An abstract about the Druze doctrine (a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians)

Question: All praise is due to Allaah and peace and blessings be upon His Prophet, upon his family and Companions.

To proceed:
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Iftaa’ have studied the letter sent by His Excellency the Deputy-Interior Minister to his Eminence the General Chairman No. 2/5400 on 15/5/1397 A.H. The Committee also read the two brochures attached to his letter detailing two alleged debates:

The first was held between a durzi student who is studying in Al-Az-har and someone that he claimed to be the Grand Shaykh of Al-Azhar called Mustafaa Al-Raafi`ee. The second was held between a person who ascribed himself (according to the letter) to Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (those adhering to the Sunnah and the Muslim community) called Shaykh Al-Haq Al-Husaynee and a durzi professor called Abu Hasan Hany Zaydan. According to the request of His Excellency to study this letter, the response comes as follows:

Firstly: An abstract about the doctrine of the Druze which unveils their reality.

Secondly: A brief explanation about the two debates explaining their illusion and misconception.

First: An abstract about the Druze doctrine

Druze are a secret sect of the Baatinee Qarmatians who entertain camouflaging their religious convictions to deceive non-Durzi people. Sometimes, they pretend to be religious, ascetic, pious and show false religious jealousy. They also feign love of Raafidah, Sufism and Ahlul-Bayt (Members of the Prophet’s extended family). They claim that they are reformers who reconcile between people and gather them aiming to deceive them with regards to their religion. They continue doing so until they become strong and receive support from a ruler, they then show their reality, declare their dogmas and reveal their intentions.

At this time, they will be the callers to evil, corruption and a destructive means to religions, dogmas and ethics… read more here.

Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan

Question: What is the view of Sunni scholars regarding Al-Ismaa`eeliyyah and Agha Khani sects who live in many places and most of them live in the north of Pakistan. Following are some of their views that explain their doctrine.

1- The word of Faith: ‘I testify that there is no god but Allaah, Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and `Alee, the Commander of Believers, is Allaah.’ The Ismaa`eelis and Agha khans say these words are the word of Shahaadat Al-Tawheed i.e. the testimony of belief in monotheism, and the true word of Islaam.

2- The Imaam: They believe that Agha Khan Shah Kareem is their Imaam (religious leader) who has dominion over everything; the earth, the heavens, and what is in and between them. They even believe he is the supreme ruler of the whole world.

3- The Sharee`ah: They do not believe in the truth of Islaamic Sharee`ah. In fact, they believe that Agha Khan is the embodiment and the true tongue of the Qur’aan. They also believe that he is the “Ka`bah” and “Al-Bayt-al-Ma’moor” (i.e. Allaah’s House in the seventh heaven) and the one to be followed and no one else. Their books say that the word “Allaah” mentioned in the Qur’aan is the apparent term used to refer to Imaam Agha Khan.

4- Salaah (Prayer): They do not believe that the Five Prayers are obligatory. Only three formulae of supplication are required instead.

5- The Masjid (mosque): They take a place of worship called Jamaa`at khanah instead of mosques.

6- Zakaah (obligatory charity): They deny that Zakaah is obligatory. They instead allocate 10% of their wealth to the Agha Khan calling it as “dushond” or “Mal-Al-Waajibat i.e. money for religious obligations”.

7- Sawm (Fast): They deny that it is obligatory to fast the month of Ramadaan.

8- They do not believe that Hajj is obligatory, rather they believe that their belief in Agha Khan is itself Hajj.

9- Salaam (Islaamic greeting): Instead of the Islaamic formula of greeting, they invented a special greeting. When one of them meets another, he says, “`Alee madad” (May `Alee help you!). The other replies, “Mawlaa `Alee madad” i.e., (`Alee is a sufficient master for help!) This is a brief note about their sayings and the `Aqaa-id (creeds) they adopt.

Now I would like to ask few questions:

1- Are the Ismaa`eelis considered a Muslim sect or a disbelieving one?

2- Is it permissible to offer Funeral Prayer for their dead people?

3- Is it permissible to bury them in the Muslims’ graves?

4- Is it permissible to intermarry with them?

5- Is the meat of their sacrificed animals lawful for Muslims?

6- Should they be treated like Muslims?

In the Name of Allaah, the Great, we ask you to answer our request for Fatwaa to dispel the doubts in many Muslims’ minds. In the past, the followers of this sect used to hide their false `Aqidah (creed), therefore the early Muslim shuyookh called them Al-Baatiniyyah (those who hide their real faith). Nowadays, they overtly call people to their false `Aqeedah (creed) to lead Muslims astray in matters related to `Aqeedah (creed) and for some other purposes we do not yet know.

Answer: First, The belief that Allaah is incarnated in `Alee or in any other being is sheer disbelief that excludes a person from Islaam. Likewise, the belief that any being other than Allaah (Glorified be He) can control the heavens and earth, is disbelief as well… read more here.

What is the Sharee`ah ruling on Al-Habriyyah Tareeqah?

