Question: The Problem of Sufism: What does it mean and what is the attitude of Islaam toward it? I mean Al-Teejaaniyyah and Al-Qaadiriyyah (a deviant sect that claims Allaah has no power over His Creation and humans are independent of Him), as well as the Shee`ah. These sects are centralized in Nigeria. For example, the Al-Teejaniyyah Sufi order has a sort of Salaah (prayer) called Bakriyyah that starts with: “O Allaah, convey Your blessings on our master Muhammad, the Opener of what is closed… As much as his great rank and high esteem.” This invocation is superior to Al-Salaah Al-Ibraheemiyyah (The invocation pronounced in the second part of Tashah-hud). We have read this (invocation) in their book titled “Jawaahir Al-Ma`aanee” (The Jewels of Meanings) Part 1, page 136. Is this correct?
Answer: It is said that Sufism is ascribed to Ahl Al-Suffah (at the time of the Prophet) who was a poor group of Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them) that used to take shelter in Al-Suffah (a section inside the Prophet’s Masjid during the Prophet’s time)… read more here.
Question: What is the reality of Sufism? Does it comprise both good and bad aspects? Is Sufism completely independent from Fiqh (Islaamic jurisprudence)?
I hope Your Eminence will discuss the Sufi concept of “Al-Hadrah Al-Nabawiyyah” (seeking the presence of the Prophet). Is it a proper practice?
We have in Sudan some Sufi men who take the dome built on the grave of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) as evidence for the permissibility of building domes on graves. What is the Islaamic ruling on this?
What is the reality of the Sufi concepts of Ghawth (spiritual helper), Qutb (spiritual pole) and Rijaal Al-Kawn (Men of the Universe)?
Answer: First, you may consult the books “Madaarij As-Salikeen” by Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah, and the book “Haathihee Hiya Al-Soofiyyah” (Such is Sufism) by `Abd Ar-Rahmaan Al-Wakeel for information on Sufi-related inquiries… read more here.
Question 440: What is the ruling on giving the title of Qutb (Sufi title denoting a “Perfect Master”) or Ghawth (Source of Succor) to some Awliyaa’ (pious people)? Is this permissible?
Answer: The two titles Qutb and Ghawth do not have any basis in Allaah’s Purified Shar` (Law). These terms are invented by some extremist Sufis. Accordingly, giving these titles to some Awliyaa’ (pious people) is not permissible. Some misguided people understand such terms to mean that such a Qutb or Ghawth can run the affairs of the universe and fulfill people’s needs. This is Kufr (disbelief) that contradicts Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah/ monotheism) because Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) revealed the Scriptures, and sent the Messengers to worship Him Alone without partners or associates. He (Exalted be He) commanded all creatures to resort and supplicate to Him Alone to bestow upon them all good and ward off harm. Allaah (Exalted be He) says... read more here.