Offering Janaazah (Funeral) Prayer in a Masjid

Question 199: We live in a small village whose people adhere to the Sunnah from a long time ago. This is from the virtue of Allaah, and then the efforts of our ancestors (may Allaah be merciful with them). I accompanied some of them, and Allaah made them a reason for my guidance. I tried my best, praise be to Allaah, to spread the Sunnah in the country, and work for Da`wah (call to Allaah) to the utmost of my ability. I lead people in Salaah (prayer) since 1977, and after the incidents that have happened in Egypt recently, the ministry of Waqfs (Endowments) sent a Khateeb (preacher) to the Masjid (mosque) of our village. At the beginning, this Khateeb convinced us that he would pursue the same Manhaj (methodology) we adopt, and after he became firmly established in the Masjid, he began propagating the idea of putting a radio in the Masjid for people to listen to the recitation of the Qur’aan before the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer, as is done in other Masjids in Egypt. Of course, there were many ignorant followers who agreed with him, and they put a radio connected to a loudspeakers before Salaah. I personally tried to prevent him from this act.

I even exposed him to the evidences stating the impermissibility of reciting the Qur’aan loudly where people offer their Salaah, and that such a deed is nothing but reviving a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion) and nullifying an act of Sunnah. He responded by arguing that if this was prohibited, then why is it widespread in all Masjids of Egypt? The matter has gone so far that they placed the body of a dead person in the bier right in front of the people before Jumu`ah Prayer, and after finishing it, we offered Funeral Prayer for him. I tried to prevent him from doing this before Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer due to the impermissibility of such a deed, but he refused and said that this is the opinion of Imaam Maalik who sees that it as a lesson for the living. I told him that Imaam Maalik regarded offering Funeral prayer in all Masjids as Makrooh (disliked). However, he remained deaf to my opinion, and was apparently convinced of his own. The path for newly invented Bidd`ahs has been paved by the coming of this Khateeb, and there will be more of such Bid`ahs. I am really perplexed and do not know what to do, especially that there are those who want to adhere to the Sunnah, and shun the way to Bid`ah. It should be taken into consideration that this is the only Masjid in the village, and I am thinking of deserting this Masjid, and offering Salaah in one of the Sunni Masjids in Alexandria. However, if I do that, more kinds of Bidd`ahs will find their way, and those willing to adhere to the Sunnah will be without help, not to mention their inability to offer Salah in other Sunni Masjids due to their scarcity in the rural areas and the countryside.

Answer: Firstly, It is not permissible to put a radio or the like to listen to the recitation of the Qur’aan loudly in the Masjid on Friday before the Imaam ascends the pulpit. 

Secondly, It is permissible to offer the Funeral Prayer in a Masjid according to the most preponderant opinion of scholars which is supported by the sound evidences. However, the body of the dead person should not be placed in front of the people until the obligatory prayer is finished, then the bier is to be put between them and the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) to offer the Funeral Prayer... read more here.

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Habitually chanting poetry after friday salaah

Question 198: After every Friday Prayer, people in our country recite the following lines of poetry. Is this permissible? These lines read:

O Lord, I deserve not in Paradise to dwell,
Nor can I endure the fire of Hell,
So may you my repentance accept and my sins obliterate,
For indeed You forgive sins, no matter how great.

Answer: A Muslim is allowed to make Du`aa’ (supplication) and to beseech Allah humbly at any time and in all circumstances. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated: And your Lord said: “Invoke Me, I will respond to your (invocation). Allaah also says: And when My slaves ask you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) concerning Me, then (answer them), I am indeed near (to them by My Knowledge). I respond to the invocations of the supplicant when he calls on Me (without any mediator or intercessor). The Prophet (peace be upon him) stated:Du`aa’ is the very core of worship However, chanting these lines of poetry after Friday Prayer is not an act of Sunnah. Rather, it is a forbidden act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). It is authentically confirmed that the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated: Whoever introduces any practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected.... read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after offering Salaah individually or congregationally

Question 197: Is it an act of Sunnah or is it permissible to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah individually or in congregation? Appreciate your guidance, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: It is not an act of Sunnah to recite Soorah Al-Faatihah after performing the obligatory Salaah whether individually or in congregation... read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan, or before contracting marriage

Question 196: Some people may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for the soul of so-and-so!” or “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah for Allaah to make such-and-such work easy for us!” People then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Besides, a person may say, “Let’s recite Al-Faatihah” after he finishes reciting the Qur’aan. The listeners then start reciting Al-Faatihah. Also it is a habit of some people to recite Al-Faatihah as a betrothal ceremony. What is the ruling on all these deeds?

