Allaah telling the Messengers about the Ghayb

Question: When we tell our brothers that it is only Allaah Who has knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen) and that no messenger or angel knows it, they say that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) knew the Ghayb and that the Qur’an which he was sent with is Ghayb. They take Allaah’s statement: “(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the Ghayb (Unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghayb (Unseen).” Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes) as evidence. They also claim that the Messenger (peace be upon him) was among those whom Allaah chose to inform of the Ghayb. What is Your Honor’s opinion? Is it permissible to say that the Messenger knew the Ghayb based on the previous Aayah? We hope that Your Honor will respond to this question

Answer: The knowledge of the Ghayb belongs to Allaah (Exalted be He) Alone, for His statement, Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (Unseen) except Allaah” and: Say (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم): “I possess no power over benefit or harm to myself except as Allaah wills. If I had the knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen), I should have secured for myself an abundance of wealth, and no evil should have touched me.… read more here.

Five keys to the Ghayb only known to Allaah

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says in His Book: Verily Allâh, with Him (Alone) is the knowledge of the Hour, He sends down the rain, and knows that which is in the wombs. No person knows what he will earn tomorrow, and no person knows in what land he will die. Verily, Allaah is All-Knower, All-Aware (of things). This Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) contains these Words of Allaah’s: …and knows that which is in the wombs.

My friend and I had a long discussion about this Aayah. He told me that modern science and the doctors can now know what is inside women’s wombs; whether they are carrying a boy or a girl, through ultrasound.

I told him that Allaah (Glorified be He) says: …and knows that which is in the wombs. Does the Aayah mean that science has not discovered what is inside the wombs or there is another Tafseer (explanation/exegesis of the meanings of the Qur’aan) for the Aayah?

Answer: It is authentically reported in the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that the five keys to the Ghayb (Unseen) are only known to Allaah, and they are mentioned in this Aayah, which is the subject of this question. It is related by Al-Bukhaaree on the authority of `Abd Allaah ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased by them) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Causes of disagreement between scholars

Question: Why did the four Imaams (scholars) disagree on some legal matters? Did the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) know that these Imaams would come after him?

Answer: We do not know whether the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) knew that the four Imaams would come after him or not. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not know the Ghayb (the unseen), but knew only what Allaah informed him… read more here.

Ruling on consulting soothsayers who claim the knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: What is the legal ruling on consulting soothsayers who claim knowledge of Ghayb (the Unseen)? What about those who hold back from taking action against them?

Answer: Knowledge of the Ghayb is exclusive to Allaah Alone. Whoever claims to possess it is certainly assuming the acquisition of a Divine attribute that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone possesses, and is making himself a rival with Allaah… read more here.

Claiming to have knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: We have a woman whom people call “the Ghayb (unseen) claimer”, if this is due to her claiming the knowledge of the Ghayb, then what is the ruling?

Answer: Claiming the knowledge of the Ghayb is Kufr (disbelief). Allaah (Exalted be He) says: Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (Unseen) except Allaah” This woman must change her name to something more acceptable, such as Faatimah, `Aa’ishah, and the like until she is no longer known for claiming the Ghayb… read more here.

Hadeeth: “After more than fourteen centuries, there will be the time of the Hour”

Question: We heard some scholars say that there is a narration that says: “After more than fourteen centuries, there will be the time of the Hour (the Day of Judgment).” Is this narration true? Taking into consideration that about fourteen centuries have passed and nothing has happened.

Answer: No one knows exactly the time of the Hour except Allaah (Exalted be He). There is no authentic Hadeeth that denotes the authenticity of what is mentioned by those whom you have mentioned in the question… read more here.

Does a Waliy (a righteous practicing Muslim) know Ghayb (Unseen knowledge)?

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) states: “(He Alone is) the All-Knower of the Ghaib (Unseen), and He reveals to none His Ghayb (Unseen).” Except to a Messenger (from mankind) whom He has chosen (He informs him of unseen as much as He likes) Can a Waliy of the messenger’s Ummah (nation based on one creed) succeed him in knowing the Ghayb (Unseen)?

Answer: Allaah (Glorified be He) has decreed that the knowledge of the Ghayb is exclusively His, for He states: Say: “None in the heavens and the earth knows the Ghayb (Unseen) except Allaah” He has not excluded any one except his messengers (from mankind) whom He has chosen, at that time… read more here.

Categories of the Ghayb (the Unseen); did prophet Muhammad (peace of Allaah be upon him) know the Ghayb?

Question: Categories of the Ghayb (the Unseen); did prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) know the Ghayb? Was his knowledge in this regard comprehensive or partial?

Answer: There are categories of Ghayb that no one knows except Allaah whether he is an angel who is near Allaah or a messenger, like determining the time when the creatures will be raised before Allaah for reckoning. Nobody knows the time of the Day of Judgment. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The Messenger’s knowledge of the Ghayb (Knowledge of Unseen)

Question: Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) know the Ghayb (Unseen) in the same way he knew about what was happening in the present?

Answer: The basic rule concerning matters related to the Ghayb is that they are known only to Allaah. He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Is chemistry different from alchemy?

