Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here

Is it permissible to urinate while standing?

Question 10: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to urinate while standing?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is not Haraam to urinate while standing, but it is a Sunnah to urinate while sitting, as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “If anyone tells you that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to urinate while standing up, do not believe him, for the Prophet always used to urinate while sitting”. Narrated by Al-Tirmidee who commented that this Hadeeth is the most authentic one in this regard, as this entails modesty and caution of being soiled with urine… read more here.

What is the ruling on using western styled toilets?

Question 9: Is it permissible to use western style toilets?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence: It is permissible to use any toilets but try to protect your bodies and clothes from Najaasah (ritual impurity) when relieving yourselves. After finishing, you should follow the Islaamic way either by performing Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with hard material after urination or defecation) or Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) and… read more here.

Does sewage water become pure after refining and recycling it?

Question 8: What is the ruling on using sewage water to perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Ghusl (ritual bath) after it has been treated?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and companions. To commence: The Council of Senior Scholars has studied this matter before in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia and issued a decision regarding it to the following content: The council has read the study that was made on this matter by the Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’. The council has also read the letter of his Excellency, the Minister of Agriculture and Water No. 1 / 1299 on 30/05/1398 A. H. After studying and discussing the matter, the following was decreed… read more here.

How authentic is the following Hadeeth سنن الدارمي المقدمة (157) “The most daring to give Fatwaa is the most daring to enter the fire.”?

Question 8: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

Delaying performing Fajr Prayer from its due time

Question 5: What is the ruling on the Salaah (“Prayer”) of a person who has been in the habit of offering the Fajr (Dawn) Prayer after sunrise for two years? He claims that sleep overpowers him as he stays up late until midnight sitting at cafés or nightclubs.

Question 5: Is it permissible to dine with this person, keep company with him, or live with him?

A: It is prohibited to delay Salaah until its appointed time elapses. Every Muslim should give due concern to offer Salaah at its appointed time. He may ask someone to remind him of its time or he may set his alarm clock at prayer time. A person is prohibited to stay up late at night clubs or other places of entertainment which make him miss the Fajr Prayer or miss the reward of congregational prayer… read more here.

 

Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Question 5: Is it permissible in these days to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence, practicing Ijtihaad is still opened before people of knowledge and belief who have deep insight and understanding for the Qur’aan, the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) and the sayings of those who preceded us from among the Companions of the Prophet (peace be upon him) and… read more here.

Ruling on standing water that is equal to two Qullas or more without any change in its color, taste, or odor?

Question 3: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadeeth: None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub. ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Regarding a person who denies the punishment in the grave?

Question 4: What about a person who denies the punishment in the grave, because the reports in this regard are Hadith-ul-Ahad (Hadiths which at some point in the chain have only a single narrator) which -they hold- can never be taken as basis for beliefs? They do not judge reports in terms of authenticity, acceptability, and weakness, but in terms of the numerous chains of transmission; whether it is a singular report or recurrently reported at each generation of narrators. Upon finding out that a certain report is singular, they reject it. How does one respond to this?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone. Peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, if a singular report is authentically reported from Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him), it is a credited proof according to the consensus of Ahl-al-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community), whether on issues of worship or creed… read more here.

What is the ruling on performing Ghusl in standing water for the one who is Junub

Question 2: What is the legal ruling on performing Ghusl (ritual bath) in standing water for someone who is Junub (in a state of major ritual impurity)?It should be noted that there are many ponds in desert places where water remains standing for a long period without being changed except by rain water in summer or autumn. There are also some ponds in Masjids (mosques). What is the ruling on the prohibition mentioned in Hadith: “None of you should wash in standing water while he is Junub.” ? What is the ruling on a person who does what is prohibited? Moreover, villagers used to come to these ponds and reveal some parts of their bodies above the knees?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: Firstly: It is not permissible for the Junub to perform Ghusl in standing water. It was reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah… read more here.

What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water?

Question 1: What is the preponderant opinion on the issue of water? Please clarify the issue in detail.

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence:

The basic ruling on water is that it is Taahir (ritually pure). If its color, taste, or odor changes due to being mixed with a Najaasah (ritual impurity), it will be considered to be Najis (ritually impure), whether the amount is small or large. However, if the Najaasah does not alter it, it will be considered as Taahir… read more here.

Those who vow and slaughter sacrifices to the dead in the graves and shrines

Question 21: If a father performs the five daily Salaah (Prayers) and maintains the pillars of Islaam but believes that vowing and slaughtering to those buried in the graves and shrines is permissible, can his son use his money to secure his future or inherit him after his death?

Answer: The belief of a Mukallaf (legally competent person) that vowing or slaughtering sacrificial animals to those buried in graves is permissible, is considered Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship) which takes him out of the fold of Islaam. He should be asked to repent for three days and to be kept under firm control. If he does not repent, he should be killed. With regard to the son’s reception… read more here.

Seeking help from someone who is not Present

Question 7: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: Firstif one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haram (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). A person who insists on doing… read more here.

Saying the Phrase, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so and so!” or Assist me!

Question 6: What is the ruling on seeking help from the dead, such as saying, “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, or seeking help from the living who are absent and do not hear the one calling for their help?

Answer: First, if one calls upon a dead person for help saying: “Madad (Give me help and strength), O so-and-so!”, they must be advised and warned that this is Haram (prohibited); it is even an act of Shirk (associating others with Allah in His… read more here.