What should be done during the time of Fitan?

Question: Is this the time meant by the Hadeeth of the Prophet in which one of the Sahaabah (Companions of the Prophet) asked the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him), “What should I do when Fitnah (trial) and division increase?” and he (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) replied, “Detach yourself from the people, and sit in your house”? In the “Saheeh (Book of Authentic Hadeeth)”, in “Kitaab Al-Fitan (Book on Trials)”, under: “What will happen if there is no Caliph”, there is a Hadeeth that says that the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) told the people to detach themselves from others when calamities strike, and he said, “Even if you have to bite (i.e. eat) tree roots.” Please explain this Hadeeth and the scholars’ opinions on it.

Answer: In the Two Saheeh (authentic) Books of Hadeeth (i.e. Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) and elsewhere, with the following wording from Al-Bukhaaree, it is reported on the authority of ‘Aboo Idrees Al-Khawlaanee that he heard Huthayfah ibn Al-Yammaan say… read more here.

The Fitnah intended by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) when pointing to the east

Question: What is the meaning of the word “Fitnah” which the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) mentioned in the following Hadeeth: It is reported that `Abd Allaah ibn `Umar heard Allah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) turning his face towards the east and saying: Behold, Fitnah will appear from this side where the horns of Satan will appear.?

Answer: The meaning of the word “Fitnah” here is Kufr (disbelief). It is reported in the narration of Muslim, on the authority of ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) that Allaah’s Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) said: The summit of Fitnah (disbelief) is towards the east. He said, “The words ‘The summit of disbelief’ mean that the worst form of Kufr (disbelief) will appear in the east.”… read more here.

The day when Muslims will gain victory over the Jews

Question: Is the Hadeeth that says: “There will come a day when Muslims will gain victory over the Jews, and then a stone behind which a Jew may hide, will speak and call the believer to go and kill the Jew hiding behind it” authentic?

Answer: It was reported that Ibn `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with them both) said: “I heard the Messenger of Allaah (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) saying: ‘You (i.e. Muslims) will fight against the Jews and you will gain victory over them. The stones will (betray them) saying: ‘O ‘Abd Allaah (i.e. slave of Allaah)! There is a Jew hiding behind me; so kill him.’ This Hadeeth was reported by Al-Bukhaaree… read more here.

The meaning of ‘Mudillat Al-Fitan’

Question: What is the meaning of Mudillat Al-Fitan (deluding trials), and what is the meaning of the statement ‘this Fitnah (Trial) is from Allaah to His servant’? 

Answer: First, Mudillat Al-Fitan signifies the trials which may befall a person and cause him to deviate from Al-Siraat-ul-Mustaqeem (the Straight Path). Examples of these Fitnah include doubtful matters that mislead and turn the person away from the truth; evil callers who mix truth with falsehood and attract the attention of weak-willed persons through their eloquence; and illness or poverty about which the person feels despondent and impatient, making him discontent with the Divine Decree… read more here.