A custom that a man begins to observe Sawm only after having circumcision

Question: I was circumcised twenty-three years ago. There was a belief when I ignored Sharee`ah (Islamic law) rulings that a man should not observe Sawm (Fast) until he is circumcised and that a girl should not observe Sawm until she has menses. During that period, Ramadaan came once when I was more than fifteen years. However, I had been circumcised and was still recovering from the surgery so I could not observe Sawm the entire Ramadaan. I should mention that I did not observe Sawm of Ramadaan before that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, have I to make up for the previous missed days of Sawm or feed the poor? It should be known that I was ignorant of Sharee`ah rulings.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned that you had reached the age of fifteen and had not observed Sawm because of the prevalent ignorance of Sharee`ah rulings thinking that a man should not observe Sawm until he is circumcised, and that after your circumcision you were recovering from surgery and did not complete the Sawm of Ramadaan, it is Waajib (obligatory) on you to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan after reaching puberty… read more here.

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Observing Sawm on Saturdays or Fridays without observing Sawm on a day before or after

Question: I am a young man and I used to observe Sawm (Fast) similar to the Sawm of Daawood (David, peace be upon him). However, someone told me that if the day to observe Sawm falls on a Saturday or Friday, it should not be observed without a day before or after. He said that this is the opinion of Shaykh Al-Albaanee (may Allaah be merciful to him). I have continued observing Sawm although I am still confused.

Please advise me on the ruling of observing Sawm on Saturday or Friday without observing the Sawm of a day before or after or if it happens to coincide with the Day of `Arafah (9th of Dhul-Hijjah) or the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: It is permissible for the one who observes the Sawm of Daawood (peace be upon him) to observe Sawm on Friday or Saturday alone without a day before or after. This ruling also applies to the Day of `Arafah and `Aashooraa’. It should be known that the Hadeeth which states that Sawm on Saturday is forbidden except in case of obligatory Sawm is not Saheeh (authentic)… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays is Nafilah and not Waajib

Question: I like to observe Sawm (Fast) on Mondays and Thursdays because our deeds are presented to Allaah (Glorified be He) on these two days. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: These (Monday and Thursday) are two days on which people’s deeds are presented to the Lord of the Worlds, and I want my deeds to be presented when I am observing Sawm.

Is it permissible to observe Sawm of Monday and Thursday of every month? In summer, it is too hot for me to observe Sawm of these two days every week. Should I observe Sawm on them every week in winter? Please advise, may Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) performed any deed, he would do so consistently. However, if there is hardship in observing Sawm on these days, it is permissible for you not to observe their Sawmduring summer and to observe their Sawm in winter because observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday is Nafilah (supererogatory) and not Waajib (obligatory). Whoever observes their Sawm will be rewarded… read more here.

Observing Sawm on Monday and Thursday

Question: I heard knowledge seekers saying that it is not valid to combineobserving Sawm (Fast) on Monday and Thursday and the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijri month). Rather, one should observe Sawm of either one of them. Is this correct? If so, why?

Answer: What you heard regarding the invalidity of combining the Sawm of Monday and Thursday and the White Days is incorrect. It is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm on these days because there are proofs urging the observation of their Sawm… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the White Days

Question: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fast) of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month) on days other than their fixed days during the same month?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Observing Sawm on `Aashooraa’ and acting differently from the People of the Book

Question: It is narrated in a Hadeeth that When the Prophet (peace be upon him) came to Madeenah, he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) on `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram). So, he observed Sawm during it and ordered that Sawm should be observed in it. How can this be reconciled with his order to act differently from the way of People of the Book in many matters?

Answer: Upon arriving in Madeenah, the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to act like the People of the Book in matters where there was no revelation. Then, Allaah legislated for him to act differently from the way of the People of the Book… read more here.

Should the 9th and 10th, and 11th of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashooraa’ ?

