Should an airline passenger break his fast if they find out through glancing at the watch or being informed by phone that it is time in the country, over which the plane is flying, for breaking the fast?

Question 4: A fasting person on a plane finds out by glancing at the watch or being informed by phone that it is time to break Sawm (Fast) in the country over which the plane is flying; may they break their Sawm although they can still see the sun because of the altitude of the plane? What is the ruling in case a person breaks Sawm in a given country but when the plane takes off they still can see the sun?

Answer: If a fasting person is on a plane and learns either by checking the time on their watch or being informed by a phone call that it is time in the country over which the plane is flying to break Sawm, but they can still see the sun because of the altitude at which the plane is flying, it is not permissible for them to break Sawm because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

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What exactly is the difference between the ‘Mustahab’ (stressed sunnah) and the ‘Waajib’ (obligatory)?

Question 9: Any command given by the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) indicates obligation and duty. However, there is a Hadeeth whose apparent meaning contradicts the Hadeeth narrated by ‘Aboo Hurayrah (may Allaah be pleased with him): When I command you to do anything, do of it as much as you possibly can. How can a Muslim reconcile these two Hadeeths?

Answer: The basic rule concerning any commands of the Prophet (peace be upon him) is that they denote obligation, unless otherwise indicated. However, fulfillment of obligation is in accordance with one’s ability, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says: So keep your duty to Allaah and fear Him as much as you can This is also supported by the Hadeeth mentioned in the question… read more here.

Is it permissible to say: “O Mu’een (Supporter), O Lord”?

Question 17: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer: It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and “He who makes easy” is Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, as you have declared at the end of your supplication, saying, “O Lord!”, whether you… read more here.

Prostrating and slaughtering animals on Graves

Question 27: What is the ruling on making Sujood (Prostration) and slaughtering animals on graves?

Answer: Making Sujood (Prostration) and slaughtering animals at graves are idolatrous habits and acts of Shirk Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah). Sujud and slaughtering are acts of `Ibaadah (worship) and `Ibaadah should be exclusively confined to Allaah. Thus, whoever performs any of them to anyone other than Allaah commits an act of disbelief. Allaah (the Exalted) says… read more here.

Beseeching anyone other than Allaah for help, for sickness, rain Or to prolong one’s life

Question 20: Two groups holding opposing views: the first group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ (pious people) constitutes Kufr (disbelief) and Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship); they give evidence from Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) in support of their view. The second group maintains that seeking help from prophets and Awliya’ is permissible because they are the chosen, sincere Servants of Allaah (Exalted be He). Which of the two is correct?

Answer: Asking anyone other than Allaah for help, to bring healing, to make it rain, to prolong one’s life, or similar requests that lie in the Power of Allaah Alone is a form of major Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship that takes a Muslim out of Islaam). Likewise… read more here.

Seeking the help of the Jinns and turning to them to fulfill needs

Question 18: Is it permissible to say when seeking the help of Allaah, Glorified and Exalted be He, “O Mu‘een (Supporter)! O Lord!” or to say when asking to make easy what is difficult, “O Musahhil (He who facilitates)! O Muyassir (He who makes easy)! O Lord”? What is the governing principle in this regard? And what is the ruling on a person who says so inadvertently, ignorantly, or deliberately?

Answer:  It is permissible to say what you have mentioned, because the One referred to by the “Supporter” and… read more here.

Invoking Allah and seeking to draw close to Him by His Most Magnificent Names

Question 16: Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): “And  (all) the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them”. How can Allaah be supplicated to by His Most Beautiful Names; should He be supplicated to by ten of His Names or more, or can it be just by the Name befitting the reason for the Du’aa (supplication)?

Answer: It is lawful to supplicate to Allaah and seek to draw close to Him by His Most Beautiful Names, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says: “And the Most Beautiful Names belong to Allaah, so call on Him by them”. Imaam Ahmad reported a Hadeeth narrated by Ibn Mas‘ood, that… read more here.

Doing the collective thikr like what is done by the Sufi orders and Tariqas

Question 8: Please give us your Fatwaa concerning a group of people who sit in circles in Masjids (mosques) in which they observe remembrance of Allaah (Exalted be He) and His Messenger. Sometimes in their thikr (Remembrance of Allah), they say things that are contrary to Tawheed (Oneness of Allaeh). An example of what they say is: “Help us, O Messenger of Allaah!” They repeat these words while their leader says: “O, you (the Prophet) are the key of Allaah’s treasures. O you are the Ka`bah of Allaah’s appearance. O you are the throne of Allaah’s leveling and O you are the chair of Allaah’s descent! Suffice us, O Messenger of Allaah. O Allah’s beloved! You are the intended one. It is you, O Messenger of Allaah,” and other similar words of Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship).

Answer: First of all, collective thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) like what is done in the Sufi orders is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It was stated that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Is it permissible to establish Salaah behind anyone who seeks help from the dead?

Question 4: An Imaam of a Masjid (mosque) seeks help from dead people in their graves, claiming that these are the graves of Awliya’ (pious people) to whom we should resort. He says that they may act as mediators between us and Allaah (Exalted be He). Am I allowed to perform congregational Salaah (Prayer) behind this Imaam, despite the fact that I call for Tawheed (belief in the Oneness of Allaah)? Could you please also clarify such questions as making vows, seeking help from other than Allaah, and Tawassul (seeking to draw close to Allaah) through a means?

Answer: If you are sure that the Imam you mentioned seeks help from the dead or vows to them, then it is not permissible to perform Salah behind him because he is considered a Mushrik (one who associates others with Allah in His Divinity or worship); the Salah he performs… read more here.