Smelling the smoke of fire of the burning wood during the daytime of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on the smoke of the fire when wood or similar materials get burned during a day of Ramadaan? Does this smoke break the Sawm (Fast) of the fasting person if he smells it or not?

Answer: If the smoke goes into his throat unwillingly, then it does not affect his Sawm... read more here.

Smelling tobacco during Sawm

Question: Some of my co-workers smoke while I am observing Sawm (Fast) the six days of Shawwaal; does the smell of smoking invalidate Sawm? Please note that I do not smoke, all praise be to Allaah.

Answer: Someone’s Sawm is not invalidated if dust or smoke gets into their throat, for this is beyond their control. However, you should advise the people who smoke to give up and repent from smoking, because it is Haraam (prohibited) and a sin... read more here.

Breaking Sawm purposefully on a day of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan whether with or without a legal excuse?

Answer: Anyone who breaks Sawm in Ramadaan without a valid excuse is to be considered a sinner, and has to make up for it. However, if a person breaks his Sawm by having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, he should pay the Kaffaarah (expiation) which is to emancipate a believing slave... read more here.

Breaking Sawm before sunset

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) a short time ahead of sunset? Will this Sawm be counted?

Answer: The time of Sawm begins at the break of the second dawn and lasts until sunset. If someone observing Sawm eats before sunset, their Sawm is invalidated and they should make up for it if the Sawm is Waajib (obligatory), but if the Sawm is Nafilah (supererogatory), there is no blame on them for what they did, and they do not have to make up for it... read more here.

Breaking Sawm when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan of the Maghrib Salaah

Question: Some fasting people break their Sawm (Fast) when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: Iftar (breaking the Fast) is only permitted after making sure that the sun has set. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall There are many Hadeeths reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard, such as his saying... read more here.

Breaking fast and negligence in determining its right time

Question: The mu’ath-thin pronounced Athaan (call to Salaah) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer at 5:37 P.M. And Madfa` Al-Iftaar (the canon signaling breaking the fast time) was heard at the same time, followed by other mu’ath-thins pronouncing Athaan. The people started breaking their fast. Those mu’ath-thins thought that the time of Maghrib had already started and the sun had set, because it was cloudy, although the official time of Maghrib as set in the calendar and determined by the Department of Astronomy in the University of King Su`ood was at 5:45 P.M. Then Madfa` Al-Iftaar was heard again at this time, and other mu’ath-thins pronounced Athaan, and some people started breaking their fast at that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, people are confused; some of them believe fast of that day was nullified and must be made up for due to such negligence of determining the right time, since the clock was available and they could know the exact time. Others said that we do not have to make up for this day, and the one who carries this sin and should make up for the day is the one who caused this problem. Therefore, we request Your Eminence to quickly resolve this issue, so that this problem will be settled. May Allaah grant you success and guide your steps on the Straight Path.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, then they should make up for that day, because they broke their fast before the due time of breaking fast and due to their negligence in determining the right time... read more here.

The Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge) as a part of menstruation entailing breaking Sawm

Question: I had my menses during Ramadaan. Actually, it has a regular pattern of six days. However, last Ramadaan it continued for only five days and I had doubts regarding its continuation to the sixth day. On the sixth day, at 6 A.M., I got up to find no bleeding but Kudrah (dusky-colored vaginal discharge during or after menstruation). I was unsure whether my period had already ended before or after dawn. Now, what should I do in this a case? Should I make up for the fast of the day I doubted? Please, be informed that I took Ghusl (ritual bath) and offered Thuhr (Noon) Prayer, and I abstained from eating and drinking since 4 A.M., that is, before seeing the Kudrah. Praise be to Allaah, I continued fasting that day and on the subsequent days without noticing any bleeding except for the Kudrah.

Answer: Your regular pattern of menstruation lingers for six days and the Kudrah is part of your menstruation period, and you did not see the white discharge, which indicates that the period was over. Now, you should make up for the sixth day on which you fasted, as it is a continuation of your menstrual period… read more here.

Breaking fast because she noticed traces of blood, as if her periods had began

Question: My menstrual period always comes every thirty-two days. On 15th of last Sha`baan, I got my period and I was supposed to get the following period on 17th Ramadaan. However, on that particular day after `Asr (Afternoon) Prayer I noticed traces of blood, and therefore, I ate an olive. Thereafter, I did not have any blood, and thus, I fasted and Prayed until the 29th night of Ramadaan.

Answer: You should make up for the day you broke your Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan by mistake, because that was not an excuse for breaking your Sawm or abandoning Salaah (Prayer)… read more here.

Desirability of breaking fast by eating dates and resuming Iftaar after offering the Maghrib salaah

Question: What are the Islaamic etiquettes one should follow when breaking the Fast? Many people take long time in eating until the time of Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer is over. They claim that Salaah (Prayer) should be delayed once the food is served. Is this claim true? What should one do when breaking the Fast? Does one have some dates first, then resume the Iftaar (breaking the Fast) after offering Salaah, or should one finish his Iftaar first and then offer Salaah?

Answer: The Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) is that the fasting person should break their Fast once they are sure that the sun has set. This is based on the Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) said… read more here.

Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Question: We cannot hear the Athaan (call to Prayer) because the Masjid (mosque) is far away from the place where we live. Is it permissible for us to break our Sawm (Fast) once we see that the sun has set?

Answer: When you are most certain that the sun has already set or you think it has most likely set, as you are not positively sure of its setting,due to heavy clouds, then you may break your Sawm even if you are too far away from the Masjid to hear the Athaan. This is based on a Hadeeth in which the Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) is reported to have said… read more here.

What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (fast)?

Question: What is the ruling on a person who delays breaking Sawm (Fast) until a long time after Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer during Ramadaan; for example, at 9 or 10 PM?

Answer: A fasting person should break Sawm immediately at sunset. This complies with the regular practice and words of the Prophet (peace be upon him). In this regard, it is reported on the authority of Sahl ibn Sa`d (may Allaah be pleased with him) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: People will remain on the right path (i.e., acting upon the Sunnah) as long as they hasten to break Sawm (immediately at sunset). (Agreed upon by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim) In brief, delaying Iftaar (breaking Fast) until a long time after sunset does not conform to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet); rather, it is a Bid`ah (innovation in religion)… read more here.

Making Du`aa’ when breaking fast

Question: The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: The Du`aa’ (supplication) of a fasting person at the time of breaking Sawm (Fast) will not be rejected.What is the exact time referred to by the phrase “Du`aa’ at the time of breaking Sawm”? Does it refer to Du`a’ made just few moments before Iftaar (breaking the Fast), or immediately after it?

Answer: This Hadeeth is narrated by Ibn Maajah. The author of Al-Zawaa’id ranked its Isnaad (chain of narrators) as Saheeh (authentic).Focusing on the question, Du`aa’ can be made before or after Iftaar because the preposition “at” refers to both times… read more here.