Question: Should the ninth and tenth, the tenth and eleventh of Muharram, or all these three days be fasted upon the occasion of `Aashuraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: Fasting on the Day of `Aashooraa’ is a stressed Sunnah (acts, sayings or approvals of the Prophet). It is best to fast on the previous or the following day after it according to the guidance of the Prophet (peace be upon him) in order not to coincide with the practice of the Jews. If fast is observed on the three days, this would be more perfect, according to Ibn Al-Qayyim’s Zaad Al-Ma`aad… read more here.

The story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’

Question: What is the story and truth of the Day of `Aashooraa’ (10th of Muharram)?

Answer: When the Prophet (peace be upon him) arrived in Al-Madeenah after his Hijrah (the Prophet’s migration to Al-Madeenah), he found the Jews observing Sawm (Fast) of the Day of `Aashooraa’… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah

Question: Kindly find an attached book titled “Min Akhtaa’inaa Fee Al-`Ashr” (Some of Our Mistakes on the First Ten Days of Thul-Hijjah) by Muhammad Al-Ghufaylee.We would like you to read it and review the included Fatwa to see whether it is correct? On page no. 13, paragraph no. 5, it states, “Most people’s observation of Sawm (Fast) of the whole ten days is a mistake…” Consequently, most of the people of Al-Rass abandoned Sawm of the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, because of this book and this Fatwaa. For decades, people used to observe Sawm of such days believing this act to be Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the teachings of the Prophet). However, after reading this book, they have been disapproving of those who observe Sawm on these days.

I ask Your Eminence to issue a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by qualified Muslim scholar) on this regard and clarify it inlocal newspapers, so that Al-Haqq (the Truth) will become evident before the public.

Answer: Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is not a mistake as is claimed by some people. Rather, according to the Jumhoor (majority of scholars) of scholars it is Sunnah. Shaykh `Abdul-Rahmaan ibn Qaasim said in his commentary on Al-Zad book, “Sawm of the first nine days of Thul-Hijjah is (an act of Sunnah, based on) the opinion of the Jumhoor of scholars. In Al-Insaaf book, it is stated that there is no difference in this regard.”… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah if it coincides with a Friday

Question: It is known that the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah) coincided with a Friday. We observed Sawm (Fast) on that day based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Observing Sawm on the Day of `Arafah expiates for the previous year and the coming one. (Related by Muslim) The Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) of our Masjid (mosque) told us that it is not permissible to observe Sawm on a Friday unless one observes Sawm a day before or after it. Therefore, most of us broke our Sawm, while the others continued their Sawm even though they were confused.

Please note that our Sawm was in reverence for the Day of `Arafah, seeking its reward, and not out of preference for Friday. Please give us a Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar), may Allaah benefit you. Who is right: the Imaam of our Masjid and those who broke their Sawm on that day, or those who continued their Sawm? What should we do if the Day of `Arafah or `Ashooraa’ (10th of Muharram) coincides with a Friday?

Answer: It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade singling out Friday for observing Sawm and he ordered that one is to observe Sawm one day before or after it… read more here.

Combining the two intentions of the missed fasts of Ramadaan and the fasts of Shawwaal

Question: We know that there is a great reward for observing Sawm (Fast) on six days during Shawwal. A woman broke her Sawm during Ramadaan for six days for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) reason, and she wants to make up for them during Shawwaal. Is it permissible for her to combine the two intentions, that is, the intention of observing compensatory Sawm for the days she missed during Ramadaan and the intention of observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal? In other words, is it permissible for her to observe Sawm for only six days during Shawwaal with the intention of being compensatory Sawm and at the same time seeking the reward of observing Sawm for the six days of Shawwaal? Is it permissible to combine the intention for the two Sawm like Qiran Hajj (combining Hajj and `Umrah without a break in between)?

Answer: Observing compensatory Sawm for six days during Shawwaal is not counted as the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal. This is because one should not begin observing the six-day supererogatory Sawm of Shawwaal unless one has already made up for the days they missed during Ramadaan… read more here.

