How authentic is the following Hadeeth سنن الدارمي المقدمة (157) “The most daring to give Fatwaa is the most daring to enter the fire.”?

Question 8: Is it permissible for a person to practice Ijtihaad (juristic effort to infer expert legal rulings) in the Islaamic rulings? Are there certain conditions for a Mujtahid (a scholar qualified to exercise Ijtihaad)? Is it permissible for any person to give an opinion without being aware of the clear evidence supporting it? How authentic is the following Hadeeth: “The most daring to give Fatwaa (recklessly) is the most daring to enter the Hellfire.” Or the Hadeeth that means the same as this?

Answer: All praise is due to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions! The door to Ijtihaad in the rulings pertaining to Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) is open for any qualified person provided that they know the sources they need to use as reference – the Aayaahs (Qur’aanic verses) and Hadith, and have the ability to understand them and use them as supporting evidence. In addition, a Mujtahid should have knowledge of the grade of the Hadeeth they use as evidence and of the issues on which Ijmaa` (consensus) has taken place so… read more here.

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What is the ruling on using sun heated water and solar heaters?

Question 6: Is using sun heated water and solar heaters permissible in Islaam?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To commence: We do not know of any authentic evidence that prohibits the use of water heated by the sun… read more here.

Are the decisions of the Islamic Fiqh Academy considered to be Ijmaa’ (consensus of scholars)?

Question 6: Consensus of opinions is one of the basic sources of legislation in Islaam next only to the Glorious aand the Sunnah. Do the decisions of the Islaamic Fiqh Academy in Makkah Al-Mukarramah form a consensus of Muslim scholars?

A: All Praise is due to Allaah. May peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family, and Companions. To commence, the Islaamic Fiqh Academy does not form a consensus of opinion… read more here.

What is the definition of al-Makrooh (reprehensible)?

Question 3: What is the definition of al-Makrooh?

Answer: All Praise is due to Allaah and peace be upon his Prophet, his family, and Companions. To proceed: Al-Makrooh (what is disliked) is defined as an act that if abstained from, one is rewarded… read more here.

Are there many types of Nahy as Nahy Tahrim, Nahy Takrim and Nahy Tanzih

Question 2: In reference to the Prophet’s (peace be upon him) Hadeeth “When I command you to do anything, do as much of it as is within your capability; when I forbid you to do anything, stay away from it,” is it true that there are levels of Nahy indicating how serious it is to do or not to do something, including Nahy Tahreem (forbidding something due to its being prohibited, Nahy Takreem (forbidding something for the sake of reaching perfection) Nahy Tanzih (forbidding something despite its close proximity to being lawful), Nahy Nadb (forbiddance denoting recommendation not to do something but no strict prohibition), and the like? Another example is the Hadeeth narrated in Saheeh Al-Jami` to the effect that The Prophet (peace be upon him) forbade combing the hair everyday (unless urgently needed). Does the forbiddance imply prohibition or is it just discouraging it?

Answer: Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. In principle, Nahy (forbiddance) implies prohibition unless otherwise indicated by contextual evidence. There is nothing called Nahy Nadb. If there is contextual evidence denoting that Nahy… read more here.

What is the difference between Sunnah and Fard?

Question 1: People in our country differentiate between Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) and Fard (obligatory). They say that Allaah’s punishment takes place only when someone leaves the acts that are relevant to Fard or stressed Sunnah. However, I believe that anything which Muhammad (peace be upon him) has done or clarified to his Ummah is an obligation. Accordingly, those who do not do this are considered to be hateful of what Muhammad has come with. Growing the beard for example, has been ordained by Muhammad (peace be upon him), is it authentically proven that he shaved it? Does shaving it imply a sign of hatred to what Muhammad (peace be upon him) has come with? Does whoever does this fall under the same Aayah?

Answer: All Praise be to Allaah Alone and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, his family and Companions. To proceed: Obligation is what a person is rewarded for doing and punished for abandoning. Sunnah or (the desirable acts) is what a person is rewarded for doing… read more here.