Answer: Reciting Al-Faatihah by the listeners after invoking Allaah, reciting the Qur’aan or as a betrothal ceremony is a Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). None of these deeds is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) or any of his Sahaabah (Companions) (may Allaah be pleased with them). In fact, it is authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Whoever does any act for which there is no sanction on our part, will have it rejected.... read more here.

Repetition of the Name of Allaah: “Yaa Lateef”

Question 195: There is a group of people in our Masjid (mosque) who always repeat the phrase “Ya Lateef” (O Most Kind and Gentle) 122 times after reciting Allaah’s Noble Names. Is this valid?

Answer: This is not permissible, because this has not been reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him), who stated in an authentic Hadeeth: Whoever introduces any practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. And in another narration: Whoever performs an action not in accordance with our command, it is to be rejected.... read more here.

Those who loudly make thikr in groups while jumping and swaying from side to side

Question 194: What is the ruling on those who make thikr (Remembrance of Allaah) in unison and raise their voices while jumping and swaying from side to side?

Answer: It is not permissible to do this, for this way is Bidd`ah (innovation in religion). The Prophet (peace be upon him) said: He who innovates things in our affairs for which there is no valid (reason) (commits sin) and these are to be rejected.... read more here.

Reciting Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’ (supplication)

Question 193: Did the Prophet (peace be upon him) recite Al-Faatihah after Du`aa’ (supplication)?

Answer: It is not reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to recite Al-Faatihah after du`aa’, as far as we know. So, this is an act of Bidd`ah (innovation in religion)... read more here.

Offering Salaah behind an Imaam who makes Lahn (incorrect recitation) that changes the meaning in Al-Faatihah

Question 192: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth, If anyone invokes blessings on me once, Allaah will bless him ten times. Muslims are prescribed to invoke peace and blessings upon the Prophet when his name is mentioned, after reciting Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) in Salaah, during delivering Khutbah (sermon) on Friday, marriage, and the like. We know of no proof showing that the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), or the leading scholars of Salaf (Righteous Predecessors) including Maalik, Aboo Haneefah, Al-Layth ibn Sa`d, Al-Shafi`ee, Al-Awzaa`ee and Ahmad (may Allaah be merciful to them) ever invoked peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after finishing Salaah collectively. The best a Muslim can do is to follow the guidance of the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.... read more here.

Loudly invoking Allaah’s Peace and Blessings upon the Prophet after Jumu`ah Prayer

Question 191: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth, If anyone invokes blessings on me once, Allaah will bless him ten times. Muslims are prescribed to invoke peace and blessings upon the Prophet when his name is mentioned, after reciting Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) in Salaah, during delivering Khutbah (sermon) on Friday, marriage, and the like. We know of no proof showing that the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), or the leading scholars of Salaf (Righteous Predecessors) including Maalik, Aboo Haneefah, Al-Layth ibn Sa`d, Al-Shafi`ee, Al-Awzaa`ee and Ahmad (may Allaah be merciful to them) ever invoked peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after finishing Salaah collectively. The best a Muslim can do is to follow the guidance of the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.... read more here.

Congregational Du`aa’ (supplication) after performing Salaah

Question 190: What is the Islaamic ruling on the following: Invoking peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after the congregational Salaah (Prayers), making Du`aa’ (supplication) collectively after offering Salaah, reciting a Hizb (a 60th portion of the Qur’aan) collectively, singing in different styles, and praying behind a blind Imaam who sometimes makes mistakes in recitation?

Answer: Firstly, invoking peace and blessing upon the Prophet (peace be upon him) is greatly rewarded and enjoined by Allaah (Exalted be He) in the Glorious Qur’aan. Additionally, the Prophet (peace be upon him) encourages Muslims to conduct this practice as it entails double reward based on the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth, If anyone invokes blessings on me once, Allaah will bless him ten times. Muslims are prescribed to invoke peace and blessings upon the Prophet when his name is mentioned, after reciting Tashahhud (testification recited in the sitting position in the second/last unit of Prayer) in Salaah, during delivering Khutbah (sermon) on Friday, marriage, and the like. We know of no proof showing that the Prophet (peace be upon him), the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them), or the leading scholars of Salaf (Righteous Predecessors) including Maalik, Aboo Haneefah, Al-Layth ibn Sa`d, Al-Shafi`ee, Al-Awzaa`ee and Ahmad (may Allaah be merciful to them) ever invoked peace and blessings upon the Prophet aloud after finishing Salaah collectively. The best a Muslim can do is to follow the guidance of the Prophet, the Rightly-Guided Caliphs, and the Sahaabah (may Allaah be pleased with them). It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, Whoever innovates something in this matter of ours that is not part of it, will have it rejected.... read more here.