Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: My wife broke her fast on two consecutive months of Ramadaan due to a gynecological illness and childbirth. Moreover, she vowed to fast for a month if one of her children, who was suffering from meningitis, recovered. However, she has not been able to fulfill her vow, because she is ill and busy raising seven children. For this reason, I hope Your Eminence will tell me whether she must feed the poor instead of fasting due to her poor health and raising up her children?

Answer: Raising children is not an excuse for failing to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan and feeding the poor instead. She is to delay making up for her missed fast days until she can perform them… read more here.

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A woman’s father prevented her from fasting in Ramadaan saying that she was still young but she was pubescent

Question: Is it obligatory on me to make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadaan, especially as I did not know that it is obligatory to make up for them? This occurred at a time when I was helping my family with many chores outside the house. For this reason, my father used to tell me not to fast because I was young. Now I doubt that there are some days of fasting which I missed. Must I make up for them consecutively? Must I give food to the poor in compensation? How can I do this, and from what kind of food?

Answer: Whoever is alive during Ramadaan and is eligible to fast must fast except if he has a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, such as traveling or illness during which it is difficult to fast. If the case is as you mentioned that you were eligible to fast, then it is obligatory for you to make up for the days you did not fast and make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and Istighfaar (seeking forgiveness from Allaah)… read more here.

A woman fell ill and her father gave Sadaqah for the days she did not fast. During her making up for the missed days of fast, another woman had Suhoor after Dawn

Question: It was the ninth month, which coincided with the month of Ramadaan and I was ill and could not fast. So, I only fasted twelve days from the entire month. My father gave out Sadaqah (voluntary charity) for the days I did not fast.

My question is: Was it permissible for my father to give out Sadaqah for the days I did not fast or must I make up for these days?

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

A person has to make up for a missed Ramadaan due to participating in the Palestine War but doubts making up for it

Question: I was in the army that participated in the Palestine War in 1368 A.H. I spent a long time in Palestine including the blessed month of Ramadaan. Currently, I do not remember whether I fasted, made up the days, or broke the fast during that month. After a long time, I met one of the people who had been with me in Palestine during the war and he told me that we did not fast that month. I found out that he made up for the missed days of fast in that month. As I previously mentioned, I do not remember whether I fasted that month or made up for the missed days of fasting of the month.

My question is: What am I to do concerning the fast of this month and how can I make up for the missed days? I am now a diabetic old man and can not make up for the missed days of fast. I repeat that I do not know whether I made up for these missed days of fast or not. I ask Your Eminence to tell me the ruling on this and what I must do.

Answer: It is a duty upon you to make up for fast since you are not certain that you fasted. The principle is that you must still make up for the missed days of fast, especially since your colleague informed you that neither of you fasted that month of Ramadaan… read more here.

Doubting the number of the missed days of fast a woman did not make up for

Question: A woman says: “I gave birth to a daughter in Ramadaan after only four days of fast. I broke the fast for the rest of that month, but I cannot remember how many days I made up for because I did not make up for them consecutively. I am almost certain that I did make up for all of them. What is the ruling in this case? Please give me a detailed answer. May Allaah grant you success.”

Answer: If a woman is not certain how many missed days of fast she made up, she must resolve this problem by trying to find out how many days of fast she missed and then make up for them. If she delayed making up for the missed days of fast until the following Ramadaan without having a valid excuse, she is to make up for them as well as give out food to a Miskeen (a needy person) for each delayed missed day of fast the equivalent of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country, such as dates, wheat, or rice… read more here.

A woman fell ill and did not make up for the missed days of fast till she died but she give out money in charity

Question: An old woman broke her fast during the daytime in Ramadaan four years prior to her death due to an illness. She had intended to make up for the missed days of fast for this period by giving woolen rugs worth 3000 dirhams to the Masjid (mosque). She has also given out in charity some 4000 dirhams but we do not know her intention toward the Masjid concerning that sum. She passed away in 1993 (may Allaah have mercy on her). Is this sum sufficient to compensate for the missed days of fast or must we, i.e. her relatives, do this on her behalf? We need a detailed answer.

