All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon the Last of the Prophets.
In its second edition, Al-Rayaa magazine published a message by the Islaamic Center in Geneva, including many inquiries starting with Eemaan (faith or belief), as many people are suffering from doubts and worries. Is it true? A reply came from brother Dr. Sa`eed Ramadaan, who said after praising Allaah: “It is well known that Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) innately created all humankind with belief in Him as the Lord, God and Controller of their affairs to be feared, beseeched for help, and approached through various acts of worship. Allaah (Exalted be He) said: So set you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) your face towards the religion (of pure Islaamic Monotheism) Haneef (worship none but Allaah Alone). Allaah’s Fitrah (i.e. Allaah’s Islaamic Monotheism) with which He has created mankind. In an authentic Hadeeth, the Prophet (peace be upon him) is reported to have said: Allaah states: I have created my servants naturally inclined to the Truth, but devils deceived them, led them astray from their religion, and commanded them to associate partners with Me for which I sent down no evidence.True Eemaan is to believe in Allaah, His angels, His Books, His messengers, the Last Day and divine decree in prosperity and adversity. This was the Prophet’s reply to Jibreel’s (Gabriel) question about Eemaan, which consists of more than seventy branches (i.e. parts), the highest of which is testifying that there is no god but Allaah and the lowest rank is removing harmful objects from the road. Eemaan also increases through obedience and decreases due to disobedience, as clearly pointed out in Aayaat (Qur’aanic verses), prophetic Hadeeths and the way followed by the Salaf (righteous predecessors). After this introduction and definition of Eemaan, we say that it is subject to worries and doubts for many reasons.
1- Ignorance about prerequisites and evidence of Eemaan.
2- Failure to apply what you know, and this gradually leads to weakness of Eemaan, until it totally vanishes and is replaced with doubts. This fact is supported by actual occurrences as well as Islaamic texts.
3- Being in an environment devoid of Eemaan, which feeds suspicion and doubt, thus leading to wavering Eemaan and weakness in the face of temptation and deviant impulses; especially if one is of little knowledge and does not have good companions who can help them remain steadfast. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Hasten to perform (good) deeds before trials which are as dark as night, where one can be a believer in the morning and a disbeliever at night, or a believer at night and a disbeliever in the morning, who barters Eemaan for the perishable goods of this life... read more here.
Question: Is it necessary for new reverts to Islaam to change their names? Should an adult convert be circumcised?
Answer: It is permissible for new Muslims to change their names if they carry wrong or bad meanings, as this is a sign of conversion to Islaam. If one asks the reason for a convert having changed their name, in most cases, their names before converting to Islaam were not suitable, thus they felt it necessary to change them to Islaamic names such as Saalih, Ahmad, `Abdullaah, `Abdul-Rahmaan, Muhammad, etc. Names which suggest slavery to other than Allaah such as `Abdul- Messiah, `Abdul-Zahraa, or `Abd-Moosaa must be changed to `Abdullaah, `Abdul-Rahmaan and the like, as servitude is to Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) Alone. Therefore, it is best to change names which express servitude to other than Allaah and which are familiar and used by the Kuffaar (disbelievers) to Islaamic names… read more here.
Question: Some people frequently say that Islaam is a condition for offering Salaah (Prayer) and performing Hajj, so can a person be a Muslim although they do not abide by other pillars of Islaam. Please, clarify this matter!
Answer: Anyone is a Muslim who pronounces Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith, i.e. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Messenger), and believes in the Oneness of Allaah and the truthfulness of the His Messenger Muhammad (peace be upon him). If a person offers Salaah, they are considered Muslims, otherwise they are Murtad (apostates). Likewise, anyone who denies that Salaah, Sawm (Fast) of Ramadan, Zakaah (obligatory charity), or Hajj for those able to perform it are obligatory or mocks Islaam or insults the Messenger (peace be upon him), is regarded as a Murtad. A person is considered a Muslim once they declare Shahaadah. If they become steadfast in adhering to the truth, they are Muslims. However, if they do something that nullifies Islaam such as cursing Islaam, belying the Messenger (peace be upon him), denying acts of worship which were prescribed by Allaah, or regarding something that Allaah has forbidden as permissible, such as Zinaa (adultery), they become a Murtad… read more here.
Question: Is the person who practices any of the teachings of Islaam considered to be a Muslim? Does this depend on knowing their `Aqeedah (creed)?
Answer: Anyone who practices Islaam should be judged as a Muslim. For example, if a person declares Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith, i.e. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Messenger) or prays in congregation, he is a Muslim. If it is proven otherwise, it is compulsory to advise and clarify matters for him. If he apostatizes from Islaam, his case should be referred to the authorities who must ask him to repent; if he repents, all well and good, otherwise he will be subject to capital punishment. The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Whoever changes their Deen (religion) of Islaam must be executed. (Related by Al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (authentic) book of Hadeeth)…read more here.
Question: What are the conditions of Islaam?
Answer: There are two conditions of Islaam:
The first is sincerity to Allaah. When entering the fold of Islaam and performing any deed, a person should seek Allaah’s Pleasure. All acts of worship such as Salaah (Prayer), Sadaqah (voluntary charity), Sawm (Fast), Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), etc should be done purely for the sake of Allaah; otherwise this is Riyaa’ (showing-off ) for which a person is considered a hypocrite. When a person pronounces Shahaadah (i.e. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allaah and I bear witness that Muhammad is His Messenger) it must be coupled with sincerity of intention. A person must acknowledge Allaah as the Only One Who is worthy of worship and acknowledge Muhammad (peace be upon him) as the true Messenger of Allaah and the seal of prophets. A person must offer Salaah, pay Sadaqah, recite Qur’aan, observe Sawm, perform Hajj, and other acts of worship purely for the sake of Allaah in order to be successful.
The second condition is that all of one’s actions must be in accordance with Sharee`ah (Islaamic law), not accordance with one’s whims or personal judgment. A person must offer Salaah, observe Sawm, pay Zakaah (obligatory charity), participate in Jihaad (striving in the Cause of Allaah), and perform Hajj in the manner prescribed by Allaah… read more here.
All praise be to Allaah, the Lord of the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon the Servant of Allaah, His Messenger, the best of His Creatures, and His Trustee over His revelation, our Prophet, Imaam, Muhammad ibn `Abdullaah. May Allaah’s Peace and Blessings be upon his family, Companions, and those who adopt his way and follow his guidance until the Day of Resurrection.
Dear honorable brothers, my address to you will be on the fundamentals of Eemaan (faith). This topic was chosen by the university and I agreed to deliver this speech because it is an exceptionally important matter. It is acknowledged that our religion of Islaam is established upon these tenets, as our Ummah (nation based on one creed) cannot succeed, live in a state of happiness, security, and glory above other nations except through holding fast to these tenets and acting accordingly in terms of its statements, actions, general conduct, transactions, striving, and all its affairs… read more here.
Question 5: What are the reprehensible names in Deen (religion of Islaam)? Is it reprehensible to call names like Eemaan (faith) or Hudaa (guidance)? What is the ruling on a man who has a three year old girl named Eemaan? Should he change her name? May Allaah reward you with all good!
Answer: There is nothing in Islaam forbidding people to call their children names like Hudaa and Eemaan as far as we know… read more here.