Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: What is the ruling on someone who believes in the fundamental articles of faith – meaning that his creed is completely conforming with the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (peace be upon him), yet he thinks that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) hears his voice when he invokes Allaah’s peace and blessings upon him at his grave? Is he regarded, while holding such a belief, a Muslim who follows the way of Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah (adherents to the Sunnah and the Muslim mainstream) or is he an innovator in religion from among those people who follow their own whims and fancies?

Answer: First, It is not legislated in Islaam that whenever a Muslim enters Al-Masjid Al-Nabawee (the Prophet’s Mosque) to visit the Prophet’s grave and make Du‘aa’ (supplication to Allaah) near it, nor to make it an often-visited place, to which he comes repeatedly… read more here.

The dead hearing the Prophet’s call

Question: Was the Prophet (peace be upon him) able to make the dead hear?

Answer: Hearing sounds is a faculty of the living. When a person dies, he can neither hear nor grasp the speech of the living. Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. read more here.

Where is Allaah?

Question: How do I answer someone who asks where Allaah is?

Answer: You should say that He is over His Throne, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.

The formula of sending blessings on the Messenger when visiting his grave

Question: Among the common formulae of greeting the Prophet when visiting his grave are the following, “Al-Salaatu wa Al-Salaamu `alayka yaa rasool Allaah, i.e. Peace and blessings be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah” and “Allaahumma salli `Alaa Muhammad wa `alaa aali Muhammad, i.e. O Allaah, invoke blessings upon Muhammad and his family,” which of them is better?

Also, does the Prophet (peace be upon him) look at a person who greets him at his grave? Is it true that the Prophet (peace be upon him) waved a hand out of his grave to greet one of his honorable Sahaabah (Companions) or the pious people in return for their greetings?

Answer: (A) To the best of my knowledge, no certain formula of greeting the Prophet has been authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). Thus, both the formulae mentioned above are true… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seek his help in removing distress

Question: Is it an act of Shirk (Associating others in worship with Allaah) if someone calls and makes Du`aa’ (supplication) to the Prophet (peace be upon him) near his grave or far from it to fulfill their needs or seek his help when calamities and misfortunes afflict them?

Answer: If someone makes Du`aa’ to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death to fulfill their needs or seeks his help to remove distress, they are committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) which will take them outside the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Do the dead people hear the calls or supplications of living people?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) hear every call and supplication made at his grave? Does he hear us when we invoke blessings on him there, as it is narrated in the Hadeeth, “Whoever invokes Allaah’s blessings on me at my grave, I hear him…”? Is this Saheeh (authentic), Da‘eef (weak) or Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth?

Answer: Basically, the dead do not hear the calls or supplications of the living people, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. Nothing in the Qur’aan… read more here.

Can the dead hear people’s talk?

Question: Do the Awliyaa’ (righteous people), hear the call of those who make Du`aa’ (supplication) to them? What is the meaning of the Saying of the Prophet (peace be upon him): By Allaah, the dead hear your footsteps. We appreciate your guidance.

Answer: The basic rule states that the dead people, pious or not, do not hear people’s talk. Allaah (Exalted be He) says… read more here.