Question: I have read in some books that Al-Kimya’ i.e. chemistry; is a type of magic. Is this right? I also heard about a book written by Ibn Al-Qayyim, entitled: Butlan Al-Kimya’ Min Arba`ina Wajhan. I wonder whether it is unlawful to conduct experiments at schools and universities to study the elements and materials since chemistry is said to be a type of magic. I have conducted some experiments at school and found no aspect of magic therein unlike the intervention of Jinn (creatures created from fire), use of talisman, etc. Please advice.

Answer: The science of chemistry taught to students at schools is totally different to the alchemy that is regarded as an unlawful practice by scholars. They consider alchemy a type of magic, warn people against, and cite religious evidence in support of its invalidity… read more here.

Testing the earth with modern equipment and instruments

Question: In light of the spread of the phenomenon of ground water prospecting and well digging in primitive ways relying on what they call “Al-Murzim” or “Al-Mosmi`” i.e. Those who reveal the existence of wells in a particular place. If Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` finds a good environment, they do not ascribe the knowledge of underground water passages to themselves but refer the matter to Allaah’s knowledge. If they find another environment, they indicate the underground streams of water, its paths, and colors of the earth layers which the digger will encounter and such like Ghayb (the Unseen) matters, which cannot be assigned to proficiency and experience. People are often fascinated by their sayings when they come true. Furthermore, I do not know anyone who does not rely on the statements of Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` and their like. Indeed, this belief is firm in the hearts of the people and even in the minds of many intellectuals. Although soothsaying and fortunetelling have been rejected in the creedal books, many continue to believe that the prohibition does not apply to Al-Murzim or Al-Musmi` as they call them.

Therefore, we hope that Your Eminence will advise, guide, and clarify the ruling on this question with reference to those who die on this belief. Finally, what are the ways we can use other than Al-Musmi` or Al-Murzim and their likes?

Answer: If testing the earth is intended for discovering what is hidden in its depths by modern equipment and instruments based on experiments conducted on the layers of the earth and previous experience, it is not a part of soothsaying or knowledge of Ghayb, but it is a part of knowing the causes just as doctors diagnose the type of disease through modern medical equipment. Such cases are approved because they are in conformity with the laws of causality that Allaah places in the universe… read more here.

Speaking, supplicating, or whispering to stones

Question: What is the ransom that someone should offer if they happened to have talked to a stone when they were young and unaware of what is right or wrong? How could a stone hear people! What should they do after growing up and knowing the gravity of their actions? They hope for Allaah’s Forgiveness and Pardon and do not want to visit soothsayers and fortunetellers or prepare a meal for a stone that doesn’t even have a mouth to eat.

Answer: Speaking, making Du`aa’ (supplication), or whispering to a stone is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship). Also offering a sacrifice or food to a stone is an act of Shirk… read more here.

Do astrologers know the Ghayb?

Question: Can fortunetellers tell the truth? Are they capable of knowing anything of the Ghayb (unseen)? Can magic affect a person?

Answer: Fortunetellers do not know the Ghayb. In fact, fortunetelling primarily depends on guessing and lying. It is, thus, prohibited, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Confusion between two Ahaadeeth regarding soothsayer and fortuneteller

Question: How can we reconcile the following two Ahaadeeth:

1Whoever visits a fortuneteller (`Arraf), asks him about anything, and believes in their words, their Salaah (Prayer) shall not be accepted for forty days.(Related by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth)

2- Whoever visits a fortuneteller believing his saying has indeed disbelieved in the revelation sent down to Muhammad. (Related by Aboo Daawood)

Answer: There is no conflict between the two Ahaadeeth. As for the more here.

Consulting a person who claims knowledge of Ghayb

Question: On the eighth of Thul-Hijjah 1403 AH, I got married to my maternal cousin. On the first day of Ramadaan 1405 AH, Allah blessed me with a boy whom I called Moosaa. In Sha`baan, 1406 AH my wife miscarried a fetus after the third month.

In Rabee` Al-Awwal, 1407 AH, Allaah caused my son Moosaa to die. After my son Moosaa died, my maternal aunt, who is also my mother-in-law, came to me and said that she had gone to a man who has “knowledge of the book.” That man told my maternal aunt that a female devil is to be blamed for the death of my children, prompted by her envy and grudge of my wife. He further alleged that he could get rid of this female devil.

I did not listen to what she said. Last year, on the third day of Sha`baan, 1407 AH, Allaah blessed me with a daughter whom I called Masturah, but Allaah caused her to die the day she was born. My maternal aunt came again and blamed me for not going to the man she had mentioned before. She, along with my father, insisted that I should go to him. I asked them to wait a little, so that perhaps Allaah would guide me to something better. Praise be to Allaah, I finally decided to write this letter to you, in the hope that Allaah will enable you to advise us on this matter, knowing that it is causing me constant anguish.

Answer: You have done well by refusing to go with your maternal aunt – your mother-in-law – to a man who claims to have “knowledge of the book,” because he is a sorcerer. You have also done well by asking the people of knowledge for the right more here.

Consulting those who claim to have knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: What is the ruling on sending a piece of clothing or a shirt to those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen) to use for determining an ailment and prescribing suitable treatment?

Answer: It is Haraam (prohibited) to consult those who claim knowledge of the Ghayb. It is not permissible to send to them a piece of clothing, a shirt, or anything else. It is also Haraam to believe what they say, according to the Saheeh (authentic) Hadeeth that have been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this more here.