Answer: If this woman broke her fast due to an illness that continued until she passed away or recovered but could not make up the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, then there is nothing due upon her or upon her heirs, whether making up for the missed days of fast or giving out food. This is because fast was not obligatory on her. Therefore, she is absolved of any fast or compensation… read more here.

Delay in making up for the missed days of fasting due to a Shar`ee excuse entails only making up for these days

Question: What is the ruling on a woman that broke her fasting in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse but could not make up for it before the following Ramadaan? She broke her fast the next Ramadaan due to severe illness and she recovered afterward. Then, she started to make up the missed days of fasting of the first Ramadaan, bought bread, and distributed it among her neighbors. Does this suffice the missed days of fasting?

Answer: If her delay in making up for the missed days of fasting until the next Ramadaan was due to a valid excuse, then she must only make up for the missed days, and does not have to give out food. But if the delay was due to an invalid excuse (not Islaamically lawful), she has to make up for the missed days of fasting and give out food for each day the amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country. She should also make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah, Glorified be He)… read more here.

Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and made up for it on a Friday

Question: Someone did not fast a day in Ramadaan and then made up for it on 20th of Shawwaal. However, this day coincided with a Friday. Many people said that it is impermissible to devote Friday to fasting. Do I have to repeat this fast?

Answer: It is established in the Prophetic Sunnah (acts, sayings, or approvals of the Prophet) that it is prohibited to single out Friday for a voluntary fast unless one fasts a day before or after it or if it coincides with a day that someone usually fasts. This is based on the Hadeeth narrated by Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said.. read more here.

A woman’s ignorance of the ruling on making up for the missed days of fasting, but after knowing, she started to fast the White Days

Question: My mother is about 65 years old. Since she started her monthly period until she reached menopause, she did not know the ruling on making up for missed days of fasting on which she had her monthly period and so on until she reached menopause. She has not made up her missed days of fasting. The average duration of her monthly period was four days. After she learnt that she must make up for her missed days of fasting approximately two years ago, she started to fast three days every month. Therefore, we ask Allaah (Exalted be He) first and then Your Eminence to give us a detailed answer to this question.

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fasting in Ramadaan starting from the time she reached puberty. In addition, she must also feed a Miskeen (a needy person) for each day she missed which she delayed from one Ramadaan to another if she is able to do this… read more here.

Becoming pubescent and not making up for fast due to ignorance of its obligation

Question: I started my monthly period when I was 12 years old and did not know at the time that I had to make up for the number of fasting days on which I had my monthly period. But even on the days on which I did not have my monthly period, I did not fast, since I did not know that fasting was obligatory on me. What is your advice for me? I want to rest my conscience as I always feel that I neglected a duty.

Answer: You must make Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and make up for the missed days of fasting since you started your monthly period, which is a sign of puberty. Moreover, you must feed a Miskeen (a needy person) with half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) for each delayed missed day of fasting… read more here.

Missing fast on some days during several years without making up for them

Question: My mother is about 60 years old. She got married when she was 17 years old. She broke her fast during the first four years after fasting had become obligatory on her, mainly when she was 16, 17, 18, and 19 years old. She is sure that she broke her fast for two days when she was 16 years old, but is unsure whether she fasted the rest of the month. However, she is certain that she broke her fast on some days of the month. When she was 17 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month of Ramadaan; when she was 18 years old, she broke her fast on 24 days and only fasted the first six days of the month because she was breastfeeding. When she was 19 years old, she broke her fast in the entire month.

My question is: What must she do now? Please note that she started to make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts when she was 19 years old only 17 days ago. If there is a Sadaqah (voluntary charity) that she can pay, is it permissible that she pay it to her orphaned children? May Allaah reward you with the best.

