Confining oneself to Istijmaar

Question 172Is offering Salaah (Prayer) after having performed Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) valid? Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar in the absence of water? If water later becomes available, should I make Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: If Istijmaar is made thrice using a pure solid object, with the exception of bones or dung, it is permissible to perform Salaah, and one need not perform Istinjaa’ even if water becomes available. This was done by the Prophet (peace be upon him) and is according to the Ijmaa` (consensus of scholars) held on this point… read more here.

Hemorrhoid patients who cannot perform Istinjaa’

Question 171A person suffers external hemorrhoids and bleeding and cannot perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation), so he only performs Istijmaar (cleansing the private parts with a hard material after urination or defecation) with pebbles. Is it permissible to perform Istijmaar with pebbles despite the presence of traces of blood after performing Wudoo’ (ablution), or should he perform Tayammum (dry ablution with clean earth)?

Answer: It is permissible to perform Istijmaar with pure pebbles and the like provided that they are clean and can purify the opening of the anus like dry tissues. This replaces water if the opening of the anus becomes clean after rubbing it thrice or more until it is purified, provided that the pebbles contain no bones or dung… read more here.

Inserting the finger into the anus to clean fecal matter

Question 170What is the ruling on inserting one’s finger into the anus to clean it when performing Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation)?

Answer: It is not permissible to insert the finger into the anus to clean it. This is a forbidden extreme and one should perform Istinjaa’ cleaning the external private parts only… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Istinjaa’ in front of others?

Question 169Many Muslims in Yemen have basins in front of the Masjids (mosques) where they perform Istinjaa’ (cleansing the private parts with water after urination or defecation) in front of the people and then resume their Wudoo’ (ablution). Is their Salaah (Prayer) valid? What is the ruling on Istinjaa’ in front of the people?

Answer: A person who wants to perform Istinjaa’ should screen himself and not reveal his `Awrah (parts of the body that must be covered in public) in front of the people. It is not permissible to perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ inside these small basins. A person should rather perform Istinjaa’ and Wudoo’ outside them, so as not to cause the water to become Najis (ritually impure) or dirty… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in the open space

Question 168Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Facing Qiblah or back during the call of nature in toilets

Question 167Your Eminence, we are about to build administrative buildings in Al-Saleel district. We have disagreed with the person in charge with regard to building the toilets in the direction of Makkah. It should be taken into consideration that all the toilets are inside the buildings and not outdoors. The toilets will be used by men only. Please tell us if it is permissible to assume a sitting position while answering the call of nature. Is it permissible to answer the call of nature in any direction in these toilets? Please advise.

Answer: It is permissible to sit while answering the call of nature in bathrooms inside buildings in any direction as evidence of the case can be found in texts authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him). However, it is preferable not to face the Qiblah (Ka`bah-direction faced in Prayer) or turn the back towards it when answering the call of nature indoors, if possible, to avoid the divergent opinions of scholars… read more here.

Is it permissible to perform Wudoo’ in the bathroom?

Question 166The bathrooms that are built nowadays in houses contain a place for a toilet, shower and basin for making Wudoo’ (ablution). Is it permissible to mention Allaah while making Wudoo’ and bathing or talking about daily matters if the toilet is far away?

Answer: It is Makrooh (disliked) to mention Allaah (Exalted be He) where one relieves oneself, as He is above being mentioned in places of filth. Moreover, it is Makrooh for a person to speak while relieving oneself because of the Hadeeth which says… read more here.

Can a Junub person remember Allaah?

Question 82: Is it permissible for a Junub (person in a state of post-sexual ritual impurity) to mention Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He)?

Answer: It is permissible for a Junub to mention Allaah (Glorified and Exalted be He) without reciting the Qur’aan. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to mention Allaah (Exalted be He) at all times. Only a Junub is prevented from reciting the Qur’aan... read more here.

Is there anything wrong in hearing the Qur’aan while in the bathroom?

Question 81: A man lives near the Masjid (mosque) and when the time of Salaat al-Taraaaweeeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan) was due he was in the bathroom and heard the Qur’an. Is there any blame on him or not?

Answer: There is no sin in listening to the Qur’aan from another reciter while being in the toilet... read more here.

Anointing parts of his body with olive oil upon which the Qur’aan is recited then enter the bathroom?

Question 301: Is it permissible for a person to anoint some parts of his body with olive oil upon which the Qur’aan is recited then enter the bathroom?

Answer: Yes, it is permissible for a person to anoint himself with olive oil on which Qur’aan was recited, and there is no harm in entering the bathroom thereafter... read more here.