Breaking spells using the method of numbers

Question: What is the ruling on a person who removes magic spells using numbers such as: 21, 31, 137, 121, 25; he looks at these numbers in a way which, he claims, belongs to Yoonus (Jonah, peace be upon him)? It should be minded that this man does not know how to undo magic. He claims he can conjure spirits, which enables him to know the zodiac of the person before him and whether he has been bewitched. If not, he says to him, “Your zodiac is zero” after having taken the name of the bewitched person and his mother’s as well. Is this practice permissible and attributable to Yoonus (peace be upon him), or is it against the Qur’aan and the Sunnah and have not been reported from the Salaf (righteous predecessors)? What is the ruling on a person who goes to those who claim to remove spells using this way and believes in its validity? Please reply with evidence.

Answer: If the case is as you have mentioned, such a person is a soothsayer. There is no evidence that this method is attributed to Yoonus (peace be upon him). This is not Islaamically sanctioned and one should not consult these people, rather they must be denounced, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated, Whoever goes to a diviner and asks him about any matter, his Salaah (prayer) will not be accepted for forty nights. Narrated by Muslim in his Saheeh (authentic) Book of Hadeeth. The Prophet (peace be upon him) also stated Whoever goes to a soothsayer or a diviner and believes what he says, has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. Narrated by Imaam Ahmad and the Four Compilers of Hadeeth with a Saheeh (authentic) Isnaad (chain of narration).

The Prophet (peace be upon him) also stated Anyone who acquires any knowledge of astrology has acquired a branch of magic. Narrated by Aboo Daawood from Ibn ‘Abbaas with a Saheeh more here.

Consulting diviners and soothsayers and wearing amulets

Question: Allaah has willed for me to write this message in which I ask for your advice and clarification with regard to an illness called epilepsy.

My mother suffers from this disease. She was possessed at first by Jinn (creatures created from fire). We brought her an Imaam who was able to exorcise Jinn possessing her. Then she suffered from epilepsy for a week. Whenever we brought the Imaam, she would be well. But when he left, she would return to the same suffering. Then she recovered and led a stable life for a period of time. It was not long before she suffered possession again by a female Jinnee (a creature created from fire). She suffered for about the same period of time. We brought the Imaam once again and he expelled the evil spirit. Then, she suffered again. We brought another Imaam who exorcised her again. This continued for a period of time, whenever she would suffer, we would bring someone to treat her.

Once, my mother asked me to bring the Imaam who treated her the first time. This man said that he was told by the female Jinnee that the room is filled with Jinn, so we moved her to another room. Unfortunately, she remained in the same condition. Then, she asked me to take her to some tombs. I did so but she remained in the same state. We took her to one merchant and he gave her some amulets and drugs. He asked her to wear some of the amulets, put the rest in some water before she washes her body therewith, and to take the drugs. There are still some Jinn in the room. I would like to know if doing this is correct or if it contradicts Sharee`ah (Islaamic law). Please guide me to the truth.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to consult soothsayers and fortune-tellers. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Giving soothsayers money to avoid their harm

Question: If a person tried to leave them (soothsayers), they might prevent him. So, is it permissible to give them money to avoid them? And if one is able to do without their medications and magic acts, is it permissible to salute them or should they be deserted all together?

Answer: Firstly, it is forbidden to give them money in return for their evil acts they do when one visits them. Yet, there is no harm in giving them money to ward off their evil... read more here.

Harm or benefit only by the Will of Allaah

Question: If it happens that a patient seeks treatment from such a woman or one of those who claim to practice ancient medicine, they deem that the patient, whether cured or not, has no choice except to continue treatment with them. They decide the mode of treatment for him; they might even prevent him from seeking treatment with somebody else. If he goes without consulting them, they think they can influence him, and they threaten him with diseases or insanity. The patient may submit to their command out of fear of their doing harm to him. Do they have the influence they claim to have?

Please advise, may Allaah reward you.

Answer: No one can harm or benefit anybody except by the will of Allaah. Ibn ‘Abbaas (may Allaah be pleased with them) narrated that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated… read more here.

Going to and believing soothsayers

Question: The second, third, fourth, fifth, and seventh questions of Fatwaa No. 8071

Q2: There is a woman here who performs all the obligatory acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and also the supererogatory acts, such as Qiyam-ul-Layl (optional Prayer at night), Salaat-ul-Duhaa (supererogatory Prayer after sunrise), and fasts for three days of every month. However, she goes to an Arabian woman doctor for treatment of her psychological illnesses. Is it permissible for her to go to that woman? What advice would you give her?

Q3: If this woman, who regularly performs the acts of `Ibaadah, dies in this condition, what effect will this woman going to have on her deeds?

Q4: Many people come to ask a woman called: “The Absent One,” about matters taking place far away from her. For example, a man goes to her in her village and asks whether his pregnant daughter, who lives in another country, has delivered yet. The woman always gives a decisive answer, whether yes or no, and never says “Allaah knows best.” Is it permissible to ask her questions such as this? Please advise us.

Answer – 2, 3, 4: It is Haraam (prohibited) to go to soothsayers and to believe them. Accordingly, it is not permissible to visit this woman, who claims to know the Ghayb (Unseen), because she is a Kaafir (disbeliever)... read more here.