Answer: Your mother must make up for the number of days on which she broke her fast during the months of Ramadaan and feed a Miskeen (poor person) half a Saa` (1 Saa`= 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country such as rice, dates, or wheat for each missed day of fast if she has can. If she delayed making up for the missed days due to a valid excuse, she is not required to feed the poor, but only to make up her missed days of fast… read more here.

Breaking fast on 75 days in Ramadaan

Question: My 75 year-old mother broke her fast and has 75 missed days of fast. Please advise us about what she should do. Is it sufficient for her to make up for these missed days, feed the poor, or do both?

Answer: Your mother must make up for her missed days of fast if she is able to do. She must give 1.5 kg of food to a poor person for each day she missed, because she delayed making up for her missed days of fast. If she cannot make up for the missed days of fast because of old age or an incurable illness, then it is sufficient for her to feed a poor person as mentioned above… read more here.

The months during which we may make up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan

Question: Please tell me which months we may fast to make up for the missed days in Ramadaan. What are the pillars of faith? How can a Muslim be sinless? I have a brother who did not fast the last few days of Ramadaan (namely 25, 26, 27, 28, 29 and 30). He wanted to make up for them in the month of Rajab. What is your opinion about this?

Answer: Your brother must make up for the days in which he broke his fast during Ramadaan. It is a priority that he starts to make up for them after the end of Ramadaan unless there is a valid excuse. It is permissible for your brother to make up for his missed days of fast during the month of Rajab… read more here.

Making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter

Question: What is the ruling on making up for missed Ramadaan fasts during winter when daytime is short as you know?

Answer: It is obligatory on whoever missed some days of Ramadaan fasts to make up for them before the subsequent Ramadaan whether in winter or otherwise. In this regard, Allaah (Exalted be He) stated… read more here.

Should the woman who made up for missed days of Sawm intermittently re-observe Sawm consecutively?

Question: When I first began menstruating, I did not observe Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan because I was so young. However, I made up for the missed Ramadaan fasts intermittently in order not to be noticed by anyone. Is it permissible for me to re-observe Sawm consecutively? Am I liable for Kaffaarah (expiation)? If yes, what is the amount to be paid as Kaffaarah? al-Salaamu `alaykum wa rahmatullaah wa barakaatuh (May Allaah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you), may Allaah preserve you.

Answer: It is sufficient for you to make up for the days of fasting you missed when you were young, even if intermittently. However, you are liable for Kaffaarah if you delayed making them up till a subsequent Ramadaan. In this case, you should feed a poor person for each day you delayed making up an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple foodstuff… read more here.

Giving the due total amount of food for delaying making up for missed fasts all at once to the poor

Question: A woman made up for previous missed Ramadaan fasts. However, instead of paying the Kaffaarah (expiation) individually per each day, she paid its total amount at once after finishing making up for all missed days. Is it permissible to do so?

Answer: There is nothing wrong with calculating the due total amount of food when making up for the missed fasts was delayed without excuse, and giving it to the poor all at once… read more here.

Postponing missed fasts of Ramadaan due to giving birth till becoming unable to fast

Question: A woman missed the fasts of three months of Ramadaan during which she gave birth to children. However, she has not made up for them yet in spite of the passage of 19 or 20 years. Nevertheless, she still remembers her obligation and is willing to discharge it but cannot do so, because she is ill. Bearing in mind that she is unable to fast, what should she do?

Answer: If this woman’s illness is contingently curable, she should wait until she is cured and then make up for the missed Ramadaan fasts. If she delayed making up for fast until a subsequent Ramadaan came, without a valid excuse, she should feed a poor person for each day she missed 1.5 kg of wheat, rice, or the like, in addition to making up for the missed days… read more here.

Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of the missed Ramadaan fasts

Question: It is claimed, and only Allaah knows the truth, that if a woman is duty-bound to make up for a number of Ramadaan missed fasts, it is permissible for her, while embarking upon the recommended fast of the six days of Shawwaal, to say: “O Allaah, I intend both obligatory and supererogatory fasts”. What is the Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) ruling on this?

