after seeing the stars in the sky, which for them is the actual night, as stated in the story of Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) (peace be upon him) in which Allaah says: When the night covered him over with darkness he saw a star. Then, what is the reply to their claim, keeping in mind that they deny some Hadeeths which we quoted for them as evidence for breaking the fast upon the setting of the sun. They also claim that the Noble Qur’aan has more authority than the Hadeeth?

Answer: If the sun has set, then it is the time to break the fast. The setting of the sun is the inception of the night, according to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) statement: When night falls from this side and the day disappears from this side and the sun has set, then one should break his fast.read more here.

One should break the fast upon witnessing sunset

Question: Is it permissible to break the fast immediately upon hearing the Athaan (call to Saalah) of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan, or must one wait until the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) finishes the Athaan and then one may break the fast?

Answer: One should break the fast when seeing the sunset, or by hearing the Athaan of the Mu’ath- thin who raises the Athaan only after the sun has set. Thus, one should break fast upon hearing the Athaan… read more here.

Ruling on a person who mistakenly breaks his fast 5 minutes before the Athaan?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who mistakenly breaks their fast five minutes before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is announced? The reason is related to miscalculation of time.

Answer: The time of the fast starts from the break of dawn until sunset. A person is required to make up for their fast if they mistakenly broke it before sunset. One should not solely depend on checking the time by looking at the clock when breaking the fast. The visualization of the setting of the sun must also be taken into consideration. This is because the day length differs from one day to another… read more here.

What is the ruling on a person who delays Iftaar ?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who delays Iftaar (breaking the Fast) until after Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)? It is noteworthy that the person concerned is well-aware of the rulings pertaining to breaking Sawm (Fast). Also, when observing voluntary Sawm, he is in the habit of breaking Sawm after `Ishaa’ (Night) Prayer. What is the ruling on the validity of Sawm as such? I appreciate giving me advice in this regard.

Answer: Sawm ends at sunset. This is based on the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) in which Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall This is also based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: When night comes from this direction (east) and the day departs from this direction (west) and the sun has set, it is time for the fasting person to break Sawm. The Prophet (peace be upon him) is also reported to have said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset)read more here.