Going to soothsayers for treatment

Question: What is the ruling on visiting soothsayers?

Answer: It is prohibited to go to soothsayers for the sake of treatment and the like even if someone believes that the cure is from Allaah Alone and visiting soothsayers is only a means. This is proved by explicit and authentic evidence reported in this regard... read more here.

Seeking healing from soothsayers

Question: I live in a village where most of the villagers seek healing from the soothsayers who treat them by talismans, scattered letters, and some vegetarian recipes which if they are mixed, would cause a very rotten smell. They also use something called “Hujbah” where a sick person has to remain hidden for more than 40 days in a black chamber and no one is allowed to visit him. They ask people to slaughter specific offerings such as a black goat or a black ox. Most, if not all of them, believe that soothsayers are aware of those who mention bad things about them and will punish them with sickness and insanity.

They trace back the causes of some diseases to the revenge of the soothsayer. I want to tell Your Eminence that the issue of their confidence in the soothsayers is unquestionable; it is fruitless to argue with them over this blind attachment.

Now, is it permissible for me to accept the invitation of these villagers and eat the meat they offer in ceremonies such as feasts and marriage ceremonies? Likewise, am I permitted to share their food and assemblies? Do the acts mentioned drive them out of Islam or they are excused for their ignorance of the rulings of religion?

Answer: Firstly, If this is the case, they are Kuffaar (disbelievers) and whoever goes to them seeking recovery believing in their soothsaying is a Kaafir (disbeliever) as well.

Secondly: It is not permissible to accept the invitation of these people or to eat the meat of the animals they slaughter in feasts, marriage ceremonies, and the like, for they are Kuffaar, and thus their slaughtered animals cannot be eaten until they sincerely make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah)… read more here.

Going to someone who claims to know place of the lost items by reading the Qur’aan and Hadeeth

Question: In your answer to my previous question no. 30, in Fatwaa no. 6505, dated 19/12/1403 AH., p. 4, you stated that going to fore-tellers is not permissible because they are sorcerers.

I wanted to mention that the people we go to are known for their adherence to the teachings of Islaam. They do not recite anything except the Qur’aan and Hadeeth in these matters, such as those I mentioned in my question. So what is the ruling on consulting them?

Answer: Simply reciting the Qur’aan and Hadeeth will not show them where a lost item is or bring it back. Anyone who consults someone who claims to know where lost items are, just by reading Qur’aan and Hadeeth is consulting a swindling soothsayer, even if they claim to be righteous and adhering to the Deen (religion)… read more here.

Going to soothsayers to identify a thief

Question: Sometimes we lose a sum of money or gold in the house and we think it has been stolen. We go to someone called “Al-Mukhbir” i.e. the soothsayer, and explain to him what has happened. He gives us glad tidings. Sometimes, what we lost is returned and sometimes it is not. What is the ruling on going to such people?

Answer: It is not permissible to go to him because he is a soothsayer. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited going to soothsayers and their like to ask them anything or believe in them… read more here.

Going to soothsayers, diviners, and sorcerers, and asking them about the Ghayb

Question: Some people claim that they treat the insane, establish the ties of intimacy or cause separation between spouses. It is said that they invoke Allaah for the barren to provide them with offspring. They have a lot of superstitions but their actions and beliefs are free from Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

What is the ruling on them and on the people who go to them? Could you please answer me! May Allaah guide you and help us benefit from your knowledge!

Answer: It is not permissible to go to soothsayers, fortune-tellers, and sorcerers, ask them about unseen matter, or believe in what they say. It is also impermissible to act according to their opinions because it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) prohibited going to them or believing them… read more here.

Going to and seeking the help of soothsayers and diviners

Question: There was a disagreement between two people over a religious matter. One of them said that they had heard that it is not a problem if someone goes to see a doctor to treat their illness, and if they are prescribed an ointment, a syrup, cauterization, or Hijaamah (cupping), they can use any one of these. They claimed that these things can be used, even if they are prescribed by a sorcerer as long as the treatment is Mubaah (permissible), because deeds are judged by intentions.

The other person disagreed, as they believed that consulting those who are knowledgeable in sorcery and trickery was nothing other than Kufr (disbelief) or a means of nullifying one’s good deeds, regardless of whether the treatment prescribed is Mubaah or not, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Anyone who resorts to a soothsayer or a diviner and believes what they say has disbelieved in what was revealed to Muhammad. They maintained that if someone who is ill consults a soothsayer – even if they do not believe what they say – their Salaah (Prayer) will not be accepted for forty days, and this means that their good deeds will also not be accepted for forty days. We urgently need a Fatwaa from you to resolve this problem.

Answer: Going to soothsayers and diviners and the like, and seeking their help is not permissible, and believing in what they say is an even greater sin, as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Going to those who seek the help of jinn to cure diseases

Question: Please be notified that I live in Zambia where there is a Muslim claiming to usethe Jinn. People visit him seeking treatment from their diseases by (the power of) the Jinn, is this permissible?

When I come to tell people that this is impermissible, they get angry with me. So, I hope that Your Eminence would kindly answer me as soon as possible.