Answer: Making up for some Ramadaan days only discharges the obligation of missed Ramadaan fasts; thus, it is impermissible to combine another kind of fast with it through one intention. However, it is Mustahab (highly encouraged) and an abundantly deserving reward to fast the supererogatory six days of Shawwaal after making up for the missed fasts of Ramadaan. Anyway, the above-quoted saying has no basis in Sharee`ah… read more here.

A person was forced to break their Sawm during Ramadaan and forgot

Question: What is the ruling on a person who was forced to break their Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan and forgot to make up for that day, but remembered after about four years? What should they do in such a case?

Answer:  Whoever breaks their Sawm during Ramadan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse has to make up for the days missed even if many years have passed. If this delay was not for a Shar`ee excuse, the person in question has to feed a needy person for each day missed an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, rice, or any of the staple food of the country… read more here.

Breaking Sawm in Ramadaan for a Shar`ee excuse and breaking its compensatory Sawm before Thuhr Salaah due to ignorance

Question: I broke my Sawm (Fast) during Ramadaan for a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. When I was making up for that day, I broke my Sawm again before the Thuhr (noon) Prayer as I was ignorant about the ruling. What should I do in such a case? And is there any Kaffaarah (expiation) due?

Answer: You have to make up for the day which you failed to complete while observing Sawm. If you delay making up for it until the next Ramadaan without a Shar`ee excuse, you have to feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of your country, along with making up for it… read more here.

Intentionally breaking compensatory Sawm and ruling on having sexual intercourse during this day

Question: Is it permissible for a person to intentionally break their Sawm (Fast) which is in compensation for a missed day of Ramadaan? And should a person offer a Kaffaarah (expiation) if he intentionally breaks his Sawm by having intercourse with his wife?

Answer: It is forbidden to break the obligatory Sawm which is in compensation for missed Sawm, for vowing, or as Kaffaarah without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) says: …and render not vain your deeds. From this verse, scholars deduced the rule that reads: “Whoever engages himself in a Fard (obligatory, based on a definitive text) act is not allowed to break it”. Therefore, if a person’s Sawm is broken by sexual intercourse, they will be sinful but no Kaffaarah is due on them, for Kaffaarah belongs to having sexual intercourse only during the daytime of Ramadaan… read more here.

Breaking compensatory Sawm, thinking it is the same as voluntary Sawm

Question: I did not observe Sawm (Fast) on one of the days of Ramadaan because of an illness. Afterwards, I made up for that day, but at ten o’clock in the morning on that day, some guests visited me at home and I broke my Sawm, as I thought that compensatory Sawm carries the same ruling as voluntary Sawm. Then, in a religious session I heard that I was mistaken for doing so, and the preacher told me to ask Your Eminence. I hope to know the ruling on what I have done, and what I should do.

Answer: Whoever commences an obligatory Sawm like making up for a missed day of Ramadaan or any other obligatory Sawm like that for vowing or for an oath is forbidden to break their Sawm without a Shar`ee (Islaamically lawful) excuse, because when one commences an obligatory Sawm, he has to complete it unless he has a Shar`ee excuse… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband while making up for the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan

Question: A woman had her menstrual period during Ramadaan. After Ramadaan ended, she made up for the days she missed because of the menstrual period, and her husband had intercourse with her while she was observing Sawm (Fast) one of these missed days. What should she do if she was forced and if she was not?

Answer: The woman who, invalidated her Sawm by having intercourse with her husband when she was making up for one of the missed days of Sawm in Ramadaan, has to make up for that day. In addition, she has to offer Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) as it is impermissible for her to break her Sawm… read more here.

Having sexual intercourse with one’s husband during the daytime in Ramadaan while menstruating and about to take Ghusl

Question: A woman had sexual intercourse with her husband during the daytime of Ramadaan, and it was during her menstruation. She was expecting to take the after-menstruation Ghusl (full ritual bath) on that day upon the termination of her period. Is it Waajib (obligatory) on both of them to offer a Kaffaarah (expiation)? I hope that you will explain all the Kaffaarahs due in this regard to me.