Observing Sawm on the six days of Shawwaal before making up for the missed days of Sawm

Question: What is the ruling on a woman who observed Sawm (Fast) on the six days of Shawwaal when she had not yet made up for her missed days of Sawm during Ramadaan?

Answer: It is a priority to make up for the missed days of Sawm of Ramadaan before observing Sawm on six days from Shawwaal, because a Fareedah (obligatory act) takes precedence over a Nafilah (supererogatory act). Hence, it was preferable for the woman mentioned in the question not to do so, and she must make up for her missed days of Ramadaan… read more here.

Slaughtering animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal

Question: Should we slaughter animals after fasting the six days of Shawwaal or celebrate `Eed (Festival)? I heard from some people that it is obligatory to offer slaughtered animals.

Answer: It is Mustahab (desirable) to fast on six days during Shawwaal, and it is not prescribed to slaughter animals or do any such thing after these days… read more here.

Observing Sawm on six days during Shawwaal

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes that Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwaal must be observed starting from the second day of the month, especially for the elderly?

Answer: One can observe Sawm of the six days of Shawwaal throughout the entire month; whether at its beginning, middle, or end and whether consecutively or separately. This is based on the following Hadeeth in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

Observing Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq

Question: What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Days of Tashreeq (11th, 12th, and 13th of Thul-Hijjah) for pilgrims and non-pilgrims? The thirteenth day of Thul-Hijjah is the last day of the Days of Tashreeq and the first day of the White Days (13th, 14th, and 15th of every Hijree month). Is it permissible for someone who habitually fasts the White Days to fast the Days of Tashreeq? I hope Your Eminence would give me a written Fatwaa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar) which I can distribute among those who ask about this matter.

Answer: It is forbidden by Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) to observe voluntary Sawm on the Days of Tashreeq, whether or not one is a pilgrim. As for non-pilgrims, Muslim related from Nubayshah Al-Hudhaly that he said… read more here.

The days other than Ramadaan on which it is Mustahab to observe Sawm

Question: What are the days, apart from Ramadaan, on which it is Mustahab (desirable) to observe Sawm (Fast)? What are the days on which it is not Mustahab to observe Sawm? Does it suffice a person to fast the month of Ramadaan only? Is observing Sawm in Ramadaan a Fareedah (obligatory act) or a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet)? Please clarify this with evidence from the Qur’aan and Sunnah.

Answer: Observing Sawm in Ramadaan is one of the five pillars of Islaam. The textual proof of its obligation is the Qur’aan, Sunnah, and Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars)… read more here.

If one is observing voluntary Sawm and finds it difficult to continue it, is it preferable to continue or to break Sawm?

Question: If one is observing voluntary Sawm (Fast) and finds it difficult to continue until sunset, is it preferable to continue despite difficulty or to break the Sawm?

Answer: The one observing voluntary Sawm is free to choose whether to continue the Sawm or break it. However, it is better to continue the Sawm unless this entails hardship, in which case it is better to break it out of facilitation… read more here.

Explanation of the Hadeeth reading: “Those of you who are able to marry …”

Question: It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said to some young men: And anyone who cannot afford it (i.e. Marriage) should observe Sawm (Fast). Does “Sawm” in the Hadeeth mean observing Sawm, like that of Ramadaan, throughout the year or just abstaining from prohibited acts and not from food and drink? Are there any authentic reports from the Prophet (peace be upon him) about observing Sawm in Rajab, Sha`baan, the first ten days of Thul-Hijjah, and the first of Muharram? May Allaah benefit you.

Answer: First: “Sawm” in the above Hadeeth refers to the prescribed Sawm, which is abstention from all that breaks Sawm from the break of dawn until sunset… read more here.

Observing voluntary Sawm on behalf of the deceased

Question: We hope that Your Eminence will tell us the ruling on observing voluntary Sawm (Fast) on behalf of a deceased parent or relative.

