Ruling on sending blessings on the Prophet loudly before or after the Athaan

Question: Even though Pakistan, our country, is a Muslim state, some A’immah insist on saying: “Peace and blessings of Allaah be upon you, O Messenger of Allaah, and beloved to Allaah” before they say the Athaan (call to Prayer). They never stop doing so. I pray behind those A’immah. Is my Salaah (Prayer) behind them valid or not? What should I do? What is the ruling on these A’immah?

Answer: Firstly, invoking Allaah’s peace and blessings upon the Messenger before and after the Athaan and saying it aloud after or during the Athaan is one of the innovated Bid`ahs in religion… read more here.

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Ruling on pronouncing additional words before or after Athaan

Question: We notice that when Fajr Prayer time is due, and prior to the Athaan (call to Prayer), some Mu’ath-thins (callers to Prayer) on the mosque’s minaret pronounce some words like: “Pray” or “Prayer” two or three times; afterwards, they begin pronouncing the Athaan. Is their act valid? Or should they be reprimanded?

Answer: It is well known that Islaam is based on adherence rather than innovation. This is supported by the Prophet’s statement (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him): Whoever introduces a practice into this affair of ours that is not of it, it is to be rejected. According to another narration: If anybody introduces a practice which is not religiously authenticated, it is to be rejected. He also stated… read more here.

Breaking Sawm purposefully on a day of Ramadaan

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) in Ramadaan whether with or without a legal excuse?

Answer: Anyone who breaks Sawm in Ramadaan without a valid excuse is to be considered a sinner, and has to make up for it. However, if a person breaks his Sawm by having sexual intercourse during the daytime in Ramadaan, he should pay the Kaffaarah (expiation) which is to emancipate a believing slave... read more here.

Breaking Sawm before sunset

Question: What is the ruling on breaking one’s Sawm (Fast) a short time ahead of sunset? Will this Sawm be counted?

Answer: The time of Sawm begins at the break of the second dawn and lasts until sunset. If someone observing Sawm eats before sunset, their Sawm is invalidated and they should make up for it if the Sawm is Waajib (obligatory), but if the Sawm is Nafilah (supererogatory), there is no blame on them for what they did, and they do not have to make up for it... read more here.

Breaking Sawm when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan of the Maghrib Salaah

Question: Some fasting people break their Sawm (Fast) when the sun sets without waiting for the Athaan (call to Prayer) of the Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer. What is the ruling on this?

Answer: Iftar (breaking the Fast) is only permitted after making sure that the sun has set. Allaah (Exalted be He) says: …then complete your Sawm (fast) till the nightfall There are many Hadeeths reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) in this regard, such as his saying... read more here.

Breaking fast and negligence in determining its right time

Question: The mu’ath-thin pronounced Athaan (call to Salaah) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer at 5:37 P.M. And Madfa` Al-Iftaar (the canon signaling breaking the fast time) was heard at the same time, followed by other mu’ath-thins pronouncing Athaan. The people started breaking their fast. Those mu’ath-thins thought that the time of Maghrib had already started and the sun had set, because it was cloudy, although the official time of Maghrib as set in the calendar and determined by the Department of Astronomy in the University of King Su`ood was at 5:45 P.M. Then Madfa` Al-Iftaar was heard again at this time, and other mu’ath-thins pronounced Athaan, and some people started breaking their fast at that time.

Your Eminence Shaykh, people are confused; some of them believe fast of that day was nullified and must be made up for due to such negligence of determining the right time, since the clock was available and they could know the exact time. Others said that we do not have to make up for this day, and the one who carries this sin and should make up for the day is the one who caused this problem. Therefore, we request Your Eminence to quickly resolve this issue, so that this problem will be settled. May Allaah grant you success and guide your steps on the Straight Path.

Answer: If the case is as you mentioned, then they should make up for that day, because they broke their fast before the due time of breaking fast and due to their negligence in determining the right time... read more here.

Hearing Athaan being proclaimed before its due time and beginning to have Iftaar

Question: A person heard the Athaan (call to Prayer) for Maghrib (Sunset) Prayer according to local time in Cairo, thinking the Athaan was according to the local time in Alexandria, then he had Iftaar (breaking the Fast). What is the ruling on this? May Allaah reward you with the best!

Answer: Hearing Athaan being proclaimed before its due time and beginning to have Iftaar... read more here.

Beautifying the voice in Athaan and when reciting the Qur’aan

Question 12: What is the ruling on beautifying one’s voice when reciting the Qur’aan or announcing the Athaan (call to Salaah)?

Answer: If beautifying the voice when reciting them does not reach the level of singing them, this is permissible. Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allaah be merciful to him) said: “The Prophet (peace be upon him) liked a beautiful voice calling the Athaan and reciting the Qur’aan and… read more here.