Answer: It is not permissible for this man to use Jinn. It is also not permissible for people to go to him and follow his ways whether to seek treatment or to fulfill their needs. Instead, they may resort to permissible methods of treatment such as visiting doctors and taking permissible medication… read more here.

Seeking help from the jinn to fulfill one’s needs

Question: What is the ruling on Tandhir (Invoking Jinn and devils against someone to do him harm) like saying, “Take so-and-so” or “Harm them”? What is the ruling on someone who does that? I heard someone say that whoever seeks the help of the Jinn, their Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast) will not be accepted. In addition, when they die, funeral prayer should not be offered for them, their funeral should not be followed and they should not be buried in the Muslim graveyards.

Answer: Seeking the help of the Jinn and turning to them to fulfill someone’s needs, such as asking them to harm or benefit a person, is an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)… read more here.

Funeral Prayer offered for soothsayers

Question: Is it permissible to perform the Funeral Prayer for a soothsayer or a foreteller when they die, if they used to perform Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: If a soothsayer or a foreteller dies while known to be in that same state,and they still claim knowledge of the Ghayb (Unseen), it is not permissible to perform the Funeral Prayer for them, even if they performed Salaah regularly… read more here.

Salaah behind an immoral soothsayer who claims to have knowledge of the Ghayb

Question: Is it permissible for a fortuneteller or a soothsayer to lead people in congregational Salaah (Prayer)? What is the ruling on offering Salaah behind an immoral fortuneteller who claims knowledge of Ghayb (the Unseen)? There is a group of scholars in South Africa who are fortunetellers, deceiving millions of ignorant Muslims and cheating them out of their money by sorcery, soothsaying, writing talismans and using the Jinn (creatures created from fire). Some Indians and Pakistani’s have some strands of hair which they claim belong to the Prophet (peace be upon him) which they use to deceive the people.They sell this hair in the district of Lance for 30 or 100 pounds. Is this permissible? We denounce this practice, so please advise!

Answer: A fortuneteller or a soothsayer who claims knowledge of the Ghayb through divining, calling upon the Jinn, and the like is considered a Kaafir (disbeliever), as Allaah states (what means)… read more here.

Ruling on dealing with soothsayers and diviners

Question: I am a Muslim woman. I am an orphan as my father and mother died a long time ago. I am 31 years old. I act upon the commands of Allaah and the commands of the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) as much as I can. I have lived with my maternal grandmother since I was born and until now. My problem is that my grandmother is a diviner or a soothsayer. She slaughters animals for people other than Allaah and keeps the blood of these animals. Allaah knows what she uses it for. She asks people to bring chickens in order to take their feathers. She inflames incense and puts the scales of fish and other reptiles in them. Moreover, she believes that dead people can bring benefit or cause harm. She earns her living doing this. At the time, I was not able to differentiate between what is lawful and what is unlawful. I tried to stay away from what is unlawful including receiving and welcoming those who come to visit her. But this was in vain as I know what Allaah says in His Glorious Book and what is reported from the Messenger (peace be upon him) in this regard. Not only women deal with her but men as well. All my relatives believe her and are afraid to talk to her as she becomes angry with them. They said to me: “She is like your mother and she has the same rights of obedience as your parents do. Moreover, she is a very old woman and she will not live for longer than a few years.” I abstained from helping her with the housework and from eating with her fearing that I may be helping her with her work. Lately, I have not been talking to her or even greeting her. I know that a person is not allowed to greet Kuffaar (disbelievers). I read in one book that a person is not allowed to help these people even by giving them a piece of paper or a cup of water. Some of my relatives and sisters in Islam said to me: “If she gives you anything, take it and then you can throw it in the garbage and if she gives you money, take it and give it as charity.” The house where I live belongs to my grandmother and she has the right to permit anyone to visit her even those who are not Mahrams (spouse or unmarriageable relatives). She says to me: “I will not forgive you and I will call you to account before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection.” There is no other house to live in as there are no Mahrams who fear Allaah. No Muslim man has proposed to marry me as I have a dark skin and I have become old. I would like to know what I should do.

1- What is the ruling on behaving in such a way with my grandmother with regard to the housework, talking and eating with her?

2- Does she have the same rights as my parents or not, as I fear Allaah’s punishment in this regard?

3- Should I sever my ties with my aunts and relatives as they believe her in all that she does, though they know that this is prohibited and I have told them so? Moreover, they perform Salaah, but they are Mushrikoon (those who associate others with Allaah in worship) as they go to diviners and to the graves of Awliyaa’ (pious people).

4- Is it permissible to eat from the animals slaughtered by men who do so for the sake of this woman if the meat is lawful?

5- Is it permissible to eat from the animal slaughtered by a Mushrik who believes that Awliyaa’ can bring benefit or cause harm and those who commit Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

6- What is the ruling on eating from the food of those who receive sustenance from my grandmother?

7- Can I accept the presents she gives me for the sake of the Hadeeth of Asma’ when she accepted the present of her mother even though she was not Muslim?

8- Is it permissible to marry a man who performs Salaah (Prayer) but is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in worship) for the reasons mentioned above?

9- Can anyone of my guardians who do not perform Salaah be my Walee (a legally accountable person acting for a woman regarding marriage) or not? What should I do if there is no Islaamic judiciary?