Question: What is the Shari`ah ruling on the two Tareeqahs (Sufi orders) that are prevalent in Algeria called Al-Habriyyoon. They were named after their grand shaykh Al-Habree, who is beloved by them. They believe that they alone are on the right path while other Muslims are in error. Is this Tareeqah truthful?

Answer: The only sound and truthful order is that which was introduced by the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) and followed by his Companions. Thus, the one who follows his example will be on the right path… read more here.

Which books would you advise me to read to strengthen my Deen; and Ruling upon the Naqshabandi order in particular

Question: I am seeking knowledge and Eemaan (Faith) that may please Allaah and His Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him).

Which Islaamic books would you advise me to read to strengthen me, especially nowadays when there are many books that contain doubtful matters and falsehoods about the Deen (religion)?

Secondly: What is the ruling, in your understanding, on the Sufi Tariqahs (orders) in general, and the Naqshabandiyyah order in particular?

Answer: Firstly, you should devote your attention to the Qur’aan, reciting it regularly and contemplating its meanings, as the Qur’aan is the root of all that is good. You should then attend to the Sunnah of the Prophet (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him). We recommend the following books on Tawheed (Islaamic monotheism):

“Sharh Al-`Aqeedah Al-Tahaawiyyah”, “Tat-heer Al-I`tiqaad” by Al-San`aanee, “Al-Tawheed” by Ibn Khuzaymah, “Mukhtasar Al-Sawaa`iq Al-Mursalah” by Al-Mawsilee. “Kashf Al-Shubuhaat” and “Al-Tawheed” by Shaykh Muhammad ibn `Abdul-Wahhaab, “Al-`Aqeedah Al-Wasitiyyah” by Ibn Taymiyyah, along with its commentaries, and also his two books: “Al-Hamawiyyah” and “Al-Tadmooriyyah.”… read more here.

14- Pronouncing Shahaadah suffices to enter Islaam

Question: Does mere pronouncement of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) suffice for a person to be rightfully called a Muslim, or does one have to do other things in order for their Islaam and Eemaan (faith) to be complete?

Answer: It is enough for a non-Muslim to pronounce the first pillar of Islaam, that is, to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no deity but Allaah) and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah to be rightfully called a Muslim provided that this testimony is pronounced out of one’s certainty, knowledge, true belief, and sincere work. A person will then be asked to perform Salaah (Prayer) and observe other acts of `Ibaadah (worship). When the Prophet (peace be upon him) sent Mu`aadh (may Allaah be pleased with him) to Yemen, he said: Invite them to bear witness that Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. If they do that, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to offer the Five Obligatory Daily Prayers. If they obey, then inform them that Allaah has made it obligatory upon them to pay Zakaah (obligatory charity) which is taken from the rich among them and distributed among the poor. The Prophet (peace be upon him) did not ask Mu`aadh to command them to offer Salaah until their Tawheed (monotheism) and Eemaan in the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) were firmly established. First of all, they are required to declare the Oneness of Allaah and believe in Muhammad as the Messenger of Allaah. Once they embrace Islaam, the former Kaafir (disbeliever) will hold the same rulings applied to Muslims. Then they will be required to offer Salaah and perform all other religious acts. If they refrain from performing these acts, other rulings will be applicable to them... read more here.

13- Ruling on pronouncing the two Shahaadahs

Question: Does mere articulation of Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) protect render one’s blood and property inviolable? Is it sufficient to utter Shahaadah without knowing the meaning of it? Does uttering Shahaadah entail admitting the utterer into Jannah (Paradise) and save them from the Hellfire?

Answer: The phrase ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah, Muhammad rasool-Allaah (There is no god but Allaah and Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah)’ constitutes the foundation of faith. One who utters these words will be rightfully called a Muslim whose blood may not be legally spilt and whose property may not be lawfully seized. One must be taught the meaning this phrase, and if one accepts its embodied truth and becomes an upright Muslim, it is a testimony of their honesty and truthfulness. However, the confession of Shahaadah is of no benefit if one continues to worship idols, trees, stones or dead people; or continues to ridicule and insult Islaam, or commits any other act that nullifies their belief in Islaam. They would then be considered Murtad (apostate). Therefore, one who enunciates Shahaadah is considered a Muslim unless they commit an act which renders them Murtad... read more here.

12- Explaining the meaning of the two Shahaadahs

Question: A listener from Riyadh asks: “What does it mean to testify that there is no deity but Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah?”

Answer: Shahaadah (Testimony of Faith) means to testify both verbally and inwardly that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah. A word uttered by the tongue, and one must also believe in one’s heart that there is no god but Allaah and none has the right to be worshiped except Allaah. It should also be believed that all other deities worshiped by people, including idols, the dead, trees, stones, angels or anything else are false deities. Allaah (Exalted be He) stated: That is because Allaah — He is the Truth (the only True God of all that exists, Who has no partners or rivals with Him), and what they (the polytheists) invoke besides Him, it is Baatil (falsehood).