Answer: According to Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars), having sexual intercourse with a menstruating wife is forbidden. Whoever does so intentionally, is aware of the prohibition, and knows that his wife is in her menstruation commits a prohibited deed which is one of the major sins. In such a case, he has to show sincere Tawbah (repentance to Allaah) and give out one or half a Dinar as a Kaffaarah for that. Evidences are explicit in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) on the strict prohibition of such a deed… read more here.

Not making up for the missed days of fast in Ramadaan due to menstruation and not knowing their number

Question: A woman says that she fasted the month of Ramadaan since it has been due on her, but she has not made up for the days she did not fast in her monthly periods. Now she does not know the number of days she missed and asks what she should do.

Answer: This woman must make up for the days she did not fast from the previous months of Ramadaan and feed a needy person an amount of half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food of the country for each fasting day she missed as expiation for delaying the making up of these days until another Ramadan came… read more here.

Failing to fast four Ramadaans during war and becoming too old to make up for them

Question: My grandfather is 88 years old; he was born in 1907. He witnessed the war waged by the Algerians in 1954 to gain liberation from the French colonization. At that time, he was a soldier in the ranks of the National Liberation Army. Due to war, the soldiers had to abstain from Fast during four months of Ramadaan when they were in a state of war. My grandfather was not the only one who did so, but rather all the soldiers did. Now he is 88 years old as mentioned above, and he did not make up for any of the days of these four months of Ramadan. The questions are:

1. Can my grandfather pay Kaffaarah (expiation) in compensation as he is aged and cannot endure Fast?
2. If your answer is in the affirmative, how much should he pay in Algerian dinars as compensation for these months, and to whom should he pay?
3. Can he pay the Kaffaarah for the month of Ramadaan in this year?

Answer: If your grandfather is actually unable to make up the four months of Ramadaan he did not fast, then he has to feed a needy person an amount of 1.5 kg of the country’s staple food for each day he failed to fast. Giving money does not serve as a substitute for providing food. The Kaffaarah for the four months can be given at once to some poor families. He should repent for this delay in making up for the missed days of Fast… read more here.

Desirability of breaking fast by eating dates and resuming Iftaar after offering the Maghrib salaah

Question: What are the Islaamic etiquettes one should follow when breaking the Fast? Many people take long time in eating until the time of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is over. They claim that Salaah (Prayer) should be delayed once the food is served. Is this claim true? What should one do when breaking the Fast? Does one have some dates first, then resume the Iftaar (breaking the Fast) after offering Salaah, or should one finish his Iftaar first and then offer Salaah?

Answer: The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is that the fasting person should break their Fast once they are sure that the sun has set. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Question: We cannot hear the Athaan (call to Prayer) because the Masjid (mosque) is far away from the place where we live. Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Answer: When you are most certain that the sun has already set or you think it has most likely set, as you are not positively sure of its setting,due to heavy clouds, then you may break your Sawm even if you are too far away from the Masjid to hear the Athaan. This is based on a Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (fast)?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until a long time after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan; for example, at 9 or 10 PM?

Answer: A fasting person should break Sawm immediately at sunset. This complies with the regular practice and words of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this regard, it is reported on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) In brief, delaying Iftaar (breaking Fast) until a long time after sunset does not conform to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet); rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Making Du`aa’ when breaking fast

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: The Du`aa’ (supplication) of a fasting person at the time of breaking Sawm (Fast) will not be rejected.What is the exact time referred to by the phrase “Du`aa’ at the time of breaking Sawm”? Does it refer to Du`a’ made just few moments before Iftaar (breaking the Fast), or immediately after it?

Answer: This Hadeeth is narrated by Ibn Maajah. The author of Al-Zawaa’id ranked its Isnaad (chain of narrators) as Saheeh (authentic).Focusing on the question, Du`aa’ can be made before or after Iftaar because the preposition “at” refers to both times… read more here.

