Not making up for the missed days of fast during the postpartum period out of ignorance

Question: A woman missed out the fast of Ramadaan in two yearsdue to her coincidently being in the postpartum period. This was fifteen years ago, and she did not know that she must make up for them. What should she do now? Kindly, take into consideration that she cannot fast due to an illness.

Answer: If her present illness is curable, then as soon as she recovers from it, she should make up for these two months in which she had broken her fast in their order. Along with this, she must pay Kaffaarah (expiation) for her delay in making up for the fast; i.e., she should feed a needy person for each day. If her illness is incurable, she should feed a needy person for each day on which she had broken the fast in replacement of the fast. She should also offer a Kaffaarah for each day of the two months, due to her delay in making up for the fast… read more here.

Undergoing abortion operation and observing Sawm while bleeding

Question: I was three months pregnant and I had an abortion ten days before Ramadaan. When Ramadaan started, I was still bleeding as a result of the abortion, but I observed Sawm (Fast) on the assumption that the blood was only Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period). This is because the third month of pregnancy had not finished. What is the ruling on that?

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

A newly-delivered woman’s obligation to make up for missed days of fast and not to feed the needy by Ijmaa`

Question: We read in some Islamic books that when a newly delivered, breastfeeding, or pregnant woman breaks her fast in Ramadaan, she must make up for the days on which she breaks her fast. However, I read in the book entitled, Tuhfah Al-`Aroos that a woman who has just delivered, is breastfeeding, or pregnant does not have to make up for her missed days of fast, and she should only offer Fidyah (ransom).

This view is reinforced by a Hadeeth that reads: When the pregnant and breastfeeding women break their fast, they have to offer Fidyah and do not have to make up for the days in which they broke fast . (Reported by Ibn `Umar and Ibn `Abbaas) The author of Tuhfah Al-`Aroos is Mahmood Mahdee Al-Istanbullee, and the above quote is mentioned in page 302.

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

Fasting for fifteen days, then discovering bleeding which is not of the monthly period

Question: My wife was two months pregnant when Ramadaan started, and she fasted for fifteen days, then she had non-menstrual bleeding for seven days, but she continued to fast and pray. Afterwards, she had miscarriage and did not fast for the rest of the month, Is her fasting before the miscarriage valid despite the bleeding? Or, does she have to compensate for it? Please inform us with the right legal opinion, may Allaah reward you!

Answer: This woman experienced non-menstrual bleeding, and thus it is inconsiderable. She did well when she continued fasting and praying; and if the case is exactly as you mentioned, her fast and Salaah before the miscarriage are valid and she does not have to compensate. After the miscarriage, however, the rulings vary according to the time in which the miscarriage took place. They are classified according to the four stages of pregnancy as follows… read more here.

Fasting while menstruating or during postpartum period

Question: I am an elderly uneducated woman, and in the past before getting acquainted with the opinions of Muslim jurists and the media, such as Radio, whenever I had my monthly period or post-partum bleeding during the daytime of Ramadaan, I would continue fasting and would not make up for these days. I thought that it was not obligatory on me to make up for the fast when I have my menses or during post-partum bleeding, in the same way I do not have to make up for Prayer. I continued doing this for many years, but now I am aware that I am obligated to make up for the missed days of fast which I missed. However, I cannot do this for several reasons:

Firstly: I do not know the number of days of fast which I had missed.

Secondly: I cannot do fast due to my old age and my physical inability.

I, like many other Muslim women, am in this situation due to our ignorance. We ask Allaah, the Most Merciful, to pardon us.

Answer: Firstly: You are obligated to make up for all the days of fast, during which you were menstruating and were having post-partum bleeding. Fasting while menstruating or during post-partum bleeding was invalid… read more here.

Fasting after bleeding of miscarriage

Question: A woman miscarried during the third month of her pregnancy on the first day of Ramadaan. She did not fast for the first five days of the month because of the bleeding after the miscarriage. Blood continued to remain in her vagina; however it did not pass the vaginal opening. Thus, she performed her prayers and continued fasting for the next twenty five days. Is her Sawm (fasting) and Salaah (prayer) valid in this case? It should also be mentioned that she performed Wudoo’ (ablution) for each prayer. Even until now she is still in the same condition; (there is still blood and wetness inside the vagina). She also mentioned that she was using contraceptives and tablets to prevent the onset of menstruation before becoming pregnant.

Answer: If the reality is as you mentioned with regard to the miscarriage taking place during the third month, then this blood is not considered postpartum bleeding. This is because that which she miscarried was still just a clot as opposed to being a human being at that time. Therefore, her Sawm and Salaah are valid even though she finds blood in her vagina so long as she performs Wudoo’ for every Salaah as was mentioned in your question.

Also, she is required to make up for the Sawm and Salaah she missed for five days. This bleeding is considered to be Istihaadah (abnormal vaginal bleeding outside the menstrual or post-partum period)… read more here.

Coming out of blood from other than vagina, does it nullify Salaah?

Question 84Does bleeding invalidate the Salaah (Prayer)?

Answer: All praise be to Allaah Alone, and peace and blessings be upon His Messenger, and his family and Companions!

We do not know of any Islaamic legal evidence signifying that bleeding from any part of the body other than the vagina invalidates Wudoo’ (ablution). The basic ruling is that it does not invalidate Wudoo’… read more here.