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to work in fortunetelling and soothsaying due to the Ahaadeeth reported in this regard… read more here.

Seeking help from the jinn to know the Ghayb and the ruling on hypnosis

Question: What is the ruling on a person who seeks help from Jinn (creatures created from fire) to know the Ghayb (the unseen), by means of,), for example, Darb Al-Mandal (Necromancy)?

What is the ruling on hypnosis through which the hypnotist possess power over the hypnotized and have the ability to dominate them and make them abandon a forbidden act, cure them from a psychological disturbance, or make them carry out their (the hypnotist) orders?

What is the ruling on saying “By the rank of so and so…”? Is this a sort of an oath or not? Please, advise us!

Answer: Firstly, knowledge of Ghayb is attributed only to Allaah (Exalted be He). None of His creation, whether Jinn or human, knows Ghayb except for what He reveals to whomever He wills from among His Angels or Messengers… read more here.

Ruling on fortunetelling

Question: When a baby is born, the father calls one of the shaykhs to foretell the newborn’s future through signs of zodiac and consult on its name. If a suggested name suits the baby’s future, the shaykh will be silent, otherwise he will ask for it to be changed, and it often happens that people here end up with multiple names. It is authentically related that the Prophet (peace be upon him) ordered some offensive names to be changed; if a name is not offensive, is it permissible to change it?

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to foretell the future; it is regarded a type of soothsaying. It is also not permissible to change a name if it does not suit predictions, as this involves believing in soothsaying and what soothsayers do… read more here.

Consulting a practitioner of Arab medicine

Question: We know a man who treats sick people using a method called the Arab medicine. I will relate to you what happened to me with him: I went to him when I was ill. He took me to a dark room and started to recite some Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) and mention the names of some righteous people. After that I heard the sound of a huge bird inside the room. I heard the sound of its wings without seeing it. Then, I heard a low voice calling my name and greeting me. I did not see anything but I felt a touch on my back during the examination and felt the pains of my severe disease. Then the same voice said to me, ‘Keep remembering Allaah and invoke Allaah’s blessings upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him).’ After the examination, the voice said to me, ‘You suffer from such-and-such and I do not have its cure. You should consult the public health physician and stay at the hospital.’ Then I went to the hospital and stayed there and recovered by Allaah’s Will. This man has a vast experience in magic. There are some husbands who cannot consummate their marriage. Going to this man, he brings out some spells and throws them in front of the spellbound people who recover afterwards by Allaah’s Will.

The question in this regard is: Is going to this man considered an act of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), taking into consideration that he does not take money for this?

Answer: This man is a soothsayer and diviner, and the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade Muslims from going to, consulting, or believing diviners… read more here.

Salaah of a person who visits a diviner to consult them

Question: In Pakistan, there is a Shaykh who is apparently righteous, but Allaah knows best. This Shaykh says that he knows righteous Jinn (creatures created from fire) and speaks to them through a personwho suffered from epilepsy and then recovered. They exorcise the Jinn from epileptic people. The Shaykh says that he has a prison in which he imprisons the guilty Jinn through the help of righteous Jinn. He claims that they do not help him with worldly activities and that he is certified to teach Arabs, and that whoever wishes to learn how to deal with Jinn, should learn the following Athkaar (forms of Allaah’s Remembrance): ‘I believe in Allaah, the Ever-Great and disbelieve in Jibt (superstition) and Taaghoot (false gods) and grasp the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower’. A person should say this seven times immediately after Salaah (Prayer) and before moving from their place. Then before going to bed, the person should cup his hands together and blow over them while reciting Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah (the second half of Tashah-hud i.e. invoking Allaah’s peace upon the Prophet), Soorah Al-Kaafiroon, Soorah Al-Ikhlaas, Soorah Al-Naas, the first five Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses) of Soorah Al-Baqarh, and Al-Salaah Al-Ibraaheemiyyah, and then rub his hands against his body. He should repeat this practice for 41 days. If the person makes a mistake, they should repeat it all over again until the 41 days are over. Upon completion, a person should go to the Shaykh who nominates a group of ten males and ten females from Jinn to stay in the person’s company. He calls this group of Jinn from Makkah. The person neither sees this group nor hears their voices, but they follow his orders. However, they do not obey him in doing worldly activities like bringing or lifting something or the like. Jinn only protect him from other evil Jinn and if there is someone suffering from epilepsy, they arrest the evil Jinn possessing him. The Shaykh also says that if any of the imprisoned Jinn professes Islaam, he sends them with the group of good Jinn to Makkah. If the Jinn are faithful, they are allowed to enter Makkah but if they are liars, they are denied entry, becausethere are angels at the doors of Makkah who prevent the unbelieving Jinn from entering it. What is the detailed opinion of Your Eminence on this? What is the ruling on marrying a female Jinnee (a creature created from fire)? Does the Aayah (Qur’aanic verse): …then marry (other) women of your choice refer to human women in particular? As Allaah also calls the male Jinn “men”, so the meaning applies to them. By the same token, would the word ‘women’ be applied to both humans and Jinn? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: After examining the question, the answer of the Committee is as follows: The man you have mentioned is a diviner and soothsayer. The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) forbade Muslims to go to, ask, or believe them even if they claim righteous behavior and devotion… read more here.

