Ruling upon the Barelvi sect in Pakistan, and their false beliefs

Question: In Pakistan, there is an order known as the Barelvis or the order of Nawaree, as named after its current leader Nuwaaree. I ask Your Eminence about the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on this order, its beliefs and the validity of offering Salaah (Prayer) behind one of its members. May your answer relieve many confused hearts that are unaware of the truth! I again remind you of some of their common myths and beliefs, which are:

1- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) is alive
2- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) knows the Ghayb (unseen) and is present, especially after the Jumu`ah (Friday) Prayer
3- Believing that the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him) has the right of giving intercession in advance
4- Believing in the Awliyaa’ (pious people) and the dead at whose graves they offer Salah and ask for help
5- Building domes and lighting the graves
6- Repeating their famous supplication: O Muhammad, the Messenger (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
7- Getting angry with anyone who says Ta’meen (saying: “Aameen” after reciting Soorah Al-Faatihah) aloud and raise their hands in Salaah and considering them as belonging to the Wahhabee order
8- Finding it extremely strange that people use Miswaak (tooth-cleansing stick) before offering Salaah
9- Kissing the fingers during Wudoo’ (ablution) and Athaan (call to Prayer) as well as after Salaah
10- Their Imaam always recites the following Aayah (Qur’aanic verse) after Salaah: Allaah sends His Salaah (Graces, Honours, Blessings, Mercy) on the Prophet (Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), and also His angels (ask Allaah to bless and forgive him). Consequently, the Ma’mums (persons being led by the Imaam in Prayer) invoke Allah to send peace upon the Prophet collectively and loudly.
11- Gathering in circles after the Jumu`ah Prayer and engaging in loud singing and praise
12- Serving many kinds of food, including desserts, inside the Masjid (mosque) after ending the recitation of the whole Glorious Qur’aan during Taraaweeh (special supererogatory night Prayer in Ramadaan)
13- Building Masaajid and being too preoccupied with decorating them in addition to writing on the Mihraab: O Muhammad
14- Considering themselves the followers of the Sunnah and true `Aqeedah (creed) and deeming those who do not follow their order as wrong
15- What is the ruling of Sharee`ah (Islaamic law) on offering Salaah behind the members of this order?

It is worth mentioning that I am a medical school student, living in Karachi near a Masjid subject to the supervision of the Barelvi order.

Answer: It is impermissible to offer Salaah behind an Imaam who adopts such beliefs. If the Ma’moom knows that the Imaam adopts these beliefs, then the Salaah of the former will not be valid. Most of these beliefs entail Kufr (disbelief) and Bid`ah (rejected innovations in religion)… read more here.

Invoking the Prophet after his death to fulfill needs or seek his help in removing distress

Question: Is it an act of Shirk (Associating others in worship with Allaah) if someone calls and makes Du`aa’ (supplication) to the Prophet (peace be upon him) near his grave or far from it to fulfill their needs or seek his help when calamities and misfortunes afflict them?

Answer: If someone makes Du`aa’ to the Prophet (peace be upon him) after his death to fulfill their needs or seeks his help to remove distress, they are committing an act of Al-Shirk Al-Akbar (major form of associating others in worship with Allaah) which will take them outside the fold of Islaam… read more here.

Do the dead people hear the calls or supplications of living people?

Question: Does the Prophet (peace be upon him) hear every call and supplication made at his grave? Does he hear us when we invoke blessings on him there, as it is narrated in the Hadeeth, “Whoever invokes Allaah’s blessings on me at my grave, I hear him…”? Is this Saheeh (authentic), Da‘eef (weak) or Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth?

Answer: Basically, the dead do not hear the calls or supplications of the living people, as Allaah (Exalted be He) says (what means): …but you cannot make hear those who are in graves. Nothing in the Qur’aan… read more here.

Is the Prophet alive in his grave?

Question: Regarding the life of the Prophet (peace be upon him), is he (peace be upon him) alive in his grave, in the worldly sense, with the return of his soul to his body, or is he alive in the sense of the life of Al-Barzakh (period between death and the Resurrection) with no legal liabilities or obligations? The Prophet (peace be upon him) said, during his final illness, “O Allaah! With the highest companions (i.e. The prophets in the highest part of Paradise).” Is his body as it was when it was placed in the grave, without a soul, and his soul is in the highest part of `Illiyyoon (a register inscribed, to which the angels bear witness) and it will join his body on the Day of Resurrection? Allaah (Exalted be He) says: And when the souls are joined with their bodies, (the good with the good and the bad with the bad).

Answer: Our Prophet (peace be upon him) is living in his grave the life of Al-Barzakh, so he is enjoying the blessings that Allaah has prepared for him as a reward for the wonderful deeds he performed in this world. But his soul has not joined his body to be alive in the grave as it was in this world, because life in the grave is not like the life of this world, or the life in the Hereafter; it is the life of Al-Barzakh, which comes between life in this world and life in the Hereafter… read more here.

Were the heavens and earth created for the Prophet’s sake?

Question: Can we say that Allaah created the heavens and the earth only to create the Prophet (peace be upon him)? What is the meaning of “If not for you, if not for you, He wouldn’t have created the orbits”? Is this saying a Hadeeth? If it is, is it authentic or not? Please tell us!

Answer: The heavens and the earth were not created for the sake of the Prophet (peace be upon him) but were created for the reasons which Allaah mentioned in the following Aayah… read more here.

The claim that the Prophet is created from the Noor of Allaah

Question: I heard a professor saying that Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him) was created from the Noor of Allaah, is this true?

Answer: This statement is not correct, for it opposes both Nusoos (legal texts) and reality. Proof, senses, and logic indicate that he was born to a father i.e. `Abd Allaah ibn `Abd Al-Muttalib and a mother i.e. Aaminah bint Wahb and his lineage is well known… read more here.

Hadeeth: ” Had it not been for you, the orbit of celestial bodies would not have been created”

Question: “Had it not been for you, orbits of celestial bodies would not have been created.” Is this Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) or Da‘eef (weak) Hadeeth?

Answer: This Hadeeth was cited by Al-‘Ajloonee in his book entitled (Kashf Al-Khafa wa Muzil Al-Ilbaas ‘Amma Ishtahar Min Al-Ahadeeth ‘Ala Alsinat Al-Naas), in which he reported that Al-Saghaanee said: “This Hadeeth is a Mawdoo‘ (fabricated) Hadeeth”… read more here.

Is the Prophet a human being?

Question: In Pakistan, scholars of the Bareilwi Sufi order believe that the Prophet (peace be upon him) did not have a shadow like ordinary human beings, which indicates that he was not of human form. Is there any Saheeh Hadeeth (a Hadeeth that has been transmitted by people known for their uprightness and exactitude; free from eccentricity and blemish) to the effect that the Prophet did not have a shadow?

Answer: This is a false belief which is incongruous with the explicit texts of the Qur’aan and Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet) which affirm the human nature of the Prophet (peace be upon him) who shared the same human characteristics as the rest of mankind… read more here.