Claiming that the heavens and earth were created for the Prophet and the ruling on seeking blessings from the dust at his grave

Question: There is a widely-circulated tradition observed by common Muslim people in our country and some of the upper class as well. They hold an annul remembrance gathering to commemorate the Mawlid (birthday) of the Prophet (peace be upon him). Someone starts the gathering by reciting some Aayaat of the Noble Qur’aan while sitting and then some scholars speak about the birth of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) until the end when they tell people to stand up in reverence of Ahmad (one of the names of the Prophet, peace be upon him). They believe that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is not like humans, for – they believe, he is created from Allaah’s own Light, that he is present everywhere, seeing everything, and that he is everywhere, witnessing festivals of his birthday and listening to what they say. They stand up and chant:

O Prophet, peace be upon you!

O Prophet, peace be upon you!

O Messenger, peace be upon you!

O beloved, peace be upon you!

Allaah’s Blessings be upon you!

Was this present wide-spread custom practiced at the time of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) and their Taabi‘oon (Followers, the generation after the Companions of the Prophet) or not?

Is remembering the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) using these words and paying him reverence when mentioning his birth something good or bad? Sunnah or Bid‘ah (innovation in religion)? Right or Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)?

Please, elaborate on the topic by citing examples of the practices of the Sahabah and their Taabi‘oon (may Allaah be pleased with them all).

Answer: First, holding a celebration to commemorate the Mawlid (the Prophet’s birthday) is a Bid‘ah that goes against the guidance of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and the Rightly-guided Caliphs and the Sahaabah (Companions), may Allaah be pleased with them all.

It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever does an action which is not in accordance with this matter of ours (Islaam), will have it rejected. His Eminence Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez ibn `Abdullaah ibn Baaz issued a detailed Fatwaa concerning the ruling on celebrating the birthday of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)… read more here.

Greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) at his grave

Question: Did the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) use to stand when greeting the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)? When is it permissible to greet the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) while standing? If greeting him while standing is permissible at the blessed Rawdah (the area between the Prophet’s pulpit and grave), why it is not permissible if a person is away from it?

Answer: Standing in an upright position beside the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when greeting him with peace is not for the sake of paying salutation to measure against it the necessity of standing up when greeting him at any other place… read more here.

The etiquette the Messenger followed when visiting graves

Question: There is a grave in our village which is said to belong to one of the righteous people. A house was built over this grave and there are two people appointed to take care of it. These people inherited this mission from their fathers. They tell people: “This night, the dweller of this grave said so and so and asked for so and so. They have attracted people’s hearts that live beside the grave. People believe everything that is said by these two people. Therefore, people make Tawaaf (circumambulation) around the grave, sacrifice animals for its sake, etc. What is the ruling on a person who thinks that this Walee (pious person) brings benefit or causes harm? Is it permissible to vow or sacrifice for the sake of this Walee? What should someone do if they know that these things contradict Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) especially if they live with these people?

Answer: The guidance of the Messenger (peace be upon him) in visiting the graves is clear in Saheeh Hadeeths (Hadeeths that have been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish)… read more here.

Visiting and praying in Al-Masjid Al-Aqsaa, if possible

Question 23: Under the current agreement between the Arabs and Jews, is it permissible to visit Al-Aqsaa Mosque and offer Salaah (Prayer) in it, in the case of the approval of the Arab countries?

Answer: Visiting Al-Aqsaa Mosque and offering Salaah in it is an act of Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to be done if this is possible. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: No journey should be undertaken except to three Masjids: Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah), this Masjid of mine (Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque in Madeenah)), and Al-Aqsaa Mosque.  (Agreed upon by Imams Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim)… read more here.

Women visiting the grave of the Prophet: Is it permissible?

Question 22: Is it permissible for women to visit the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

Answer: It is not permissible for them to do so because of the Hadeeths which forbid women from visiting graves and indicate that they are cursed for doing so. It is known that there is a difference of opinion among scholars concerning women visiting the grave of the Prophet (peace be upon him), but avoiding this is safer and closer to the Sunnah… read more here.