Predicting the Ghayb by drawing lines on the sand or the like

Question: Is it permissible to pray behind a learned person who claims knowledge of the Ghayb (the Unseen) by means of sand-reading? Is it permissible to eat from the meat of the animals they sacrifice or to shake hands with them?

Answer: Anyone who claims knowledge of the Ghayb, be it through sand-reading, reading in a certain book, astrology, or seeking the help of the Jinn and the like is considered a soothsayer… read more here.

Was the Prophet Muhammad created before Aadam?

Question: Is our master, the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him), the first human being created by Allaah or is it Aadam?

Answer: According to the Ijmaa` (consensus) of Muslims and the explicit Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), the first human being created by Allaah was Aadam (peace be upon him). Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is a human being and a descendant of Aadam.. read more here.

The one meant by in the Aayah: “Then he (?) approached and came closer”

Question: He says: “The reality in the saying of Allaah (Exalted be He): Then he [Jibreel (Gabriel)] approached and came closer, is that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) is not different from Allaah (Exalted be He). Therefore, you should not allege that there were two entities. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not see but himself.” Please guide us to the truth!

Answer: The truth is that the one who approached and came closer is Jibreel (Gabriel) (peace be upon him) until the Prophet (peace be upon him) saw him. This is reported authentically from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Whoever alleges that the one who approached and came closer is Allaah commits a grievous mistake… read more here.

Claiming that the Prophet is unified with Allaah

Question: He says: “Possibility has two ends; the beginning and the end. But these two ends were abolished with regard to the Prophet (peace be upon him). The former intermingled with the latter until there is no difference between them. Israa’ (Night Journey) was from himself to himself.” Please guide us to the truth!

Answer: Possibility is one of three branches of `Aqlee (reasonable) ruling. It means a collective mental matter. The possibility of any thing means that it can or cannot equally exist with regard to the Might of Allaah (Exalted be He). There is no difference between the messengers of Allaah (peace be upon them) and the rest of creatures in this point. Therefore, there are not two ends; a beginning point and an end point for what is possible. This is agreed upon among wise people… read more here.

Allaah showing in the Qur’aan that the Prophet is a human being

Question: There is a person who says, “We cannot call Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) a god. Yet, we cannot claim otherwise. Thus, we should leave it up to Allaah (Exalted be He) as He best knows the truth concerning him”. Please, enlighten us on this!

Answer: He is correct in saying that we cannot call Muhammad (peace be upon him) a god, but he quickly contradicted his own words when he said that we cannot claim otherwise. Allaah (Exalted be He) is the absolute One God based on the evidence of ‘Aql (reason) and Naql (holy transmitted texts: Qur’aan and Sunnah) by unanimous scholarly consensus (Ijmaa‘)… read more here.

Allaah is the only Self-Existing Being

Question: A man says that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is a channel between the oceans of possible and necessary existence, thus he is superior to the possible beings and inferior to the Necessary Being. Appreciate your guidance.

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only Necessary Being. No other being has brought Him into existence. Other beings are brought into existence by Him (Exalted be He), and their existence depends on His Will and Power. It is up to the Will of Allaah (Glorified be He) to sustain the creations or cause them to perish… read more here.

Claiming the Messenger is not human like us and that he knows the Ghayb and is perfect in power

Question: First issue: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) was not a human being like us.

Answer: This is a too brief statement that bears truth and falsehood. If what is meant is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was a human, but not similar to humans in all aspects; for he shared with them their common characteristics of eating, drinking, health, sickness, remembrance, forgetfulness, living, dying, marriage and so on, but he had characteristics particular to him, especially bestowed upon him by Allaah such as receiving Divine Revelation and being sent to mankind as a bearer of glad tidings, a warner, a caller to Allaah (by His leave), and a lamp spreading light – then this is true, and confirmed by reality and informed of by the Qur’aan. Allaah the Exalted says (what means)… read more here.

Supplicating to Allaah by virtue of the status of the Messenger, the Sahaabah, or others

Question: During Ramadaan, some worshippers follow each two Rak`ahs (units of Prayer) during Tarawih (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) with a Du`aa’ (supplication) to Allaah through one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet).

For example, they say, “By the honor of the venerable Sahaabee (Companion) so-and-so, we ask Allaah to accept our Salaah (Prayer) and Sawm (Fast).” I have advised them, but it was in vain. I now perform the (Taraaaweeeh) Salaah by myself in a corner of the Masjid (mosque). Should I perform Salaah with them or do it by myself as I am doing? Please give me a Fatwaa on this and may Allaah reward you with the best reward.

Answer: Making Du`aa’ to Allaah through the honor or life of the Messenger of Allaah, one of the Sahaabah, or others is not permissible, because acts of `Ibaadah (worship) are Tawqeefee (bound by a religious text and not amenable to personal opinion). Allaah did not permit that to be done… read more here.

Ruling on seeking the help of other than Allaah when stricken by misfortune

Question: What is the ruling on those who call upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and invoke their help when afflicted by some misfortune?

Answer: Anyone who calls upon the Awliyaa’ (pious people) after their death or when they are absent is a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), who is committing an act of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or in worship). Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means)… read more here.

Can the dead hear people’s talk?