This is the actual meaning of testifying that there is no deity but Allaah. In conclusion, it is a faithful and strongly-substantiated testimony that none has the right to be worshiped but Allaah and that all deities worshiped by people are false read more here.

11- Illustration of the meaning of Al-Taaghoot

Question: What is the meaning of denying Al-Taaghoot (false deities)? May Allaah reward you best!

Answer: It means to declare oneself free from worshipping false deities and to believe that all deities worshipped along with Allaah are false. Allaah (Glorified be He) says, Whoever disbelieves in Taaghoot and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break. And Allaah is All-Hearer, All-Knower. The word Al-Taaghoot applies to all objects of worship taken as gods besides Allaah. Denying or disbelieving in Al-Taaghoot means to declare yourself free from worshipping idols, statutes, jinn or other false objects of worship. One must also believe that the true god is Allaah, alone without partner. Whoever does not believe in this will not rightfully be called a Muslim. Therefore, one must believe that only Allaah (Exalted be He) is worthy of worship and that worship of false deities, like jinn or idols, is null and void. As the word Al-Taaghoot (pl. Tawaagheet) refers to any object worshipped along with Allaah, it may refer to idols, trees, stones which are taken as objects of worship. However, the term cannot refer to the worship of Awliya’ (pious people), prophets, or angels. It is the devil from among jinn or mankind, which incites man to worship Awliya’, prophets or angels, which is referred to as Taaghoot. The Awliya’, prophets and angels do not bear the sin of being worshipped by people, because they would never allow others to worship them besides Allaah … read more here.

10- Acting upon the meaning of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’

Question: What are the requirements of ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’?

Answer: This phrase is the greatest speech ever. It is the word of Tawheed (monotheism). A person cannot be called a Muslim unless they first pronounce this phrase and firmly believe in it. They must believe that there is no god worthy of worship except Allaah (Exalted be He). This was the first word which all the messengers preached to people: ‘Laa ilaaha illaa Allaah (there is no god but Allaah)’.

Allaah (Exalted be He) says, And We did not send any Messenger before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) but We revealed to him (saying): La ilaaha illaa Ana [none has the right to be worshipped but I (Allaah)], so worship Me (Alone and none else).” He (Glorified be He) also says, And verily, We have sent among every Ummah (community, nation) a Messenger (proclaiming): “Worship Allaah (Alone), and avoid (or keep away from) Taaghoot (all false deities i.e. do not worship Taaghoot besides Allaah).”

The first word to which our Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) invited people was ‘there is no god but Allaah’, together with inviting them to believe that he was the Messenger of Allaah … read more here.

8- The best books which explain `Aqeedah

Question: What are the best references on `Aqeedah (creed)?

Answer: The Glorious Qur’aan is the best and most authentic reference which clarifies sound `Aqeedah. As a divine book, it is considered the best and most truthful of all books regarding `Aqeedah. It contains the Names and Attributes of Allaah, and commands Muslims to worship Allaah alone and offer sincere devotion to Him (Glorified and Exalted be He). The next best two books are Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim. These two books are the most beneficial Hadeeth references which contain only the authentic Hadeeths reported from the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him). Accordingly, Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree and Saheeh Muslim are the two most authentic and beneficial books second only to the Qur’aan. Other authentic books of Hadeeth include the Sunan (Hadeeth compilations classified by jurisprudential themes) of ‘Aboo Daawood, Al-Tirmidee, Al-Nasaa’ee, Ibn Maajah, Al-Tabaraanee, Musnad (Hadeeth compilation) of Imaam Ahmad and Sunan Al-Daarimee.These are good and beneficial books. And though they may contain Da`eef (weak) Hadeeths, still great benefits are found in them. … read more here.

7- The most authentic books on `Aqeedah

Question: Please guide me to the most authentic book on correct Islaamic `Aqeedah (creed)! May Allaah grant you success!

Answer: The most authentic, noblest and greatest book dealing with the subject of `Aqeedah and other subjects is the Glorious Qur’aan. It contains the most truthful speech.No falsehood can approach it from before or behind it. It is a revelation from Allaah, the All-Wise, the Praiseworthy. I advise the inquirer and all Muslims to hold fast to the Qur’aan and to give it due attention by reciting it often, reflecting on its meanings and trying hard to memorize as many chapters of it as possible. It is the Greatest Book which Allaah has sent down to His servants so that they may memorize it, follow its teachings and act upon it. It contains plain truths and clear guidance. Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) states, Verily, this Qur’aan guides to that which is most just and right He (Glorified be He) also says, …it is an honourable well-fortified respected Book (because it is Allaah’s Speech, and He has protected it from corruption). Falsehood cannot come to it from before it or behind it: (it is) sent down by the All-Wise, Worthy of all praise (Allaah عز وجل). and: And We have sent down to you the Book (the Qur’aan) as an exposition of everything, a guidance, a mercy, and glad tidings for those who have submitted themselves (to Allaah as Muslims). … read more here.