Iftaar starts at the time of the Athaan of the Maghrib Salaah

Question: Does Iftar (breaking the Fast) during Ramadaan start upon hearing the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer or upon seeing the setting of the sun? According to a Hadeeth, the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said: Once he was on a journey, he said to one of his Companions: “Get up and mix Saweeq (powdered barley) with water for us.” He then bade him mount a camel and watches for the sunset. Once he has seen it, they would immediately break fast.

Answer: The fast is to be ended upon the sunset or when one has been informed by a trustworthy person that the time of Iftaar has become due; alternatively, when they hear the Athaan of the Maghrib Prayer… read more here.

Breaking fast upon verifying that the sun has set and declined below the western horizon

Question: A group of people emerged in our town saying that they are staunch adherents to the Sunnah of Al-Mustafaa (peace be upon him). But it is observed that they break fast in Ramadaan and in other months at twilight (the time the sun is declining). They also say that the Hadeeth which they quote in support of their action is sound and authentic. What is your opinion with regard to this issue, our Shaykh?

Answer: Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall and the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) stated: When night falls from this side and the day disappears from this side and the sun has set, then the fasting person should break fast. (Reported by Al-Bukhaaree) Therefore, it is not allowed to break fast until the sun has completely set and declined below the western horizon, and the night has fallen in the eastern horizon. This can be ascertained either by witnessing the setting of the sun or by hearing the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) making the Athaan (call to Prayer) at the prescribed time… read more here.

Breaking the fast when the sun sets

Question: Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall It is established that Shiites quote this verse as evidence that breaking the fast should not take place except after seeing the stars in the sky, which for them is the actual night, as stated in the story of Prophet Ibraaheem (Abraham) (peace be upon him) in which Allaah says: When the night covered him over with darkness he saw a star. Then, what is the reply to their claim, keeping in mind that they deny some Hadeeths which we quoted for them as evidence for breaking the fast upon the setting of the sun. They also claim that the Noble Qur’aan has more authority than the Hadeeth?

Answer: If the sun has set, then it is the time to break the fast. The setting of the sun is the inception of the night, according to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) statement: When night falls from this side and the day disappears from this side and the sun has set, then one should break his fast.read more here.

One should break the fast upon witnessing sunset

Question: Is it permissible to break the fast immediately upon hearing the Athaan (call to Saalah) of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan, or must one wait until the Mu’ath-thin (caller to Prayer) finishes the Athaan and then one may break the fast?

Answer: One should break the fast when seeing the sunset, or by hearing the Athaan of the Mu’ath- thin who raises the Athaan only after the sun has set. Thus, one should break fast upon hearing the Athaan… read more here.

Ruling on a person who mistakenly breaks his fast 5 minutes before the Athaan?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who mistakenly breaks their fast five minutes before the Athaan (call to Prayer) of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is announced? The reason is related to miscalculation of time.

Answer: The time of the fast starts from the break of dawn until sunset. A person is required to make up for their fast if they mistakenly broke it before sunset. One should not solely depend on checking the time by looking at the clock when breaking the fast. The visualization of the setting of the sun must also be taken into consideration. This is because the day length differs from one day to another… read more here.

Is it permissible to fast without having Suhoor ?

Question: Is it permissible to fast without having Suhoor (pre-dawn meal before the Fast)? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: A fasting person is recommended to have Suhoor before dawn breaks as it gives the energy to fast. The Prophet (peace be upon him) encouraged Muslims to have Suhur stating that there is a blessing in this meal. However, Sawm (Fast) will still be valid even if one does not have Suhoor… read more here.

Should a fasting person break his Sawm if they are invited to a banquet?