Answer: Voluntary Sawm is not to be observed on behalf of a deceased, rather one can make Du`aa’ (supplication), give Sadaqah (voluntary charity), offer Ud-hiyah (sacrificial animal offered by non-pilgrims), or perform Hajj or `Umrah on their behalf. These matters are mentioned in Allaah’s Purified Shar` (Law), and they benefit the deceased if Allaah (Exalted be He) accepts them… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on someone who intentionally violated the sanctity of Ramadaan?

Answer: If you mean that he broke his Sawm (Fast) on one or more days during Ramadaan without a valid excuse and without engaging in sexual intercourse, then he has committed a major sin; and it is obligatory on him to make sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the day on which he has broken his Sawm. However, if he broke his Sawm by engaging in sexual intercourse, it is obligatory on him to do what was mentioned above in addition to offering Kaffaarah (expiation), which is to emancipate a believing slave… read more here.

Someone observed Sawm on the Two `Eeds

Question: What is the ruling on someone who observed Sawm (Fast) on the Two `Eeds?

Answer: It is not permissible to observe Sawm on the Two `Eeds; and anyone who does so is blameworthy. It is obligatory on them to make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) for this sin. This is because Allaah (Exalted be He) has made these days for eating, drinking, and observing Thikr (Remembrance of Allaah). Therefore, whoever observes Sawm on these days disobeys Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger (peace be upon him)… read more here.

A woman observing voluntary Sawm without her husband’s permission

Question: Is it permissible for a woman to observe voluntary Sawm (Fast) without her husband’s permission?

Answer: It is not permissible for a woman to observe voluntary Sawm except with her husband’s permission. This is based on the following Hadeeth narrated on the authority of Aboo Hurayrah(may Allaah be pleased with him) that Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Should priority be given to making up for the missed days of fast or to fasting six days from Shawwaal?

Question: If the month of Shawwaal starts and a woman has five missed days of fast and she wants to fast six days from Shawwaal. What is the better course of action: to make up for her missed days of fast, and if there are enough days left, she can fast six days from Shawwaal, or to fast the six days of Shawwaal and afterwards make up for her missed days of fast over the course of the other months? Is it true that `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) used to delay making up for her missed days of fast in Ramadaan until the next Sha`baan? Is it permissible to delay observing compensatory fast for this long period when a person does not know how long they will live?

Answer: It is permissible for a person to start observing compensatory fast even if they miss fasting six days from Shawwal… read more here.

Observing voluntary Sawm before making up for the missed days of Ramadaan on the part of a woman

Question: It is known that women must make up for her missed days of Sawm (Fast). It is also known that performing the Fareedah (obligatory act) first is better than performing a voluntary act of worship. Is it permissible for a woman to observe voluntary Sawm, such as the six days of Shawwaal and the Day of `Arafah (9th of Thul-Hijjah), then make up for the missed days of Ramadaan afterwards? `Aa’ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her) used to observe all voluntary Sawm and only make up for her missed days of Ramadaan in Sha`baan. Is this correct? What is the ruling on thevoluntary Sawm I observed on six days of Shawwaal and the Day of `Arafah? I still have not made up for the days I missed during Ramadaan.

Answer: To be on the safe side, it is preferable for a woman to start making up for her missed days of Sawm before observing any voluntary Sawm. This is because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Days on which it is prohibited to observe Sawm (fast)

Question: What are the days on which it is prohibited to observe Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: The days on which it is prohibited to observe Sawm include the day of doubt which is the 30th day of the month of Sha`baan if the new moon of Ramadaan has not been sighted, the two ‘Eeds… read more here.

Fasting for the sake of fulfilling something needed

Question: Where we live, it is said that if a person wants Allaah (Exalted be He) to fulfill his needs, he should fast. What is the manner of such fasts?

Answer: Fasting for the sake of fulfilling something you need is Bid`ah (innovation in religion). Instead, a person can draw closer to Allaah (Exalted be He) with supererogatory deeds… read more here.

Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: My wife broke her fast on two consecutive months of Ramadaan due to a gynecological illness and childbirth. Moreover, she vowed to fast for a month if one of her children, who was suffering from meningitis, recovered. However, she has not been able to fulfill her vow, because she is ill and busy raising seven children. For this reason, I hope Your Eminence will tell me whether she must feed the poor instead of fasting due to her poor health and raising up her children?

Answer: Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan and feeding the poor instead. She is to delay making up for her missed fast days until she can perform them… read more here.

A woman’s father prevented her from fasting in Ramadaan saying that she was still young but she was pubescent

Question: Is it obligatory on me to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan, especially as I did not know that it is obligatory to make up for them? This occurred at a time when I was helping my family with many chores outside the house. For this reason, my father used to tell me not to fast because I was young. Now I doubt that there are some days of fasting which I missed. Must I make up for them consecutively? Must I give food to the poor in compensation? How can I do this, and from what kind of food?

Answer: Whoever is alive during Ramadaan and is eligible to fast must fast except if he has a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, such as traveling or illness during which it is difficult to fast. If the case is as you mentioned that you were eligible to fast, then it is obligatory for you to make up for the days you did not fast and make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah)… read more here.

A woman fell ill and her father gave Sadaqah for the days she did not fast. During her making up for the missed days of fast, another woman had Suhoor after Dawn

Question: It was the ninth month, which coincided with the month of Ramadaan and I was ill and could not fast. So, I only fasted twelve days from the entire month. My father gave out Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for the days I did not fast.

My question is: Was it permissible for my father to give out Sadaqah for the days I did not fast or must I make up for these days?

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person has to make up for a missed Ramadaan due to participating in the Palestine War but doubts making up for it

Question: I was in the army that participated in the Palestine War in 1368 A.H. I spent a long time in Palestine including the blessed month of Ramadaan. Currently, I do not remember whether I fasted, made up the days, or broke the fast during that month. After a long time, I met one of the people who had been with me in Palestine during the war and he told me that we did not fast that month. I found out that he made up for the missed days of fast in that month. As I previously mentioned, I do not remember whether I fasted that month or made up for the missed days of fasting of the month.

My question is: What am I to do concerning the fast of this month and how can I make up for the missed days? I am now a diabetic old man and can not make up for the missed days of fast. I repeat that I do not know whether I made up for these missed days of fast or not. I ask Your Eminence to tell me the ruling on this and what I must do.

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

A woman fell ill and did not make up for the missed days of fast till she died but she give out money in charity

Question: An old woman broke her fast during the daytime in Ramadaan four years prior to her death due to an illness. She had intended to make up for the missed days of fast for this period by giving woolen rugs worth 3000 dirhams to the Masjid (mosque). She has also given out in charity some 4000 dirhams but we do not know her intention toward the Masjid concerning that sum. She passed away in 1993 (may Allaah have mercy on her). Is this sum sufficient to compensate for the missed days of fast or must we, i.e. her relatives, do this on her behalf? We need a detailed answer.

Answer: If this woman broke her fast due to an illness that continued until she passed away or recovered but could not make up the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, then there is nothing due upon her or upon her heirs, whether making up for the missed days of fast or giving out food. This is because fast was not obligatory on her. Therefore, she is absolved of any fast or compensation… read more here.

Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and made up for it on a Friday

Question: Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and then made up for it on 20th of Shawwaal. However, this day coincided with a Friday. Many people said that it is impermissible to devote Friday to fasting. Do I have to repeat this fast?

Answer: It is established in the Prophetic Sunnah (acts, sayings, or approvals of the Prophet) that it is prohibited to single out Friday for a voluntary fast unless one fasts a day before or after it or if it coincides with a day that someone usually fasts. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

Breaking fast on 75 days in Ramadaan

Question: My 75 year-old mother broke her fast and has 75 missed days of fast. Please advise us about what she should do. Is it sufficient for her to make up for these missed days, feed the poor, or do both?

