How to properly interpret Hadeeths that voice admonishment?

Question 391: How do I properly interpret Hadeeths that voice admonishment?

Answer: You have to consider their apparent meanings without trying to give them any Ta’weel (allegorical interpretation). This causes such Hadeeths to be more deterring... read more here.

Is it permissible to urinate while standing?

Question 10: Is it Halaal (lawful) or Haraam (prohibited) to urinate while standing?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: It is not Haraam to urinate while standing, but it is a Sunnah to urinate while sitting, as `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) said, “If anyone tells you that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to urinate while standing up, do not believe him, for the Prophet always used to urinate while sitting”. Narrated by Al-Tirmidee who commented that this Hadeeth is the most authentic one in this regard, as this entails modesty and caution of being soiled with urine… read more here.

What exactly is the difference between the ‘Mustahab’ (stressed sunnah) and the ‘Waajib’ (obligatory)?

Question 9: Any command given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates obligation and duty. However, there is a Hadeeth whose apparent meaning contradicts the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): When I command you to do anything, do of it as much as you possibly can. How can a Muslim reconcile these two Hadeeths?

Answer: The basic rule concerning any commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is that they denote obligation, unless otherwise indicated. However, fulfillment of obligation is in accordance with one’s ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can This is also supported by the Hadeeth mentioned in the question… read more here.

How authentic is the following Hadeeth سنن الدارمي المقدمة (157) “The most daring to give Fatwaa is the most daring to enter the fire.”?

Question 8: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.

Upon mentioning the names of the Sahaabah (Companions), should we say: عليه السلام or رضي الله عنهم ?

Question 10: Is it permissible upon mentioning the name of one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) to say, “Peace and blessings be upon him” instead of “May Allaah be pleased with him”?

Answer: It is permissible to say, “Peace be upon him” upon mentioning a Sahaabee (Companion of the Prophet) or some other person, for Imaam Al-Bukhaaree reported in his Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth), under the chapter on “Sending peace and blessings on other than the Prophet (peace be upon him)” and Allaah’s saying: …and invoke Allaah for them. Verily, your invocations are a source of security for them on the authority of the following chain of narration… read more here.

Claiming that al-Jaami’ al-Saheeh of al-Bukhaaree contains weak Hadeeths

Question 6: Some people claim that the Saheeh (Authentic Hadeeth Book) of Al-Bukhaaree includes some Da‘eef (weak) Hadeeth, although we told them that all Muslims unanimously agree to its authenticity, could you please show the right opinion?

Answer: This claim is untrue, for all the Hadeeth in Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree that are Musnad (Hadeeths with a sound chain of narration) and Muttasil (Hadeeths with a continuous chain of narration to a Companion of the Prophet or Follower; the generation after the Prophet’s Companions) are authentic… read more here.

Offering sacrifices to the Jinns in order to please them or to ward off their evil

Question 29: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: “Allaah curses the person who offers a sacrifice to anyone other than Allaah …” what is meant by this exactly given that here in the South when we slaughter animals to entertain guests or as meat for the household, people say, “In the Name of Allaah and upon the religion of the Messenger of Allaah, this is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) purely for the Sake of Allaah. O Allaah! Please grant the reward for this to me and my household?”

Answer: What is meant by this Hadeeth is the prohibition of offering sacrifices to the dead prophets or Awliya’ (pious people), seeking their blessing; or offering sacrifices to the Jinn (creatures created from fire), so as to please them and… read more here.

 

Invoking Allah and seeking to draw close to Him by His Most Magnificent Names

Question 16: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): “And  (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them”. How can Allaah be supplicated to by His Most Beautiful Names; should He be supplicated to by ten of His Names or more, or can it be just by the Name befitting the reason for the Du’aa (supplication)?

Answer: It is lawful to supplicate to Allaah and seek to draw close to Him by His Most Beautiful Names, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: “And the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them”. Imaam Ahmad reported a Hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas‘ood, that… read more here.