Question: Should a person, who is invited by a Muslim brother to a daytime meal, break Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: It is not permissible to break an obligatory Sawm. As for voluntary Sawm, a Muslim has the choice either to continue or break the Sawm, although it is better to continue Sawm. It is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: When any of you is invited to a meal, they should accept (the invitation). If they are fasting, they should say, ‘I am fasting.’ In another wording, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: If they are fasting, they should make Du`aa’ (for the inviter), and if they are not fasting, they should partake of the meal.read more here.

Having intention to fast from the previous night

Question: In some Muslim countries, there might be some delay during the Night of Doubt in the announcement of the beginning of Ramadaan, resulting in the inability of some people to stay up long enough to hear whether the month has begun or not.

My question is: If one is overcome by sleep and cannot wait until hearing the official announcement of one’s country regarding the beginning of the month, how then can they make the intention to fast? Can they condition their intention according to the beginning of the month by saying: If Ramadaan starts tomorrow I will fast, and if not I will not fast? Will one have an excuse and thus can make the intention in the morning if they are informed that the month has started? Or, what should one do in this circumstance?

Answer: If one goes to bed without knowing whether the month has begun or not and does not wake up until the following day morning only to realize that the month has already started, then they must fast for the remainder of that day and make up for it after Ramadaan… read more here.

Whoever completes Sawm in a country and travels to another finding its people still fasting

Question: Someone completed the Sawm (Fast) of Ramadaan as thirty days in his own country. On the next day, he traveled to another country to find the people there observing Sawm. So he observed Sawm on that day like them to observe Sawm for thirty one days. He later came to know that the people of the country referred to had sighted the new moon of Ramadaan two days after his country had sighted it. In general, it may happen that after completing the Sawm of Ramadaan, either as twenty nine days in view of sighting the new moon of Shawwal or as thirty days for not sighting it, a Muslim travels to another country to find the people there still have to observe Sawm for two more days. In such a case, should such a person observe Sawm on these two additional days or not due to the fact that Ramadaan can be no more than 30 days? I greatly appreciate Your Eminence’s Fatwaa’ in this regard.

Answer: If someone, after completing the Sawm of Ramadaan in their country, breaks the Sawm on the first day of Shawwaal on a Shar`ee (Islaamically legal) basis, they should not observe Sawm if they happen to travel to another country where people are still observing Sawm because Ramadaan, according to their sighting, has begun there on a later date. This is because they are to abide by the calendar of the country where they initiated their Sawm provided that ending the Sawm was founded on a Shar`ee basis. However, they should not eat openly lest Fitnah (temptation) should take place… read more here.

Does Madhee (thin white viscid fluid) invalidate Sawm?

Question: One Ramadaan day, I sat beside my wife for about half an hour while we were both fasting. We were having fun with each other. After I left her, I found wet traces of a liquid on my pants discharged from my penis. Actually, this happened more than once. I would like to know if I am liable for Kaffaarah (expiation) for doing so.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned, you do not have to make up for the Sawm of that day or offer a Kaffaarah, keeping to the basis that Sawm continues to be valid (as long as nothing has happened to invalidate it, i.e, since the discharge was Madhee [thin white viscid fluid secreted due to sexual thoughts or desire]), unless it is proven that the liquid you discharged was Maniy (sperm/vaginal secretions that are released on orgasm), in which case you must perform Ghusl (full ritual bath) and make up for the Sawm of that day, but you do not have to offer a Kaffaarah..read more here.

Ruling on smelling perfume or insecticide while fasting

Question: If a person is observing Sawm (Fast) and they smell perfumes or insecticide, does this invalidate their Sawm during Ramadaan or at any other time?

Answer:  Smelling perfumes or other substances does not invalidate a person’s Sawm, whether in Ramadaan or during a voluntary Sawm..read more here.

A fasting person forgetfully eating and drinking

Question: If one eats or drinks forgetfully during a day in Ramadaan, should one make up for the Sawm (Fast) of that day? The Messenger (peace be upon him) said: “Anyone who forgets that they are fasting and eats or drinks…”? He (peace be upon him) also said: My Ummah (nation based on one creed) has been pardoned for what they do by mistake, forgetfully, or under duress.

