Observing Sawm on the part of a diabetic

Question: I have suffered from diabetes for four years. I used to fast Ramadaan every year, but over the last two years I have found it too hard to fast. My physician decided that I should break fast, but I continued to fast some days and break fast on other days.

Am I to be rewarded by Allaah for these days which I fasted? Should I make up for the days on which I broke fast?

During this time, I was still a student, so my father paid to feed needy people for each day on which I broke fast. Now, all praise be to Allaah, I work and earn enough money; should I repay to my father the money he paid to feed the needy people on my behalf or use the money to feed more needy people?

Answer: You have to make up for the days on which you broke fast in Ramadaan, and should also offer Kaffaarah (expiation) for the days on which you broke fast and did not make up for until the next Ramadaan. The Kaffaarah is half a Saa` (1 Saa` = 3 kg. Approx.) of the staple food ofthe country, which you should give to needy people or just to one person in proportion to the number of these days. The Kaffaarah that your father paid on your behalf is counted and you do not have to offer it again… read more here.

Sawm of a diabetic and tuberculosis patient

Question: My mother is 66 years old. For the last seven years she suffered from diabetes, and since she was diagnosed, she has continued to receive treatment for her condition. Also, in 1398 A.H she came down with tuberculosis and I took her to Kuwait in search of treatment. She remained hospitalized at the Thoracic Disease Hospital in 1399-1400 A.H. where she was treated for two years until her condition improved relatively speaking. Since she left the hospital she has been living at my home and she is still being treated for these two conditions and must visit the hospital every week. She also suffers from general physical weakness due to her old age and these incurable diseases. She cannot fast at the present time as she has to drink at least one cup of water every two hours.

Likewise, she did not fast the last two years while she was in the hospital according to the advice of her physicians. Next Ramadaan is coming soon and we would like to know, may Allaah reward you well, what should be done concerning the days of fasting that she missed the last two years and also regarding the fasting of next Ramadaan that she cannot perform. May Allaah grant you success and forgive you! Peace be upon you!

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned regarding your mother’s illness,then she is allowed to give up fasting during the month of Ramadaan as long as she remains in this condition. If she recovers and is able to make up for the missed days, she should do so by fasting... read more here.

Sawm of a diabetic person

Question: I got married in 1477 A.H. I have ten children; six sons and four daughters. My wife, all praise be to Allaah, is righteous and fears Allah (Exalted be He). Since we have been married, she has been committed to her religion and consistently performed the five obligatory daily Prayers and observed Sawm (Fast) of the month of Ramadaan. I never saw her lazy in performing Salah or observing Sawm during the blessed month of Ramadaan. When she breaks her Sawm because of menstruation, she immediately makes up for the days of Sawm she missed; five days after the end of Ramadaan. However, she has been suffering from diabetes for one year. It was so severe on her to the extent that she fell into a state of unconsciousness and was hospitalized. After several months, she recovered, but she is still suffering from diabetes. Physicians told us that there is no cure for this disease.

During the month of Ramadaan in 1398 A.H., she gave birth to a male baby on the first day of Ramadaan. After the end of the forty days of postpartum period, she tried to make up for the month of Sawm she had missed. She observed Sawm till midday, but she again suffered from vertigo and could notstand up. Thus, she broke her Sawm. After eating and drinking water, she felt better and the dizziness disappeared. A few days later, she suffered vertigo again at midday when she tried to observe Sawm and thus, once more broke her Sawm. She cried out of fear of Allaah (Exalted be He) lest the following Ramadaan should come while she is still in this state. She asked me to inform Your Eminence about her condition. She will try, In-shaa’-Allaah (if Allaah wills), to observe Sawm. What should she do if she suffers vertigo due to observing Sawm? What should I, as her husband, do in this case for the sake of pleasing Allaah (Exalted be He)?

I hope you will guide us to the truth. May Allaah guide you to what pleases Him, grant you success and make Paradise your abode.

Answer: If the reality is as you have mentioned with regard to the continuity of her illness and her inability to make up for the days of Sawm she missed, there will be no harm to delay making up for these days till she is able to perform them even if another Ramadaan passes... read more here.

A diabetic person who is negatively affected by fasting

Question: I suffer from diabetes. Observing Sawm (Fast) affects my health badly. I am seventy two years old. I usually forget in my Salaah (Prayer) and I think this is the result of diabetes.

Answer: If you come to know, through experience, that observing Sawm aggravates your disease or delays your recovery or if your well-versed Muslim physician informs you that observing Sawm causes you harm, you are permitted to break your Sawm. Then, you can, after recovery, make up for the days of Sawm you have missed. But if your disease continues, Allaah forbids, and you are not able to make up for these days or think mostly that you will not recover, you have to feed a needy person half a Saa` (1 Saa`=3 kg. Approx.) of wheat, dates, rice or the like of the food you usually feed your family for every day of Sawm you have missed... read more here.