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fast if she is able to do. She must give 1.5 kg of food to a poor person for each day she missed, because she delayed making up for her missed days of fast. If she cannot make up for the missed days of fast because of old age or an incurable illness, then it is sufficient for her to feed a poor person as mentioned above… read more here.

The months during which we may make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: Please tell me which months we may fast to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan. What are the pillars of faith? How can a Muslim be sinless? I have a brother who did not fast the last few days of Ramadaan (namely 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30). He wanted to make up for them in the month of Rajab. What is your opinion about this?

Answer: Your brother must make up for the days in which he broke his fast during Ramadaan. It is a priority that he starts to make up for them after the end of Ramadaan unless there is a valid excuse. It is permissible for your brother to make up for his missed days of fast during the month of Rajab… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter when daytime is short as you know?

Answer: It is obligatory on whoever missed some days of Ramadaan fasts to make up for them before the subsequent Ramadaan whether in winter or otherwise. In this regard, Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Should the woman who made up for missed days of Sawm intermittently re-observe Sawm consecutively?

Question: When I first began menstruating, I did not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan because I was so young. However, I made up for the missed Ramadaan fasts intermittently in order not to be noticed by anyone. Is it permissible for me to re-observe Sawm consecutively? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)? If yes, what is the amount to be paid as Kaffaarah? al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you), may Allaah preserve you.

Answer: It is sufficient for you to make up for the days of fasting you missed when you were young, even if intermittently. However, you are liable for Kaffaarah if you delayed making them up till a subsequent Ramadaan. In this case, you should feed a poor person for each day you delayed making up an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple foodstuff… read more here.

Giving the due total amount of food for delaying making up for missed fasts all at once to the poor

Question: A woman made up for previous missed Ramadaan fasts. However, instead of paying the Kaffaarah (expiation) individually per each day, she paid its total amount at once after finishing making up for all missed days. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with calculating the due total amount of food when making up for the missed fasts was delayed without excuse, and giving it to the poor all at once… read more here.

Postponing missed fasts of Ramadaan due to giving birth till becoming unable to fast

Question: A woman missed the fasts of three months of Ramadaan during which she gave birth to children. However, she has not made up for them yet in spite of the passage of 19 or 20 years. Nevertheless, she still remembers her obligation and is willing to discharge it but cannot do so, because she is ill. Bearing in mind that she is unable to fast, what should she do?

Answer: If this woman’s illness is contingently curable, she should wait until she is cured and then make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts. If she delayed making up for fast until a subsequent Ramadaan came, without a valid excuse, she should feed a poor person for each day she missed 1.5 kg of wheat, rice, or the like, in addition to making up for the missed days… read more here.

Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of the missed Ramadaan fasts

Question: It is claimed, and only Allaah knows the truth, that if a woman is duty-bound to make up for a number of Ramadaan missed fasts, it is permissible for her, while embarking upon the recommended fast of the six days of Shawwaal, to say: “O Allaah, I intend both obligatory and supererogatory fasts”. What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of missed Ramadaan fasts; thus, it is impermissible to combine another kind of fast with it through one intention. However, it is Mustahab (highly encouraged) and an abundantly deserving reward to fast the supererogatory six days of Shawwaal after making up for the missed fasts of Ramadaan. Anyway, the above-quoted saying has no basis in Sharee`ah… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Intentionally breaking compensatory Sawm and ruling on having sexual intercourse during this day

Question: Is it permissible for a person to intentionally break their Sawm (Fast) which is in compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan? And should a person offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) if he intentionally breaks his Sawm by having intercourse with his wife?

Answer: It is forbidden to break the obligatory Sawm which is in compensation for missed Sawm, for vowing, or as Kaffaarah without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and render not vain your deeds. From this verse, scholars deduced the rule that reads: “Whoever engages himself in a Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text) act is not allowed to break it”. Therefore, if a person’s Sawm is broken by sexual intercourse, they will be sinful but no Kaffaarah is due on them, for Kaffaarah belongs to having sexual intercourse only during the daytime of Ramadaan… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.