Answer:  Anyone who eats or drinks forgetfully during the daytime in Ramadaan is not sinful and should complete their Sawm and not break it. Moreover, they need not make up for the Sawm of the day in question, according to the more correct of the two opinions maintained by scholars..read more here.

Blood coming out of a fasting person intentionally or unintentionally

Question: One day in Ramadaan, I accidentally touched my nose and this caused few drops of blood to come out of it. Does this bleeding affectmy Sawm? Is my Sawm that day counted or I am supposed to make up for that day?

Answer:  If the reality is as you mentioned, then your Sawm is counted and you do not need to make up for that day, as you have not done anything that might render your Sawm invalid..read more here.

Cupping and phlebotomy for a person observing fast

Question: Does cupping during the daytime in Ramadan invalidate the Sawm (Fast) of both the cupper and the one who is cupped? Should they break their Sawm and make up for the Sawm of the day in question at a later date? Please answer my question!

Answer:  The Sawm of the cupper and the one being cupped is invalidated by doing so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: The cupper and the cupped have broken their Sawm...read more here.

Masturbation of a fasting person

Question: If a Muslim is so sexually excited during the daytime in Ramadaan that he cannot help masturbating, does this invalidate Sawm? Does doing so necessitate making up for the day (or days) or offering a Kaffaarah (expiation)?

Answer: Masturbation during Ramadaan and at other times is Haraam. It is unlawful to do so based on the Saying of Allaah: And those who guard their chastity (i.e. private parts from illegal sexual acts). Except from their wives or the (women slaves) whom their right hands possess – for (then) they are not blameworthy. But whosoever seeks beyond that, then it is those who are trespassers. Anyone who practices it during the daytime in Ramadaan while fasting has to repent to Allaah and make up for the Sawm of the respective day. However, it does not necessitate Kaffaraah because it is prescribed specifically in the case of sexual intercourse..read more here.

Shaving hair and cutting nails during the daytime in Ramadaan

Question: Does shaving one’s hair and cutting one’s nails during the day of Ramadaan render one’s Sawm (Fast) invalid?

Answer: Shaving hair, cutting nails, plucking out the armpit hair, and shaving pubic hair do not break one’s Sawm..read more here.

A fasting person using liquid perfume in a bottle

Question: Does applying liquid perfumes to hands, face, body or clothing invalidate one’s Sawm (Fast)?

Answer: Applying perfumes in the way mentioned does not invalidate one’s Sawm..read more here.

Making up fasts due to involuntarily vomitting

Question: If a fasting person vomits involuntarily during the daytime in Ramadaan, should they make up for that day?

Answer: Involuntary vomiting does not invalidate Sawm (Fast); consequently, experiencing it while fasting does not require that the day be made up because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Whoever vomits involuntarily is not required to make up the fast, but whoever vomits deliberately, must make up the missed fast. (Related by Imaam Ahmad and the Compilers of the Sunan [Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmithee, Al-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah] through an authentic Isnaad [chain of narrators])..read more here.

Fast of a menstruating woman who is purified before dawn

Question: What is the ruling on a menstruating woman who becomes pure before Fajr (Dawn) Prayer? Should she fast this day?

Answer: She should fast this day and perform Ghusl (ritual bath following major ritual impurity) even after the light of Fajr appears.Postponing performing Ghusl until after the light of Fajr appears does not affect Sawm (Fast)..read more here.

Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah?

Question: Is it permissible for a person to fast while in a state of Janaabah (major ritual impurity related to sexual discharge) caused by intercourse with one’s spouse during the night or anything else?

Answer: The Sawm (Fast) of a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) due to sexual intercourse during the night without taking Ghusl (ritual bath) until after daybreak is valid. Likewise, the Sawm of a Junub due to a wet dream that takes place during the day or the night is valid, even if making Ghusl is delayed until after daybreak. Only sexual intercourse that takes place between daybreak and sunset invalidates Sawm..read more here.