Ruling on the call to rapprochement between religions

Question: Is the call for rapprochement between religions (Islaam – Christianity – Judaism) a legitimate one? Is it permissible for a Muslim believer to support it? I heard that this is done by some scholars in Al-Azhar and other Islaamic institutions. Is the call for rapprochement between Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) and the Shiites, Druze, Al-Ismaa`iliyyah, Al-Nusayriyyah and such sects useful for Muslims?

Is reconciliation between them possible, although all of these sects entail Shirk (associating others with Allaah in His Divinity or worship), offense to the Messenger of Allah (peace be upon him), and hostility towards Islam and Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah? Is this rapprochement permissible according to Sharee`ah?

Answer: First, the roots of Eemaan (faith) which Allaah has revealed to His Messengers in the Holy Books: Tawraah (Torah), Injeel (Gospel), Zaboor (Psalms), and the Qur’aan; and which the Messengers Ibraaheem (Abraham), Moosaa (Moses), ‘Eesaa (Jesus), and other Messengers (peace be upon them) called to, are all the same… read more here.

Offering a non-Muslim guest unlawful food

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to be generous to non-Muslim companions by offering them foods and drinks that are prohibited by Islaam upon Muslims? What is the ruling on this especially when a Muslim visits his non-Muslim companion?

Answer: Islaam is the religion of tolerance and ease; it is also the religion of justice. Generosity to companions is one of the morals of Islaam. But if the companion is a non-Muslim, then the ruling differs according to the intention of the Muslim who offers, and what is being offered… read more here.

Ruling on a Muslim wearing a cross

Question: A dispute arose among us over the judgment on a Muslim who wears a cross pendant, which is a symbol of Christianity. Some maintain that such a person is a disbeliever with no need to discuss his reasons for wearing it. Others maintain that such a person should not be judged a disbeliever until he has been discussed and it has been made clear to him that wearing a cross is Haraam for a Muslim and that it is a symbol of Christianity. If he still insists on wearing it, he will be regarded as a disbeliever.

Answer: This matter and the like must be detailed and made clear. This person should be informed of the ruling on wearing the cross and that it is a symbol of Christianity. Moreover, he should be informed that wearing a cross is an indication of being satisfied with and belonging to the Christians and their beliefs… read more here.

Ruling on having one temple for the three religions; Judaism, Christianity, and Islaam

Question: Is it permissible to have one temple for Judaism, Christianity, and Islaam?

Answer: It is not permissible to have one place of worship that gathers the three religions… read more here.

Muslims entering non-Muslim places of worship

Question: Is it permissible for a Muslim to enter a church to know of their prayers or listen to a lecture?

Answer: A Muslim is not allowed to enter the places of worship of disbelievers as this leads to increasing their number. It was reported by Al-Bayhaqee with a sound chain of transmitters on the authority of `Umar (may Allaah be pleased with him) who said… read more here.

Non-Muslims entering Mosques

Question: What is the ruling on non-Muslims entering a Masjid (mosque) or Musallah (a place for Prayer), whether to attend the Salaah (Prayer) or to listen to a lecture?

Answer: When we answered Fatwaa no. 2922, we stated that it is Haram (prohibited) for Muslims to let any Kaafir (disbeliever) enter Al-Masjid Al-Haram (the Sacred Mosque in Makkah) or any part of the Sanctuary, because Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

Giving Islaamic books to Christians

Question: Is it permissible to give them books containing Qur’aanic Aayaat which prove the Oneness of Allaah? Given that these books are written in Arabic and translated into English.

Answer: Yes, it is permissible to give them books containing Aayaat of the Qur’aan to prove the rulings, such as Tawheed (monotheism) and others, whether these books are in Arabic or translated… read more here.

Scholars entering churches to practice Da`wah (call to Allaah) therein

Question 62: There are many churches here. Is it permissible to enter them to hold discussions with the priests? Is it permissible to enter them just to look at them and see what the people do there?

Answer: It is permissible for scholars and knowledgeable people to enter churches in order to call the people to Islaam. However, we should not enter them just to look around…. read more here.

Christians attending the Muslim’s congregational Salaah

Question 61: There is a Christian person who stands among Muslims in rows of Salaah (Prayer). He used to imitate worshippers in their moves and learnt some Aayaahs (verses of the Qur’aan). Many trials have been carried out to make him pronounce Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith), but he completely refused. What is the ruling on letting him participate in congregational Salaah?

Answer: It is permissible to permit Christians to stand in rows of Salaah among Muslims. We are not required to expel them from it because staying among Muslims and watching the acts of worship is from the public interest… read more here.

Sharing Mus-haf (copy of the Qur’aan) with Christians

Question 17: Is it permissible to invite Christians to read the translation of the meanings of the Noble Qur’aan although they may be ritually impure, hoping that Allaah may guide them to Islaam?

Answer: Da‘wah (calling people to believe in and worship Allaah) is the way of messengers. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.