Question 23: A man entered the Masjid (mosque) after the first congregational Salaah (Prayer) was over to find another congregational Salaah led by an illiterate Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer). Such a person who is well-aware of the proper recitation of Qur’aan thought it was not right to join this congregational Salaah. Should he have joined them? If he had joined them to attain the reward of offering congregational Salaah, would his Salaah have been valid?
Answer: If the unlettered Imaam performs Salaah tranquility and properly making no mistake in Soorah Al-Faatihah (Opening Chapter of the Qur’aan) in a way that changes the meanings, he may join Salaah with this Imaam to attain the reward of congregational Salaah. Otherwise, he may wait for others to pray with to maintain the observance of Salaah in congregation, if possible... read more here.
Question 22: A Ma’moom (person being led by an Imaam in Prayer) joined ‘Asr (Afternoon) Prayer during the fourth Rak‘ah (unit of Prayer) then another man came and started praying behind him. Is it thus permissible for the first praying person to change his intention from being a Ma’moom to being an Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer)?
Answer: It is permissible for whoever misses congregational Salaah (Prayer) and cannot find anybody else to start a new congregation with, to pray (as a Ma’moom) behind a person who is making up for the Rak‘ahs (units of Prayer) that they missed after the Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer) of the Imaam. Proof for the foregoing is that the Prophet (peace be upon him) was offering Salaah during the night and Ibn ‘Abbaas came and prayed behind him. Moreover, offering Salaah in congregation is more rewarded... read more here.
Question 21: Is it permissible for a male Muslim not to attend the congregational Salaah (Prayer) due to being busy with his studies and class times?
Answer: Male Muslims have to perform Fard (obligatory) Salaah at the Masjid (mosque) with the congregation. They are not permitted to miss the congregational Salaah except for a Shar‘ee (Islaamic legal) excuse such as illness or fear. Accordingly, being busy with studies is not a valid excuse for missing the congregational Salaah... read more here.
Question 20: If a person joins Salaah (Prayer) during the last Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the last unit of Prayer) before the Imaam (the one who leads congregational Prayer) pronounces Tasleem (salutation of peace ending the Prayer), will they get the reward of offering congregational Salaah? Or will they get the reward of praying individually? What is the best course of action upon entering the Masjid (mosque) and finding the Imaam in the last Tashahhud? Should a person complete the Tashahhud, or should they wait for others to come and pray with?
Answer: Anyone who joins the Imaam during the last Tashahhud will not be considered to have caught the congregational Salaah, but they will get the reward of whatever parts of Salaah they pray with the Imaam. To be considered having joined the congregational Salaah, a latecomer should offer at least one Rak`ah (unit of Prayer) with the Imaam, for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said... read more here.
Question 19: What is the ruling on certain people reciting Qur’aan over Zamzam Water (well that sprung up under the Prophet Isma’eel when he was a baby, near the Ka‘bah), then giving it to someone to drink in order to be granted specific wishes or for healing?
Answer: It is reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) drank from Zamzam Water, used to carry it with him, and encouraged people to drink it saying: Zamzam Water is for whatever it is drunk for. On the authority of Ibn ‘Abbaas... read more here.