Zakaah on grains and fruits

Question 7: What is the minimum possible Nisaab (the minimum amount on which Zakaah is due) on grains, rice and so on? How much of them should be given for a person who deserves Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Nisaab of Zakaah on grains such as wheat, barley, corn, and rice is five Wasqs (1 Wasq = 60 Saa`s =130,320 kg), where a Saa` is equal to four Mudds (a dry measure of half bushel, 543 grams) according to the measuring of the Prophet (peace be upon him), and it is also equal to four hundred and… read more here.

Does discharging a little amount of blood marking the beginning of menstrual period before sunset invalidate fast?

Question 8: Is it obligatory to perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) after a person (male or a female) breaks wind? Also, what should a lady do in case she sees three drops of blood during the time of her menstruation period while she is observing Sawm (Fast)? Is it permissible for her to break her Sawm or should she continue her Sawm bearing in mind that this happens just before sunset?

Answer: Breaking wind, whether by a man or a woman, invalidates Wudoo’ (ablution). A person who breaks wind is not required to perform Istinjaa’. Rather, it is obligatory on this person to perform Wudoo’, which is washing the face along with Madmadah (rinsing the mouth) and Istinshaaq (sniffing water into the nose and then expelling it), washing the two arms up until the elbows, wiping the head along with the ears, and… read more here.

A woman taking pills to stop menstruation during Ramadaan so that she can fast

Question 6: Is it permissible for a woman to take a medicine to prevent menstruation during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is permissible for women to use medication to prevent menstruation during Ramadaan in the case that trustworthy, expert doctors and the like ascertain that doing so neither harms women’s health nor has a bad effect on pregnancy organs. However, it is better that women do not use such medications. Allaah has given women a Rukhsah (concession) not to observe Sawm (Fast) when they have their menstrual period in Ramadaan… read more here.

Are they who lose their minds accountable for their deeds?

Question 8: Will a mad person be held accountable for the misdeeds that he committed such as neglecting Salaah (Prayer), Sawm (Fast), Zakaah (obligatory charity), and son on? It should be noted that the person concerned was a normal person in the beginning of his life, but later became insane.

Answer: As for the period when the person concerned was sane, he will be held accountable for the deeds done then; rewarded for the good ones and punished for the bad ones. As for the period when he was insane, he will not be held accountable for the deeds committed then… read more here.

Should the person who loses consciousness for a long period make up for Salaah and Sawm they have missed?

Question 7: I have a thirty year old daughter who is a mother. She has been suffering from a mental disorder for fourteen years now. In the past, this disorder used to afflict her during irregular intervals. This time her mental disorder has lasted for three months. Accordingly, she cannot perform Wudoo’ (ablution) or Salaah (prayer) unless there is someone to guide her about how to perform prayers and the number of Rak`ahs (units of Prayer). Now, after the advent of the blessed month of Ramadaan, she only fasted one day and didn’t fast the rest of the month. Please, guide us regarding the obligatory duties on her and on me, as I am the one responsible for her. May Allaah reward you.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, she is not obliged to fast, pray, or even make up for them, and all you have to do is to take good care of her as you are the one responsible for her. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here