Question: Do the Awliyaa’ (righteous people), hear the call of those who make Du`aa’ (supplication) to them? What is the meaning of the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): By Allaah, the dead hear your footsteps. We appreciate your guidance.

Answer: The basic rule states that the dead people, pious or not, do not hear people’s talk. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Visiting the graves of pious people and seeking help from them in cases of sickness

Question: In times of calamities and disasters, some people invoke the Messenger of Allaah and the Awliya’ (pious people). Also, if they are afflicted with illness, they visit the graves of the Awliyaa’ and seek help from them. Such people claim that Allaah (Exalted be He) removes affliction by virtue of the dead who are buried in these graves. They allegedly ask their help only as a means while keeping in mind that Allaah (Exalted be He) has control over everything. Is such an act counted as Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship)? It is important to note that those people offer Salah (Prayer), recite Qur’aan and do other good deeds.

Answer: What these people are doing is Shirk, similar to that practiced by the people of Jaahiliyyah (pre-Islaamic time of ignorance), who used to invoke and seek help from idols such as: Al-Laat, Al-‘Uzza, Manaat and others, which they glorified, hoping that they would bring them nearer to Allaah (Exalted be He)… read more here.

None but Allaah can relieve distress and ward off evil

Question: Is there anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who has the ability to relieve hardship, distress or can ward off affliction? This question implies further ten questions, as many people belonging to various Math-hab (School of jurisprudence) ask the same question.

This question is crucial but no answer is provided for it and it may lead someone to think about the different means that enable anyone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove hardship. This question has different forms and we hope that our scholars can provide us with a clear answer. For example, is it wrong if a person has some difficulty and asks someone other than Allaah (Exalted be He) to remove it?

1- If there is any being other than Allaah (Exalted be He) who can remove hardship, can it hear and respond to the supplicant during the supplicant’s life or after their death, at a far distance that separates between them and which is only known by Allaah?

2- If we assume that this being can hear from such a far distance, another question arises: Can it understand the languages of all people who are invoking it, such as English, German or any other language?

3- If the answer is in the affirmative, this means that such being understands the languages of all people on earth, which leads to another question: If millions of people speaking various languages and having various needs put forward their demands and requirements, can it hear them and respond to them at the same time, or does it need to appoint a specific time for every request successively?

4- Is this being that people invoke overtaken by slumber or sleep? If yes, people must be provided with a schedule of its rest hours unless it has the ability to hear while asleep?

5- If there is someone who can not talk and express his needs and so supplicates with his heart, does that being respond to this heart-based supplication?

6- People face minor and major problems from the time of their birth to their death, and if Allaah is the One Who resolves these problems, then there is no need to resort to anyone other than Him. However, if anyone other than Him can solve these problems, then there would be no use in resorting to Allaah (Exalted be He).

7- If the other being is not able to solve all kinds of problems, then it will be said that some problems can be solved by the Lord of the Worlds and others can be solved by other than Him. Thus, the people who have needs must have a list of what is for Allaah and what is for other than Him so as to avoid submitting to Allaah a problem that is not for Allaah and vice versa.

8- Can the one who has the ability to remove adversity from people bring it to them? Or can that being only remove it without bringing it? If the latter is true, then who is the one with the ability to bring about harm?

9- In brief, if we assume that Allaah is the One Who brings about harm and there is another who removes it, what happens in case Allaah wishes to bring about harm and the other wants to ward it off and each one of them insists on his position?

10- If someone wishes to ask for forgiveness for a good or a wrong-doer, then who is to be invoked?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) is the Only One that neither slumber nor sleep overtakes Him, and He Alone is the One Who hears the invocations of those who supplicate wherever they are and whatever language they speak… read more here.

Tawassul by other than Allaah and wiping the graves for blessing

Question: An illiterate man who testifies that, “Laa ilaahaa illaa Allaah, Muhammad Rasoolullaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad (peace be upon him) is His Messenger)” but makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by other than Allaah saying: “O Badawee, O Husayn, help me”. He also offers vows to people other than Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) and seeks blessings by touching the graves. He commits Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) over and above Al-Shirk Al-Asghar (minor form of associating others in worship with Allaah). Is it permissible to call him a Kaafir (disbeliever) or he is only ignorant of Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/ monotheism) and should not be accused of Kufr (disbelief)? Is it permissible to perform Salaah (Prayer) behind him, marry him, and eat from his sacrificed animals as he mentions the Name of Allaah on it? Please reply, may Allaah grant you success!

Answer: Making Du`aa’ (supplication) to anyone other than Allaah is an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Supplicating to other than Allaah

Question: My father believes in the righteousness of a dead shaykh known as a Waliy (a pious person). He makes Tawassul (supplicating to Allaah through a means) by this shaykh and associates him with Allah in Du`aa’ (supplication), for example, he says: “O Allaah! O master Abdul-Salaam!” What is the ruling on this, taking into account that my father performs Salah (Prayer), observes Sawm (Fast) and, pays Zakaah (obligatory charity)?

Answer: Firstly, Making Du`aa’ to others instead of Allaah such as Awliyaa’ (pious people) to remove harm, cure the sick, or secure a road is Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) that takes its doer away from the realm of Islaam. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And the mosques are for Allaah (Alone): so invoke not anyone along with Allaah. He (Exalted be He) says… read more here.